• Title, Summary, Keyword: melanin

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Korean Medicinal Herb Extracts Inhibit Melanin Formation in Clone M-3 Mouse Melanocyte Cell Lines

  • Park, Kap-Joo;Choo, Dong-Wan;Lee, Hyung-Hoan
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.336-340
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    • 2004
  • In order to search for anti -melanin formation agents from Korean medicinal herbs, we selected 21 Korean medicinal herbs, based on a review of Korean traditional medicine books and the recommendations of Korean traditional medical doctors. We tested for inhibition effect of melanin pigmentation of Clone M-3 mouse melanocyte cell lines when we treated the extracts of 21 medicinal herbs in the mouse melanocyte cell lines, respectively. Among 21 medicinal herb extracts, 5 extracts showed a inhibition effect of melanin formation. The sample Phaseolus radiatus L, Cordyceps militaris, Pinellia ternata, Phellinus linteus and Citrus junos Tanaka showed a significantly little formation of melanin pigments compared with control groups. Especially extract of Citrus junos Tanaka was more potent than the others. These results suggest that extract of Korean Citrus junos may represents an excellent candidate for inhibition of melanin pigmentation at in vitro level.

Analysis of lysosomal membrane proteins exposed to melanin in HeLa cells

  • Bang, Seung Hyuck;Park, Dong Jun;Kim, Yang-Hoon;Min, Jiho
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.31
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    • pp.9.1-9.5
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    • 2016
  • Objectives There have been developed to use targeting ability for antimicrobial, anticancerous, gene therapy and cosmetics through analysis of various membrane proteins isolated from cell organelles. Methods It was examined about the lysosomal membrane protein extracted from lysosome isolated from HeLa cell treated by 100 ppm melanin for 24 hours in order to find associated with targeting ability to melanin using by 2-dimensional electrophoresis. Results The result showed 14 up-regulated (1.5-fold) and 13 down-regulated (2.0-fold) spots in relation to melanin exposure. Conclusions It has been found that lysosomal membrane proteins are associated with melanin to decolorize and quantity through cellular activation of lysosome.

A Study of Melanin Synthesis Pathway of the Ethanol extract of Eclipta prostrata In Vitro Study (한련초 에탄올 추출물의 멜라닌 합성 경로에 대한 연구)

  • Park, In-Hae;Hong, Seok-Hun;Woo, Won-Hong;Mun, Yeun-Ja;Cha, Su-Bin
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.37-48
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This Study was conducted to investigate the melanin synthesis effect of Eclipta prostrata and to determine the relationship between melanin synthesis effect of Eclipta prostrata and cAMP/PKA melanin synthesis pathway. Methods : We measured melanin contents, tyrosinase activity, expression of TRPs, p-CREB in B16F10 cells cultured with Eclipta prostrata ethanol extracts(EEP). And after treatment with H89 and dibutyryl cAMP, which inhibit or promote the activation of PKA, we observed changes in melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity stimulated by EEP. Results : EEP increased melanin synthesis by promoting the expression of tyrosinase and TRP-1. It also promoted expression of p-CREB. H89 suppresses melanogenic effect and expression of tyrosinase, TRP-1 in B16F10 stimulated by EEP. Dibutyryl cAMP promotes melanogenic effect of EEP. Conclusions : The results of this study suggest that melanin synthesis effect of EEP is related to induction of tyrosinase and TRP-1 expression through the cAMP/PKA pathway.

A Study on the Melanin Synthesis Inhibition and Whitening Effect of Bombysis Corpus (백강잠의 멜라닌 생성 억제와 미백효과에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Han-Cheol;Lim, Kyu-Sang;Hwang, Chung-Yeon;Youn, In-Hwan;Kim, Nam-Kwen
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2007
  • Objective : This study was performed to assess the whitening effect of Bombysis Corpus on melanin synthesis. Methods : The whitening effects of Bombysis Corpus were examined by in vitro melanin production assay. We assessed inhibitory effects of Bombysis Corpus on melanin-release from B16F10, on melanin production in B16F10, on mushroom tyrosinase activity in vitro, on tyrosinase activity in B16F10, effect of Bombysis Corpus on the expression tyrosinase, TRP-1, PKA, ERK-1 ERK-2, AKT-1, MITF in B16F10. Results : 1. Bombysis Corpus inhibited melanin-release, melanin production in B16F10. 2. Bombysis Corpus inhibited tyrosinase activity in vitro and in B16F10. 3. Bombysis Corpus suppressed the expression of tyrosinase, TRP-1 in B16F10. 4. Bombysis Corpus suppressed the expression of PKA in B16F10. 5. Bombysis Corpus suppressed the expression of ERK-1, ERK-2, AKT-1 in B16F10. 6. Bombysis Corpus suppressed the expression of MITF in B16F10. Conclusion : The study shows that Bombysis Corpus inhibited melanin production on the melanogenesis.

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Melanin Synthesis Inhibitory Effect of Eriobotryae Folium Extracts & Eriobotryae Folium and Phreatic Water Mixture

  • Choi, Jae-Song;Park, Jung-Hwan;Koh, Young-Mee;Kwak, Jin-young;Ahn, Taek-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.62-81
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: As interests in the beauty of skin is growing continuously, more people are focusing on white and clean skin. Melanin is the major factor that determines skin color. The abnormal concentration of melanin causes various skin diseases such as vitiligo, freckles, and melasma. This study investigated the inhibitory effect of Eriobotryae Folium extracts (EF) with phreatic water (PW) on the melanin synthesis. Methods: The effect of EF on melanin synthesis was evaluated by using mouse melanoma cells (B16F10). To define the mechanisms, real-time PCR and western blot were used. We also evaluated the inhibitory effects of EF and PW on melanin synthesis by using HRM-2 melanin-possessing hairless mice. After UVB irradiation, melanin differences between the skin parts that were treated and untreated with EF and PW. Levels of mRNA were measured by real-time quantitative PCR and histological analysis of the dorsal skin was conducted by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Results: EF inhibited various mechanisms of melanogenesis, and the effect was increased when combined with PW. In vitro experiments have shown that EF inhibited the expressions of tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1) mRNA, tyrosinase mRNA, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) mRNA and the tyrosinase inhibitory activation, but it stimulated the extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) mRNA expression. In vivo experiments have shown that EF prevented melanogenesis in the mice dorsal skin and inhibited TRP-1 mRNA expression. Also these effects were increased when combined with PW. Conclusions: EF and PW might be a new and effective treatment for whitening and treating pigmentation of skin.

The Branch Extracts of Vaccinium oldhamii Stimulate Melanin Synthesis Through Activation of Tyrosinase Activity in B16F10 Melanoma Cells

  • Park, Su Bin;Kim, Ha Na;Kim, Jeong Dong;Park, Gwang Hun;Son, Ho-Jun;Eo, Hyun Ji;Song, Jeong Ho;Jeong, Hyung Jin;Jeong, Jin Boo
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.95-95
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    • 2018
  • In this study, we investigated the effect of branch extracts from Vaccinium oldhamii (VOB) on melanin synthesis in B16F10 cells. VOB promoted melanin production in absence or presence of ${\alpha}$-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (${\alpha}-MSH$) in B16F10 cells. However, VOB did not affect the expression of tyrosinase and TRP-1 associated with melanin synthesis at the mRNA and protein level in B16F10. But, VOB decreased TRP-2 protein level and induced tyrosinase activation in B16F10 cells. Inhibition of tyrosinase activity and tyrosinase knockdown attenuated VOB-mediated melanin synthesis. In conclusion, it is thought that VOB may stimulate melanin synthesis through activating tyrosinase activity.

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The effects of green tea (Camellia sinensis) flower extract on melanin synthesis in B16-F10 melanoma cells

  • Dissanayake, Chanuri-Yashara;Moon, Hae-Hee;Yang, Kyeong-Mi;Lee, Younjae;Han, Chang-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2018
  • The present study observed the effects of a green tea (Camellia sinensis) flower extract (GTFE) on melanin synthesis in B16-F10 melanoma cells. GTFE exhibited antioxidant activity on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and inhibited mushroom tyrosinase activity in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, GTFE significantly diminished ${\alpha}-melanocyte$ stimulating hormone (${\alpha}-MSH$) stimulated cellular melanin content and tyrosinase activity throughout the concentration range evaluated. Based on RNA sequencing analysis, differential gene expression patterns observed in ${\alpha}-MSH$ stimulated B16-F10 melanoma cells were normalized by the addition of GTFE. In particular, the expression levels of melanoregulin and tyrosinase genes which are key regulating genes in melanin synthesis were up-regulated by 3.5 and 3 fold respectively by ${\alpha}-MSH$, and were normalized to control levels by the addition of GTFE. The results suggest that GTFE inhibits melanin synthesis in ${\alpha}-MSH$ stimulated B16-F10 melanoma cells by normalizing expression of genes that are essential for melanin synthesis. Overall, the results suggest that GTFE could be applied in the development of a whitening agent for the treatment of dermal hyperpigmentation.

Characterization of Molecular Composition of Bacterial Melanin Isolated from Streptomyces glaucescens Using Ultra-High-Resolution FT-ICR Mass Spectrometry

  • Choi, Mira;Choi, A Young;Ahn, Soo-Yeon;Choi, Kwon-Young;Jang, Kyoung-Soon
    • Mass Spectrometry Letters
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.81-85
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the chemical composition of bacterial melanin isolated from the Streptomyces glaucescens strain was elucidated by ultra-high-resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry. Ultra-high-resolution mass profiles of the microbial melanin product were acquired using a 15 Tesla FT-ICR mass spectrometer in positive and negative ion modes via electrospray ionization to obtain more complete descriptions of the molecular compositions of melanin-derived organic constituents. A mass resolving power of 500,000 (at m/z 400) was achieved for all spectra while collecting 400 scans per sample with a 4 M transient. The results of this analysis revealed that the melanin pigment isolated from S. glaucescens predominantly exhibits CHON and CHO species, which belong to the proteins class of compounds, with the mean C/O and C/N ratios of 4.3 and 13.1, thus suggesting that the melanin could be eumelanin. This analytical approach could be utilized to investigate the molecular compositions of a variety of natural or synthetic melanins. The compositional features of melanins are important for understanding their formation mechanisms and physico-chemical properties.

Enhancement of Melanin Synthesis by the Branch Extracts of Vaccinium oldhamii through Activating Tyrosinase Activity in B16F10 Melanoma Cells

  • Son, Kun Ho;Baek, Jueng Kyu;Park, Su Bin;Kim, Ha Na;Park, Gwang Hun;Son, Ho-Jun;Eo, Hyun Ji;Song, Jeong Ho;Jeong, Hyung Jin;Jeong, Jin Boo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.547-553
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of branch extracts of Vaccinium oldhamii (VOB) on melanin synthesis in B16F10 cells. VOB promoted melanin production in absence or presence of ${\alpha}$-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (${\alpha}-MSH$) in B16F10 cells. However, VOB did not affect the expression of tyrosinase and TRP-1 associated with melanin synthesis at the mRNA and protein levels in B16F10. But, VOB decreased TRP-2 protein level and induced tyrosinase activation in B16F10 cells. Inhibition of tyrosinase activity and tyrosinase knockdown attenuated VOB-mediated melanin synthesis. In conclusion, VOB may stimulate melanin synthesis through activating tyrosinase activity.

Idescarpin Isolated from the Fruits of Idesia polycarpa Inhibits Melanin Biosynthesis

  • Baek Seung-Hwa;Kim Dong-Hyun;Lee Chan-Yong;Kho Yung-Hee;Lee Choong-Hwan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.667-672
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    • 2006
  • Tyrosinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the biosynthetic pathway of melanin pigments participating in the coloring of skin, hair, and eyes, and is widely distributed in nature. The inhibitory compounds of tyrosinase have been extensively used as a cosmetic agent with a skin-whitening effect. In this paper, several plant extracts were screened using Melan-a cells for the melanin biosynthesis inhibition activity, and Idesia polycarpa was selected. A melanin biosynthesis inhibitor was isolated from I. polycarpa fruits by activity-guided fractionation, and the inhibitor was identified as 6-hydroxy-2-[[[(1-hydroxy-6-oxo-2-cyclohexenl-yl)carbonyl]oxy]methyl]phenyl$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside (idescrapin) by comparing it with reported spectral data. Idescarpin $(IC_{50}=8{\mu}g/ml)$ reduced melanin content compared with the vehicle. In addition, the inhibitory activity of idescarpin for melanin synthesis is mediated by decreasing tyrosinase protein rather than directly inhibiting the tyrosinase activity. These results suggest that idescarpin isolated from I. polycarpa fruits may be used as a skin-whitening agent.