• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid components

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Changes in Lipid Components of Oleoresin Red Pepper during Cooking (고추 Oleoresin 의 가열조리중 지질성분의 변화)

  • 최옥수;하봉석
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.238-243
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    • 1994
  • Changes of lipid components in modified oleoresin during cooking at high temperature were investigated. In preparation of the modified oleoresin, dried red pepper was milled to 100 mesh of size particle and extracted oily compounds by reduced pressure steam distillation . The rest part was reextracted and concentrated and concentrated. The extracts were combined. The same volume of water and 4% of polyglycerol condensed ricinoleate (PGDR) were added to the combined extract, and emulsified to make oleresin red pepper. Non-polar lipid components were quantified 3 times higher in the oleoresin than polar lipid components . The components of non-polar lipd was mainly triglyceride comprising 75.8%. The level of phosphatidyl choline and phosphatidyl ethanolamine were 38.6and 26.1%, respectively. linoleic acid was distinctively abundant (63.1%) and followed by palmitic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid and stearic acid in the oleoresin. Oxidation of lipid at high temperature was principally affected by temperature rather than oxygen existence . With the result of oxidation , palmitic acid and myristic acid increased, however, oleic acid, linoleic acid, and linolenic acid decreased.

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The Effect of Lipid Concentration in Culture Medium on Senescence and Lipid Peroxides Production of Fibroblast from Neonate Rats (배양액내 지방함량의 변화가 신생흰쥐 피부섬유아세포의 노화와 지질과산화물 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 장영애
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 1996
  • This study was performed to investigate the effects of lipid on cellular senescence, lipid peroxide production, and morphological changes. For this study we used primary skin fibroblasts from neonate rats grown in media various lipid contents. Fibroblasts were cultured until they lost their proliferation potential either in control medium (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplement with 10% fetal bovine serum) or in media supplemented with various concentrations of lipid-cholesterol rice component from bovine serum. Cumulative population doublings(CPD, as an index of cellular life span), and cellular thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, as an index of lipid peroxide) concentrations were measured and morphological changes were observed. CPD were shortened with increasing lipid concentration in media ; 28.12 for cells grown in control medium and 13.42, 11.42, and 6.19 for those grown in 0.1%, 1% and 5% lipid rich components containing media, respectively. Cellular proliferation ratios were those grown in 5% lipid rich components containing media were delayed and they were degenerated soon. TBARS concentrations were increased with increasing concentration of lipid in media. Morphological changes were observed in cells grown in control medium by cellular senescence. Especially lipid droplets were observed in cells grown in 5% lipid rich components containing media. Therefore it seems that lipid contents in media had an effect on cellular proliferation and cellular life span, possibly via lipid peroxide production.

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Property Characterization and Lipid - Compositional Analysis of Lipid Granules Isolated from an Oleaginous Yeast Rhodotorula glutinis

  • Ham, Kyung-Sik;Rhee, Joon-Shick
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 1998
  • Preparative isolation of lipid granules from Fhodotorula glutinis, which has been studied for long time to produce edible lipids, was carried out by flotation method in Ficoll-Linear density gradient. When the isolated lipid granules were suspended in a series of solutions containing varying concentration of osmotic stabilizer (sorbitoal and mannitol) ranging from 0.8M to 0M, the lipid granules appeared to be disrupted at a concentration between 0.8M and 0.7, and again at a concentration below 0.1M, suggesting that lipid granules have a membraneous structure and that at least two types of lipid granules are present. Compositional analysis of lipids from lipid granules revealed that lipids are composed mainly of neutral lipids (87.8% of total lipids), predominantly as triacylglycerols (71.89%). Marked differences were observed inphospholipids between lipids of lipid granules and those of whole cells . The major components of phospholipids in lipid granules and inwhole cells are phosphatidylcholine(38.6%) and phosphatidylserine(42.8%), respectively. In addition, significant differences were also observed in the fatty acid composition of phospholipids. As phospholipids are important structural components of membranes, these differences lead to the suggesting that the membrane of lipid granules may be distinct functionally and structurally from other membranes of yeast cells. The major fatty acid components of neutral lipidss of whole cells and lipid granules are palmitic , oleic and linoleic acid. However , degreeof fatty acid unsaturation of neutal lipids of lipid granules was much lower than that of neutral lipids of whole cells.

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Studies on the Neutral Lipid Components of Korean Hazel Nut (한국산 개암종실의 중성지질 조성에 관한 연구)

  • 김미란;고영수;정보섭
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.181-186
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    • 1981
  • Compositions of neutral lipid of the hazel nut (Corylus heterophylla Fischer var. thumbergii Blume, Betulaceae) produced in Korea were analyzed by thinchrography (Iatrosoan TH-10 type), which was equipped with a flame ionization detector. The neutral lipid components were nearly separated of the basis of their degree of unsaturation by employing the chromatography on silica gel sintered rod impregnated with 12.5% silver nitrate and it was noted that triglyceride was the major lipid components of Korean hazel nut. The triglyceride compositions were trilinolenin 10.63, trilinolein 18.01, triolein 42.24, tripalmitin 17.57 and tristearin 11.55% by thinchrographic analysis.

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A Study of the Lipid Components in Egg Yolk Oil (난황유의 지질성분에 관한 연구)

  • 김종숙;고무석;최옥자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.295-299
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    • 1996
  • Egg yolk oil was obtained from a roasting and Pressure egg yolks obtained from cage system, open barn system, respectively. Lipids in egg yolk oil were extracted with a mixture of chroform: methanol (2:1, v/v) and fractionated into neutral lipid, glycolipid and phospholipid by silicic aicd column chromatography. Lipid components of each fraction were determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC). The results were sum- marized as follows: lipid content of egg yolk from each cage system (A) and open barn system (B) was 31. 05% and 33.34%, and the lipid is made up of neutral lipid 76.60%, 71.23%, glycolipid 3.95%, 5.03% and phospholipids 19.45%, 23.74% respectively. Triglycerides (A: 59.3%, B: 56.3%) were the major components among the neutral lipids; monoglycerides, diglycerides, free sterols, and free fatty acids were the minor cop- monents. The major components of the glycolipids were digalactosyl diglycerides (A: 98.3%, B: 97.8%), the other components were cerebrosides. The major components of the phophoslipids were phosphatidyl choline plus phosphatidyl serine (A: 58.6%, B: 59.8%) the other components were lecithin plus sphingomyelin.

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Changes of Functional Components Present in Lipid Foods during Cooking (유지식품의 조리 중 기능성분의 변화)

  • Choe, Eun-Ok
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.742-758
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    • 2005
  • Lipid-based functional components present in foods undergo chemical changes during cooking. Useful n-3 and n-6 fatty acids, phytosterols, tocopherols, and carotenoids are degraded by thermal cooking such as frying, resulting in loss of their physiological functions. However, conjugated linoleic acid and diacylglycerols can be formed during heating, which would be beneficial to the health. Degree of degradation and formation of the functional components depends on the cooking method, cooking temperature and time, lipid matrix containing the components, and the presence of other materials. Although it is clear that the content of each functional component varies during long-heating in a model system consisting of small numbers of components, the real foods cooked in a small scale for a limited cooking time do not show highly significant differences in the functional components contents from raw food materials.

Studies on the Lipid of Aquatic Products (Part 4) On the Flesh Lipid Composition of Cephalopods (수산물의 지질에 관한 연구 (제4보) -두족류의 근육지질성분에 대하여-)

  • HA Bong-Seuk
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.59-73
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    • 1982
  • Differences of lipids, especially total lipid composition, fatty acid and sterol composition of the flesh lipids between three species of cephalopods were investigated, since available researches concerning lipids in flesh tissues of the cephalopod are very limited. Extracted total lipid from the flesh tissues were fractionated by silicic acid column chromatography into three lipid classes of neutral lipids, glycolipids and phospholipids. The lipid compositions of total lipid and neutral lipids were estimated by the method of thin layer chromatography and TLC-scanner. The sterol compositions of unsaponifiable matters from total lipid were determined by using thin layer chromatography and gas-liquid chromatography. The fatty acid composition of each lipid class was also determined by gas-liquid chromatography. Total lipid contents of flesh tissues from three species of the cephalopods were 0.5 in Octopus vulgare, 0.8 in Octopus variabilis and $0.6\%$ in Loligo beka based on wet weight, the contents of total fatty acid in total lipid were 19.3, 47.8 and $38.4\%$, and the contents of unsaponifiable matters were 10.9, 18.8 and $41.1\%$, respectively. Total lipid was mainly composed of sterols and polar lipid-pigments as major components in each sample and the proportion of sterols and polar lipid-pigments to total lipid ranged from 27.0 to $35.5\%$ and 38.3 to $63.4\%$, respectively. The other lipid components of total lipid, e.g. triglycerides, free fatty acids, and carbohydrate-esterified sterols were determined as a minor components. The major component fatty acid in total lipid was palmitic acid and additionaly it chiefly consisted of the other unsaturated acids such as oleic, linoleic, octadecatetraenoic and eicosapentaenoic acid as major components of the acid. The compositions of sterol in three species of cephalopod were found to contain mainly cholesterol for its proportion to total sterols was 82.4 to $89.1\%$. However the other sterols such as 22-dehydrocholesterol and 24-methylenecholesterol were determined in addition to cholesterol as a minor components. The result of fractional composition of lipid class in total lipid was that total lipid had large .amount of polar lipid and small amount of nonpolar lipid i, e, neutral lipid in each sample, and the contents of phospholipid were higher than that of glycolipid in polar lipid. Neutral lipid was mainly composed of free sterol as major components in each sample and its proportion of free sterols to total neutral lipid was 50.0 to $70.5\%$. The other lipid components of neutral lipid showing similar in quantity, esterified sterols, free fatty acids and triglycerides were determined as a minor components. The major components fatty acid in neutral lipid were palmitic, oleic and hexadecadienoic acid. Palmitic acid was the most abundant and additionaly oleic, linoleic, octadecatetraenoic and myristic acid were the major component fatty acid in glycolipid. But, especially, glycolipid of Loligo beka contained a higher amount of arachidonic acid which also consists of major component in addition to those of acids. Palmitic acid was the most abundant and additionaly, oleic, linoleic and octadecatetraenoic acid were the major component fatty acids in phospholipid.

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Studies on the Lipid of Aquatic Products(Part 5) -Comparison of flesh Lipid Composition of Some Fresh Water Fishes Mandarin Fish Korean Perch Cornet Fist and Cat Fish- (수산물의 지질에 관한 연구(제5보) -쏘가리, 꺽지, 누치 및 메기의 근육지질 조성의 비교-)

  • 하봉석;강동수
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.291-300
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    • 1990
  • The lipid compositions including fatty acid sterol lipid class and the lipid component of the total lipid extracted from the flesh of some fresh water fishes I. e. mandarin cornet cat fish and Korean perch were compared. The levels of total lipid of flesh tissues from the fresh water fishes were high(7.4%) in cat fish but low(1.4-2.2%) in mandarin fish Korean perch and cornet fish. On the contrary the content of unsaponifiable matters found in total lipid was low(2.6%) in cat fish but high(6.0%-6.5%) in mandarin fish Korean perch and cornet fish. Total lipids were mainly composed of triglyceride(74.6-86.5%) as major component in each sample and the other lipid components of total lipid e. g. polar lipid free fatty acids and free sterol were the minor components, The major fatty acids in total lipid of each sample were{{{{ {C }_{16 { }:_{ }0 } }}}}(19.6-29.2%) {{{{ {C }_{16 { }:_{ }1 } }}}}(17.3-30.7%) and {{{{ {C }_{18 { }:_{ }1 } }}}}(16.8-29.2%) and additionally it chiefly consisted of {{{{ {C }_{14 { }:_{ }0 } }}}} and {{{{ {C }_{18 { }:_{ }2 } }}}} Particularly the contents of polyenoic acids in total lipid of cat fish were higher than those of the other fish samples. The level of cholesterol in total lipid was low (8.3mg/g) in cat fish but were high(36.9-59.9mg/g) in mandarin fish Korean perch and cornet fish. The contents of fractionated neutral lipid(NL) were higher than those of polar lipid(PL) in each sample. Particularly phospholipid content in PL was low(6.0%) in cat fish but were high(23.1-36.3%) in mandarin fish Korean perch and cornet fish. Neutral lipids were mainly consisted of triglyceride(84.5-93.4%) as amjor component in each sample and the other lipid components of neutral lipid e, g, free fatty acids and free wterol were exhibited as a minor components, The fatty acid compositon of neutral lipids was very resembled to total lipids. The phospholipid in mandarin cornet and cat-fish were mainly composed of phosphatidyl serine(23.1-49.8%) and phosphatidyl choline(20.8-45.3%) The relatively higher amounts of phosphatidyl serine were observed in mandarine cornet and cat-fist than in Korean perch, But phosphatidyl ethanolamine(42.3%) and phosphatidyl choline (49.9%) were the main phospholipid in Korean perch. The extraordinary high content of phos-phatidyl ethanolamine compared to other fishes was characteristics in phospholipid composition of Korean perch. The major fatty acids in phospholipid of each sample were {{{{ {C }_{16 { }:_{ }0 } }}}} (38.3-46.5%) {{{{ {C}_{18 { }:_{ }0 } }}}}(14.2-21.7) and C16:1(11.6-13.8%) and additionally it chiefly consisted of C18:2, C18:0 and C17:0 The major fatty acids in glycolipid of each sample were C16:0(28.8-40.1%) C18:1(5.4-29.9%) C18:0(5.1-28.9%) and C16:1(8.2-20.1%) and additio-nally it chiefly consisted of C14:0 and C20:1.

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The Effect of Panax Ginseng on the Some Components of Rat by Alternating the Diet. (교체급식에 의한 인삼분 첨가식이가 백서의 체성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성동
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1983
  • This study was divised to observe the effects of ginseng on the body components of Sprague-Dowley Albino male rats by alternating the diet. Just weaned rats (130 heads, weighing(83 ${\pm}$ 4g) were fed with each stock diets supplemented with 0.5, 1.0 or 3.0% ginseng powder for 4 weeks or 8 weeks, and after that fed with stock diet only for 8 or 4 weeks. Compared with the each corresponding group which was fed with ginseng control diet, the protein, total lipid, total cholesterol and free cholesterol contains in serum, liver and aorta of them were determined. The results obtained was summarized as follows ; Protein and total lipid contents of the rat were decreased, caused by the alternating diets, but total cholesterol and free cholesterol contents were increased in the serum, protein and free cholesterol contents increased, conversely total lipid contents decreased in the liver, and in aorta total lipid and total cholesterol contents decreased, In the view of the above results, it can be seen that the alternating diet (stock diet after feeding with ginseng diet) has an influence on the body components of rat.

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Isomeric Composition of Hydroperoxides Formed by Autoxidation of Adlay Lipid and Triglyceride (율무 지방빌의 자동산화에 의해서 형성된 Hydroperoxides 이성체 조성)

  • 한지숙;이숙희;최홍식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.229-233
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    • 1990
  • The compositions of hydroperoxy fatty acid components of lipid in raw adlay powder(RAP) and processed adlay powder(PAP) stored at 35$^{\circ}C$ and PAP lipid and triglyceride(TG) autoxi야-zed 35$^{\circ}C$ were studied. During autoxidation the time taken to reach 100 of peroxide and 13-hydroperoxide isomers were the major hydroperoxy fatty acids found in oxidized adlay lipid. Lower levels of 8-. 10-, 11-, 12- and 16-hydroperoxide isomer were also observed. The composi-tions of hydroperoxy fatty acid componets obtained from sutoxidized RAP lipid and TG were similar to those of hydroperoxy fatty acid components is lipid extracted from stored RAP and PAP.

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