• Title, Summary, Keyword: low-temperature storage

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Storage Characteristics of Low Temperature Grain Warehouse using Ambient Cold Air in Winter

  • Ning, Xiao Feng;Li, He;Kang, Tae-Hwan;Han, Chung-Su
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.184-191
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the storage and quality characteristics of brown rice under the low temperature warehouse conditions using ambient cold air in the winter. Methods: This new technique maintains rough rice warehouse temperature below $15^{\circ}C$ without cooling operation until the end of May. Four hundred tons of rough rice were stored in the low temperature grain warehouse, and were aerated from the top to the bottom using ambient cold air in February. The quality of rough rice was evaluated from February through October. Results: The results were as followings. Moisture contents of rough rice in the low temperature storage had decreased less than the ordinary temperature storage. Cracked rate of brown rice in the ordinary temperature storage and low temperature storage increased by 4~10.8% and 1.6~7.2%, respectively. The germination rate of rough rice under the ordinary and the low temperature warehouse decreased by 15.0~25.0% and 1.7~8.0%, respectively. The acid value of brown rice under the ordinary and the low temperature warehouse increased by 3.67~6.72 KOH mg/100g and 3.08~4.08 KOH mg/100g, respectively. Conclusions: The result indicates that low temperature storage using ambient winter air showed better maintaining germination of rice, less change of physiological activities and cracked kernel, and better maintaining of rice quality, comparing the ordinary temperature storage.

Effect of Storage and Marketing Condition on Biochemical Property Changes of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) (마늘(Allium sativum L.)의 생화학적 변화에 대한 저장 및 유통조건의 영향)

  • 최선태;장규섭
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 1998
  • Biochemical property changes of garlic during various storages and marketing after storage were investigated. Content of enzymatic pyruvic acid increased by room and low temperature storage but decreased by CA and MA storage. Fructan contents decreased rapidly by low temperature storage, but restrained decrement by CA and MA storage. Free sugar increased during storage, but did slowly by room temperature storage. Green pigment development was observed when garlics stored for 90days at low temperature were processed into crushed form. This discoloration was small for garlics stored in CA and MA, and never occurred for room temperature stored garlics. When marketed after storage, content of enzymatic pyruvic acid decreased in garlic stored in room and low temperature storage, but increased in garlics which decreased during CA and MA storage. Fructan contents deceased but free sugar contents continuously increased with marketing period. Green pigment development decreased in crushed garlic after 30days at room temperature marketing, but increased in low temperature marketing with marketing time progress.

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Drying and Low Temperature Storage System of Agricultural Products using the Air to Air Heat Pump (II) - Performance of Low Temperature Storage for Apples - (히트펌프를 이용한 농산물 건조 및 저온저장 시스템 (II) - 사과의 저온저장 성능 -)

  • Kang, Y.K.;Han, C.S.;Keum, D.H.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.102-108
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    • 2007
  • Heat pump systems are recognized to be heating and cooing systems. In this study, to check the practical application possibility of heat pump systems as low temperature storage systems and get basic data, apples of a long term storage items were stored and performance of low temperature storage and quality changes of apples were evaluated. Cooling coefficient of performance of the system was from 1.1 to 1.3. Although ambient air temperature varied widely from $-13^{\circ}C$ to $29.6^{\circ}C$ during low temperature storage period from January to June, the average temperature of low temperature storage chamber was $1.1^{\circ}C$ at setting temperature of $1.5^{\circ}C$. Sucrose of apples stored by the heat pump decreased from initial sucrose of 15.4% (Brix number) to final sucrose of 14.3%. Weight loss ratio of apples was 9.7% and internal and external view of apples after low temperature storage were very satisfactory with the naked eye.

Changes in Water Content Affect the Post-Milling Quality of Paddy Rice Stored at Low Temperature

  • Kim, Young-Keun;Hong, Seong-Gi;Lee, Sun-Ho;Park, Jong-Ryul;Choe, Jung-Seob
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.336-344
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: In this study, the effect of milling on paddy rice stored at low temperature, the changes in grain temperature of bulk storage bags exposed at room temperature, the post-milling water content of paddy rice, the whiteness of rice, and the rate of pest incidence were investigated and data were analyzed. Methods: Changes in temperature inside the bulk storage bags kept at low temperature and grain temperature after exposure to room temperature were measured. Experiments were conducted for identifying the reasons of post-milling quality changes in paddy rice stored at low temperature. Results: It was determined that a short-term increase of water content in paddy rice was directly related to surface condensation, and that rice should be milled at least 72 h after removal from low-temperature storage, in order to completely eliminate surface condensation of paddy rice kept in bulk storage bags. It was observed that post-milling quality of rice changed, but water content was maintained at high levels for more than 18 d in rice that was milled when condensation occurred, regardless of paper or vinyl packaging. Rice whiteness rapidly decreased in rice that was milled when condensation occurred, regardless of packaging, while rice that was milled 72 h or more after removal from low temperature storage did not show any significant changes in whiteness. No pest incidence was observed up to 12 d after removal from low temperature storage, regardless of packaging. Starting at 18 d, after removal from low temperature storage, rice that was milled when condensation occurred, was affected by pests, while 24 d after removal from low temperature storage, all portions of rice were affected by pests. Conclusions: Our results suggest that changes in post-milling quality of rice could be significantly reduced by exposing paddy rice to room temperature for at least 72 h before milling, in order to allow the increase of grain temperature and prevent surface condensation.

DEVELOPMENT OF AN AUTOMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM FOR LOW TEMPERATURE STORAGE HOUSE USING INTERNET

  • Chung, H.;Yun, H.S.;Lee, W.O.;Lee, K.H.;Cho, Y.K.;Park, W.K.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.676-683
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    • 2000
  • For high quality storage of agricultural products, temperature, humidity and gas conditions in a storage house should be controlled properly. But most of the low temperature storage house is depending on temperature control. This study aimed to develop an automatic control system for low temperature storage house that can control storage conditions such as temperature, humidity and $CO_2$ gas concentration. The developed system alarms the user, by telephone or beeper, when abnormal condition has occurred. The farmer can also monitor the inside condition of warehouse in his residence, by Internet. From the results of the performance test, the temperature and relative humidity in the warehouse is controlled within the range of ${\pm}0.5^{circ}C$ and ${\pm}2%$, respectively.

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Changes in Physiologcal Properties of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) by Storage and Marketing Condition after Storage (저장 및 저장후 유통조건에 따른 마늘(Allium sativum L.)의 생리적 특성 변화)

  • 최선태;장규섭
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 1998
  • To find out suitable storage and marketing condition, northern type 'seosan' garlic was stored for 3 months at controlled atmosphere(CA), modified atmosphere(MA), low(0~1$^{\circ}C$) and room temperature(20$\pm$5$^{\circ}C$), and then marketed at low(2~3$^{\circ}C$) and room temperature (20$\pm$5$^{\circ}C$)after storage. The physiological properties of garlic were investigated among treatments. The garlic respiration increased after 2 months at room temperature storage, which seem to be dormancy break time. During storage of garlic by CA, MA condition, sprouting and weight loss were prevented effectively by suppress of respiration, and hardness was maintained higher then those of the others. Decay rate occurred 8.1% at room temperature storage, 2% at MA storage but didn't occurred at CA and low temperature storages. When marketed at room and low temperature after storage, increment of respiration and sprouting were delayed, and changes of weight and hardness were low in garlics stored at CA and MA. Decay rate occurred high in garlics stored at MA and room temperature.

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Low Temperature Storage of Rough Rice Using Cold-Air in Winter (II) - Low Temperature Storage Characteristics of Rough Rice Using a Cooling System in the Top of a Bin - (겨울철 냉기를 이용한 벼의 저온저장 (II) - 빈상부 쿨링시스템을 이용한 냉각 벼의 저온저장 특성 -)

  • Lee, Jae-Seok;Hong, Hyun-Ki;Li, He;Park, Jong-Soo;Ham, Tack-Mo;Han, Chung-Su
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2007
  • Storage rough rice in low temperature using the winter cold air avoids rough rice temperature increase which happens from early May, and this is possible by installing a cooling system in the top of a bin, the room between top rice level and bin ceiling. The research objective is to establish low temperature rough rice storage technique, furnishing winter cold air to rough rice, by investigating the cooling system potential of maintaining low rough rice temperature and by analyzing rough rice storage characteristics over a storage period. The rough rice storage characteristics were evaluated from January to August 2003, using a storage and dry bin of 400-ton capacity. Results of this research are as follows: Cooling bin using the cooling system in the top of the bin maintained the rice temperature less than 15$^{\circ}C$ in entire portions in August. Moisture contents and germination rates of rough rice were decreased over the storage period, on the other hand, the rough rice stored in the ambient temperature bin had relatively lower moisture contents and germination rates to compare with the bin using winter cold air. Crack ratio and acid value of brown rice in the ambient temperature bin storage had increased more than the cooling bin storage. The result indicates that the storage bin using winter cold air and the cooling system maintains moisture content and germination of rice, minimizes cracked kernel and acid value, and preserves rice quality as well.

Quality Changes Based on Storage Temperature and Humidify of Onion (양파의 저장 온도 및 습도에 따른 품질변화)

  • 권중호;이기동;변명우
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.143-147
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    • 1999
  • Onions were subject to quality evaluation from the physiological and physicochemical points of view during storage under different conditions, which were low temperature (2-4$^{\circ}C$, 80% RH), pit temperature (3-15$^{\circ}C$, 75-85% RH), room temperature (10-23$^{\circ}C$, 75-98% RH) and ambient temperature (2-25$^{\circ}C$, 62-72% RH). Sprouting were dereloped from the 11th month of storage in low temperature. Rotting was quickly occurred from the 7th month of storage excepting onions in room temperature. Low temperature storage showed the least weight change. Moisture content increased with the lapse of storage time at both low temperature and pit temperature storage conditions, but decreased with the lapse of storage time at room and ambient temperature conditions. Total and reducing sugars decreased with the storage time, while vitamin increased in stored onions at low temperature.

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The Major Postharvest Disease of Onion and Its Control with Thymol Fumigation During Low-Temperature Storage

  • Ji, Sang Hye;Kim, Tae Kwang;Keum, Young Soo;Chun, Se-Chul
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.242-253
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    • 2018
  • Onion (Allium cepa L.) is one of the major vegetable crops in Korea that are damaged and lost by pathogenic fungal infection during storage due to a lack of proper storage conditions. The aim of this study was to determine an appropriate control measure using thymol to increase the shelf life of onions. To control fungal infections that occur during low-temperature storage, it is necessary to identify the predominant fungal pathogens that appear in low-temperature storage houses. Botrytis aclada was found to be the most predominant fungal pathogen during low-temperature storage. The antifungal activity of the plant essential oil thymol was tested and compared to that of the existing sulfur treatments. B. aclada growth was significantly inhibited up to 16 weeks with spray treatments using a thymol solution. To identify an appropriate method for treating onions in a low-temperature storage house, thymol was delivered by two fumigation treatment methods, either by heating it in the granule form or as a solution at low-temperature storage conditions (in vivo). We confirmed that the disease severity was reduced up to 96% by fumigating thymol solution compared to the untreated control. The efficacy of the fumigation of thymol solution was validated by testing onions in a low-temperature storage house in Muan, Jeollanam-do. Based on these results, the present study suggests that fumigation of the thymol solution as a natural preservative and fungicide can be used as an eco-friendly substitute for existing methods to control postharvest disease in long-term storage crops on a commercial scale.

TMA-Water Clathrate Compound of Cooling Characteristics for Low Temperature Latent Heat Storage (저온잠열축열을 위한 TMA-물계 포접화합물의 냉각특성)

  • Kim, Chang-Oh;Chung, Hyoun-Ho;Chung, Nak-Kyu
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.296-301
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    • 2009
  • The ice storage system uses water for low temperature latent heat storage. However, a refrigerator capacity is increased and COP is decreased due to supercooling of water in the course of phase change from solid to liquid. This study investigates the cooling characteristics of the TMA-water clathrate compound including TMA (Tri-methyl-amine, $(CH_3)_3N)$ of $20{\sim}25wt%$ as a low temperature latent heat storage material. The results showed that the phase change temperature and the specific heat is increased and the supercooling degree is decreased as the weight concentration of TMA increased. Especially, the clathrate compound containing TMA 25wt% has the average phase change temperature of $5.8^{\circ}C$, the supercooling degree of $8.0^{\circ}C$ and the specific heat of 3.499 kJ/kgK in the cooling process. This can lead to reduction of operation time of refrigerator in low temperature latent heat storage system and efficiency improvement of refrigerator COP and overall system. Therefore, energy saving and improvement of utilization efficiency are expected.

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