• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid composition

Search Result 1,627, Processing Time 0.059 seconds

Quality Characteristics of Saccharified Rice Gruel Prepared with Different Cereal Koji (곡류 코지를 이용하여 제조한 당화쌀죽의 품질 특성)

  • Hwang, In-Guk;Yang, Ji-Won;Kim, Ja-Young;Yoo, Seon-Mi;Kim, Gi-Chang;Kim, Jin-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.40 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1617-1622
    • /
    • 2011
  • We conducted this study to investigate the quality characteristics of saccharified rice gruel prepared with different cereal koji mold (rice, buckwheat, sorghum, adlay, or Italian millet koji). The moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, and crude ash content of rice, buckwheat, sorghum, adlay, and Italian millet showed a range of 11.12~12.85, 5.81~16.24, 0.56~4.36, and 0.28~1.93%, respectively. The proximate composition of saccharified rice gruel prepared with different cereal koji was significantly (p<0.05) higher than unsaccharified rice gruel. The pH, L, a, and b values of saccharified rice gruel ranged between 6.09~6.39, 60.38~78.25, -0.87~5.70, and 7.74~13.37, respectively. The viscosity of saccharified rice gruel prepared with different cereal koji was significantly (p<0.05) lower than the unsaccharified rice gruel. After saccharification, the soluble solids, glucose, and maltose content of saccharified rice gruel prepared with different cereal koji were significantly increased in the range of 11.47~13.03$^{\circ}Brix$, 0.60~1.44%, and 0.47~0.88%, respectively. A sensory evaluation indicated that saccharified rice gruel was significantly (p<0.05) better than unsaccharified rice gruel. In conclusion, cereal koji could be used as a gruel processing method to increase the sensory properties and nutritional values of gruels.

Quality Characteristics of Low-Salt Yacon Jangachi Using Rice Wine Lees during Storage (주박을 이용한 저염 야콘 장아찌의 저장 중 품질특성)

  • Jung, Hee-Nam;Kim, Hae-Ok;Shim, Hae-Hyun;Jung, Hyun-Sook;Choi, Ok-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.383-389
    • /
    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to develop and standardize a preparation method for low-salt yacon jangachi using rice wine lees. The proximate composition of yacon was 81.08% (moisture), 0.77% (crude protein), 0.14% (crude lipid) and 0.70% (crude ash). In order to determine the preferred sodium concentrations of soaking solution and rice wine lees, we investigated the quality characteristics of yacon jangachi during storage for 50 days at $18^{\circ}C$. The salinity of yacon jangachi using rice wine lees with 2% and 4% salt increased with storage time, but the salinity did not rise above 3% during storage for 50 days. The salinity of rice wine lees with 4% salt decreased during storage time. a and b color values along with sheared force of yacon jangachi increased as storage time increased, but L color value was reversed. In the sensory evaluation, the color preference for yacon jangachi increased during storage time, and the taste preference was highest at day 30. The flavor preference decreased during storage time, but the texture preference was reversed. In the sensory evaluation of overall preference, yacon jangachi using rice wine lees with 0% salt decreased at day 30, whereas yacon jangachi using rice wine lees with 2% and 4% salt increased during storage time. In conclusion, the salinity of yacon jangachi stored for 50 days with 4% salt did not rise above 3%, and softening was not observed.

Comparison of color and major components of hempseed oils extracted with pressuring and extruding methods (압착식, 압출식 착유 대마 종실유의 색깔과 주요성분 비교)

  • Moon, Youn-Ho;Song, Yeon-Sang;Kim, Kwang-Soo;Lee, Ji-Eun;Yu, Gyeong-Dan;Lee, Young-Hwa;Lee, Kyeong-Bo;Choi, In-Seong;Cha, Young-Lok
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.666-672
    • /
    • 2017
  • Hemp [Cannabis sativa L.] has been cultivated as a fiber crop for long history, but it was a good oil crop because its seed contain plenty of lipid which is high ratio of unsaturated fatty acid. Hemp seed oil was extracted with a extruding method in many countries including Europe. The color of oil extracted with extruding method is dark green which could be difficult to attract consumer's interest in Korea because of insufficient information about hemp seed oil. This study was conducted to know correct information about hemp seed oils which were extracted with pressuring and extruding methods. In extruding method, seeds were crushed during the extracting process and discharged oil cake in shape of thin ribbon, but maintained seed shape although the seed were slightly flatted in pressuring method. Oil yield were higher in the extruding method in comparison with pressuring method. The oil have lower degree of lightness but higher degree of greenness and yellowness in the extruding method in comparison with pressuring method because of higher content of chlorophyll A, B and carotenoid. In fatty acid composition, the ratio of palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid and ${\gamma}$-linolenic acid were higher but linoleic acid and ${\alpha}$-linolenic acid were lower in the extruding method in comparison with pressuring method. The content of total tocopherol and ${\gamma}$-tocopherol were lower in the extruding method in comparison with pressuring method.

Characterization of a Korean Domestic Cyanobacterium Limnothrix sp. KNUA012 for Biofuel Feedstock (토착 남세균 림노트릭스 속 KNUA012 균주의 바이오연료 원료로서의 특성 연구)

  • Hong, Ji Won;Jo, Seung-Woo;Kim, Oh Hong;Jeong, Mi Rang;Kim, Hyeon;Park, Kyung Mok;Lee, Kyoung In;Yoon, Ho-Sung
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.460-467
    • /
    • 2016
  • A filamentous cyanobacterium, Limnothrix sp. KNUA012, was axenically isolated from a freshwater bloom sample in Lake Hapcheon, Hapcheon-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea. Its morphological and molecular characteristics led to identification of the isolate as a member of the genus Limnothrix. Maximal growth was attained when the culture was incubated at 25℃. Analysis of its lipid composition revealed that strain KNUA012 could autotrophically synthesize alkanes, such as pentadecane (C15H32) and heptadecane (C17H36), which can be directly used as fuel without requiring a transesterification step. Two genes involved in alkane biosynthesis-an acyl-acyl carrier protein reductase and an aldehyde decarbonylase-were present in this cyanobacterium. Some common algal biodiesel constituents-myristoleic acid (C14:1), palmitic acid (C16:0), and palmitoleic acid (C16:1)-were produced by strain KNUA012 as its major fatty acids. A proximate analysis showed that the volatile matter content was 86.0% and an ultimate analysis indicated that the higher heating value was 19.8 MJ kg−1. The isolate also autotrophically produced 21.4 mg g−1 phycocyanin-a high-value antioxidant compound. Therefore, Limnothrix sp. KNUA012 appears to show promise for application in cost-effective production of microalga-based biofuels and biomass feedstock over crop plants.

Growth Effect of Oncorhychus masou by Recombinant Myostatin Prodomain Proteins Derived from Fish (어류 유래 마이오스타틴 프로도메인 단백질에 의한 시마연어(Oncorhychus masou) 성장효과)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Beum;Cho, Mi-Jin;Ahn, Ji-Young;Lee, Suk-Keun;Hong, Sung-Youl;Seong, Ki-Baik;Jin, Hyung-Joo
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.21 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1149-1155
    • /
    • 2011
  • Myostatin (MSTN) belongs to the transforming growth factor-${\beta}$ superfamily or growth and differentiation factor 8 (GDF-8), and functions as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle development and growth. Previous studies in mammals have suggested that myostatin knock-out increased muscle mass and decreased fat content compared to those of the wide type. Recently, several studies on myostatin have beenconducted on the block myostatin signal pathway with myostatin antagonists and the MSTN regulation with RNAi to control myostatin function. This study was performed to analyze growth and muscle alteration of Oncorhychus masou by treatment with recombinant myostatin prodomains derived from fish. We designed myostatin prodomains derived from P. olivaceus (pMALc2x-poMSTNpro) and S. schlegeli (pMALc2x-sMSTNpro) in a pMALc2x expression vector, and then purified the recombinant proteins using affinity chromatography. The purified recombinant proteins were treated in O. masou through an immersion method. Recombinant protein treated groups did not show a significant difference in weight, protein, or lipid composition compared to the control. However, there was a difference in the average number and area for histological analyses in the muscle fiber. At twelve and twenty-two weeks from the initial treatment, there were differences in averagefiber number and area between the 0.05 mg/l treated-group and the control, but the numbers were similar to those of the control during the same time period. At twelve weeks, however, 0.2 mg/l treated-group had an increase in average fiber number and decrease in average fiber area compared to the control. At twenty-two weeks, the pMALc2x-sMSTNpro 0.2 mg/l treated-group was induced and showed a decrease in average fiber number and increase in average fiber area. The results between twelve and twenty-two weeks showed that the fiber numbers had decreased, whereas average fiberarea had increased due to sMSTNpro. It is understood that the sMSTNpro induced only hyperplasia at twelve weeks, after which it induced hypertrophy. Recombinant myostatin prodomains derived from fish may induce hyperplasia and hypertrophy in O. masou depending upon the time that has elapsed.

Quality Analysis of Diverse Rice Species for Rice Products (쌀 가공제품을 위한 다양한 쌀의 품질분석)

  • Kim, Hye-Ryun;Kwon, Young-Hee;Kim, Jae-Ho;Ahn, Byung-Hak
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.43 no.2
    • /
    • pp.142-148
    • /
    • 2011
  • The objective of this study was to analyze proximate composition and physicochemical properties according to different kinds of rice. In total, 20 varieties of rice were used (Domestic-19, Imported-1). The moisture contents ranged from $11.11{\pm}0.20$ to $3.28{\pm}0.03%$. The crude protein and crude lipid contents were ranged from $5.04{\pm}0.03$ to $7.02{\pm}0.10%$ and $0.18{\pm}0.01$ to $0.73{\pm}0.05%$, respectively. The mineral contents were Calcium, $3.56{\pm}0.11-6.69{\pm}0.08mg/100g$; Sodium, $3.39{\pm}0.01-17.43{\pm}0.04mg/100g$; Phosphorus, $64.12{\pm}0.88-102.0{\pm}0.36mg/100g$; Zinc, $0.95{\pm}0.01-1.75{\pm}0.0mg/100g$; Iron, $0.19{\pm}0.0-0.69{\pm}0.02g/100g$; Magnesium, $9.89{\pm}0.47-23.31{\pm}0.21mg/100g$; Potassium, $47.11{\pm}3.49-82.19{\pm}1.08mg/100g$;and Manganese, $0.47{\pm}0.0-1.14{\pm}0.01mg/100g$. Eighteen kinds of rice exhibited small kernels. Amylose contents ranged from $10.3{\pm}1.27$ to $19.4{\pm}0.15%$, while starch value ranged from $70.8{\pm}2.67$ to $80.1{\pm}5.09%$. Alkali digestion value was described as 5-6 grade and gel consistency was shown to be 'soft' regardless of the rice kinds.

Composition Analysis and Antioxidative Activity from Different Organs of Cirsium setidens Nakai (부위별 고려엉겅퀴(Cirsium setidens Nakai)의 이화학적 성상 및 항산화 활성 효과)

  • Lee, Seong-Hyeon;Jin, Ying-Shan;Heo, Seong-Il;Shim, Tae-Heum;Sa, Jae-Hoon;Choi, Dae-Sung;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.38 no.4
    • /
    • pp.571-576
    • /
    • 2006
  • In the present study, we investigated the compositions including protein, lipid, ash, carbohydrate, and minerals as well as antioxidant activity of Cirsium setidens Nakai in order to detect the biological activities and develop novel functional resources. Different organs commonly had the highest concentration of potassium among 7 minerals evaluated in this study. The leaf had K at the concentration of 5371.97 mg/100 g, while the flower, and stem, the root and the boiled leaf at the concentration of 1770.62 mg/100 g, 1983 mg/100 g, 6096.74 mg/100 g and 1604.2 mg/100 g, respectively. The monosaccharides were composed of the xylose, galactose and glucose. The xylose was only detected in the flower and stem and the galactose was only detected in the stem. DPPH scavenging activity was measured at the $88.22\;{\mu}g/mL$ and $111.19\;{\mu}g/mL$ in root and leaf at $IC_{50}$ value in ethanol extracts, while $53.27\;{\mu}g/mL$, $75.84\;{\mu}g/mL$ and $257.48\;{\mu}g/mL$ in flower, boiled leaf and stem at $IC_{50}$ value, respectively, in water extracts. These results suggest that extracts from Cirsium setidens Nakai can be potentially used as novel resources for antioxidant and biological active substances.

Comparative Chemical Compositions of Four Kinds of Tochukaso (동충하초 품종별 영양성분 비교)

  • Oh, Se-Wook;Kim, Sun-Hee;Song, Hyo-Nam;Han, Dae-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.15-22
    • /
    • 2003
  • Nutritional compositions of three Tochukaso species (Paecilomyces tenuipes hosted by Larva and pupa, Cordyceps militaris, C. sinensis) were compared. Fruiting body and host fractions were separately analyzed. Fruiting body fraction of P. tenuipes (36.6%) hosted by larva was higher than that hosted by pupa (10.2%), an indication that the quality of the former is superior to the latter. Carbohydrate content of C. sinensis (39.6%) was $2.5{\sim}7$ times higher than those of others, probably due to the presence of polysaccharides. Protein and crude lipid contents of C. sinensis and C. militaris were 25.8 and 10.3%, and 75.1 and 3.9%, respectively. C. sinensis showed the lowest Ca content and $30{\sim}75$ times higher Fe content among the samples tested. Vitamin A content of C. militaris was 308.9 IU/100g, two fold higher than those of the other species. Saturated fatty acid content was the highest in P. tenuipes (pupa, 27.7%), whereas unsaturated fatty acid was the highest in P. tenuipes (larva, 83.3%). Aspartic acid, glutamic acid, and glycine were abundant in all species. Cordycepin content of C. militaris was $20{\sim}50$ times higher than those of the other species.

Comparison of the nutrient components of figs based on their cultivars (품종별 무화과의 영양성분 비교)

  • Na, Hwan Sik;Kim, Jin Young;Park, Hak Jae;Choi, Gyeong Cheol;Yang, Soo In;Lee, Ji Heon
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.20 no.3
    • /
    • pp.336-341
    • /
    • 2013
  • In this study, the proximate compositions, minerals, free amino acids, total polyphenol and flavonoids of figs were analyzed according to their cultivars. The proximate compositions showed moisture at 85.37~87.28%, crude ash at 0.38~0.43%, crude lipid at 0.20~0.26%, crude protein at 0.39~0.81%, carbohydrate at 11.23~13.66% and crude fiber at 5.12~7.55% (dry base). The amount of the following minerals in the figs were highest, in this order: K > Ca > Mg > Na. The total polyphenol contents were highest in this order: Dauphine (198.91~261.64 mg/kg), Banane (211.07 mg/kg) and Horaish (169.90~174.33 mg/kg). The total flavonoid contents were highest in this order: Banane (84.52 mg/kg) > Dauphine (60.47~68.71 mg/kg) > Horaish (44.12~44.60 mg/kg). The quercetin contents were highest in this order: Dauphine, 2.40~3.54 mg/kg; Banane, 3.54 mg/kg; and Horaish, 2.40~2.75 mg/kg; but the flavonoid contents were lowest in this order: Dauphine, 1.11~1.16 mg/kg; Banane, 1.14 mg/kg; and Horaish, 1.09~1.11 mg/kg. The free amino acid content of the figs was 199.70~328.77 mg/100 g; their essential free amino acid contents, 46.45~67.46 mg/100 g; and their GABA (${\gamma}$-aminobutyric acid) contents, 13.57~26.69 mg/100 g.

Physicochemical properties of edible cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus) in different districts (산지별 식용 귀뚜라미의 이화학적 특성)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Kim, Dae-Hyun;Lim, Jeong-Ho;Chang, Yoon-Je;Lee, Yong-Hwan;Park, Jin Ju;Ahn, Mi-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.22 no.6
    • /
    • pp.831-837
    • /
    • 2015
  • Insects have gained increasing attention as an alternative protein and nutrient rich food source for humans. This study was conducted to investigate the physicochemical characteristics and harmful components of edible crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) in the 6 districts of Yeonggwang (YG), Jeongseon (JS), Wonju (WJ), Hwaseong (HS), Geochang (GC), and Chungju (CJ). The average crude protein and crude lipid contents on a dry basis were 64.34% and 16.60%, respectively. The crude protein content of CJ was the highest (67.40%), whereas YG (59.42%) had the lowest content. On the other hand, the crude fat content of YG was the highest (20.61%), whereas CJ (14.04%) had the lowest content. The unsaturated fatty acid contents were 57.97-63.93 g/100 g of the total fatty acid content in the crickets of the 6 districts. The major fatty acids of the crickets in the 6 districts were palmitic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid. Among the essential amino acids, valine, leucine, and lysine were the most abundant. GC had the highest total amino acids (57.93 g/100 g), whereas YG (48.65 g/100 g) had the lowest. Major mineral contents included potassium (K, 0.92~1.01 mg/100 mg) and phosphorus (P, 0.74~0.88 mg/100 mg). The mineral composition was fairly similar among the crickets. Crickets in the 6 districts were verified to have safe levels of residual heavy metals according to the Korea Food & Drug Administration (KFDA) advisory levels.