• Title, Summary, Keyword: maternal expectations

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Correlates of Adolescent Achievement Motivation : Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Expectations and Emotional Support, and Adolescent Self-Esteem (청소년의 성취동기와 관련된 변인들 : 가정의 사회경제적 지위, 어머니의 기대 및 정서적 지지와 청소년의 자아존중감)

  • Lee, Woon-Kyung;Doh, Hyun-Sim
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.43-59
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    • 2005
  • A sample of 578 adolescents responded to self-report questionnaires. Results showed that parental education levels and occupation and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to maternal expectations. Adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were related to maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem. Adolescent achievement motives were positively related to parental education levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status. Maternal expectations/emotional support and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to adolescent achievement motivation. Maternal expectations played a mediating role between parental educational levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and adolescent achievement motives. Maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem played mediating roles between adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and achievement motives.

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The Expectations of Mothers and Teachers Regarding Development of Three-Year-old Children (만 3세아 발달에 대한 어머니와 교사의 기대)

  • 장은경
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.137-146
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the expectations of mothers and teachers regarding development of three-year-old children and to analyze factors influencing the expectations. The results of this study showed that the mothers held higher expectations than the teachers regarding development of their children in all areas. Maternal expectations differed depending on the ages of the mothers and their children's birth order. Teaching experience with three-year-old children also made differences in the teacher's expectations. Implications to parent education and suggestions for future studies were provided.

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Parental Expectations of Academic Performance and Adolescents' Adjustment Behaviors (부모의 학업기대 유형과 청소년의 적응)

  • 이재구;김영희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.12
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    • pp.145-158
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relative importance of parental expectations to adolescents'psychological, behavioral, school-based adjustment, and academic achievement. Subjects of this study consisted of 359 adolescents(177 boys and 182 girls) in Cheong-ju City. There was a statistically meaningful difference in the effect of parental expectations of academic performance on adolescents'adjustment according to sex of adolescents'. Maternal pressure, support form mothers, and paternal pressure were significant factors predicting adolescents'relative psychological adjustment and academic achievement. Support and pressure from mothers were associated with adolescents'behavioral adjustment. The research suggest that maternal pressure was the strongest risk factors in relation to the effects of parental expectations of academic performance on adolescents'adjustment.

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Effects of Mother's Smartphone Dependency and Maternal Guilty Feelings on Early Childhood Emotion Regulation (어머니의 스마트폰 의존과 양육죄책감이 유아의 정서조절에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Seon Mee;Choi, Young Hee;Song, Seung Min;Cha, Seung Eun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.301-312
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mother's smartphone dependency and maternal guilty feelings on early childhood emotion regulation. The subjects were 326 mothers of 2 to 5 year olds. Mothers' smartphone dependency was assessed by the Korea Agency for Digital Opportunity & Promotion(2006), guilty feelings by the Maternal Guilt Scale(Sung 2011), and early childhood emotion regulation assessed by the ERC(Park 2012). The results of the study were as follows. First, mother's dependency on smartphones was highly related with early childhood emotion regulation. Maternal guilty feelingswere weakly related with child's emotion regulation. Relationship between mother's dependency on smartphones and maternal guilty feelingswasmoderate. Second, mother's positive expectations towardssmartphones and maternal guilty feelings from negative parenting behavior explained early childhood emotion regulation as much as 69%.

The Variables Related to Maternal Happiness for Mothers of Young Children, School-Aged Children, and Adolescents : A Child's Age, the Numbers of Children, and Maternal Perceptions of the Conditions of Happiness (유아-청소년 자녀를 둔 어머니의 행복감 영향 변인 : 자녀의 연령, 자녀수 및 어머니 행복 조건에 대한 인식)

  • Chung, Kaisook;Park, Suhong;Yoo, Meesook;Choi, Eunsil
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.105-123
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a child's demographic variables and maternal perceptions of the conditions of happiness on their happiness for mothers. The participants of this study comprised 916 mothers of young children, school-aged children, and adolescents. The results revealed that a child's age and the numbers of children influenced maternal happiness when mothers' demographic variables were controlled. In addition, mothers who exhibited high degree of need in terms of the conditions of happiness regarding existence, relatedness, and growth were more likely to be happy than mothers who exhibited low degree of needs. Finally, the expectations regarding growth, which refers to the pursuit of self-accomplishment and meaning, was the most important predictor of maternal happiness. These findings have implications for parent education programs for mothers of young children, school-aged children, and adolescents.

Maternal Perceptions of the Conditions of Happiness across the Life-Cycles of Their Children (자녀 생애주기별 어머니의 행복 조건에 대한 인식 경향)

  • Chung, Kaisook;Yoo, Meesook;Park, Suhong;Choi, Eunsil
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.69-89
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in maternal perceptions of mothers in regards to the conditions of happiness across the life-cycles of their children. The participants consisted of a total of 961 women who were the mothers of preschool children, school aged children, and adolescents. The mothers completed a questionnaire on the perceptions of the conditions of happiness which consisted of a total of 56 items. The results of this study revealed that mothers in their 20's and 30's, with high levels of education, and on high incomes were more likely to have high expectations regarding most of the conditions of happiness compared to mothers in their 40's and 50's, with lower levels of education, and on low incomes. In addition, the results further revealed that mothers perceived that 'children grow up well and healthy' as being the most important factor in their happiness regardless of the life cycles of their children. In particular, mothers with younger children tended to give greater priority to a close mother-child relationship in their happiness. However, when mothers' demographic variables were controlled, there were no differences in maternal perceptions of the conditions of happiness across the life-cycles of their children. The implications of parent education and the directions of following research were also discussed.

Validation of the Korean version of the Helicopter Parenting Scale for an expanded age range of young adults (한국판 헬리콥터 부모역할 지각 척도(Helicopter Parenting Scale) 타당화: 30대 초반까지의 청년을 대상으로)

  • Kang, Sieun;Lee, Jaerim
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.3-25
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Helicopter Parenting Scale (HPS) using a sample of Korean young adults aged 19-34. This study is to expand the previous validation studies that exclusively focused on college students. Method: The survey data came from 1,140 young adults (398 19-24 year olds, 376 25-29 year olds, and 366 30-34 year olds) who had never been married and had at least one living parent. The young adults' perceived helicopter parenting was assessed by 10 items of the HPS for the mother and the father separately. All of the analyses including exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted for three age groups (19-24, 25-29, and 30-34 years) and for the mother and the father separately. Results: We found that three items were problematic for all age groups and for both the fathers' and mothers' helicopter parenting. After removing these three items, confirmatory factor analyses showed that the one-factor model fit our data well and the estimated factor loadings were suitable. The results were consistent throughout the age groups and the parent's gender. We also confirmed criterion-related validity using correlations between paternal and maternal helicopter parenting and three dimensions of parental career expectations indicated a reliable. Conclusion: The Korean version of HPS with seven items was found to be a reliable and valid measure for Korean young adults aged 19-34 years old.

Development of Reversing the Usual Order of Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer in Mice

  • Kang, Ho-In;Sung, Ji-Hye;Roh, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.85-89
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    • 2011
  • Somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is a useful tool for reproducing genetically identical animals or producing transgenic animals. Many reports have demonstrated that the efficiency of animal cloning by SCNT requires reprogramming of the somatic nucleus to a totipotent like-state. The SCNT-related reprogramming might mimic the natural reprogramming process that occurs during normal mammalian development. However, recent evidence indicates that the reprogramming event by SCNT is incomplete. In this study, the traditional SCNT procedure (TNT) was modified by injecting donor nuclei into recipient cytoplasm prior to the enucleation process to expose the donor nucleus before removing the karyoplast containing the chromosomes of the oocytes which might possess additional reprogramming factors, and this modified technique was named as reversing the usual order of SCNT (RONT). Other procedures including activation and in vitro culture were the same as TNT. Contrary to expectations, the rate of blastocyst development was not different significantly between RONT and TNT (8.6% and 7.9%, respectively). However, duration of micromanipulation performed by the same technician and equipments was remarkably reduced because the ruptured oocytes after nuclear injection were excluded from the enucleation process. This study suggests that RONT, a simplified SCNT protocol, shortens the duration of SCNT procedure and this less time-costing protocol may enable the researchers to perform murine SCNT easier.

An Exploratory Study on Perceptions Regarding the Children, Spouses and Their Own Lives of International Married Couples in Rural Areas (농촌지역 국제결혼가정 부부의 자녀, 배우자, 자신에 대한 삶의 탐색)

  • Lee, Eun-Ha;Kyun, Ju-Youn
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.45-62
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the ways in international married couples perceive the lives of their spouses as well as their own, and the ways in which they perceive their relationships with their children. In addition, the study attempts to explore the implicit meanings at work in the lives of international married families. The participants in this study were eight international married couples from rural areas and the data were gathered by means of semi-structured interviews. According to the findings, international married couples perceived their relationships with their children in terms of individual-specific maternal roles versus the Korean culturally-specific paternal roles. Secondly, in terms of their spouse' life, husbands relied more on their wives and had high expectations of them. On the other hand, wives had the tendency to pay more attention and place more hope on their children rather than their husbands. Lastly, regarding their own lives, the findings revealed that wives tended to maintain the hope and desire for a better life, whereas the husbands were unable to adapted to their reality and tended to look back on the past. In addition, the limitations of this study and suggestions for future studies were also discussed.

Maternal Behavior to Preventing Childhood Accident in the Home (아동사고에 대한 어머니의 예방행위 영향요인)

  • Kim, Kwuy-Bun;Son, In-A
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.87-102
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    • 2002
  • Injury has now replaced disease as the biggest single cause of death in children after their first birthday. Each day child dies from preventable, unintentional injury and the medical cost of these injury is increasing remarkably. It is necessary to develope injury prevention models to explain, predict, manage, evaluate and analyze the information about accident. The purpose of this paper is, firstly, to investigate parent's actions regarding safety measures at home and secondly, to identify the influencing factors of parents' safety behaviors. The selection of such factors is guided by the theoretical framework of the Pender's Health Promotion Model. Method ; The questionnaire was developed on the basis of other investigations, through pilot testing, peer review, and review by field health workers. The questionnaire was completed by 231 mothers of young children. Data was collected between April and May 2002. Variable Use of three different domains of safety behavior, safety habits, supervision and perception of safety devices, were listed. Mothers were self reported on internal locus of control, mother & child relationships, and marital intimacy. Also the elements of the Health Promotion Model: perceived benefit, barrier, threat, and self-efficacy, were surveyed. Results & discussion The results indicate that most parents take considerable action to reduce household hazards. The constructs derived from the Model were statistically significant differences for a small part of the variables on parental behavior to reduce hazards in the home, such as age, education, economic status, self-efficacy, perceived benefit, internal locus of control. Future studies ought to include social influences, such as expectations, perceived norms, knowledge, and child-related variables, relevant to parental safety measures in their home.

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