• Title, Summary, Keyword: marginal bone loss

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Influence of crown-to-implant ratio on periimplant marginal bone loss in the posterior region: a five-year retrospective study

  • Lee, Kyung-Jin;Kim, Yong-Gun;Park, Jin-Woo;Lee, Jae-Mok;Suh, Jo-Young
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the crown-to-implant (C/I) ratio on the change in marginal bone level around the implant and to determine the site-related factors influencing the relationship between the C/I ratio and periimplant marginal bone loss. Methods: A total of 259 implants from 175 patients were evaluated at a mean follow-up of five years. Implants were divided into two groups according to their C/I ratios: ${\leq}$ 1, and >1. Site-related factors having an influence on the relationship between C/I ratio and periimplant marginal bone loss were analyzed according to the implant location, implant diameter, implant manufacturer, prosthesis type, and guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedure. Results: It was found that 1) implants with a C/I ratio below 1 exhibited greater periimplant marginal bone loss than implants with a C/I ratio more than 1, 2) site-related factors had an effect on periimplant marginal bone loss, except for the implant system used, 3) the C/I ratio was the factor having more dominant influence on periimplant marginal bone loss, compared with implant diameter, prosthesis type, implant location, and GBR procedure, 4) implants with a C/I ratio below 1 showed greater periimplant marginal bone loss than implants with a C/I ratio greater than 1 in the maxilla, but not in the mandible, 5) and periimplant marginal bone loss was more affected by the implant system than the C/I ratio. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, implants with a higher C/I ratio exhibited less marginal bone loss than implants with a lower C/I ratio in the posterior regions. The C/I ratio was a more dominant factor affecting periimplant marginal bone loss in the maxilla than the mandible. Meanwhile, the implant system was a more dominant factor influencing periimplant marginal bone loss than the C/I ratio.

Retrospective Clinical Study on Marginal Bone Loss of Implants with Guided Bone Regeneration (골유도재생술과 동시에 식립한 임플란트의 변연골 흡수량에 대한 후향적 고찰)

  • Park, Seul-Ji;Seon, Hwa-Gyeong;Koh, Se-Wook;Chee, Young-Deok
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.440-448
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate marginal bone loss of the alveolar crest on implants with or without guided bone regeneration and variables that have influenced. Methods: The clinical evaluation were performed for survival rate and marginal bone loss of 161 endosseous implants installed with guided bone regeneration (GBR) in 83 patients from September 2009 to October 2010 in relation to sex and age of patients, position of implant, implant system, length and diameter of implant. Study group (n=42) implant with GBR procedure, control group (n=41) implant without GBR technique. Simultaneous GBR approach using resorbable membranes combined with autogenous bone graft or freeze-dried bone allograft or combination. Radiographic examinations were conducted at healing abutment connection and latest visit. Marginal bone level was measured. Results: Mean marginal bone loss was 0.73 mm in study group, 0.63 mm in control group. Implants in maxillary anterior area (1.21 mm) were statistically significant in study group (P<0.05), maxillary posterior area (0.81 mm) in control group (P<0.05). Mean marginal bone loss 1.47 mm for implants with diameter 3.4 mm, 0.83 mm for implants of control group with diameter 4.0 mm (P<0.05). Some graft materials showed an increased marginal bone loss but no statistically significant influence of sex, implant type or length. Conclusion: According to these findings, this study demonstrated the amount of marginal bone loss around implant has maintained a relative stable during follow-up periods. We conclude that implants with GBR had similar survival rate and crestal bone level compared with implants in native bone.

A TWO-YEAR STUDY OF IMPLANT RETAINED OVERDENTURES IN THE TREATMENT OF TOTALLY EDENTULOUS JAWS

  • Kwon, Ho-Beom;Kim, Eun-Ha;Lee, Seok-Hyoung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.760-768
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    • 2007
  • Statement of problem. Conventional denture treatment for totally edentulous patients is associated with a variety of functional and psychosocial problems. The placement of implants in the anterior region of the maxilla and mandible and the fabrication of an implant-retained overdenture might solve these problems. Purpose. This study compared the marginal bone loss around the implant and evaluated the implant survival rate and complications in patients treated with overdentures retained by implants for 2 years. Material and methods. Patients who had received implant-retained overdentures using a Dolder bar at Samsung Medical Center from January 1999 to June 2005 and had participated in the annual recall programs for two years were selected for this study. A total of 18 patients and 56 $Br{\aa}ne-mark\;system^{(R)}$ implants were used, and their data were reviewed. Evaluations of the survival rate, bone quality, marginal bone loss, and complications were performed. The data on the Dolder bar length and clip length were measured. The change in marginal bone loss and the correlation between the marginal bone loss and bar length, clip length, or bone quality were investigated. Results. Implants placed in this study showed a 100% survival rate. The average annual bone loss was 1.12mm in the first year and 0.27mm in the second year in the maxilla, and 0.58mm in the first year and 0.22mm in the second year in the mandible. The marginal bone loss in the maxilla showed no significant association with those in the mandible. (P>.05). There was no significant difference in marginal bone loss around implants between the first and second year. (P>.05) There was no statistically significant relationship (P>.05) between the marginal bone loss and bone quality, clip length, or Dolder bar length. The Dolder bar length showed a high correlation with the clip length. (P<.05) Various complications were noted. Conclusion. These results confirmed the favorable outcome for patients treated with implant-retained overdentures.

RADIOGRAGHIC STUDY OF MARGINAL BONE LOSS AROUND OSSEOINTEGRATED IMPLANTS AFTER FUNCTIONAL LOADING (보철물 장착후 골 유착성 임플란트 변연골 소실에 관한 방사선학적 연구)

  • Park, Ki-Hyun;Han, Dong-Hoo
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.806-815
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    • 1998
  • Regular radiographic examination has been considered as an essential diagnostic method for the osseointegrated dental implantation. This study investigated the marginal bone loss through the measurement on the periapical radiograph around 46 endosseous dental implants. Marginal bone loss have been observed for 5 years after delivery of prostheses. The results were as follows : 1. According to the experimental periods, average marginal bone loss in total implant was 1.821mm in the first year, 1.833mm in the second, 1.892mm at third, 1.910mm at forth and 1.957mm at fifth after delivery of prostheses(P<0.05). 2. The average bone loss was 1.832mm in the maxillae and 1.819mm in the mandible in three years but there was no significant difference between the upper and lower jaw(P>0.05). 3. The average bone loss was 1.824mm in males and 1.818mm in females in five years but there was no significant difference according to the sex(P>0.05). These results indicate that the most of the alveolar bone loss occur within the first year after delivery of dental prostheses resulting in the exposure of polished neck positions, and the bone level stabilizes at first thread portion of the implant fixtures.

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RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF BONE CHANCE AROUND OSSEOINTEGRATED IMPLANTS IN PARTIALLY EDENTULOUS JAWS WITH FIXED TISSUE-INTEGRATED PROSTHESES (부분무치악 환자에서 기능하중노출이 골유착성 임플란트 주위의 치조골 소실에 미치는 영향에 관한 방사선학적 연구)

  • Yang, Soon-Bong;Han, Dong-Hoo;Yang, Ja-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.70-84
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    • 1996
  • This paper reports marginal bone loss around osseointegrated implants after loading in partially edentulous patients in dental hospital, Yonsei University. Two types of implants($Br{\aa}nemark^{TM},\;IMZ^{TM}$) were used. Through the digital measurement on periapical radiograph around 37 implants in human subjects, marginal bone loss was observed for 24 months after delivery of prostheses. The results were as follows; 1. According to experimental periods marginal bone loss in total implants was 1.775 mm at 12 months, 1.921 mm at 24 months after delivery of prostheses(p<0.05). 2. Marginal bone loss in the $Br{\aa}nemark$ implants was 1.831 mm at 12 months, 1.833 mm at 24 months after delivery of prostheses(p<0.05). 3. Marginal bone loss in the IMZ implants was 1.578 mm at 12 months, 2.907 mm at 23 months after delivery of prostheses(p<0.05). 4. During the first year after loading, the IMZ implants showed less marginal bone loss than the $Br{\aa}nemark$ implants but, during the next the $Br{\aa}nemark$ implants showed less than the IMZ implants(p>0.05). These results indicate that marginal bone loss around osseointegrated implants occurs within the first 12 months after delivery of prostheses and stabilizes thereafter, so it is necessary to be careful of using dental implants for the first year after delivery of prostheses.

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Retrospective clinical study of an implant with a sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched surface and internal connection: analysis of short-term success rate and marginal bone loss

  • Lee, Jae-Wang;An, Jun Hyeong;Park, Sang-Hoon;Chong, Jong-Hyon;Kim, Gwang-Seok;Han, JeongJoon;Jung, Seunggon;Kook, Min-suk;Oh, Hee-Kyun;Ryu, Sun-Youl;Park, Hong-Ju
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.38
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    • pp.42.1-42.7
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    • 2016
  • Background: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical utility of an implant with a sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) surface and internal connection. Methods: Six patients who received dental implants in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chonnam National University Dental Hospital, were analyzed by factors influencing the success rate and marginal bone loss. Factors included patient's age, sex, implant installation site, whether bone graft was done, type of bone graft materials, approaching method if sinus lift was done, and the size of the fixture. In addition, the marginal bone loss was analyzed by using a radiograph. Results: All implants were successful, and the cumulative survival rate was 100 %. Average marginal bone loss of 6 months after the installation was 0.52 mm and 20 months after the functional loading was 1.06 mm. Total marginal bone resorption was 1.58 mm on average. There was no statistically significant difference in mesial and distal marginal bone loss. Conclusions: The short-term clinical success rate of the implant with an SLA surface and internal connection was satisfactory. Moreover, the marginal bone loss was also consistent with the implant success criteria.

Marginal bone level changes in association with different vertical implant positions: a 3-year retrospective study

  • Kim, Yeon-Tae;Lim, Gyu-Hyung;Lee, Jae-Hong;Jeong, Seong-Nyum
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.231-239
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: To retrospectively evaluate the relationship between the vertical position of the implant-abutment interface and marginal bone loss over 3 years using radiological analysis. Methods: In total, 286 implant surfaces of 143 implants from 61 patients were analyzed. Panoramic radiographic images were taken immediately after implant installation and at 6, 12, and 36 months after loading. The implants were classified into 3 groups based on the vertical position of the implant-abutment interface: group A (above bone level), group B (at bone level), and group C (below bone level). The radiographs were analyzed by a single examiner. Results: Changes in marginal bone levels of $0.99{\pm}1.45$, $1.13{\pm}0.91$, and $1.76{\pm}0.78mm$ were observed at 36 months after loading in groups A, B, and C, respectively, and bone loss was significantly greater in group C than in groups A and B. Conclusions: The vertical position of the implant-abutment interface may affect marginal bone level change. Marginal bone loss was significantly greater in cases where the implantabutment interface was positioned below the marginal bone. Further long-term study is required to validate our results.

STUDY ON RADIOGRAPHIC EVALUATION OF MARGINAL BONE LOSS AROUND OSSEOINTEGRATED IMPLANT AFTER FUNCTIONAL LOADING (기능적 부하 후 임플란트 주변의 골 흡수에 대한 방사선학적 연구)

  • Choi, Su-Jin;Chee, Young-Deok;Koh, Se-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.240-247
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate marginal bone loss to the bone crest functionally loaded for up to eighteen months and also with regard to other variables of interest. Material and Methods: 135 endosseous implants(GS II, Osstem, South Korea) were placed in 35 patients. The design of GS II implant is straight with the microthread. Radiographic examinations were conducted at baseline (implant loading) and 3, 6, 9, 12 and 18 months after loading. Marginal bone level measurement was made from the reference point to the lowest observed point of contact of the marginal bone with the fixture. The reference point of the fixture was the border between the blasted surface and machined surface of the fixture. Results: Implants were on function for a mean 12.7 months(range, 3?18 months). For the 56 maxillary and 79 mandibular implants, mean marginal bone loss was 0.68 mm and 0.70 mm. Implants placed maxillary posterior area displayed more crestal bone loss than the other position. The difference between mesial and distal bone levels was statistically significant (p<0.05) with respective means of 0.51 mm and 0.62 mm. Also, The difference between bone graft group and no-bone graft group was statistically significant(p<0.05) with respective means of 0.38 mm and 0.66 mm. But no statistically significant influence of sex, type of surgery(one or two stage surgery), the implant length was observed(p>0.05). Conclusion: This study indicates the amount of marginal bone loss around implant has maintained a relative stable during follow-up periods.

The influence of Collar design on peri-implant marginal bone tissue (Collar design이 임플랜트 주위 변연골 흡수에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jee-Hwan;Jung, Moon-Kyou;Moon, Hong-Suk;Han, Dong-Hoo
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2008
  • Statement of problem: Peri-implant marginal bone loss is an important factor that affects the success of implants in esthetics and function. Various efforts have been made to reduce this bone loss by improving implant design and surface texture. Previous studies have shown that early marginal bone loss is affected by implant neck designs. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of laser microtexturing of implant collar on peri-implant marginal bone loss. Materials and methods: Radiographical marginal bone loss was examined in patients treated with implant-supported fixed partial dentures. Marginal bone level was examined with 101 implant fixtures installed in 53 patients at three periods(at the time of implantation, prosthetic treatment and 6-month after loading). Four types of implants were examined. The differences of bone loss between implants(ITI standard) with enough biologic width and implants(ITI esthetic plus, Silhouette IC, Silhouette IC Laser-$Lok^{TM}$) with insufficient biologic width have been compared. Resorption angles were examined at the time of prosthetic delivery and 6-month after loading. Results and Conclusion: Within the limitation of this study, the following results were drawn. 1. The marginal bone loss of ITI standard and Silhouette IC Laser-$Lok^{TM}$ was less than that of ITI esthetic plus and Silhouette IC(P<0.05). The marginal bone loss between ITI standard and Silhouette IC Laser-$Lok^{TM}$ had no significant statistical difference(P>0.05). There was no significant statistical difference between marginal bone loss of ITI esthetic plus and Silhouette IC(P>0.05). 2. There was no significant difference in marginal bone loss between maxilla and mandible(P>0.05). 3. There was no significant difference in resorption angle among four types of implants(P>0.05). The marginal bone of implants with supracrestal collar design of less than that of biologic width had resorbed more than those with sufficient collar length. The roughness and laser microtexturing of implant neck seem to affect these results. If an implant with collar length of biologic width, exposure of fixture is a possible complication especially in the anterior regions of dentition that demand high esthetics. Short smooth neck implant are often recommended in these areas which may lack the distance between microgap and the marginal bone level. In these cases, the preservation of marginal bone must be put into consideration. From the result of this study, it may be concluded that laser microtexturing of implant neck is helpful in the preservation of marginal bone.

A retrospective clinical study of single short implants (less than 8 mm) in posterior edentulous areas

  • Kim, Sang-Yun;Ku, Jeong-Kui;Kim, Hyun-Suk;Yun, Pil-Young;Kim, Young-Kyun
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.191-196
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSE. The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of single short implants, less than 8 mm in length, placed in the posterior area. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A total of 128 patients (75 male and 53 female, mean age: $52.6{\pm}11.2years$) with 154 implants participated. Implant marginal bone loss, and survival and success rates were measured. RESULTS. The mean follow-up period was $51.35{\pm}24.97months$. A total of 128 implants, 8 mm in length, were placed in patients who had mean marginal bone loss of 0.75 mm. These implants had a survival rate of 95.3%. Twenty-six implants, 7 mm in length, were placed in areas with a mean marginal bone loss of 0.78 mm and had a survival rate of 96.2%. Both marginal bone loss and survival rate were not statistically different among the groups. In the maxilla, 34 implants showed a mean marginal bone loss of 0.77 mm and a survival rate of 97.1%. In the mandible, 120 implants showed a mean marginal bone loss of 0.75 mm and a survival rate of 95.0%. The average marginal bone loss around all implants was $0.76{\pm}0.27mm$ at the last follow-up review after functional loading. The survival rate was 95.6% and success rate was 93.5%. CONCLUSION. In our study, single short implants less than 8 mm in length in the posterior areas had favorable clinical outcomes.