• Title, Summary, Keyword: lipid composition

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Changes of Major Componets During Germination of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Seeds (발아의 경과에 따른 참깨 종실내 주요성분의 변화)

  • 김현경;정대수
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 1998
  • These studies were undertaken to investigate changes of major components occuring during germination of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) seeds, Changes of total lipid and protein contents, and fatty acid composition were determined. Also, the correponding values of various components in cotyledons, hypocotyls and roots were measured according to germination stage. The results were summarized as follows; During germination, total lipid and protein contents decreased. In particular, protein contents rapidly decreased to the 3 days after gemination(DAG), and then total lipid contents rapidly decreased. In changes of total lipid and protein of cotyledons, hypocotyles and roots detected at the 10, 15 and 20 DAG, some variations were determined. The contents of lipid and protein in hypocotyls rapidly decreased, but since than no changes were observed. In contract, in roots similar changes patterns were observed, while since 15 DAG a rapidly increase was wxamined. In fatty acid composition of total lipid ,saturatedmfatty acids such as palmitic acid increased during the germination. On the other hand, unsaturated fatty acid such as olic acid and linoleic acid decreased during the same periods. In changes of fatty acid composition of total lipid of cotyledons, hypocotlys and roots, saturated fatty acids such as palmitic acid and stearic acid increased during the germination. However, linoleic acid decreased during the same germination suggesting that this may be due to the rapid degradation. However, linoleic acid decreased during the same periods. According to SDS-PAGE analysis, there was no detectible polypeptide bands on the gel before seed germination suggesting that this may be due to the rapid degradation of the storage peotein in the mature seed by hydrolytic enzymes during the stag. As germination continued polypeptide bands, one with 40KD, two with 32∼34Kd and one with 24KD, were detected on the gel.

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Studies on the Lipid Components of Potato Tubers - II. Composition of Neutral Lipids in Free and Bound Lipids - (감자의 지방질(脂肪質) 성분(成分)에 관한 연구(硏究) - 제(第) 2 보(報) : 유리(遊離) 및 결합(結合) 지질(脂質)중의 중성(中性) 지질(脂質)의 조성(組成)에 관하여 -)

  • Lee, Sang-Young;Shin, Hyo-Sun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.298-303
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    • 1979
  • The composition of the neutral lipids in the free and bound lipids from four varieties of experimentally cultivated potatoes were identified and quantified by thin layer- and gas-liquid chromatographies. The results were summarized as follows ; 1. The neutral lipids contained in the free and bound lipids were fractionated and identified as esterified sterol, triglyceride, diglyceride, free fatty acid, and free sterol, of which triglyceride and esterified sterol were most abundant. Meanwhile, the triglyceride and esterified sterol contents in the free lipid to the total lipid quantity were 10 and 2.7 % respectively, approximately 3 times higher than the 3.0 and 0.8 % contained in the bound lipid. 2. The fatty acid composition of the neutral lipids in the free and bound lipids was the same as that of the total free and bound lipids. The only difference was that content of saturated fatty acid was lower rate in the neutral lipid of the free lipid than in the total free lipid, whereas the unsaturated fatty acid was more abundant in the neutral lipid of the free lipid. Fatty acid composition of individual neutral lipid was of almost the same pattern as that of the total neutral lipid.

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Variation in Lipid Composition during the Growing Period of the Prawn I. Comparative Studies on the Flesh Lipid Composition of the Wild and Cultured Prawn (보리새우 성장중의 지질성분 변화에 관한 연구 1. 천연 및 양식산 보리새우의 근육 지질성분의 비교)

  • Ha Bong-Seuk;MATSUNO Takao;KATSUYAMA Masaaki
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.297-308
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    • 1985
  • Differences in lipid composition including fatty acid, lipid class, sterol and especially carotenoid between fleshes of wild and cultured prawn, Penaeus japonicus, were studied. Total lipids were extracted from the flesh during the spawning period and fractionated into two lipid classes of polar and nonpolar lipids by silicic acid column chromatography. The fatty acid composition of each lipid classes, total lipid (TL), nonpolar lipid (NL) and polar lipid (PL) were analyzed by gas liquid chromatography. The sterol and carotenoid composition of total lipids were determined by using thin layer chromatography, gas liquid chromatography and column chromatography using MgO-celite 545 and silicic acid-celite 545 as an absorbent, and by UV spectrophotometry. Total lipid contents of both fleshes from the wild and cultured prawn were about $2.0\%$ on average, but the content of the unsaponifiable matters in the cultured prawn (about $16.2\%$ in total lipid) showed a little higher than that of the wild prawn (about $13.9\%$ in total lipid) and the ratio of NL to PL in total lipid was 1:1.7. In the fatty acid composition of TL, the contents of $Cl_{16:0}\;and\;C_{20:3}$ fatty acids were higher in wild prawn than in cultured prawn, while the contents of $Cl_{18:1}\;and\;C_{20:5}$ fatty acids in cultured prawn were higher than those in wild prawn. The cultured prawn contained higher amounts of monoenoic acids and lower amounts of polyenoic acids than the wild prawn. In the fatty acid composition of NL, the wild prawn showed higher levels in $Cl_{18:0}\;and\;C_{20:1}$ fatty acid contents than the cultured prawn, while the cultured prawn contained much amout of $Cl_{16:0}\;and\;C_{18:1}$ fatty acids. On the other hand, the fatty acid composition of PL showed that $Cl_{16:1}\;and\;C_{17:1}$ fatty acid were higher in the wild prawn than in the cultured prawn, but in $Cl_{16:0}\;and\;C_{18:1}$ fatty acids, the levels were reversed. Consequently, the cultured prawn contained higher amount of monoenoic acids, and similar amounts of saturated acids and polyenoic acids to the wild prawn in NL. And the cultured prawn contained lower amount of monoenoic acids, and similar amounts of saturated acids and polyenoic acids to the wild prawn in PL. In sterol composition of both the wild and cultured prawn, the predominant sterol was cholesterol with the proportion of $78.7{\sim}88.9\%$ to the total sterol. In addition to the cholesterol, the other minor sterols such as 24-methylene cholesterol and sitosterol were detected. Total carotenoid content in flesh of the wild prawn was relatively higher than that of the cultured prawn marking 70 mg/100g of lipid in wild prawn and 40 mg/100 g of lipid in cultured prawn, respectively. The main carotenoids of the both prawns were astaxanthin($54.1{\sim}60.8%$), phoenicoxanthin ($16.5{sim}22.9%$),${\bata}-carotene\;(20.0{\sim}22.0%)$.

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The fatty acid composition of edible grasshopper Ruspolia differens (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) feeding on diversifying diets of host plants

  • RUTARO, Karlmax;MALINGA, Geoffrey M.;LEHTOVAARA, Vilma J.;OPOKE, Robert;VALTONEN, Anu;KWETEGYEKA, Justus;NYEKO, Philip;ROININEN, Heikki
    • Entomological Research
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.490-498
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    • 2018
  • Ruspolia differens (Serville) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) is a highly valued edible grasshopper species in Africa. However, the effects of plant diets on lipid content and fatty acid composition of R. differens are not well understood. We tested the effects of four diets on the total lipid content and fatty acid composition of R. differens. Sixth instar nymphs of R. differens were reared on one, and mixtures of two, three, and six natural plant inflorescences. Individuals collected from the field constituted a control treatment. We extracted lipids and analyzed the fatty acid methyl esters using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. We analyzed if the total lipid content, body weight, and fatty acid composition differed among diets and between the sexes using two-way ANOVAs and a PERMANOVA model, respectively. The total lipid content and weight of R. differens did not differ among the diets. The nine common fatty acids were palmitic (mean across treatments, 26%), oleic (22%), palmitoleic (18%), linoleic (13%), stearic (7%), myristic (6%), myristoleic (4%), ${\alpha}$-linolenic (2%) and arachidic acid (1%). The composition of fatty acids and the proportion of essential fatty acids significantly differed among the diets. The proportion of essential fatty acids was highest in the control treatment (21%) but low in less diversified (one to three feed) diets (12-13%). This study demonstrates that the fatty acid composition in R. differens can be influenced through diet. Thus, with dietary manipulations, using local plants in Africa, it is possible to produce R. differens with preferred high quality essential fatty acids for human consumption.

Effects of Progressive Resistance Training on Body Composition, Physical Fitness and Quality of Life of Patients on Hemodialysis

  • Song, Woo-Jung;Sohng, Kyeong-Yae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.7
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    • pp.947-956
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: To investigate the effect of progressive resistance training (PRT) on body composition, physical fitness, quality of life, lipid and nutritional profile of patients on hemodialysis (HD). Methods: A non equivalent comparison group pretest and posttest design study was used with 40 participants who were randomly assigned to the exercise group (20 participants) and the comparison group (20 participants). The exercise group received PRT for 30 minutes per session, 3 sessions a week, for 12 weeks, while the comparison group received usual care. The PRT consisted of upper and lower body exercises using elastic bands and sandbags. Outcome measures evaluated were: body composition, physical fitness, quality of life, and lipid profile. Results: Skeletal muscle mass, grip, leg muscle strength, and quality of life all improved significantly in the exercise group. Body fat rate, total cholesterol and triglyceride rate decreased significantly in the exercise group. Conclusion: These results suggest that PRT improves body composition, physical fitness, quality of life, and lipid profile of patients on HD. PRT using elastic bands and sandbags can be utilized as part of a regular care plan for these patients.

Analysis of lipid composition and fatty acids in poultry eggs -cage system, open barn system's hen egg, moscovy duck's egg mallard's egg- (난류(卵類)의 지질성분 및 지방산 조성 분석 - 달걀, 기러기알, 청둥오리알 -)

  • Hong, I-Jin;Yoon, Hae-Kyung;Koo, Sung-Ja
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.645-651
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    • 1999
  • The lipid and fatty acid composition of various poultry eggs were examined after extracting yolk oils from the eggs of caged hen, open barn-reared hen, mallard, and muscovy duck. Total lipid content in 100 g of each edible portion was the highest in muscovy duck egg followed by open barn-reared hen, mallard, caged hen, and natural hen eggs. The triglyceride contents in the egg were in the order of caged hen, open barn-reared hen, natural hen, mallard, and muscovy duck. The cholesterol contents in total lipid were the highest in caged hen and muscovy duck eggs(4.5%), and the lowest in mallard(3.3%). Caged hen eggs had higher neutral lipid ratio among total lipid, but had lower ratio of glycolipid and phospholipid compared with those of the open barn-reared hens. For fatty acid composition, linoleic acid was the highest in the muscovy and linolenic acid was the highest in open barn-reared hen eggs. The contents of arachidonic acid and Eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) were the highest in muscovy eggs. On the other hand, the content of Docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) was the highest in muscovy duck eggs.

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Effects of Cheunhwasangamibang on serum glucose concentration and lipid composition in high fat diet induced diabetic rat (천화산가미방(天花散加味方)이 고지방식이에 의한 당뇨병 유발 쥐의 혈청 Glucose농도와 지질구성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Byoung-Woo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.358-364
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    • 2003
  • Effects of Cheunhwasangamibang on serum glucose and lipid composition were investigated in high fat diet induced diabetic rat. Plasma glucose and free fatty acids concentration showed a high reduction in Cheunhwasangamibang groups compared to those of control group and these values decreased to increasing Cheunhwasangamibang concentration. Plasma ${\beta}$-lipoprotein and triglyceride concentration showed a low values in Cheunhwasangamibang groups, however these values showed no significantly different in 4 ml and 6 ml treatment groups. Total cholesterol concentration showed no significantly different in control group and 2 ml Cheunhwasangamibang group, however these values in 4 ml and 6 ml treatment groups showed a reduction compared to those of control group. Plasma LDL-cholesterol concentration showed a reduction in Cheunhwasangamibang group and HDL-cholesterol showed no significantly different in all treatment groups.

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A Comparative Study on the Composition of Preterm and Fullterm Human Milk in Colostrum -II. Comparison of the Total Lipid, Total Cholesterol, and Vitamin E Contents and Fatty Acids Comparison in Colostrum from Mothers of Premature and Fullterm Infants- (조산모와 정상모의 초유성분에 관한 비교 연구 -제2보 : 조산모와 정상모 초유의 총지질, 총콜레스테롤 및 비타민 E 함량과 총지방산 조성에 관한 비교-)

  • 이윤욱
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 1995
  • In this study, lipid composition of milk obtained in colostrum from 22 mothers delivering preterm infants and 17 mothers delivering term infants was analyzed. Fatty acid composition and vitamin E content were analyzed as well as the concentrations of total lipids in preterm and fullterm milk. Lipid and cholestol concentrations were higher in the fulltrm milk than preterm milk. PUFA and P/S ratio in preterm milk were higher than those in fullterm milk. On the other hand, SFA and MUFA contents were higher in the fullterm milk. Vitamin E which is related to PUFA concentration in colostrum was also higher in the preterm milk than fullterm milk.

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The Effect of Stimulating Twelve Meridional Dermomeres though Moving Cupping Therapy on Obesity (부항의 주관법을 이용하여 12피부 자극을 통한 비만 개선 효과)

  • Ji, Joong-Gu;Kim, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine for Obesity Research
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of stimulating Twelve Meridional Dermomeres though moving cupping therapy on obesity Methods: We stimulated abdomen and upper arms in equational strength by using cups for 30minutes a week. It was totally ten times from April 2011 to June 2011. We checked body composition, body measuring and serum lipid test before procedure and after 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th procedure. Results: Body composition and abdomen and upper arms measuring were significantly decreased compared before procedure with after. TG in serum lipid test was significantly decreased but TC, LDL-c and HDL-c in serum lipid test were not significantly decreased. Conclusions: Body composition and body measuring weren't decreased a wide variation, but it was a significant decrease. So it is effective on obesity stimulating Twelve Meridional Dermomeres though moving cupping therapy.

Production of Fungal Lipid (Part III) The Composition of the Lipid Produced by Mucor plumbeus (곰팡이 유지 생산에 관한 연구 (제 3 보) Mucor plumbeus 균체지방질 구성에 대하여)

  • 신동화;김창식
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 1982
  • Mucor plumbeus FRI 0007 was grown on media containing starch solely as carbon source, urea as nitrogen source and minerals including magnesium, calcium and iron of different concentration. The ratio of nonpolar and polar lipid of the total lipid produced by the Muror plumbeus FRI 0007 changed by minerals added in the medium and incubation period. The nonpolar lipid content was higher on the medium containing only one mineral rather than 5 minerals and the nonpolar lipid consisted mainly of trig1yceride, free fatty acid and free sterol. The triglyceride content was higher on the medium containing one mineral and decreased with the incubation time lapse. The major fatty acid composition of total, nonpolar and polar lipid were oleic, palmitic and linoleic acid which comprised about 90% of total fatty acids and their compositions changed slightly depending on the minerals added in the medium.

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