• Title, Summary, Keyword: maintenance type

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A Study on the Maintenance Cost Estimation Model of the Apartment Housing (공동주택의 관리비 추정모델 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Hee;Yang, Jae-Hyuk;Chae, Chang-U
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2010
  • The maintenance cost plays a important role to plan the scale of the apartment housing such as a number of household, building area and building type. Therefore, it is required to forecast the cost considering various maintenance characteristics. The maintenance characteristics are floor area, number of household, heating type, site area and etc.. In addition, the maintenance cost are classified into 5 area. These are a personal expense, facility maintenance cost, energy and water cost, insurance and sanitary cost. These five cost area are related with various characteristics and brought up the estimation model using the stepwise multiple regression analysis. The energy and heating cost share over the 50% in the total cost and the personal expense cost shares about 40%. The personal expense cost per area is 5,272 won/$m^2{\cdot}yr$ irregardless of heating type and the district heating type is a higher cost than other type. In facility maintenance cost, the central heating type is 2,015 won/$m^2{\cdot}yr$ and higher than other type. The estimation models have good statistics in each model. Most of the model have a determination coefficient over 0.7 and Durbin Watson value between 1.5 and 2.5.

Not Preventive Maintenance, But Predictive Maintenance (예방(예지) 정비의 필요성)

  • Jeon, Hyeong-Sik;White, Glenn
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.459-467
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    • 1994
  • Various maintenance programs and techniques have been implemented for roating machineries, since machines were invented for commerical use. The earliest type of maintenance was run-to-failure, where the machine was run until a fault caused to fail in service. It was obviously an expensive approach due to the unpredictability of the machine condition. Another type is the periodic maintenance, where machines are disassembled and overhauled on regular schedules. With the advent of reliable data collectors including FFT analyzer and developing of versatile supporting software such as ExpertALERT system, the predictive maintenance is known to be the most feasible maintenance type these days. The vibration analysis enables for a maintenance crew to find the exact cause of fault on a machine and to make a proper maintenance schedule with a trend analysis. The predicitive maintenance is considered to be the most important part of pro-active maintenance.

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A Corrective Maintenance Policy Which Determines Replacement or Repair for the Maintenance of System Failures

  • Jang, Jae-Jin;Lie, Chang-Hoon
    • Journal of the military operations research society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.54-62
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    • 1989
  • This paper presents a corrective maintenance model to determine either type of maintenance actions upon failure of the system. Types of maintenance actions considered are minimal repair and replacement. Minimal repair cost is assumed to be random, whereas replacement cost is fixed. A policy, B(t), which determines the type of maintenance action based on the estimated minimal repair cost when the system fails at time t is adopted. To obtain an optimal policy, an expected maintenance cost per unit time is derived and is minimized with respect to B(t).

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A Case Study on the Maintenance Activities of the Naturally Favorable Water Space Through the Participation of Residents - A case of Japanese rural areas - (주민참여에 의한 농촌지역 친수공간 유지관리활동 사례분석 - 일본 농촌지역을 사례로 -)

  • Yang, Yong-Seok;Kim, Sun-Joo;Senga, Yutaro
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the result of the previous studies and to clarify the types and activation factors of maintenance activities of the naturally favorable water space through the participation of residents in rural areas, through a further survey of the area proposed as a program in the existing study review and previous study related to the participation of residents. The survey was conducted through the survey of 1,242 households and 1,335 persons intended for Japanese rural areas. The study result is summarized as follows. The types of the maintenance activities in the areas intended for the survey have been classified into 'rural type' and 'combination type' through the analysis results by the references like the comparison analysis, job percentage and main utilization purpose of facilities for each type of maintenance and operation activities. In case of the 'rural type' area, residents were doing maintenance activities centered on the group activities rather than personal maintenance activities. Also, the activities of maintenance & operation group members were more active than non-members, and the water-friendly utilization to the facilities was not directly affecting the maintenance activities of residents. In case of the 'combinational type' area, there was no common characteristic according to each area, and the participation percentage in the maintenance activities was low compared with the 'rural type' area. According to the analysis result based on the participation degree of personal maintenance activities, the repair of facilities as a naturally favorable water space, implementation of projects reflecting the opinions of residents, educational programs conducted in order to motivate the participation of residents, etc. have been analyzed as the factors affecting the activation of maintenance activities of residents. Through the above results, for continuous maintenance activities to be made with residents as a main body in the future, it is necessary to support maintenance groups on an administrative level and procure experts for the production and operation of programs that can increase the participation percentage of residents.

Probabilistic-based prediction of lifetime performance of RC bridges subject to maintenance interventions

  • Tian, Hao;Li, Fangyuan
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.499-521
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, a probabilistic- and finite element-based approach to evaluate and predict the lifetime performance of reinforced concrete (RC) bridges undergoing various maintenance actions is proposed with the time-variant system reliability being utilized as a performance indicator. Depending on their structural state during the degradation process, the classical maintenance actions for RC bridges are firstly categorized into four types: Preventive type I, Preventive type II, Strengthening and Replacement. Preventive type I is used to delay the onset of steel corrosion, Preventive type II can suppress the corrosion process of reinforcing steel, Strengthening is the application of various maintenance materials to improve the structural performance and Replacement is performed to restore the individual components or overall structure to their original conditions. The quantitative influence of these maintenance types on structural performance is investigated and the respective analysis modules are written and inputted into the computer program. Accordingly, the time-variant system reliability can be calculated by the use of Monte Carlo simulations and the updated the program. Finally, an existing RC continuous bridge located in Shanghai, China, is used as an illustrative example and the lifetime structural performance with and without each of the maintenance types are discussed. It is felt that the proposed approach can be applied to various RC bridges with different structural configurations, construction methods and environmental conditions.

A Study on the Evaluation of Maintenance Capability for A Maintenance Battalion in the Mechanized Division (기계화사단 정비대대 능력 평가에 관한 연구)

  • 백종찬;강성진
    • Journal of the military operations research society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.142-155
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    • 1996
  • In this research, our objective is to develop a model which could evaluate the maintenance capability for a maintenance battalion in the mechanized division. To analyze the maintenance system, we obtained various data related to maintenance capability and described the maintenance process as a network type. This network type model is then translated to SLAM-II network model to simulate the system. The simulation model can be operated by using appropriate input data and simulation results are obtained. The simulation model can be applied in various way. Through the simulation we could find the bottle neck point in the maintenance process. Also the maximum capability of maintenance with on hand asset and the wartime supportability can be evaluated. The mode provides sensitivity analysis by changing various imput data such as the number of repairmen, repair time, failure rate and so on.

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A study on the total housing cost of households living in rental house (임차가구의 주거비용에 관한 연구)

  • 곽인숙;김순미
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.127-144
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    • 1999
  • The purposes of this study were to identify the housing maintenance cost, imputed rent fee and total housing cost of households living in rental house, to analyze the factors related to their housing maintenance cost, imputed rent fee and total housing cost and to investigate the factors contributing to total housing cost to total household income ratio. The data used for these purposes, was 97 KHPS of Daewoo Economic Research Institute. Sample size of households living in rental house, was 663. Statistics performed for the analysis were frequencies, percentiles, t-test, Lorenz cutie and Gini coefficient, Tobit analysis, OLS and Logistic analysis. The results of this study were as fellows: First, monthly cost of monthly rent & maintenance and repairs of households living in rental house with a deposit was lower than rental house, while the imputed rent fee of households living rental house with a deposit was higher than monthly rent households'And, total housing cost of households living in rental house with a deposit was higher than monthly rent households'. Second, Gini coefficient of the housing maintenance cost was 0.440, Gini coefficient of imputed rent fee was 0.362, and Gini coefficient of total housing cost was 0.291. Third, the variables related to their housing maintenance cost were family type, total household expenditure of socio-demographic characteristics and residence, type of rent, housing type of housing environmental factor. Also, the variables contributing to imputed rent fee were job type and educational attainment of household hearts, the number of family members, total household expenditure, residence, type of rent, housing type and tole number of rooms. In addition, the variables associated with total housing cost were job type and educational attainment of household head, total household income and residence, type of rent, housing type and the number of room. Finally, age, job type, educational attainment of household head, wife's employment status, the number of family members, family type, total household expenditure, residence, rent type of rent, housing type, the size of living space, and the number of room were significant variables contributing to total household cost to total household income ratio.

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A Study on Performance Diagnosis of the Pulley Type Automatic Tensioning Device and Improvement of Maintenance (활차식 자동장력조정장치 성능진단 및 유지보수 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Hyun;Lho, Young Hwan
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.65 no.6
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    • pp.1103-1107
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    • 2016
  • The automatic tensioning device of the catenary system constantly maintains the tension of the trolley wire by absorbing the variations due to the elasticity of the line caused by temperature variation. The tension plays an important role in affecting the electric motorcar operation directly. This paper suggests the methodology of the life cycle extension and the maintenance of the automatic tensioning device by means of performance diagnosis of the pulley type automatic tensioning device which has been commonly used for the electric railway system. Through conducting performance diagnosis and comparative test for the wornout pulley type automatic tensioning device by replacing the components such as the bearing and the bearing shaft without replacing all the assembly, the tensioning device is analyzed whether it is properly functioned. Provided that the maintenance regulation is reinforced so as to implement the bearing replacement through periodical precise inspection along with random check-up inspection which is now carried out by the operating organizations, it is ensured that the life cycle extension and the reduction of maintenance cost of the tensioning device could be achieved.

Stochastic analysis of a non-identical two-unit parallel system with common-cause failure, critical human error, non-critical human error, preventive maintenance and two type of repair

  • El-Sherbeny, M.S.
    • International Journal of Reliability and Applications
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.123-138
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    • 2010
  • This paper investigates a mathematical model of a system composed of two non-identical unit parallel system with common-cause failure, critical human error, non-critical human error, preventive maintenance and two type of repair, i.e. cheaper and costlier. This system goes for preventive maintenance at random epochs. We assume that the failure, repair and maintenance times are independent random variables. The failure rates, repair rates and preventive maintenance rate are constant for each unit. The system is analyzed by using the graphical evaluation and review technique (GERT) to obtain various related measures and we study the effect of the preventive maintenance preventive maintenance on the system performance. Certain important results have been derived as special cases. The plots for the mean time to system failure and the steady-state availability A(${\infty}$) of the system are drawn for different parametric values.

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Adaptive Maintenance Using Machine Condition Diagnosis Technique (설비진단기술를 활용한 적응보전)

  • 송원섭;강인선
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.17 no.30
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 1994
  • This paper propose Adaptive Maintenance as a new type of maintenance for machine failures which are unpredictable. A purpose of adpative maintenance is to decrease inconsistency. In order to pick up some of problems the traditional maintenance policy, We discussed Time Based Maintenance(TBM) and Condition Based Maintenance(CBM) with Bath-Tub Curve. By using Machine Condition Diagnosis Technique (CDT), Monitored condition maintenance deals with the dynamic decision making for diagnosis procedures at maintenance and caution level. Adaptive Maintenance is a powerful tool for Total Production Maintenance(TPM).

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