• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid composition

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The Change in Content of Constitutive Lipid and Fatty Acid of Pacific Saury during Natural Freezing Dry(Kwa Mae Kee) (꽁치 자연동결건조(과메기)중 지방함량과 지방산 조성 변화)

  • 오승희;김덕진
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.239-252
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    • 1995
  • The results which were examined changes In contents of constitutive lipid and fatty acid during the natural drying of Pacific Saury were as follows. During the natural drying of Pacific Saury, offal lipid and moisture contents gradually decreased. In the survey of rancidity degree extracted lipid of Pacific Saury, peroxide value was gradually Increased, TBA and acid value were radically increased thereafter 9 days of drying. Neutral lipid, phospholipid and glycolipid contents of total lipid were 95%, 4% and 2%, respectively, and in the neutral lipid, content of TG was more than 90%, and in the phospholipid, contents of PC and PE were 45∼85%, 27∼34%, respectively. Fatty acid composition of total lipid was substantially higher in C18:0 and C20:1, C22:1, C22:6 contents and fatty acid composition of neutral lipid was higher In C22:1, C22:1, contents and fatty acid composition of phospholipid was the highest in C22:6 content. In the fatty acid composition of glycolipid, monounsaturated fatty acid content has substantially higher, C16:0 content was gradually Increased In saturated fatty acid and C22:1 content was gradually decreased in monounsaturated fatty acid. It showed that fatty acid composition of triglyceride has higher in monounsaturated fatty acid content and contents of C20:1, C22:1 was gradually decreased.

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The Influence of Saturated Fats, ${\alpha}-linolenic$ Acid, EPA and DHA on the Lipid Hydroperoxide Level and Fatty Acid Composition in Liver Microsomes and in Plasma Lipid of Rabbits

  • Nam, Hyun-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 1990
  • To investigate the influence of saturated fats, ${\alpha}-linolenic$ acid, EPA and DHA on the lipid hydroperoxide concentration and fatty acid composition in liver microsomes and in plasma lipid of rabbits, the animals were fed on the perilla oil rich ${\alpha}-linolenic$ acid or sardine oil rich EPA and DHA diet for four weeks Were examined. The fatty acid composition of plasma lipid and liver microsomes of rabbits fed on the perilla oil diet was an accumulation of arachidonic acid(AA) 20:4 n-6, eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) 20:5 n-3, and docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) 22:6 n-3, The fatty acid composition of plasma lipid and liver microsomes of rabbits fed on the sardine oil was an accumulation of ${\alpha}-linolenic$ acid(LNA) 18:3 n-3, and arachidonic acid(AA) 20:4. The p/s ratio of rabbits fed on the perilla oil diet changed from 7.4 to 2.27 for plasma lipid and 2.47 for liver microsomes. The concentration of lipid hydroperoxide was 3.48 nmol MDA/ml and 4.35 nmol MDA/ml for plasma lipid and liver microsomes, respectively, in perilla oil diet. The lipid hydroperoxide liver was 4.22 nmol MDA/ml and 67 nmol MDA/ml for plasma lipid and liver microsornes in sardine oil diet.

The Effects of Circuit Weight Training Programs including Aquatic Exercises on the Body Composition and Serum Lipid Components of Women with Obesity

  • Kim, Gi-Won;Hwang, Ryong
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.61-69
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study investigated the changes in body composition and serum lipid composition in obese women that were caused by a 12-week circuit exercise regime including both field and aquatic activities. Methods: Subjects comprised a total of 36 women who had a BMI of more than $25kg/m^2$. The simple obesity group (n=17) had no current or past record of medical complications, whereas the group with complications (n=19) also suffered from hypertension and/or diabetes. The circuit exercise program consisted of 12 weeks of 60%HRmax exercise sessions, five days a week. Results: While changes in every variable of body composition were significant, there was no statistically significant difference in the changes in serum lipid composition variables. With the exception of BMI, the correlation between the simple/complicated groups and exercising was statistically insignificant. Conclusion: These findings suggest that while a complex circuit weight exercise program that includes aquatic exercises significantly and positively alters obese patients' body composition it does not create statistically significant changes in their serum lipid composition. It can still be concluded, however, that increasing the duration of the exercise program would be effective to influence this. Moreover, personalized exercise programs that fit the needs of the individual participants seem necessary, given that the effect of exercise on body composition and serum lipid composition was greater in patients with simple obesity than in those with complications.

Effect of Dietary Lipid Sources on Body Fatty Acid Composition of Chinese Longsnout Catfish Leiocassis longirostris

  • Choi, Jin;Lee, Sang-Min
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.359-365
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    • 2015
  • We investigated the effects of dietary lipid sources on growth and fatty acid composition of juvenile Chinese longsnout catfish. Triplicate groups of fish (initial average weight, 3.8 g) were fed four diets containing either fish oil (FO), soybean oil (SO), linseed oil (LO) and lauric acid (LA) for 10 weeks. There were no differences among the groups in body weight, feed intake, feed efficiency, protein efficiency ratio, and body proximate composition of fish fed the diets containing different lipid sources (P > 0.05) during the study. However, fatty acids compositions of the whole body were influenced by dietary lipid source. Fish fed the SO diet had high concentration of linoleic acid, whereas those of fish fed the LO diet were rich in linolenic acid and arachidonic acid. Fish fed the FO diet had significantly (P < 0.05) higher levels of monounsaturated fatty acids such as 18:1n-9 and 20:1n-9 than those of fish fed the SO and LO diets. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) composition of body were not influenced by dietary lipid source. The results suggest that each of FO, SO, LO or LA can be used as a lipid source in the diets of Chinese longsnout catfish without any negative effects on growth and feed utilization and these data demonstrate the potential impact which dietary fat composition can change the body fatty acid profile.

Lipid and Fatty Acid Composition of the Antarctic Krill Euphausia superba

  • Cho, Ki-Woong;Shin, Jong-Heon;Jung, Kyoung-Hwa
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 1999
  • Total lipid content, lipid class and fatty acid composition of the Antarctic krill Euphausia superba collected from the water of King George Island, Antarctica during austral summer of 1997-1998, were investigated. The overall lipid content of 5. superba was 72 mg/g dry mass similar to the reported values for most temperate species. The neutral lipid of E. superba was 29% of the total lipid and that of phospholipid was 71%. The majority of neutral lipid was triacylglycerols(31.6% of neutral lipids) while phosphatidyl choline (44% of phospholipid) was the most abundunt in phospholipids. The quantitative composition of the fatty acid in E. superba show consisting mostly of the saturated 16:0 (16.6% -22.1%), along with the polyunsaturated 20:5(n-3) (20.6% -22.1%) and 22:6(n-3) (14.9% -16.9%) acids.

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Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation to Korean Lactasting Women -II. The Effects on Lipid Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Breast Milk- (한국인 수유부에 어유의 보충 급여 효과에 관한 연구 - II. 모유의 지질 농도 및 지방산 조성에 미친 영향-)

  • 임현숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.188-191
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    • 1996
  • This study was undertaken to determine the effects of fish oil supplementation with low dose on the lipid content and fatty acid composition of breast milk. Among 18 lactating women who were exclusively breast-fed their babies, 6 were in control group and 12 were in fish lil groups. The subjects in fish oil groups were supplemented with 1.96g/d or 3.92g/d of fish oil for 2 weeks from 10 to 12 weeks of postpartum. All subjects consumed their usual diet at home. Breast milk samples were collected at the final day of experiment. By fish oil supplementation, the concentrations of triglyceride, cholesterol, free fatty acid and phospholipid as well as total lipid in breast milk tended to increase, but not significant. There was no dose-dependent response. The fatty acid composition of breast milk was not changed by fish oil supplementation. These results suggest that low dose of fish oil supplementation may increase of lipid content, but does not affect on the fatty acid composition of breast milk.

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Total Lipid, Total Cholesterol and Fatty Acid Composition in Colostrum from Mothers with Preterm Delivery and Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (조기분만과 임신성 고혈압 산모의 초유내 총지질, 총콜레스테롤 및 지방산 조정)

  • 안홍석
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.186-192
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    • 2000
  • In this study, total lipid and cholesterol contents and fatty acid composition of colostrum milk obtained from 30 normal mothers, 10 mothers who was delivered of preterm infant and 8 pregnancy induced hypertensive mothers were analyzed. While total cholesterol content in preterm colostrum was significantly lower than other groups (p<0.05), total lipid content was not different among three groups, ranged 2.24-.2.2g/dl. Composition of saturated fatty acide, such as lauric acid and myristic acid which are medium chain fatty acids in preterm milk were higher than those of normal-term and hypertensive mother's milk. There was no difference n total composition of polyunsaturated fatty acids and the rationh of $\omega$6/$\omega$3 among 3 group mother's colostrum, ranged 19.45-21.45% and 6.42-7.87, respectively. but the composition of arachidonic acid and DHA in colostrum of hypertensive mothers were significantly higher than those of normal and preterm mothers. These data indicates that gestational length and complications during pregnancy may change the lipid profile and fatty acid composition of hyman milk colosstrum.

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Lipid Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Commercial Fatty Processed Food(II) -Fried Instant Noodle- (시판 지방성 가공식품의 지질함량과 지방산 조성(II) - 인스탄트 유탕면을 중심으로 -)

  • 김정헌;김복순;박건용;김을상;이규한
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.35-37
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to investigate lipid content, melting point, refractive index, fatty acid composition and energy intake from lipid of commercial fried instant noodles. Sixty five samples were collected in Seoul area, and analyzed. The average of lipid content was 16.7%, melting point and refractive index were 29$^{\circ}C$ and 1.46, respectively. The fatty acid composition mainly consisted of C16:0, C18:1 and C18:2. The ratio of P/M/S in fried instant noodles was 0.19 : 0.77 : 1.00. The average energy intake from lipid of 100g fried instant noodles was 150.3kcal.

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Effects of Different Dietary Oils on Hepatic Mitochondrial Lipid Composition, Adenine Nucletide Translocase and ATPase Activities in Carcinogen Treated Rats (지방산 조성이 다른 식이지방이 발암물질을 투여한 쥐의 간 미토콘드리아 지질조성과 Adenine Nucleotide Translocase 및 ATPase 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • 이미숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.532-546
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    • 1993
  • This study was done to investigate the effects of different dietary oils on hepatic mitochondrial lipid compositon, adenine nucleotide translocase(AdNT) and ATPase activities in carcinogen treated rats. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 50∼60g, were fed three different types of dietary oil, beef tallow(BT), corn oil(CO) and sardine oil(SO) at 15% by weight for 14 weeks. Three weeks after feeding rats were intraperitoneally injected with a single dose of diethylnitrosamine(200mg/Kg BW). After five weeks rate fed 0.02% acetylaminofluorene contating diet for 6 weeks, and after seven weeks 0.05% phenobarbital containing diet for 7 weeks. At 14th week, rats were sacrificed and hepatic mitochondrial lipid composition, AdNT and ATPase activities were determined. Percent liver weight per body weight was significantly by carcinogen treatment. Analysis of mitochondrial lipid composition showed that body cholesterol and phospholipid contents were not affected by dietary oils but significantly increased by carcinogen treatment. Individual phospholipid composition as well as phosphatidyl ethanolamine/phosphatidyl choline ratio were altered by either dietary oils or carcinogen treatment. Fatty acid composition was changed by dietary oils but not much by carcinogen treatment. AdNT activity was affected by dietary oils in only carcinogen treated groups. ATPase activity was affected by dietary oils in only carcinogen nontreated groups. These data indicate that both dietary oils and caricinogen treatment can change mitochondrial lipid composition and thereby change AdNT and ATPase activities. Particularly effects of carcinogen treatment on cholesterol/phopholipid ratio, phospholipid compositon and ATPase activity were different among dietary oil groups. Therefore it is suggested that different dietary oils can somewhat modulate the changes of mitochnodrial lipid composition and membrane bound enzyme activites during hepatocarcinogenesis.

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Studies on Lipid Intake, Serum Lipid Profiles and Serum Fatty Acid Composition in College Women Who Smoke (흡연여대생의 지질섭취와 혈중지질 및 지방산 조성에 관한 연구)

  • 안홍석;이금주;김나영
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.102-110
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    • 2002
  • Cigarette smoking has long been recognized as a major risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease. Several investigators have reported the strong association between smoking and high serum cholesterol, triglyceride concentration, SFA and low HDL cholesterol, PUFA and $\omega$6 concentrations. Therefore, this study was done to investigate the effect of smoking on the serum lipid profile and fatty acid composition of college women. Sixty-one non-smokers and twenty-seven smokers were selected from college women students in the Seoul area. Their lipid intake, serum lipid concentration and fatty acid composition were examined. There were no differences in the general characteristics and anthropometric indices between the smokers and non-smokers. However, alcohol consumption was significantly higher in smokers than non-smokers (p<0.001). The daily caloric intake of smokers and non-smokers were 1875.84 kcal and 1915.53 kacl, respectively. On the other hand, the mean daily intake of lipids and cholesterol were significantly lower in smokers (p<0.05). In smokers, the mean concentrations of serum total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio were higher, and the compositions of EPA and DHA were lowe than in non-smokers. There was a negative correlation between the serum triglyceride and PUFA levels in the two groups. Also, serum HDL-C correlated negatively with MUFA in smokers and non-smokers (p<0.01). These results suggest that smoking cause inadequate changes in serum lipid profile and serum fatty acid composition, thereby increasing the tendency for coronary heart disease.