• Title, Summary, Keyword: mechanical alloy

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The Effect of Heat Treatment Hold Time for Mechanical Properties of Zinc-Magnesium Alloy (아연-마그네슘 합금의 열처리에 따른 기계적 특성 연구)

  • Hwang, Injoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 2020
  • Due to high corrosion resistance, Zinc has been widely used in the automobile, shipping or construction industries as a galvanizing material. Zinc is popular as a coating element, but its low mechanical strength impede the expansion of applications as a load-bearing structure. The mechanical strength of Zinc can be increased through zinc based alloy process, but the ductility is significantly reduced. In this study, the mechanical strength and ductility of Zinc-Magnesium alloys with respect to heat treatment hold time was investigated. In order to enhance the mechanical strength of Zinc, a Zinc-Magnesium alloy was fabricated by a melting process. The heat treatment process was performed to improve the ductility of Zinc-Magnesium alloy. The microstructure of the heat-treated alloy specimen was analyzed using SEM. The hardness and compressive strength of the specimen were measured by a micro-hardness tester and a nano-indenter, respectively.

Effect of Microstructure on the Environmentally Induced Cracking Behavior of Al-Zn-Mg-Cu-Zr Aluminum Alloy

  • Ghosh, Rahul;Venugopal, A.;Pradeep, PI;krishna, L. Rama;Narayanan, P. Ramesh;Pant, Bhanu;Cherian, Roy M
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 2018
  • AA7010 is an Al-Zn-Mg-Cu alloy containing Zr, developed as an alternate to traditional AA7075 alloy owing to their high strength combined with better fracture toughness. It is necessary to improve the corrosion resistance and surface properties of the alloy by incorporating plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) method. AA7010-T7452 aluminum alloy has been processed through the forging route with multi-stage working operations, and was coated with $10{\mu}m$ thick $Al_2O_3$ ceramic aluminina coating using the plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) method. The corrosion, stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and nano-mechanical behaviours were examined by means of potentiodynamic polarization, slow strain rate test (SSRT) and nano-indentation tests. The results indicated that the additional thermomechanical treatment during the forging process caused a fully recrystallized microstructure, which lead to the poor environmental cracking resistance of the alloy in 3.5% NaCl solution, despite the overaging treatment. Although the fabricated PEO coating improved general corrosion resistance, the brittle nature of the coating did not provide any improvement in SCC resistance of the alloy. However, the hardness and elastic modulus of the coating were significantly higher than the base alloy.

Study on the Mechanical Properties of Laser Welded AZ31 Magnesium Alloy (AZ31 마그네슘 합금 레이저 용접부의 기계적 성질에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, M.Y.;Jeong, B.H.;Jeong, S.M.;Park, H.J.
    • Laser Solutions
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 2006
  • This study aimed to investigate the change of mechanical properties with the rolling direction and shielding condition during laser welding of AZ31 magnesium alloy. AZ31 magnesium alloy sheets of 1mm thickness were welded using a continuous wave Nd:YAG laser with and without Ar shielding gas. The effect of Ar shielding gas and rolling direction on the mechanical properties were investigated using Vickers hardness, transverse-weld tensile. Porosity in the weld metals was investigated using an optical microscope. The experimental results showed that mechanical properties of AZ31 magnesium alloy laser welds were upgraded compared to those of base metal. Mechanical properties of AZ31 magnesium alloy laser welds were not substantially changed when Ar shielding gas was supplied.

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Effects of Mg and Si on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Al-Mg Die Casting Alloy (Al-Mg 계 다이캐스팅 합금의 미세조직 및 기계적 성질에 미치는 Mg 및 Si의 영향)

  • Cho, Jae-Ik;Kim, Cheol-Woo
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2012
  • The effects of Mg and Si contents on the microstructure and mechanical properties in Al-Mg alloy (ALDC6) were investigated. The results showed that phase fraction and size of $Mg_2Si$ and $Al_{15}(Fe,Mn)_3Si_2$ phase in the microstructure of Al-Mg alloy were increased as the Mg and Si contents were raised from 2.5 to 3.5 wt%. With Si content of 1.5 wt%, freezing range of the alloy was significantly reduced and solidification became more complex during the final stage of solidification. While there was no significant influence of Mg contents on mechanical properties, Si contents up to 1.5 wt%, strongly affected the mechanical properties. Especially elongation was reduced by about a half with more than 1.0 wt%Si in the alloy. The bending and impact strength were decreased with increased amount of Si in the alloy, as well. The lowered mechanical properties are because of the growth of particle shaped coarse $Mg_2Si$ phase and precipitation of the needle like $\beta$-AlFeSi in the microstructure at the last region to solidify due to presence of excess amount of Si in the alloy.

The tensile deformation and fracture behavior of a magnesium alloy nanocomposite reinforced with nickel

  • Srivatsan, T.S.;Manigandan, K.;Godbole, C.;Paramsothy, M.;Gupta, M.
    • Advances in materials Research
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.169-182
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    • 2012
  • In this paper the intrinsic influence of micron-sized nickel particle reinforcements on microstructure, micro-hardness tensile properties and tensile fracture behavior of nano-alumina particle reinforced magnesium alloy AZ31 composite is presented and discussed. The unreinforced magnesium alloy (AZ31) and the reinforced nanocomposite counterpart (AZ31/1.5 vol.% $Al_2O_3$/1.5 vol.% Ni] were manufactured by solidification processing followed by hot extrusion. The elastic modulus and yield strength of the nickel particle-reinforced magnesium alloy nano-composite was higher than both the unreinforced magnesium alloy and the unreinforced magnesium alloy nanocomposite (AZ31/1.5 vol.% $Al_2O_3$). The ultimate tensile strength of the nickel particle reinforced composite was noticeably lower than both the unreinforced nano-composite and the monolithic alloy (AZ31). The ductility, quantified by elongation-to-failure, of the reinforced nanocomposite was noticeably higher than both the unreinforced nano-composite and the monolithic alloy. Tensile fracture behavior of this novel material was essentially normal to the far-field stress axis and revealed microscopic features reminiscent of the occurrence of locally ductile failure mechanisms at the fine microscopic level.

A Study on the Improvement of Physical Properties for Titanium Alloy by the Grinding Conditions (연삭가공조건에 따른 티타늄 합금의 물성치 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Won Il;Lee, Yun Kyung;Wang, Duck Hyun;Heo, Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.237-242
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    • 2001
  • Ti-6Al-4V alloy can be obtained the stability of organization and product treasure, the evaluation of the cutting ability and the mechanical characteristics after the heat treatment of annealing, solution and aging. The difficulty in machining titanium alloy is how treat the heat generated during the process. Because the heat conductivity of titanium alloy is regardfully low, the heat generated during grinding is accumulated in workpiece. and it causes the increasing of grinding wheel grits' wear and makes the ground surface rough. So, these characteristics in grinding of titanium alloy will change the mechanical properties of the titanium alloy. From this study. the mechanical characteristics of annealed one and solution and aging one treated Ti-6Al-4V alloy after grinding was concerned with checking out the bending strength and hardness. For the result, both of bending strength and hardness were increased at the burned area on the surface. Roughness value was remarkably high at the table speed of 10m/min.

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Study of Al-Alloy Foam Compressive Behavior Based on Instrumented Sharp Indentation Technology

  • Kim Am-Kee;Tunvir Kazi
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.819-827
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    • 2006
  • The stress-strain relation of aluminum (Al) alloy foam cell wall was evaluated by the instrumented sharp indentation method. The indentation in a few micron ranges was performed on the cell wall of Al-alloy foam having a composition or Al-3wt.%Si-2wt.%Cu-2wt.%Mg as well as its precursor (material prior to foaming). To extract the stress-stram relation in terms of yield stress ${\sigma}_y$, strain hardening exponent n and elastic modulus E, the closed-form dimensionless relationships between load-indentation depth curve and elasto-plastic property were used. The tensile properties of precursor material of Al-alloy foam were also measured independently by uni-axial tensile test. In order to verify the validity of the extracted stress-strain relation, it was compared with the results of tensile test and finite element (FE) analysis. A modified cubic-spherical lattice model was proposed to analyze the compressive behavior of the Al-alloy foam. The material parameters extracted by the instrumented nanoindentation method allowed the model to predict the compressive behavior of the Al-alloy foam accurately.

Fractured Surface Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Ni-Cr Based Alloys with Mo Content for Dental Applications

  • Kim, Hyun-Soo;Son, Mee-Kyoung;Choe, Han-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.260-264
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    • 2016
  • In this study, fractured surface morphology and mechanical properties of Ni-Cr-Mo alloys with various contents of Mo for dental material use have been evaluated by mechanical test. The alloys used were Ni-13Cr-xMo alloys with Mo contents of 4, 6, 8, and 10 wt.%, prepared by using a vacuum arc-melting furnace. Ni-13Cr-xMo alloys were used for mechanical test without heat treatment. The phase and microstructure of alloys using an X-ray diffraction (XRD) and optical microscopy (OM) were evaluated. To examine the mechanical properties of alloys according to microstructure changes, the tensile test and the hardness test were carried out using tensile tester. To understand the mechanism of Mo addition to Ni-Cr alloy on mechanical property, the morphology and fractured surfaces of alloys were investigated by field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). As a result, 79Ni-13Cr-8Mo alloy was verified that the tensile strength and the hardness were better than others. Varying Mo content, the changes of microstructures of alloys were identified by OM and SEM and that of 79Ni-13Cr-8Mo alloy was proved fabricated well. Microstructures of alloys were changed depending on Mo content ratio. It has been observed that 8% alloy had the most suitable mechanical property for dental alloy.

The Effect of Hot Isostatic Pressing on Mechanical Properties of Cast Aluminum Alloy (주조된 AI 합금의 기계적 성질에 미치는 HIP의 영향)

  • Kim, Gi-Tae;Yang, Hun-Cheol;Choe, Jae-Yun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.461-470
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    • 2002
  • The present paper investigates the effect of hot isostatic pressing (HIPing) on mechanical properties, e.g., tensile strength, ductility and impact absorption energy of sand and die casted aluminum alloys. After HIPing at various temperatures and pressure conditions, uniaxial tensile test and Izod impact test of the samples were carried out. The experimental results showed improvements in uniaxial tensile strength, elongation and Izod impact toughness of sand casted aluminum alloy, while deterioration of a tensile strength fur die casted aluminum alloy. The effect of HIPing for microstructure of the cast aluminum alloy was also investigated.

Mechanical Properties Evaluation of Gas Tungsten Arc Welding for INCONEL 718 alloy apply to Cryogenic Condition (극저온 환경에 적용되는 INCONEL 718합금의 Gas Tungsten Arc Welding 기계적 특성 평가)

  • Kim, Ki-Hong;Moon, In-Sang;Moon, Il-Yoon;Rhee, Byung-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.692-698
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    • 2009
  • Inconel 718 alloy has excellent mechanical properties at room temperature, high temperature and cryogenic conditions. UTS of base metal is about 900MPa at room temperature; this is increased up to 1300MPa after heat treatment & aging-hardening. Mechanical properties of Inconel 718 Alloy were similar to those shown in the the results for tensile test; mechanical properties of Inconel 718 alloy's GTAW were similar to those of base metal's properties at room temperature. Mechanical properties at cryogenic conditions were better than those at room temperature. Heat-treated Inconel 718, non- filler metal GTAW on Inconel 718 and GTAW used filler metal on Inconel 718's UTS was 1400MPa at cryogenic condition. As a result, the excellent mechanical properties of Inconel 718 alloy under cryogenic conditions was proved through tensile tests under cryogenic conditions. In addition, weldability of Inconel 718 alloy under cryogenic conditions was superior to that of its base-metal. In this case, UTS of hybrid joint (IS-G) at -100$^{\circ}C$ was 900MPa. Consequently, UTS of Inconel 718 alloy is estimated to increase from -100$^{\circ}C$ to a specific temperature below -100$^{\circ}C$. Therefore, Inconel 718 alloy is considered a pertinent material for the production of Lox Pipe under cryogenic conditions.