• Title, Summary, Keyword: medicinal substance

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Mapping the Terms of Medicinal Material and Formula Classification to International Standard Terminology

  • Kim, Jin-Hyun;Kim, Chul;Yea, Sang-Jun;Jang, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Sang-Kyun;Kim, Young-Eun;Kim, Chang-Seok;Song, Mi-Young
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.108-115
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    • 2011
  • The current study aims to analyze the acceptance of International Standard Terminology (IST) related to herbs and formulas used in Korea. It also intends to examine limitations of each term source by linking texts for herbal medicine research and formula research used in schools of oriental medicine with medicinal substance-formula classification names within the IST framework. This study examined 64 medicinal classification names of IST, including synonyms, 41 formula classification names, 65 classification names of "Herbal Medicine Study," 89 medicinal classification names of "Shin's Clinical Herbal Medicine Study," and lastly 83 formula classification names of "Formula Study." Data on their chief virtue, efficacy and characteristics as medicinal substances were extracted from their definitions, and such data were used to perform Chinese character-English mapping using the IST. The outcomes of the mapping were then analyzed in terms of both lexical matching and semantic matching. In terms of classification names for medicinal substances, "Herbal Medicine Study" had 60.0% lexical matching, whereas "Shin's Clinical Herbal Medicine Study" had 48.3% lexical matching. When semantic matching was also applied, "Herbal Medicine Study" showed a value of 87.7% and "Shin's Clinical Herbal Medicine Study" 74.2%. In terms of formula classification names, lexical matching was 28.9% of 83 subjects, and when semantic matching was also considered, the value was 30.1%. When the conceptual elements of this study were applied, some IST terms that are classified with other codes were found to be conceptually consistent, and some terms were not accepted due to different depths in the classification systems of each source.

Antithrombotic and Antimetastatic Substance from Some Medicinal Plants

  • Han, Byung-Hoon;Kang, Young-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.104-107
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    • 1998
  • The studies for antithrombotic substances from medicinal plants in my laboratory were started from the studies on PAF-antagonistic substances from Korean medicinal plants. The screening studies of PAF-receptor binding antagonistic activity were conducted on the extracts of 300 Korean medicinal plants, 37 tropical medicinal plants, 20 mushrooms, and 30 vegetables. From the results of screening studies, it was possible to select two Korean medicinal plants, i.e. 1) the leaf of Biota orientalis and 2) the seed of Arctium lappa, and two tropical medicinal plants, i.e. 3) the rhizome of Alpinia officinarum and 4) the leaf of Ardisia crispa as the candidates for the activity guided isolation of PAF-antagonistic substances.

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Effects of Medicinal Plant Extracts on Antioxidant System in Ethanol-intoxicated Rats

  • Lee, Seung-Eun;Bang, Jin-Kin;Seong, Nak-Sul;Kim, Ji-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.108-112
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    • 2004
  • Four medicinal plants selected from preliminary screening study were evaluated in the aspects of their antioxidant activities in alcohol-intoxicated rats. Rats fed 1% ${\alpha}-tocopherol-supplemented$ diet as positive control and ones done ${\alpha}-tocopherol-deficient$ diet as negative control were compared with ones done the plant extract-supplemented diet (n=8). After the administration of the experimental diets for 4 weeks, typical increments in activities of manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) indicated in alcohol-intoxicated rats, were not observed in ones fed Lagerstroemia and Ulmus extract-supplemented diet. The content of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), the product of lipid peroxidation, did not increased in rats fed plant extracts-supplemented diet except for Terminalia. From the results, it is concluded that Lagerstroemia and Ulmus have physiologically efficient antioxidant activities.

A Study on the Changes in Legal Definition of Medicinal Products in the Relevant Laws and Regulations (의약품 관련 법규상 개념 정의의 시행연혁에 관한 소고)

  • Eom, Seok-Ki
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.23-41
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    • 2014
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to lay the groundwork for understanding the details and scope of the legal definition of medicinal products, following the changes in the relevant laws and regulations. This will let readers properly understand the origins of the ongoing conflicts on herbal drugs and new drugs from natural products that are present in the medical field and the medical industry. Possible solutions are proposed in the end. Method : I analyzed the changes in definition of medicinal products since 1945 that have been used in relevant laws and regulations(i.e. Pharmaceutical Affairs Act) and drug approval process(i.e. New Drug Application and Investigational New Drug Application). Results : Legal definition of medicinal products has changed in accordance with the changes in the pharmaceutical industry, such as the establishment of dualistic medical and pharmaceutical System and the introduction of the substance patent. Due to those changes, boundaries of Western medicinal products and health food expanded, while those of herbal medicine products relatively downscaled. Conclusion : Legal definition of medicinal products-i.e. Herbal Drugs, Crude Drugs, and New Drugs from Natural Products-should be reestablished according to academic legitimacy and dualistic medical and pharmaceutical System.

Comparison of Phytochemicals Ingredient Contents According to Flower Color of Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai

  • Mun, Jeong-Yun;Jang, Tae-Won;Choi, Ji-Soo;Im, Jong-Yun;Park, Jae-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.118-118
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    • 2019
  • Abeliophyllum distichum Nakai belonging to Oleaceae is only species in Korean endemic genus, Abeliophyllum. Abeliophyllum distichum (AD) is divided into various types according to flower shape and color. AD is known to have various colors such as white, pink, and ivory. Recently, light yellow flowers have been registered as new varieties (Okhwang 1ho). To date, various ecological and morphological studies on AD have been carried out, but no studies have been made on the phytochemicals and activities according to various traits. In this study, we analyzed the phytochemicals and antioxidative activities of from four kinds of flowers (white, pink, ivory, light yellow) in full bloom. The contents of phytochemicals such as chlorogenic acid, Hirsutrin, Rutin, Acteoside and Isoacteoside were analyzed by HPLC. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by DPPH, ABTS. As a result, the content of each substance varied according to the flower color. These results will provide basic data for evaluating the usefulness of genetic resources in Korea and developing new functional materials in preparation for the Nagoya Protocol.

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Highly Sweet Compounds from North and South American Medicinal Plants

  • Kinghorn, A.Douglas
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1991
  • Nearly 50 highly sweet substances have been isolated and structurally characterized from green plants, and such compounds comprise mainly various types of terpenoids, flavonoids, and proteins. Among the sweet substances that have been studied as constituents of North and South American medicinal plants are the sesquiterpene, hernandulcin, the triterpene glycosides, abrusosides A-D, the steroidal saponins, polypodosides A and B, and the dihydroflavonol, dihydroquercetin-3-acetate. In addition, safety studies have been performed on the potently sweet substance, stevioside, from the 'sweet herb of Paraguay' (Stevia rebaudiana), a compound now produced on a commercial scale.

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Agonistic Activities to the Benzodiazepine Receptor by Extracts of Medicinal Plants(I) -Screening of Some Sedative Plant Extracts- (생약의 Benzodiazepine 수용체 효현활성 검색(I) -수종의 신경안정 생약 추출물에 대한 활성 검색-)

  • Ha, Jeoung-Hee;Park, Yong-Ki;Kang, Byung-Soo;Lee, Dong-Ung
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 1999
  • This study was aimed to evaluate an agonistic activity to benzodiazepine receptor of several medicinal plants, which have been used as sedatives in oriental medicine. Methanol extracts of medicinal plants which were used in this study inhibited the binding of $[^3H]Ro15-1788$, a selective benzodiazepine receptor antagonist to benzodiazepine receptor of rat cortices. Inhibitory activity of Cyperus rotundus was observed to be the highest among the tested medicinal plants. Methanol extracts of Cyperus rotundus and Zizypus jujuba inhibited a $[^3H]flunitrazepam$, a selective benzodiazepine receptor agonist, binding to benzodiazepine receptor. GABA significantly enhanced the inhibition of $[3H]flunitrazepam$ binding by Cyperus rotundus and Zizypus jujuba, and these positive GABA shifts supported the strong possibility of agonistic activity to benzodiazepine receptor. From these results, it may be concluded that the substance or substances with neurochemical properties characteristic of a benzodiazepine receptor agonist may be important components and contribute to the sedative property of these medicinal plants.

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Compatibility effects of ginseng and Ligustrum lucidum Ait herb pair on hematopoietic recovery in mice with cyclophosphamide-induced myelosuppression and its material basis

  • Han, Jiahong;Dai, Min;Zhao, Yan;Cai, Enbo;Zhang, Lianxue;Jia, Xiaohuan;Sun, Nian;Fei, Xuan;Shu, Hui
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.291-299
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    • 2020
  • Background: Ginseng (G) and Ligustrum lucidum Ait (LLA) are core traditional Chinese medicines in treating myelosuppression formula. The present study was designed to profile effect of G and LLA herb pair (G-LLA) on myelosuppressed mice. Methods: The mice myelosuppression model was established by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of cyclophosphamide (Cy). Hematopoietic function of bone marrow was measured by hemopoietic progenitor cell culture and peripheral blood count, and serum hemopoietic factors were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Bone marrow cell cycle was performed by flow cytometry. HPLC was used to measure 20 potential chemical components related to myelosuppression, including ginsenoside Rg1, Re, Rb1, Rc, Rb2, Rb3, Rd, Rk3, Rh4, 20 (S)-Rg3, 20 (R)-Rg3, Rk1, Rg5, salidroside, and so on. Results: G, LLA, and G-LLA improved the amount of peripheral blood cells and bone marrow cells of myelosuppressed mice (P < 0.01). They significantly increased the colony quantity of colony-forming unit-granulocyte macrophage, burst-forming unit-erythroid, colony-forming unit-erythroid, and colony-forming unit-megakaryocyte and amount of G2/M and S phase cells (P < 0.01). They also significantly decreased the amount of hematopoiesis-related cytokines (P < 0.01). The content of chemical components in G-LLA changed, and the change of rare saponin was the most obvious. Conclusion: These results show that G-LLA herb pair might produce synergistic or complementary compatibility effects on bone marrow suppression after chemotherapy. It suggests that the substance basis of G-LLA for treating bone marrow suppression may be effective chemical components.

Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plants Against Bacillus subtilis Spore

  • Cho, Won-Il;Choi, Jun-Bong;Lee, Kang-Pyo;Cho, Seok-Cheol;Park, Eun-Ji;Chung, Myong-Soo;Pyun, Yu-Ryang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.1072-1077
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    • 2007
  • Bacterial endospores, especially those of Bacillus and Clostridium genera, are the target of sterilization in various foods. We used Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 spores to screen novel antimicrobial substances against spores from medicinal plants. We collected 79 types of plant samples, comprising 42 types of herbs and spices and 37 types of medicinal plants used in traditional medicine in Korea and China. At a concentration of 1%(w/v), only 14 of the ethanol extracts exhibited antimicrobial activity against B. subtilis spores of at least 90%. Crude extracts of Torilis japonica, Gardenia jasminoides, Plantago asiatica, Fritllaria, and Arctium lappa showed particularly high sporicidal activities, reducing the spore count by about 99%. Consideration of several factors, including antimicrobial activity, extraction yields, and costs of raw materials, resulted in the selection of T. japonica, G. jasminoides, A. lappa, and Coriandrum sativum for the final screening of novel antimicrobial substances. Verification tests repeated 10 times over a 4-month period showed that the ethanol extract of T. japonica fruit reduced aerobic plate counts of B. subtilis spores the most, from $10^7$ to $10^4\;CFU/mL$ (99.9%) and with a standard deviation of 0.21%, indicating that this fruit is the most suitable for developing a novel antimicrobial substance for inactivating B. subtilis spores.