• Title/Summary/Keyword: minimal inhibitory concentration

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Study on the Antimicrobial Effect of Ranunculus Species on Pathogenic Bacteria (병원성세균(病原性細菌)에 대한 미나리 아재비과(科) 식물(植物)의 항균성(抗菌性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoo, Tae Suk;Kim, Yong Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 1981
  • In order to observe the bactericidal effect of Ranunculus species on pathogenic bacteria, the minimal inhibitory concentration and bactericidal effect was tested Throughout the studies, the following experimental results were obtained and summarized. 1. Minimal inhibitory concentration of Ranunculus species extracts on E. coli was observed in the medium in which 1% Ranunculus species extracts added to brain heart infusion agar. 2. Minimal inhibitory concentration of Ranunculus species extracts on Salmonella species observed in the medium in which 1% Ranunculus species extracts added to brain heart infusion agar. 3. Minimal inhibitory concentration of Ranunculus species extracts on Staphylococcus and Streptococcus was observed in the medium in which 1.5% Ranunculus species extracts added to brain hrart infusion blood agar. 4. The Bactericidal effect of Ranunculus species extracts on E. coli and S. typhi was observed in 30 minutes. 5. The Bactericidal effect of Ranunculus species extracts on staphylococcus aureus was obserded in 40 minutes.

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Effect of Polyphosphates on the Growthof Listeria monocytogenes Scott A (인산염이 Listeria monocytogenes Scott A 성장에 미치는 영향)

  • 장덕화;송재영;김일환
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.205-211
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    • 1995
  • To investigate the antimicrobial effect of polyphosphates as a food additive, the growth and structural change of Listeria monocytogentes Scott A were examined in relation to polyphosphates concentration and incubation temperature. Up to 10,000 ppm of polyphosphates, the growth rate of strain was gradually inhibited with increasing polyphosphates concentration and decreasting the incubation temperature. Minimal inhibitory concentration of polyphosphates to the growth of strain was about 12,000 ppm. It was observed , using both scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and transmission electron microscopy(TEM), that 0.9% polyphosphates treatment was resulted in the destruction of cell wall and outflow of cell ingredients. The antimicrobial effects of polyphosphates were more effective than those of dehydroacetate and potassium sorbate at 13$^{\circ}C$ and 4$^{\circ}C$. The growth rate the strain in beef was significantly inhibited by the treatment of 0.9% polyphosphates and storaged at cooling temperature.

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Antimicrobial Susceptiblity of Brucella canis Isolated from Korea (국내 분리 Brucella canis의 항균제 감수성)

  • 김종완;이영주;탁연빈
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.86-90
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    • 2003
  • Little is known to data about the in vitro activity of antimicrobial agents aganist Brucella cams (B cams) isolated from Korea. Our study aimed at determining the in vitro activities of 15 antimicrobial agents against 3 isolates and 52 isolates of B cams from dogs in 1994 and 2002, respectively. In minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) study, minocycline and doxycycline showed the lowest MICs ( < 0.06-0.5 ug/ml). Gentamicin, streptomycin, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin and rifampin showed MICs in the range of less than 1 ug/ml. Lincomycin and sulfisox azole showed the highest MICs ( > 32 ug/ml). Interestingly, MICs of macrolides (erythromycin, spiramycin, tylosin) against 52 isolates in 2002 were 16-64 times higher than that of 3 isolates in 1994. In minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) study, gentamicin, streptomycin, ciprofloxacin and norfloxacin showed the lowest MBCs [0.12-1 ug/ml (1-2 times higher than MIC)], but minocycline and doxycycline showed the highest MBCs [8-32 ug/ml (128 times higher than MIC)]. Rifampin showed the MBCs in the range from 2 to 4 ug/ml (2-4 times higher than MIC).

Antimicrobial Effects of Naringenin alone and in Combination with Related Flavonoids (나린게닌의 항균력에 미치는 관련 후라보노이드의 병용효과)

  • Han, Seong-Sun;Lee, Chong-Kil;Kim, Young-Soe
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.407-411
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    • 1992
  • As part of our search for less toxic antimicrobial substances from natural resources, naringin was isolated from feels of Citri fructus and then hydrolyzed to naringenin. The antimicrobial activity of naringenin was examined by measuring the minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) against fourteen species of bacteria. The antimicrobial activity of narngenin in combination with rutin or hesperetin was evaluated by checkerboard method. Among fourteen species tested, the antimicrobial activity of naringenin was the most prominant against Staphylococcus aureus and Shigella boydii showing MIC of $100\;{\mu}g/ml$ for both species. Combinations of naringenin with rutin or hesperetin showed synergism against several species of bacteria, but no antagonism was observed.

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Effect of Sub-Minimal Inhibitory Concentration Antibiotics on Morphology of Periodontal Pathogens

  • Kwon, Ye Won;Lee, Si Young
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2014
  • Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) is the lowest concentration of antibiotics that inhibits the visible growth of a microorganism. It has been reported that sub-MIC of antibiotics may result in morphological alterations along with biochemical and physiological changes in bacteria. The purpose of this study was to examine morphological changes of periodontal pathogens after treatment with sub-MIC antibiotics. Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Porphyromonas gingivalis were used in this study. The MIC for amoxicillin, doxycycline, metronidazole, penicillin, and tetracycline were determined by broth dilution method. The bacterial morphology was observed with bright field microscope after incubating with sub-MIC antibiotics. The length of A. actinomycetemcomitans and F. nucleatum were increased after incubation with metronidazole; penicillin and amoxicillin. P. gingivalis were increased after incubating with metronidazole and penicillin. However, F. nucleatum showed decreased length after incubation with doxycycline and tetracycline. In this study, we observed that sub-MIC antibiotics can affect the morphology of periodontal pathogens.

The Experimental Study on Anti-bacterial Potency of Jinpi-san on Staphylococcus aureus & Staphylococcus epidermidis. (진피산(秦皮散)이 Staphylococcus aureus와 Staphylococcus epidermidis에 미치는 항균효과에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Seo, Hyung-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.20 no.1 s.32
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 2007
  • Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effect of Jinpi-san on Staphylococcus aureus(S. aureus) and Staphylococcus epidermidis(S. epidermidis) that induce keratitis. Methods : Minimal inhibitory concentration(MIC) was measured by dropping to $50{\mu}l$ according to density Jinpi-san(100%, 10%, 1%, 0.1 %). Anti-bacterial potency was measured by the size of inhibition zone with change of volume. Results : 1. MIC on S. aureus in Jinpi-san was $40{\mu}l$ undiluted solution. 2. MIC on S. epidermidis in Jinpi-san was $20{\mu}l$ undiluted solution. Conclusions : These results indicate that Jinpi-san can be used to cure S. aureus, S. epidermidis that induce eye disease(keratitis). If further study is performed, the use of eye drops will be valuable and beneficial in the clinical medicines.

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Effect on Plant Growth and Antibiosis of Rice Straw Liquor Extracted from Rice Straw (볏짚에서 추출한 짚초액의 식물성장에 대한 영향과 항균 효과)

  • Kang, Hwa-Young;Kim, Se-Hoon;Kim, Young-Ju;Park, Sang-Sook
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 2009
  • Rice straw liquid was prepared from rice straw using simple pyrolysis furnace, and its effects on plant growth and antibiosis were investigated. Effects of straw liquid on plant growth of Oryza sativa L., Glycine max Merr. and Lactuca sativa L. and antibiosis of bacteria and mold of rice straw liquid were studied. Th rice straw liquid showed good results on plant growth and multiplication. Rice straw liquid showed a little antibiosis on bacteria but non antibiosis on mold. Rice straw liquid had minimal inhibitory concentration of 2.5-5% for bacteria.

Identification and Thermal Resistance of Penicillium sp. Isolated from Korean Ginseng (고려인삼에서 분리된 Penicillium sp.의 동정 및 열저항성)

  • 곽이성;박채규
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.148-152
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    • 1993
  • One kind of microorganism was isolated and identified from Korean fresh, white and red ginseng, and the effect of a preservative, sodium benzoate on the microorganism and its thermal resistant propertues were studied. The results obtained were as follows. The predominant strain on ginseng and ginseng products was identified as Penicillium sp. The strain showed perithecium structure producing ascospores. The growth of the strain was slightly inhibited at 0.0571 concentration of sodium benzoate. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of sodium benzoate against the strain was 0.26%. The D value of the strain at 56, 59, $62^{\circ}C$ were 9.9, 5.0 and 4.5 min, respectively.

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Effects of Sub Minimal Inhibitory Concentration of Metronidazole and Penicillin on Morphology of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans: Scanning Electron Microscopy Observation

  • Kwon, Ye Won;Lee, Si Young
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 2015
  • Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) is the lowest concentration of antibiotics that inhibits the visible growth of bacteria. It has been reported that sub-MIC of antibiotics may result in morphological alterations, along with the biochemical and physiological changes in bacteria. The purpose of this study was to examine morphological changes of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, after the treatment with sub-MIC metronidazole and penicillin. The bacterial morphology was observed with scanning electron microscope, after incubating with sub-MIC antibiotics. The length of A. actinomycetemcomitans was increased after the incubation with sub-MIC metronidazole and penicillin. Sub-MIC metronidazole and penicillin inhibited bacterial division and induced long filaments. Our study showed that metronidazole and penicillin can induce the morphological changes in A. actinomycetemcomitans.

Minimal Inhibitory Concentration of Antifungal Drugs on Pityrosporum Species (Pityrosporum 균속의 항진균제에 대한 연구)

  • 정병천;노병의;방용준
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 1997
  • Meanwhile Pityrosporum species as well as Candida species in yeast phase are not pathogenic, Pityrosporum in mycelial phase is pathogenic. Pityrosporum species can be isolated not only from tinea versicolor patients but also from ninety (90) percent of healthy persons. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ketoconazole against Pityrosporum spp. was 0.05~0.8$\mu\textrm{g}$ ml$^{-1}$and the MIC of ketoconazole was the lowest. Of itraconazole, selenium sulfide, sodium thiosulfate and ketoconazole had the lowest MIC against P. orbiculare. The P. orbiculare strains isolated from healthy persons were inhibited by lower MIC than those isolated from tinea versicolor patients. P. ovale strains were inhibited by lower MIC at MIC$_{50}$ and MIC$_{90}$ of oral and topical antifungal agents than p. orbiculare.

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