• Title, Summary, Keyword: membrane reactor

Search Result 315, Processing Time 0.036 seconds

Preparation of a Water-Selective Ceramic Membrane on a Porous Stainless Steel Support by Sol-Gel Process and Its Application to Dehydration Membrane Reactor

  • Lee, Kew-Ho;Sea, Bongkuk;Youn, Min-Young;Lee, Yoon-Gyu;Lee, Dong-Wook
    • Korean Membrane Journal
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.10-15
    • /
    • 2004
  • We developed a water-selective ceramic composite membrane for use as a dehydration membrane reactor for dimethylether (DME) synthesis from methanol. The membranes were modified on the porous stainless steel support by the sol-gel method accompanied by a suction process. The improved membrane modification process was effective in increasing the vapour permselectivity by removal of defects and pinholes. The optimized alumina/silica composite membrane exhibited a water permeance of 1.14${\times}$10$^{-7}$ mol/$m^2$.sec.Pa and a water/methanol selectivity of 8.4 at permeation temperature of 25$0^{\circ}C$. The catalytic reaction for DME synthesis from methanol using the membrane was performed at 23$0^{\circ}C$, and the reaction conversion was compared with that of the conventional fixed-bed reactor. The reaction conversion of the membrane reactor was much higher than that of the conventional fixed-bed reactor. The reaction conversion of the membrane reactor and the conventional fixed-bed reactor was 82.5 and 68.0%, respectively. This improvement of reaction efficiency can last if the water vapour produced in the reaction zone is removed continuously.

Parametric studies for CO2 reforming of methane in a membrane reactor as a new CO2 utilization process

  • Lee, Boreum;Lim, Hankwon
    • Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
    • /
    • v.34 no.1
    • /
    • pp.199-205
    • /
    • 2017
  • A one-dimensional reactor model was employed to perform parametric studies for $CO_2$ reforming of methane in a membrane reactor to investigate its feasibility as a new $CO_2$utilization process. The effect of key variables such as hydrogen permeance and Ar sweep gas flow rate to facilitate $H_2$ transport from a shell side (retentate) to a tube side (permeate) on the performance in a membrane reactor was studied at various temperatures with numerical simulation validated by experimental results. In addition, increase in $CH_4$ conversion and $H_2$ yield enhancement observed in membrane reactor was successfully confirmed by profiles of $H_2$ partial pressure difference between shell and tube sides. From the numerical simulation studies, the feasibility of using a membrane reactor for $CO_2$ reforming of methane was confirmed by increased $CH_4$ conversion and $H_2$ yield enhancement compared to a packed-bed reactor at the same condition, which in turn leads to significant cost reductions due to a reduced operating temperature. Moreover, a window of $H_2$ permeance and a guideline for Ar sweep gas flow rate for the efficient membrane reactor design was obtained from this study.

Performance Analysis of Water Gas Shift Reaction in a Membrane Reactor (막반응기에서의 수성가스전이반응의 성능 분석)

  • Lim, Hankwon
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.204-208
    • /
    • 2014
  • This study investigated the effect of hydrogen permeance and selectivity, catalyst amount, $H_2O/CO$ ratio in a feed stream, and Ar sweep gas on the performance of a water gas shift reaction in a membrane reactor. It was observed that a minimum hydrogen selectivity of 100 was needed in a membrane reactor to obtain a hydrogen yield higher than the one at equilibrium and the hydrogen yield enhancement gradually decreased as the hydrogen permeance increased. The CO conversion in a membrane reactor initially increased with the catalyst amount and reached a plateau later for a membrane reactor with a low hydrogen permeance while the high CO conversion independent of a catalyst amount was observed for a membrane reactor with a high hydrogen permeance. For the $H_2O/CO$ ratio in a feed stream higher than 1.5, a hydrogen permeance had little effect on the CO conversion in a membrane reactor and it was found that a minimum Ar molar flow rate of $6.7{\times}10^{-6}mol\;s^{-1}$ was needed to achieve the CO conversion higher than the one at equilibrium in a membrane reactor.

Operation Modes Can Affect the Activity of Immobilized Enzyme onto Silk Fibroin Nanofibrous Membrane

  • Oh, Hanjin;Lee, Ki Hoon
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.322-325
    • /
    • 2013
  • In the present study, we report that the selection of operation mode is important to take the full advantage of nanofibrous membrane in enzyme immobilization. Silk fibroin nanofibrous membrane has been prepared by electrospinning, and a-chymotrypsin was immobilized as a model enzyme. When the immobilized enzyme was operated in the membrane reactor mode, the Michaelis constant, Km, was lower and the Vmax was higher compared to the batch reactor mode. No concentration gradient was observed in the membrane reactor mode and the immobilized enzyme was stable even after 7 times of re-use. Our results suggests that the enzyme immobilized nanofibrous membrane should be operated in the membrane reactor mode rather than in the bath reactor mode.

Propane Dehydrogenation over a Hydrogen Permselective Membrane Reactor

  • Chang, Jong-San;Roh, Hyun-Seog;Park, Min-Seok;Park, Sang-Eon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.674-678
    • /
    • 2002
  • The dehydrogenation of propane to propylene has been studied in an isothermal high-temperature shell-and-tube membrane reactor containing a Pd-coated ${\psi}$-Al2O3 membrane and a Pt/K/Sn/Al2O3 packed catalyst . A tubular Pd-coated ${\psi}$-Al2O3 membrane was prepared by an electroless plating method. This membrane showed high hydrogen to nitrogen permselectivities (PH2N2 = 10-50) at 400 $^{\circ}C$ and 500 $^{\circ}C$ with various transmembrane pressure drops. The employment of a membrane reactor in the dehydrogenation reaction, which selectively separates hydrogen from the reaction mixture along the reaction path, can greatly increase the conversion and enable operation of the reactor at lower temperatures. High hydrogen permselectivity has been confirmed as a key factor in determining the reactor performance of conversion enhancement.

Water Gas Shift Reaction in Palladium/Ceramic Membrane Reactor (팔라듐/세라믹 막반응기를 이용한 수성가스전환반응)

  • Choi, Tae-Ho;So, Won-Wook;Kim, Kwang-Je;Moon, Sang-Jin;Hyung, Gi-Woo;Chough, Sung Hyo
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.282-287
    • /
    • 2005
  • Palladium membranes, which are permselective to hydrogen separation, were used for the hydrogen purification and in membrane reactors for improving conversions by shifting the reaction equilibrium. Palladium/ceramic composite membranes were prepared by electroless plating technique and then etched in titanium chloride ($TiCl_4$) as a post treatment to enhance the membrane's durability. These membranes were used for membrane reactors in water gas shift (WGS) reaction. CO conversions for the membrane reactor were obtained according to experimental parameters and compared to the traditional reactor without a palladium/ceramic membrane. As a result, CO conversion using palladium membrane reactor at an appropriate condition was over 20~25% greater than that without the membrane reactor. The stability in the long-term test of up to 120 h for WGS reaction with the membrane reactor was good without the degredation of CO conversion.

Comparative studies for the performance of a natural gas steam reforming in a membrane reactor (분리막 반응기를 이용한 천연가스 개질반응의 성능에 관한 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Boreum;Lim, Hankwon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
    • /
    • v.20 no.6
    • /
    • pp.95-101
    • /
    • 2016
  • For a natural gas steam reforming, comparative studies of the performance in a conventional packed-bed reactor and a membrane reactor, a new conceptual reactor consisting of a reactor with series of hydrogen separation membranes, have been performed. Based on experimental kinetics reported by Xu and Froment, a process simulation model was developed with Aspen $HYSYS^{(R)}$, a commercial process simulator, and effects of various operating conditions like temperature, $H_2$ permeance, and Ar sweep gas flow rate on the performance in a membrane reactor were investigated in terms of reactant conversion and $H_2$ yield enhancement showing improved $H_2$ yield and methane conversion in a membrane reactor. In addition, a preliminary cost estimation focusing on natural gas consumption to supply heat required for the system was carried out and feasibility of possible cost savings in a membrane reactor was assessed with a cost saving of 10.94% in a membrane reactor.

Hydrogen Production Using Membrane Reactors

  • Giuseppe Barbieri;Paola Bernardo;Enrico Drioli;Lee, Dong-Wook;Sea, Bong-Kuk;Lee, Kew-Ho
    • Korean Membrane Journal
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.68-74
    • /
    • 2003
  • Methane steam reforming (MSR) reaction for hydrogen production was studied in a membrane reactor (MR) using two tubular membranes, one Pd-based and one of porous alumina. A higher methane conversion than the thermodynamic equilibrium for a traditional reactor (TR) was achieved using MRs. The experimental temperature range was 350-500$^{\circ}C$; no sweep-gas was employed during reaction tests to avoid its back-permeation through the membrane and the steam/methane molar feed ratio (m) varied in the range 3.5-5.9. The best results (the difference between the MR conversion and the thermodynamic equilibrium was of about 7%) were achieved with the alumina membrane, working with the highest steam/methane ratio and at 450$^{\circ}C$. Silica membranes prepared at KRICT laboratories were characterized with permeation tests on single gases (N$_2$, H$_2$ and CH$_4$). These membranes are suited for H$_2$ separation at high temperature.

Ethanol Steam Reforming Reaction for a Clean Hydrogen Production and its Application in a Membrane Reactor (청정수소생산을 위한 에탄올 수증기개질반응 및 막반응기에서의 응용)

  • Lim, Hankwon
    • Clean Technology
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.379-387
    • /
    • 2013
  • Ethanol steam reforming reaction considered as a clean hydrogen production method is introduced in this paper. Reactivity and reaction rate equation of ethanol steam reforming reaction using various catalysts, reaction temperature, and molar ratio of ethanol and water will be discussed. In addition to introducing a membrane reactor combining a reactor and a separator, the effect of the use of a membrane reactor on an ethanol conversion and hydrogen yield will be compared to those from a conventional packed-bed reactor.

Analysis of a Hydrogen Generation Membrane Reactor (수소 생산용 막반응기의 해석)

  • Kim Hyung Gyu;Suh Jung Chul;Baek Young Soon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.16-23
    • /
    • 2004
  • A membrane reactor concept, which combines the typical characteristics of chemical reaction with separation process, has been analyzed and simulated in this study. The advantages of the use of a membrane reactor include chemical equilibrium shift towards higher reactant conversion and purer product than the traditional reactors. A membrane reactor model which incorporates a catalytic reaction zone and a separation membrane is proposed. The water-gas shift reaction to produce hydrogen was chosen as a model reaction to be investigated. The membrane reactor is divided into smaller parts by number of n and each part (named cell), which contains both reaction and product separation function is modeled. One of the membrane outlet streams is connected to the next cell, which is repeated up to the last cell. The simulation results can be used for various purposes including decision of optimum operating condition and membrane reactor design.

  • PDF