• Title, Summary, Keyword: liquid properties

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Dielectric and Electro-Optical Properties of Ceramic Nanoparticles Doped Liquid Crystals

  • Porov, Preeti;Chandel, Vishal Singh;Manohar, Rajiv
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2016
  • Liquid crystals are important materials because of their applications in display technology and many other scientific applications. Different mixtures of liquid crystals and their doped samples have gained interest because a single liquid crystal compound cannot fulfill all the required parameters for the display application. The doping can be accomplished with dyes, polymers, or composite nanoparticles among other substance. The addition of nanoparticles can modify the physical properties of the host liquid crystal and enhances the performance of electro-optical devices. The present study is focused on investigations of possible changes in dielectric and electro optical properties of liquid crystals caused by doping with ceramic nanoparticles. Including smaller nanoparticles were found to be better candidates for use in suppressing the unwanted ion effects in liquid crystal displays.

Liquid Moisture Management and Surface Properties of the Fabric in Transient Condition (작업복 소재 직물의 액상 수분 전달 특성 및 표면특성 연구)

  • 유신정
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2001
  • As important factors determining human sensorial comfort, liquid moisture management and surface properties of heat resistant workwear materials were examined. To figure out liquid moisture management properties of the test materials, absorption capacity, rate of absorption, and evaporation properties were assessed. A modified GATS(Gravimetric Absorbency Testing System) was used to measure the liquid moisture accumulation associated with the wicking of liquid moisture from sweating skin. The GATS procedure measures demand wettability of materials to take up liquid in a direction perpendicular to the fabric surface and it was modified to incorporate a special test cell and cover to assess absorption behavior in the presence of evaporation. Fabric stiffness, smoothness, number and the length of surface fibers, and an estimate of the contact area between the skin and fabric surface were measured to characterize the mechanical and surface properties of the test materials. Also an estimate of the force with which a fabric clings to moist skin was made using as wet-cling index.

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PHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF OIL/WATER EMULSION AND OIL/LIQUID CRYSTAL/WATER SYSTEMS AND THEIR CONSUMER PERCEPTION IN HAIR CARE PRODUCTS

  • Kim, Chongyoup;Jongeoun Hong;Kim, Suhyun;Hakhee Kang
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • pp.123-131
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    • 1999
  • Liquid crystal known as a rheological barrier to coaleseence of oil dorplets. increases. emulsion stability, water-holding capacity and promotes active material penetration to skin. Some investigation for its rheological characteristics have been reported but its relations to consumer perception have been rarely published. In this study oil/water emulsion and oil/liquid crystal/water systems were manufactured using the same composition of Behenyltrimethylammonium chloride/Cetostearyl alcohol/Lanolin oil. and rheological properties of each system were investigated with Cone and Plate rheometer. The formation of liquid crystalline phase was observed with polarized microscope and Differential Scanning Calorimeter. Continuous shear experiment, creep yield and water holding capacity were measured for oil/water and oil/liquid crystal/water systems. The results were compared with sensory evaluations. Oil/liquid crystal/water system showed higher viscosity at the same shear rate, higher viscoelasticity and higher yield stress than oil/water system. These properties were expected to show good spreadability and excellent richness without waxiness I hair care products of creme type. This expectation was consistent with the results of sensory experiments. Water-holding capacity was evaluated by measuring residual water of specimens at specific temperature and relative humidity, Oil/liquid crystal/water system was proved to have ability to hold water in comparison with oil/water system. The results indicated that oil/liquid crystal/water system was of benefit to rheological properties creme type hair care products.

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Thermal and Electro-Optic Properties of a Side Chain Liquid Crystalline Polysilozanes cotaining a Low Molecuar Weight LIquid Crystal

  • Lee, Tae-Jeong;Kim, Eun-Yeong;Huh, Jae-Ho;Wang, Young-Soo;Kim, Han-Do
    • Proceedings of the Korean Fiber Society Conference
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    • pp.32-35
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    • 1997
  • Aggregation states ans electro-optic properties of a binary mixture by mixing a side chain type liquid crystalline polymer(LCP) and a low molecular weight liquid crystal(LMLC) have been studied. Side chain liquid crystalline polysiloxanes were synthesized from allyl bromide, p-hydroxy benzoic acid, p-cyanophenol, p-methoxyphenol and polysiloxanes. Low molecular weight liquid crystals were synthesized from allyl bromide, p-hydroxy benzoic acid and 4-cyano 4'-hydroxy biphenyl. And then, their properties were compared with blended liquid crystals. The thermal properties of the blended liquid crystals were evaluated using differential scanning calorimetry. The phase behavior of blended sample with temperature were also observed polarized microscope with hot stage. Thus, it seemed to us that a study of LC polysiloxanes with LMLC would be useful, especially in view of the fact that, systematic investigations have been carried out on the effects of changes in LCP/LMLC binary system on the properties of this relatively new type of liquid crystal.

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Semi-Solid Forming Process of Thin Products (박막 성형품의 반응고 성형공정)

  • 서판기;정용식;강충길
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.60-63
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    • 2003
  • Semi-solid forming is the process of stirring alloy during solidification, making the mixture of liquid and solid, solidifying it, reheating it to the solid-liquid coexistent temperature, and then injecting this semi solid slurry into dies. In the semi-solid die casting process, it is very important to find out the correlation of injection condition, microstructure and mechanical properties. Especially, an improper injection condition is the main cause of liquid segregation and non-homogeneous mechanical properties due to the difference of solid fraction according to the position of the products. To ensure the database requisite to the semi-solid die casting product, it is essential to acquire the mechanical properties considering liquid segregation to the injection condition. In this study, the effect of injection condition on liquid segregation, formability, microstructure and mechanical properties in a thin product was investigated.

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Fabrication and electro optical properties of stressed liquid crystal cell

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Park, Jin-Seol;Kang, Dae-Seung
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.681-682
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    • 2009
  • We fabricated a stressed liquid crystal cell by mixing liquid crystal with a photo-polymer. By carefully choosing the mixing ratio between liquid crystal and the polymer, and by suitable mechanical shearing of the substrates, we demonstrated feasible electro optical properties for displays.

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Physical Properties and Dyeing Behaviors of Cellulosic Fabrics Treated with Liquid Ammonia (액체암모니아 처리한 셀룰로오스계 직물의 물성 및 염색성)

  • 배소영;이문철;김경환;일본명
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.10-22
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    • 1995
  • Cellulosic fabrics, i.e. rayon, polynosic, and linen were treated with liquid ammonia at -33.4$^{\circ}C$. The fine structures, bending properties, tensile strength, wrinkle recoveries, and dyeing properties of the treated fabrics were studied. Dyeing was carried out with two direct dyes, C. I. Direct Red 2 and Blue 1. The liquid ammonia treatment for three fabrics brought about the transition of crystal lattices and the decrease of crystallinity; transforming cellulose I structure of original linen to cellulose I and III structure, and cellulose II structure of original rayon and polynosic to cellulose II and III structure. Moisture regain of liquid ammonia- treated polynosic and linen was higher than that for untreated, and water absorbency of liquid ammonia-traeated fabrics was all lower than that of untreated. Also, bending properties of treated fabrics were not improved compared with those of untreated ones. The rayon treated with liquid ammonia was increased not only the apparent diffusion coefficient and the rate of dyeing but also equilibrium dye adsortion, whereas polynosic and linen were increased only equilibrium dye adsortion. It is suggested that the pore sizes of liquid ammonia-treated rayon, polynosic, and linen are much smaller than that of liquid ammonia-treated cotton.

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Shearing and Electro-optical Properties of Stressed Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Cells

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Kang, Dae-Seung
    • Journal of Information Display
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.91-93
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    • 2010
  • The shearing effects on the electro-optical properties of a stressed cholesteric liquid crystal were investigated. A photopolymer was dispersed in the cholesteric liquid crystal cell. By carefully choosing the mixing ratio between the liquid crystal and the photoreactive monomer, and by applying suitable mechanical shearing on the substrates, a cholesteric liquid crystal display with a low threshold voltage and no alignment layer was demonstrated.

Estimation of Liquid Physical Properties of Mar-M247LC Superalloy by Directional Solidification (일방향 응고법을 이용한 Mar M-247LC 초내열합금의 액상 물성 측정)

  • Kim, Hyeon-Cheol;Lee, Jae-Hyeon;Seo, Seong-Mun;Kim, Du-Hyeon;Jo, Chang-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.721-726
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    • 2001
  • Directional solidification experiments have been carried out at the solidification rates from 0.5 to 50$\mu\textrm{m}$/s in Mar M-247LC superalloy in which several important liquid properties were estimated by analyzing the interface stability and temperature gradient at the solid/liquid interface. The diffusion coefficient in the liquid was estimated by employing the constitutional supercooling criterion. The temperature gradients changed with solidification rates and latent heat of solidification. The thermal conductivities of solid and liquid could be estimated by heat flux balance at the solid liquid interface.

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Molecular Dynamics Simulation Studies of Physico Chemical Properties of Liquid Pentane Isomers

  • 이승구;이송희
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.20 no.8
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    • pp.897-904
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    • 1999
  • We have presented the thermodynamic, structural and dynamic properties of liquid pentane isomers - normal pentane, isopentane, and neopentane - using an expanded collapsed atomic model. The thermodynamic properties show that the intermolecular interactions become weaker as the molecular shape becomes more nearly spherical and the surface area decreases with branching. The structural properties are well predicted from the site-site radial, the average end-to-end distance, and the root-mean-squared radius of gyration distribution func-tions. The dynamic properties are obtained from the time correlation functions - the mean square displacement (MSD), the velocity auto-correlation (VAC), the cosine (CAC), the stress (SAC), the pressure (PAC), and the heat flux auto-correlation (HFAC) functions - of liquid pentane isomers. Two self-diffusion coefficients of liquid pentane isomers calculated from the MSD's via the Einstein equation and the VAC's via the Green-Kubo relation show the same trend but do not coincide with the branching effect on self-diffusion. The rotational re-laxation time of liquid pentane isomers obtained from the CAC's decreases monotonously as branching increases. Two kinds of viscosities of liquid pentane isomers calculated from the SAC and PAC functions via the Green-Kubo relation have the same trend compared with the experimental results. The thermal conductivity calculated from the HFAC increases as branching increases.

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