• Title, Summary, Keyword: melanin

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The Study of Antioxidant Effects in Melanins Extracted from Various Tissues of Animals

  • Lin, Liang-Chuan;Chen, Wei-Tai
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.277-281
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    • 2005
  • This study was carried out to investigate the antioxidant effects of melanin extracts, including silkie fowl skin melanin (SS-melanin), silkie fowl comb melanin (SC-melanin), sepia ink sac melanin (SE-melanin), octopus ink sac melanin (OC-melanin) and synthetic melanin (SY-melanin). The results showed that with the addition of melanin extracts, linoleic acid peroxide significantly, decreased (p<0.05) with the increase in the irradiative time of UV and that OC-melanin had the highest efficiency on antioxidant activity (p<0.05). Melanin extract had reducing power and chelating power to $Fe^{2+}$, which increased with the increase in the different melanin concentration. Therefore, it could be concluded that the antioxidant action of melanin extracts did not come from one single function, but is a result of many characteristic functions.

Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi(SBG) inhibits Melanin Synthesis in Mouse B16 Melanoma Cells (α-MSH 유도성 멜라닌 합성에 있어서 황금 추출물의 역할과 작용기전 연구)

  • Hong, Sung-Jin;Kim, Kyung-Jun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.104-117
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    • 2009
  • Objective : Melanin is one of the most important facor in skin color. Melanin protects human skin from ultraviolet radiation otherwise it causes melanin pigmentation. So this experiment is carried out for test whether Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi(SBG) inhibits melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity in mouse B16 melanoma cells. Method : The melanin synthesis inhibition effects of SBG were examined by in vitro melanin production assay. We assessed inhibitory effects of SBG on melanin contents from B16F1 melanoma cell, on tyrosinase activity(cell and cell free system), effect of SBG on the expression tyrosinase, Microphthalmia-associated Transcription Factor(MITF), Extracellular signal-regulated Kinase(ERK). Result : SBG inhibited melanin synthesis induced $\alpha$-MSH($\alpha$-Melanin Stimulating Hormone) in B16F1. SBG inhibited tyrosinase activity and expression. And SBG down-regulates MITF and stimulated ERK activation in B16F1. Conclusion : According to above results, SBG was improved its suppression effect to the inhibition of melanin synthesis, tyrosinase activation, and tyrosinase promotor activation. So SBG is considered to be used for an strong source of skin whitening effect.

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The Synthetic Melanin Nanoparticles Having An Excellent Binding Capacity of Heavy Metal Ions

  • Kim, Da Jeong;Ju, Kuk-Youn;Lee, Jin-Kyu
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.33 no.11
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    • pp.3788-3792
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    • 2012
  • Spherical-shape melanin nanoparticles with good water-dispersibility were successfully synthesized by a simple oxidation polymerization of 3,4-dihydroxy-phenylalanin (DOPA) with $KMnO_4$. Similar features to those known from natural and synthetic melanin polymers were observed from prepared melanin nanoparticles by FT-IR, UV-Vis., and ESR spectroscopic methods. Their binding ability with several heavy metal ions from aqueous solution was quantitatively investigated, and the maximum binding capacities with melanin nanoparticles to lead, copper, and cadmium ions were obtained as 2.45, 2.17 and 1.88 mmol/g, respectively, which are much larger values than those reported from natural and synthetic melanin polymers. The large binding capacity and fast binding rate of melanin nanoparticles to metal ions can make them an excellent candidate for the remediation of contaminated water.

Inhibitory Effect of Muscat Bailey A Seed Extract on Melanin Production in $\alpha$-Melanin Stimulating Hormone-stimulated B16 Cell (머루포도 씨 추출물의 $\alpha$-Melanin Stimulating Hormone으로 자극한 B16세포에서 melanin 생성억제 효과)

  • Lee, Pyeong-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.477-482
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    • 2009
  • Inhibitory effect of skin and seed of three species grape cultivated in Korea on melanogenesis was investigated. Melanin generation was examined in $\alpha$-Melanin Stimulating Hormone-stimulated B16 cell, mouse melanoma, in the presence of samples. All skin sample did not show the inhibitory effect. Seed extract of Campbell early and Neo Muscat had negative effect on cell viability. When $50{\mu}g/ml$ seed extract of Muscat Bailey A was treated, amount of generated melanin and cell viability were $51.6{\pm}20.5%$ and $90.4{\pm}11.3%$ compared to control, respectively. Seed extract of Muscat Bailey A reduced the tyrosinase protein induced by $\alpha$-Melanin Stimulating Hormone, which suggests that inhibitory effect of seed extract of Muscat Bailey A on melanin is partly due to suppression of tyrosinase that is responsible for melanin production.

Black Sesame Ethanolic Extract Promotes Melanin Synthesis (Melanin 합성을 촉진하는 흑임자 에탄올추출물의 효능)

  • Jeon, Sojeong;Kim, Moon-Moo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.27 no.12
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    • pp.1452-1461
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    • 2017
  • Melanin production by melanocytes in human hair follicles decreases with time and leads to the graying process, which is a phenotype of human aging and an index of aging. The reduction in melanin production is the result of decreased tyrosinase activity in hair follicles and an accumulation of active oxygen species, such as hydrogen peroxide. This study investigated antioxidant effects and melanin-promoting effects in B16F1 cells treated with black sesame ethanolic nonpolar-soluble extract (SBEEO) and black sesame ethanolic polar-soluble extract (SBEEP). In antioxidation experiments, both SBEEP and SBEEO did not eliminate 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, but SBEEO at $64{\mu}g/ml$ showed low reducing power. SBEEP exerted cytotoxic effects at concentrations greater than $8{\mu}g/ml$, whereas SBEEO showed cytotoxic effects at concentrations greater than $4{\mu}g/ml$. SBEEP and SBEEO induced melanin synthesis, tyrosinase activity, and DOPA oxidase activity in vitro. In live cells, melanin synthesis was greater in the SBEEP treatment group as compared with that in the SBEEO treatment group. SBEEP stimulated melanin synthesis by modulating the expression of tyrosinase-related protein-2 (TRP-2), which is an important enzyme in melanin synthesis. These results imply that SBEEP obtained from black sesame ethanolic extract may have the potential to improve melanin synthesis.

Effect of Black Rice (Oryza sativa L. indica) Ethanolic Extract on Tyrosinase Activity and Antioxidant Activity Related to Melanin Production (흑미의 주정 추출물이 melanin 생성과 관련된 tyrosinase 및 항산화 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Eunbeen;Kim, Moon-Moo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.532-539
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    • 2018
  • Hair graying is processed by loss of melanin production caused by the decrease of activity and number of melanocyte and the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide ($H_2O_2$) in the hair follicle with increase of age. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect the Black oryzasativa ethanolic extract (BLEE) on the melanin production. In this study BLEE at $8{\mu}g/ml$ or more showed a significant 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity and reduction power. BLEE at $16{\mu}g/ml$ or more showed promoted tyrosinase activity and melanin production. In addition BLEE scavenged intracellular $H_2O_2$ in 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein (DCF) fluorescence assay in B16F1 cells. However, Western blot analyses displayed that BLEE decreased the expression level of catalase, but no effect on the expression level of tyrosinase, tyrosinase associated protein-1 (TRP-1), tyrosinase associated protein-2 (TRP-2) and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) transcription factor involved in melanogenesis. Thus, the promotive effect of BLEE on melanin production is attributed to the increase of tyrosinase activity and the reduction of intracellular $H_2O_2$ level. In conclusion, BLEE played a key role in in promoting melanin production, which suggests that the BLEE could be applied as a potential functional material in the development of hair care cosmetics related to the promotion of melanin production for the growth of black hair.

Melanin Biosynthesis Inhibitory Activities of Coumarins Isolated from Angelica polymorpha MAXIM (궁궁이(Angelica polymorpha MAXIM)로부터 분리한 Coumarin 계열 화합물의 Melanin 생합성 억제 활성)

  • 이충환;백승화;김진희;김현아;이상명;이찬용;고영희
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2003
  • During the screening for inhibitors of melanin biosynthesis from plant extract, Angelica polymorpha MAXIM which showed a high level of inhibition was selected. The inhibiting substances were purified form methanol extract of Angelica polymorpha MAXIM followed by silica gel column chromatography and HPLC. The inhibitors were identified as heraclenin, isosaxalin and heraclenol 3'-Me ether, by spectrescopic methods of ESI-MS, H-NMR, C-NMR, DEPT, HMQC and HMBC. These compounds did not have mushroom tyrosinase inhibitory activity, but showed a highly potent melanin biosynthesis inhibition zone in the plate culture of Streptomyces bikiniensis, a bacterium used as an indicator organism in this work. These compounds did not show any growth inhibition against S. bikiniensis at the same concentration of melanin biosynthesis test.

Effect of Chitosan Oligosaccharide on Melanin Production in B16 Melanoma Cells (B16 Melanoma 세포에서 Chitosan Oligosaccharide가 Melanin 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 조남영;윤미연;김경원;박영미;임혜원;이지윤;이진희;김연정;김창종
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.404-409
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    • 2003
  • To investigate the effect of chitosan oligosaccharide on melanin synthesis, we measured tyrosinase activity and melanin production in B16 melanoma cells. Chitosan oligosacchaide itself did not have any anti-oxidant activity in DPPH radical scavenging, and did not affect the proliferation of B16 melanoma cells. Chitosan oligosaccharide dose-dependently increased melanin production in the absence or presence of MSH. However, chitosan oligosaccharide did not have any influence on the tyrosinase activity and tyrosinase expression in B16 melanoma cells. These results suggest that chitosan oligosaccharide-induced melanin production may be independent on tyrosinase activity in B16 melanoma cells. From the above results. chitosan oligosaccharide dose-dependently appears to increase melanin production in B16 melanoma cells, suggesting that chitosan oligosaccharide may be used as a tanning agent.

Inhibitory Effect of Persimmon Leaves on Melanin Synthesis and its Action Mechanism in B16F10 cells (시엽(枾葉)의 멜라닌 생성 억제와 작용기전에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Du-Hyun;Yoo, Dong-Youl
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.43-59
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was performed to determine the inhibitory effect of Persimmon Leaves extract (PL) on melanin synthesis in B16F10 melanoma cells B16F10. Methods: The inhibitory effects of PL on melanin synthesis were determined by in vitro assay. To elucidate inhibitory effects of PL on melanin synthesis, we determined the melanin release and melanin production in B16F10. And to investigate the action mechanism, we assessed the gene expression of tyrosinase, TRP-1, TRP-2, PKA, PKC${\beta}$, ERK-1, ERK-2, AKT-1, MITF in B16F10. Results: 1. PL inhibited melanin release, melanin production in B16F10. 2. PL inhibited tyrosinase activity in vitro and in B16F10. 3. PL suppressed the expression of tyrosinase, TRP-1, TRP-2 in B16F10. 4. PL suppressed the expression of PKA, PKC${\beta}$ in B16F10. 5. PL increased the expression of ERK-1, ERK-2, AKT-1 in B16F10. 6. PL suppressed the expression of MITF in B16F10. Conclusion: From these results, it may be concluded that PL is possesed of the antimelanogenetic effects.

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Effects of Protein Kinase Inhibitors on Melanin Production in B16 Melanoma Cells Stimulated via Cyclic AMP-dependent Pathway (B16 Melanoma 세포에서 Protein Kinase 억제제들이 Cyclic AMP 경로를 통한 멜라닌 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • 차상복;조남영;윤미연;임혜원;김경원;박영미;이지윤;이진희;김창종
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.47 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2003
  • To investigate the effect of protein kinase on melanin production via cAMP-dependent pathway, we measured the melanin amount and tyrosinase activity in B16 melanoma cells stimulated by alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH), forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP. MSH, forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP significantly increased both melanin production and tyrosinase activity in B16 cells. Melanin production and tyrosinase activity by MSH are significantly inhibited by cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor (KT5720) and protein kinase C down-regulation treated with PMA. Bisindolmaleimide (1$\mu$M), protein kinase C inhibitor, significantly inhibited melanin production and tyrosinase activity stimulated by MSH, forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP with the following order of potency: MSH>forskolin>8-Br-cAMP. Tyrosine kinase inhibitor, genistein and DHC, significantly inhibited both, but the inhibitory effect was more potent in 8-Br-cAMP-stimulated B16 cells than MSH-stimulated cells. NFkB inhibitor (parthenolide) significantly inhibited melanin production and tyrosinase activity. Neither melanin production nor tyrosinase activity induced by MSH, forskolin and 8-Br-cAMP were affected by KN-62 (calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II inhibitor), PD098059 (mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor, MAPKK) and worthmannin (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor). These results suggest that both protein kinase C and tyrosine kinase are involved in melanin production by cyclic AMP-dependent pathway and NFkB pathway may play an important role in cyclic AMP-dependent melanin production in B16 melanoma cells.