• Title, Summary, Keyword: molecular detection

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Comparison of Isolation Agar Method, Real-Time PCR and Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification-Bioluminescence for the Detection of Salmonella Typhimurium in Mousse Cake and Tiramisu (Mousse cake와 Tiramisu에 인위접종된 Salmonella Typhimurium의 식품공전 분리배지, Real-time PCR과 Loop-mediated isothermal amplification-bioluminescence의 검출 특성 비교)

  • Lee, So-Young;Gwak, Seung-Hae;Kim, Jin-Hee;Oh, Se-Wook
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.290-295
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    • 2019
  • Salmonella spp. are frequently associated with food and are among the most important foodborne pathogens. The recent Salmonella out breaks in Korea was associated with chocolate mousse cakes served with school meals during September 2018. The objective of this research was to compare the 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella and the Korean Standard Method of Salmonella in artificially inoculated mousse (chocolate and cheese) and tiramisu cakes. Mousse (chocolate and cheese) and tiramisu cakes were artificially inoculated with S. Typhimurium. Twenty five gram of sample was enriched with 225 mL buffered peptone water for incubation at $37^{\circ}C$ for 24 h. After enrichment, the cultures were analyzed by using the 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella and the Korean Standard Method. Most of the inoculated samples showed similar results except the chocolate mousse cakes, in which real-time PCR was unable to detect S. Typhimurium even after $10^4CFU/25g$ of inoculation. However, S. Typhimurium inoculated at a concentration of $10^0CFU/25g$ was detected by using 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella. In chocolate mousse, detection of S. Typhimurium using real-time PCR was partially successful when dark chocolate was added at less than 15%. Negative results in real-time PCR and 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella were confirmed by gel electrophoresis. The data indicated that dark chocolate could inhibit amplification of the target gene in the PCR reactions. In conclusion, the 3M Molecular Detection Assay 2 - Salmonella was better than the Korean Standard Method (real-time PCR) for the detection of S. Typhimurium in chocolate mousse cakes and chocolate mousse.

PCR-Based Sensitive Detection of Wood-Decaying Fungus Phellinus linteus by Specific Primer from rDNA ITS Regions

  • Park, Dong-Suk;Kang, Hee-Wan;Kim, Ki-Tae;Cho, Soo-Muk;Park, Young-Jin;Shin, Hye-Sun;Lee, Byoung-Moo;Go, Seung-Joo
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.7-10
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    • 2001
  • Based on the rDNA ITS sequences data, specific primer set for PCR detection of wood-decaying fungus Phellinus linteus was designed. The length of PCR products using designed primer set(SHF and SHR) was about 540 bp. Among 11 species, 17 isolates of Phellinus spp. including Phellinus linteus, P. pomaceus, P. spiculosus, P. baumi, P. pini, P. igniarius, P. gilvus, P. biscuspidatus, P. weirii, P. johnsonianus, P. robutus, and P. igniarius, seven isolates of Phellinus linteus showed about 540 bp-sized single band. This molecular technique could offer a useful tool for detecting and identifying Phellinus linteus.

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Microarrays for the Detection of HBV and HDV

  • Sun, Zhaohui;Zheng, Wenling;Zhang, Bao;Shi, Rong;Ma, Wenli
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.546-551
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    • 2004
  • The increasing pace of development in molecular biology during the last decade has had a direct effect on mass testing and diagnostic applications, including blood screening. We report the model Microarray that has been developed for Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis D virus (HDV) detection. The specific primer pairs of PCR were designed using the Primer Premier 5.00 program according to the conserved regions of HBV and HDV. PCR fragments were purified and cloned into pMD18-T vectors. The recombinant plasmids were extracted from positive clones and the target gene fragments were sequenced. The DNA microarray was prepared by robotically spotting PCR products onto the surface of glass slides. Sequences were aligned, and the results obtained showed that the products of PCR amplification were the required specific gene fragments of HBV, and HDV. Samples were labeled by Restriction Display PCR (RD-PCR). Gene chip hybridizing signals showed that the specificity and sensitivity required for HBV and HDV detection were satisfied. Using PCR amplified products to construct gene chips for the simultaneous clinical diagnosis of HBV and HDV resulted in a quick, simple, and effective method. We conclude that the DNA microarray assay system might be useful as a diagnostic technique in the clinical laboratory. Further applications of RD-PCR for the sample labeling could speed up microarray multi-virus detection.

Improvement of Antigen Blotting in a Tissue Blot Immunobinding Assay for the Detection of Two Chili Pepper Viruses

  • Han, Jung-Heon;Shin, Jun-Sung;Kim, Young-Ho;Kim, Byung-Dong
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.1885-1889
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    • 2007
  • The tissue blot immunobinding assay (TBIA) is widely used for the detection and localization of plant viruses in various plant tissues. The basic experimental procedures of TBIA sampling and blotting were simplified using commercially available micropipette tips. This method was termed the ring-blot immunobinding assay (R-BIA), as the blot on the membrane forms a ring shape. The detection efficacy of R-BIA was tested for two chili pepper viruses, pepper mild mottle tobamovirus (PMMoV) and pepper mottle potyvirus (PepMoV), following the optimized serological procedures of TBIA (length of the incubation period and BSA concentration, and primary and secondary antibodies). Sensitivity of the R-BIA was about 1 ng/ml of purified PMMoV in pepper leaf sap from a healthy pepper plant. R-BIA also showed high specificity in the detection of PMMoV and PepMoV. Moreover, the modified sampling and blotting procedures were simpler and more reliable than other TBIA methods (such as whole-leaf blotting and crushed-leaf blotting), suggesting that the R-BIA may be used for medium- to large-scale detection of plant viruses in laboratories with minimal facilities.

Detection of Molecules using the Nanoparticle Arrays (나노입자 배열을 이용한 분자 검출)

  • Ha, Dong-Han;Kim, Sang-Hun;Yun, Yong-Ju;Park, Hyung-Ju;Yun, Wan-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1617-1622
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    • 2008
  • We report a new molecular detection process which measures the changes in the plasmon resonance peaks of periodic Au nanoparticle arrays fabricated using the electron beam lithography. As the Au nanoparticle arrays are modified by the chemical reaction in solutions having various concentrations of a target molecule, both the position and intensity of the plasmon peak change in proportion to the concentration of the target molecule. We expect that the process developed in this work can be employed for fine tuning of the plasmon peak wavelength and also for the optical detection of various kinds of molecules. Moreover, this method may improve the measurement accuracy compared with existing approaches that use only one change (peak wavelength or peak intensity) as a readout value for the molecular detection.

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Relationship between erb-B2 mRNA Expression in Blood and Tissue of Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Breast Cancer Patients and Clinicopathological Characteristics of the Tumors

  • Moazzezy, Neda;Ebrahimi, Fatemeh;Sisakht, Mahsa Mollapour;Yahyazadeh, Hossein;Bouzari, Saeid;Oloomi, Mana
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.249-254
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    • 2016
  • Molecular detection methods such as RT-PCR for detecting breast cancer-associated gene expression in the peripheral blood have the potential to modify breast cancer (BC) staging and therapy. In this regard, we evaluated the potential of erb-B2 molecular marker in BC detection and analyzed the expression of erb-B2 mRNA in the peripheral blood and fresh tissue samples of 50 pretreated female BC patients and 50 healthy females by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) method. We also assessed the correlation of erb-B2 mRNA marker positivity in peripheral blood and tumor tissue samples with clinical and pathological factors in BC patients in order to evaluate its prognostic value. It was shown that there is a significant difference between healthy females and BC patients with expression of the erb-B2 molecular marker (p<0.01). A significant difference between the expression of erb-B2 in the peripheral blood and tissue samples of BC patients (p<0.01) and the frequency of circulating erb-B2 mRNA expression in peripheral blood and in tissue was detected by RT-PCR. No correlation was found between erb-B2 mRNA expression in blood or tumor tissue samples and lymph node, tumor grade, tumor stage, tumor size, patient's age, ki67, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PGR), P53, and HER-2 status. However, in a small subset of 31 BC patients we found that expression of erb-B2 in peripheral blood or in both peripheral blood and tumor tissue was directly correlated with lympho-vascular invasion and perineural invasion as poor prognostic features. The highest rates of erb-B2 expression in peripheral blood or tumor tissue were in the ER and PR negative and HER-2 positive group. This study suggests that the application of the RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods for erb-B2 molecular marker detection would provide a higher detection rate, especially in early stage BC.

Noninvasive molecular biomarkers for the detection of colorectal cancer

  • Kim, Hye-Jung;Yu, Myeong-Hee;Kim, Ho-Guen;Byun, Jong-Hoe;Lee, Cheolju
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.41 no.10
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    • pp.685-692
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    • 2008
  • Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy in the world. Because CRC develops slowly from removable precancerous lesions, detection of the disease at an early stage during regular health examinations can reduce both the incidence and mortality of the disease. Although sigmoidoscopy offers significant improvements in the detection rate of CRC, its diagnostic value is limited by its high costs and inconvenience. Therefore, there is a compelling need for the identification of noninvasive biomarkers that can enable earlier detection of CRC. Accordingly, many validation studies have been conducted to evaluate genetic, epigenetic or protein markers that can be detected in the stool or in serum. Currently, the fecal-occult blood test is the most widely used method of screening for CRC. However, advances in genomics and proteomics combined with developments in other relevant fields will lead to the discovery of novel non invasive biomarkers whose usefulness will be tested in larger validation studies. Here, non-invasive molecular biomarkers that are currently used in clinical settings and have the potential for use as CRC biomarkers are discussed.

Molecular Imaging in the Age of Genomic Medicine

  • Byun, Jong-Hoe
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.46-55
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    • 2007
  • The convergence of molecular and genetic disciplines with non-invasive imaging technologies has provided an opportunity for earlier detection of disease processes which begin with molecular and cellular abnormalities. This emerging field, known as molecular imaging, is a relatively new discipline that has been rapidly developed over the past decade. It endeavors to construct a visual representation, characterization, and quantification of biological processes at the molecular and cellular level within living organisms. One of the goals of molecular imaging is to translate our expanding knowledge of molecular biology and genomic sciences into good patient care. The practice of molecular imaging is still largely experimental, and only limited clinical success has been achieved. However, it is anticipated that molecular imaging will move increasingly out of the research laboratory and into the clinic over the next decade. Non-invasive in vivo molecular imaging makes use of nuclear, magnetic resonance, and in vivo optical imaging systems. Recently, an interest in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) has been revived, and along with optical imaging systems PET is assuming new, important roles in molecular genetic imaging studies. Current PET molecular imaging strategies mostly rely on the detection of probe accumulation directly related to the physiology or the level of reporter gene expression. PET imaging of both endogenous and exogenous gene expression can be achieved in animals using reporter constructs and radio-labeled probes. As increasing numbers of genetic markers become available for imaging targets, it is anticipated that a better understanding of genomics will contribute to the advancement of the molecular genetic imaging field. In this report, the principles of non-invasive molecular genetic imaging, its applications and future directions are discussed.

Detection of Genus Phytophthora and Phytophthora cryptogea-P. drechsleri Complex Group Using Polymerase Chain Reaction with Specific Primers

  • Hong, Seung-Beom;Park, In-Cheol;Go, Seung-Joo;Ryu, Jin-Chang
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.287-294
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    • 1999
  • A technique based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the specific detection of genus Phytophthora and Phytophthora cryptogea-P. drechsleri complex group was developed using nucleotide sequence information of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) regions. The internal transcribed spacers (ITS) including 5.8S were sequenced for P. cryptogea-P. drechsleri complex group and its related species. Two pairs of oligonucleotide primers were designed. Primer pair ITS1/Phy amplified ca. 240 bp fragment in 12 out of 13 specie of Phytophthora, but not in Pythium spp., Fusarium spp.and Rhizoctonia solani. Primer pair rPhy/Pcd amplified 549 bp fragment only in P. cryptogea-P. drechsleri complex group, but not in other Phytophthora spp.and other genera. Specific PCR amplification using the primers was successful in detecting Phytophthora and P. cryptogea-P. drechsleri complex group in diseased plants.

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