• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid composition

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Influence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors on Serum Lipid Levels and Fatty Acids Composition in Middle-aged Men (중년 남성의 혈중지질농도 및 지방산조성에 영향을 미치는 요인 분석)

  • 이인열
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.315-323
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    • 1998
  • This study was performed to investigate the serum lipid levels and fatty acid composition in middle-aged men and the influence of cardiovscular risk factors on them. Data for dietary intake, anthropometry , blood pressure, and general environmental factors were obtained and their relationship to serum lipid levels and fatty acid composition were analyzed in 303 healthy male subjects with a mean age of 43.8$\pm$6.4 years from June 1 to 22 , 1995. The prevalence of obesity was 26.7% by BMI and 11.2% by WHR criteria . The percentage of hypertensive subjects were 13.5% and 22.4% by systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respectively. Retinol, calcium , and roboflavin intakes were lower than the RDA for Koreans. The ratio of carbohydrate intake to total calories of the subjects was 70%. Ratios of P/M and n-6/n-3 were 1.02/1.05/1.00 and 11.1/1, respectively. The percentage of subjects who had serum TG, TC, LDL-C leves beyond the normal range were 19.5% , 13.5% and 8.6% respectively. Palmitic comprised 26.4% of serum total fatty acids, linoleic acid 19.4% and oleic acid 16.4. The waist circumference and ration of carbohydrate intake were related positively to TG level. Serum cholesterol level had positive relations with waist circumference, DBP, sugar intake, and income. There were positive relationships between SFA and bone fishes and vegetable oil intakes, MUFA and DBP while a negative a negative relationship was observed between PUFA and animal fat intake. Serum n-6 fatty acid was related negatively to carbohydrate intake and hot taste preference. N-3 fatty acid was related positively to fish intake and negatively to egg intake. These results suggest that to maintain adequate serum lipid levels and fatty acid composition, sugar, animal fat, and carbohydrate intakes have to be reduced, while consumption of vegetable oil and fish must be increased. It is also essential to control abdominal fat accumulation and blood pressure.

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Effects of Fish Oil Supplementation to Korean Lactating Women -III. The Effects of Fatty Acid Composition, Plasma Lipid Concentration and Fatty Acid Composition of Plasma Phopspholipids and Erythrocyte of Infants- (한국인 수유부에 어유의 보충 급여 효과에 관한 연구 -III. 영아의 지방산 섭취, 혈장 지질 농도 및 혈장과 적혈구 인지질의 지방산 조성에 미친 영향-)

  • 임현숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.192-198
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    • 1996
  • This experiment was conducted to examine the effects of fish oil supplementation with low does on the lipid concentration and fatty acid composition of plasma and the fatty acid composition of plasma phospholipid and erythrocyte of infants. Among 18 breast-fed infants, 6 were in control group and 12 were in fish oil groups. The subjects in fish oil groups were nursed by their mothers who supplemented with fish oil 1.96g/d or 3.92g/d, respectively for 2 weeks from 10 to 12 weeks postpartum. The nursing mothers consumed their usual diets at home. Blood samples were collected at the final day of experiment. There were no significant changes in daily intakes of total lipid, triglyceride, free fatty acid, phospholipid and cholesterol of infants by fish oil supplementation. However, the content of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid)increased and that of ARA (arachidonic acid) decreaed significantly in plasma PC(phophatidylchline). And also, there were tendencies to increase triglyceride concentration and to decrease cholesterol and phopholipid concentrations of plasma. As the above results, atherogenic index (AI) showed a tendency to decrease, but not significant. DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and EPA contents in plasma PC and PE (phosphatidylethanolamin) as well as those of erythrocyte tended to increase. In these results, we concluded that fish oil supplementation with low dose to lactating women does not obviously affect of the plasma lipid concentrations and fatty acid composition of plasma PC and PE as well as erythrocyte. However the increase of EPA content of plasma PC and the tendency to increase DHA and EPA contents of plasma as well as erythrocyte membrane indicate that there may be some beneficial effect on infant lipid metabolism of fish oil intake of nutsing mother were increased.

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The Effects of Nitrite Treatment on the Lipid Composition, Fatty Acid Composition, and Susceptibility to Oxidation of Pork Biceps Femoris Muscle

  • Han, S.K.;Yamauchi, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.1764-1769
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this experiment was to investigate the antioxidant effect of nitrite on total, neutral, and polar lipids and fatty acid composition in laboratory-cooked ground pork. Muscle samples (Biceps femoris) were analyzed using Iatroscan, gas chromatography, phosphorus content, and TBARS value. The total and neutral lipid contents of muscle were higher in nitrite-untreated meat (0 ppm) than in nitrite-treated meat (100 ppm) but the reverse was observed for polar lipid contents. The results for neutral lipids showed a similar trend when compared with total lipids. Polyunsaturated fatty acids contents of total, neutral and polar lipid in 100 ppm treated meat were higher than that of 0 ppm. The phosphorus content was higher in 100 ppm meat than in 0 ppm but the reverse was observed for TBARS value. These results showed that the addition of 100 ppm nitrite to ground pork resulted in a remarkable antioxidant effect during refrigeration storage.

Changes of Food Components and Lipid Peroxides in Rainbow Trout with Growth (무지개송어의 성숙에 따른 식품성분 및 지질과산화물의 변화)

  • 박성연;김해리
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.928-931
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    • 1996
  • The present study was carried out to compare the difference of proximate composition and lipid peroxides in juvenile(80~120g) and adult(670~690g) rainbow trout(Oncorhynchus mykiss). There was a marked increase in lipid content with growth. The fatty acids of juvenile rainbow trout was composed of saturates, monoenes and polyenes of 30.18%, 37.81% and 25.09%, respectively. Adult rainbowtrout showed higher content in monoenes and lower content in polyenes. The composition of amino acid was similar. In both groups, glutamic acid, aspaitic acid, histidine were abundant. The lipid peroxides, malondialdehydes and lipofuscin, were not increased significantly with growth.

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Effect of Salvia plebeia Water Extract on Antioxidant Activity and Lipid Composition of Rats Fed a High Fat-High Cholesterol Diet (배암차즈기 열수 추출물 첨가가 고지방-고콜레스테롤 식이를 급여한 흰쥐의 항산화 활성과 지질조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Hyang Rye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.233-243
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the antioxidant activity and lipid composition of rats fed a high fat-high cholesterol diet containing Salvia plebeia water extract. Three levels (50 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg, 500 mg/kg) of Salvia plebeia water extract were administered to seven weeks old male Sprague Dawley rats for four weeks. The activity of glutathione peroxidase in serum was high in all groups that received the Salvia plebeia water extract (p<0.05). The glutathione reductase activity was high (p<0.05) in groups that received 50 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg of Salvia plebeia water extract. When rats received Salvia plebeia water extract, the content of MDA (malondialdehyde) in the serum and liver was low in all groups. In addition, the serum total lipid, triglyceride, total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol contents decreased significantly (p<0.05). Total cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the liver were significantly lower in the group that received the Salvia plebeia water extract than in the control group (p<0.05). Salvia plebeia water extract improves lipid metabolism and it almost meets with the increase of antioxidant activity and peroxide formation reduction. Based on these results, supplemented of a high fat-hypercholesterol diet with Salvia plebeia can increase antioxidant activity and depress peroxide formation in serum, as well as liver cholesterol and triglycerides.

Effects of Soy-Based Infant Formula on the Fatty Acid Composition of Erythrocytes and Plasma Lipid Levels in Full-Term Infants (액상 대두유 섭취가 영아의 적혈구 지방산 조성과 혈청 지질농도에 미치는 영향)

  • 조여원;장영은;신경욱;김정숙;김승보;최영미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.778-785
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    • 2001
  • In Korea, the concerns about the consumption of soy-based infant formulas have received considerable public attention. In has been known that the n-3/n-6 ratio of soy has a beneficial effect on the health. This study was conducted to investigate whether the soy-based infant formula has an effect on the composition of fatty acids in erythrocytes with regard to the plasma lipid levels in full-term infants. The infants who were delivered at Kyung Hee Medical Center were recruited. Experimental groups were the breast milk group(n=17), soy-based infant formula group(n=12) and casein-based infant formula group(n=19). Anthrophometic and dietary assessments were performed and the composition of RBC fatty acids and blood lipid levels were measured. The body weight, length, chest circumference and head circumference of the subjects were normal growth range showing no significant difference among the experimental groups. The ratio of n-3/n-6 ratio in breast milk, soy-based infant formula and casein-based infant formula were 0.11, 0.14 and 0.13, respectively. N-3/n-6 ratio of the subjects erythrocyte fatty acids for each groups were 0.18, 0.21 and 0.17, respectively. Most of the fatty acids of erythrocyte were not significantly different among the three experimental groups. The blood lipid levels of each experimental group were normal range. The total lipid level of casein-based formula group was higher than that of other experimental groups and LDL-cholesterol level of soy-based formula group was the lowest among the three groups.

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Effects of Diets on Serum and Liver Lipid Levels and Fatty Acid Composition of Liver Phospholipids in Rats

  • Chung, Young-Jin;Kwon, Jong-Sook;Chang, Yu-Kyung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.10
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    • pp.1140-1152
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    • 1997
  • Serum and liver lipid levels and fatty acid composition of liver phospolipids (PL) were investigated in 36 rats which consumed either one of five different dietary fats or a high carbohydrate diet for 4 weeks. As the sources of five dietary fats, concentrated cicosapentaenoic acid(EPA), fish oil (FO), perilla oil(PO), corn oil(CO) and beef tallow (BT) were provided to the rats. As a control group, cron starch (CS) replaced dietary fat. The FO group showed lower serum total cholesterol (TC), high density lipiprotein cholesterol(HDL-C) and serum PL levels than those of the CO group(p<0.05). There were no significant differences in serum TC and serum HDL-C levels between the polyunsatured fatty acid(PUFA) groups and the EPA, FO and PO groups. The CS group showed the highest level serum TC. Compared with the CS group, both the EPA and CO groups showed significantly lower atherogenic indices(AI). However, there were no significant differences in AI among different dietary fat groups. No significant differences in liver triglyceride (TG) , TC and PL levels were detected among the six experimental groups. Phosphatidylcholine(PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine(PE) composed 30-40% and 15-20% of total liver PL, respectively. The fatty acid composition of liver PC and PE reflected dietary fatty acid composition . Compared to the different dietary fat based diets used in our study, the high carbohydrate diet had the most adverse effects on serum lipid profiles. However, we can not conclude from this result that long chain n-3 PUFA diets such as the EPA and FO based diets have more beneficial effects on serum lipid profiles than n-6 PUFA diet such as the CO based diet or shorter chain n-3 PUFA diets like the PO based diet.

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The Effects of Body Composition, Blood Lipid & Lipid Metabolism on Bicycle Exercise of Various Intensities in Obesity Middle Aged Women (다양한 강도의 자전거운동이 비만중년여성의 신체구성, 혈중지질 및 지방대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Dae-Sung;An, Jung-Hoon;Eo, Kyung-Tae
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.137-146
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    • 2021
  • In This study investigated the effects of various intensity cycling exercise on body composition, blood lipids and fat metabolism in obese middle-aged women. 17 people obesity middle - aged women aged 35 to 55 years were divided into 3 groups: 5 people in the low intensity group, 6 people in the medium intensity group, and 6 people in the high intensity group. The object of this study was to compare the effect of cycle exercise performed between 20 ~ 50 minutes per a day,1 3 day times per week on the body composition, lipid profile and lipid metabolism of obesity middle - aged women. There was not substantial difference in body construction between groups. in blood lipid changes, there was a substantial difference in glucose between groups, There was not substantial difference between groups in the change of fat metabolism. In addition, there was not substantial difference in the interaction effect between time and time × group. It is expected that the results of this study will be used as basic data for related field.

Studies on Fungal Lipids Containing ${\gamma}$-Linolenic Acid 1. Fatty Acid Composition of Mucor sp. (${\gamma}$-Linolenic acid 함유 곰팡이 지질에 관한 연구 1. Mucor sp.의 지방산 조성)

  • 송권섭;김충기;권용주;양희천;이태규
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.636-640
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    • 1990
  • For a studyon the production of ${\gamma}$-linolenic acid(GLA) by fungi 3 fungal strains were isolated from soil. Their cell growth lipid content and fatty acid composition were compared in shake flask culture. Among these fungi the fungus designated as FA-007 has high lipid content(21.1%) and GLA content(15.6% of total fatty acids) The fungal strain FA-007 was tentatively identified as Mucor sp. on the basis of morphological characteristics, Fungal oil produced by this fungus was composed of 75.2% neutral lipid 5.3% glycolipid and 19.5% phospholipid. Although the GLA content in phospholipid was higher than it in neutral lipid the GLA content in neurtal lipid was high as 15.5%.

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Effects of Yellow and Black Soybeans on Plasma and Hepatic Lipid Composition and Fecal Lipid Excretion in Rats (노란콩과 검정콩 식이가 흰쥐의 체내 지질 함량과 분변으로의 지질 배설에 미치는 영향)

  • 송영선;고미경;권태완
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.126-131
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    • 1998
  • This study was undertaken to determine the effect of yellow and black soybeans on plasma and hepatic lipid composition and fecal lipid excretion in Sprague Dawley rats. Animals were fed with diets containing 52% yellow soybean, 50% black soybean, or 20% casein for 7 weeks. Feeding efficiency was significantly increased in the animals fed soybeans(p<0.05). Plasma cholesterol concentration was significantly lowered in the group fed yellow soybean compared with black soybean and casein-fed control (p<0.05). Hepatic triglyceride concentration was significantly lowered in soybean groups compared with casein-fed control(p<0.05), whereas hepatic cholesterol concentration was not affected by diet treatments. Soybean feeding significantly increased fecal weight, triglyceride and bile acid contents compared with casein feeding(p<0.05). It is concluded that soybean feeding in rats affects plasma and hepatic lipid levels by increasing the excretion of triglyceride and bile acids.

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