• Title, Summary, Keyword: monosaccharide composition

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Modification of carbohydrate compositions of 31/36 kDa proteins of plerocercoids (sparganum) of Spirometra mansoni grown in different intermediate hosts

  • Yang, Hyun-Jong
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.77-79
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    • 2004
  • We purified specific 31/36 kDa antigenic molecules from sparganum in different intermediate hosts (snakes and mice) and analyzed their monosaccharide compositions. Compositional analysis showed that glucose and man nose concentrations were 2-3 fold higher in the 31/36 kDa molecule purified from snakes than those from mice. This result implies that antigenic glycoproteins of sparganum from snakes might be modified in mammalian sparganosis with respect to their carbohydrate composition.

Variation in Fucoidan Contents and Monosaccharide Compositions of Korean Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar (Phaeophyta)

  • Lee, Yoo-Kyung;Lim, Dong-Jung;Lee, Yoon-Hee;Park, Yong-Il
    • ALGAE
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.157-160
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    • 2006
  • Three different forms of Undaria pinnatifida, the southern form (U. pinnatifida f. typica), the northern form (U. pinnatifida f. distans), and Samcheok form (recently cultivated strain), were examined for the contents and compositions of fucoidans. Fucoidans were extracted from the dried edible portions of three forms of U. pinnatifida in low pH condition, mainly by ethanol precipitation and CaCl2 treatment. It was shown that Samcheok form contains 1.8 and 3.5 times more fucoidans than the northern and the southern forms, respectively. The monosaccharide compositions of individual fucoidans were also varied. The fucoidans from the southern and the northern forms were shown to be composed of mainly fucose and galactose with the molar percentage ratios of 83.5%:16.5% and 87.4%:12.6%, respectively, indicating that these are F-type fucoidans. The fucoidan from Samcheok form, however, consisted of fucose (62.7%), galactose (32.9%), and small amount of glucose (4.4%). The results of this study showed that both amount and monosaccharide compositions of fucoidans are variable depending on U. pinnatifida forms.

Composition of Crude Polysaccharides in Some Phezllinus Species (수 종 상황버섯의 조다당 분획물 조성)

  • Park, Mi-Jung;Ahn, Mi-Jeong;Kim, Jin-Woong;Ze, Keum-Ryon;Lee, Heum-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.131-135
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    • 2007
  • Various Phellinus species (Hymenochaetaceae) including P. linteus, P. baumii, P. pini, and P. igniarius of domestic and foreign products, were examined by gas chromatography to validate their composition of crude polysaccharides. The crude polysaccharide fraction, which is known to be one of the physiologically active fractions, were prepared by a cold ethanol precipitation method and the yield of the crude polysaccharide fractions of P. linteus, P. baumii, P. pini, and P. igniarius were 15.0%, 5.1%, 6.3% and 5.7%, respectively. The total monosaccharide amount of the crude polysaccharide fraction of P. linteus was 148.713 mg/g (dry weight of mushroom) while those of P. baumii, P. pini and P. igniarius were 29.022 mg/g, 29.222 mg/g and 1.546 mg/g, respectively. Although the major monosaccharide of all Phellinus mushrooms was glucose, there were remarkable differences in the absolute quantity of each monosaccharide. P. linteus included plenty of monosaccharides except mannose and ribose in comparison with P. baumii and P. pini. The absolute quantities of monosaccharides of P. baumii and P. pini were nearly similar except arabinose. The total monosaccharides of P. igniarius were minimal, but the portions of galactose and mannose in P. igniarius were greater than in the other species.

Effect of Cultural Conditions on Polysaccharide Production and its Monosaccharide Composition in Phellinus linteus L13202 (배양 조건에 따른 상황 버섯의 다당류 생산 및 단당류 구성 변화)

  • Lee, Jae-Hoon;Cho, Soo-Muk;Ko, Kyung-Soo;Yoo, Ick-Dong
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.325-331
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    • 1995
  • The effect of cultural conditions on mycelial growth, polysaccharide production in Phellinus linteus and its monosaccharide composition was studied. P. linteus showed the highest growth (0.9 g/100 ml) on glucose but the polysaccharide production was the highest (13.7%) on mannose. The fungus grew very well at neutral pH (0.9 g/100 ml) but the growth was reduced to 0.47 g per 100 ml at alkaline pH. For the different pH, the yield of polysaccharide was in the range of $5{\sim}8%$. The highest yield of 7.94% was obtained at pH 5. Also a variation in monosaccharide composition was observed for different carbon sources and pH. The composition ranges of glucose, mannose, and galactose of polysaccharide were $80{\sim}95%,\;3{\sim}12%,\;and\;2{\sim}10%$ depending on carbon sources, respectively. In contrast, the variation of composition range of three monosaccharides was narrower for different pH than that for carbon sources. These results suggested the possibility of the improvement of production and the physiological modification of the polysaccharide.

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Neutral and Amino Sugars Composition of a Lectin from Maackia fauriei (Maackia fauriei 유래 렉틴의 중성당 및 아미노당 조성)

  • Na, Kwang-Heum;Park, Byung-Tae;Park, Jae-Wan;Han, Kyong-Jin;Park, Hyun-Joo;Kim, Ha-Hyung
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 2009
  • The glycosylation of therapeutic glycoproteins can affect their efficacy, stability, solubility, and half-life. Analyzing the composition of monosaccharides, such as that of neutral and amino sugars, is the first step for elucidating the structure of glycan attached to glycoproteins. In the present study, neutral and amino sugars of lectin obtained from Maackia fauriei were analyzed using an enzyme-linked lectinsorbent assay (ELLA) and high-performance anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection (HPAEC-PAD). Peroxidase-labeled lectins such as concanavalin A, Ricinus communis agglutinin, and soybean agglutinin were used for ELLA, since they specifically bind to the monosaccharide residue most frequently encountered in a glycan. The hydrosylate of lectin was prepared by treatment with trifluoroacetic acid, which resulted in the lectin mainly possessing the N-glycan consisting of 98.1 pmol Fuc, 342.1 pmol GlcN, 51.9 pmol Gal, 678.9 pmol Man, and 330.7 pmol Xyl. The present results demonstrate that ELLA and HPAEC-PAD are very effective methods for rapidly estimating the types and relative amounts of monosaccharides in intact glycoproteins.

Chemical Composition and Active Antioxidants of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark

  • Qu, Guan-Zheng;Si, Chuan-Ling;Yin, Yu;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.330-334
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    • 2006
  • Chemical composition of the Eucommia ulmoides bark, including extractives, proximate, mineral, fatty acid and monosaccharide compositions, was studied The most abundant mineral was calcium (533.17 mg/l00 g). $\alpha-linolenic$ acid (24.7%) and linoleic acid (24.3%), showed higher contents among the fatty acids. Major monosaccharides of E. ulmoides balk were arabinose (13.94 mg/g), xylose (18.91 mg/g) and glucose (119.7 mg/g). From the bark of E ulmoides, four compounds were isolated and their structures were elucidated as caffeic acid (I), kaempferol (II), quercetin (III) and isoquercitrin (IV) by spectroscopic analysis such as NMR and MS, including cellulose TLC and other chemical evidence such as hydrolyzation and acetylation. The antioxidant activities of four isolated compounds were evaluated by DPPH free radical scavenging, hydroxyl scavenging and reducing power assays. The results indicated that all the isolated compounds showed higher DPPH radical scavenging activity than $\alpha-tocopherol$ and BHT that were used as positive controls and these four compounds exhibited considerable reducing power and hydroxyl radical (OH) scavenging activity. Considering from the results above, it suggests that the E. ulmoides bark is a potential natural source of antioxidant material.

Determination of Mono- and Oligosaccharides Derivatized with p-Aminobenzoic Ethyl Ester by Reverse Phase HPLC

  • Kwon, Hyokjoon;Kim, Joon
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.859-864
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    • 1995
  • Mono- and oligosaccharides are derivatized with p-aminobenzoic ethyl ester (ABEE), strongly absorbs UV light at 254 nm, in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride. C18-bonded silica column is used for the separation of sugar-ABEE derivatives in an isocratic mode. RP-HPLC conditions are optimized by using ternary mixture as mobile phase and $45^{\circ}C$ as a column temperature. Sugar-ABEE derivatives are separated well within a short run time (ca. 25 min) by reverse-phase partition chromatographic mode. The ($1{\rightarrow}6$) linkage type of dihexose-ABEE derivatives has shorter retention time than ($1{\rightarrow}4$)-linkage type. After acid hydrolysis of glycoproteins with 2M trifluoroacetic acid, monosaccharide composition and contents are determined. This procedure is very useful for the simultaneous analysis of neutral and amino sugars in a single chromatographic step using RP-HPLC without reacetylation of deacetylated amino sugars, which are produced by acid hydrolysis.

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Isolation and Characterization of a Water-Soluble Polysaccharide from the Mycelia of Solid Cultured Agaricus blazei Murill

  • Chung, Ha-Yull;Cho, Young-Jun;Kim, Tae-Wook
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.259-262
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    • 2005
  • A fraction (CMEx-AH-${\beta}$) of water-soluble polysaccharides, showing selective antitumor activities, was isolated from the mycelia of solid cultured Agaricus blazei Murill by hot-water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and series of chromatography. Chemical characteristics of CMEx-AH-${\beta}$, were as follows: carbohydrate content, 48%; monosaccharide composition, Man:Glu:Gal (2:93:5); molecular weight, $2{\times}10^5$; uronic acid content, 6.2%. Fundamental structure of CMEx-AH-${\beta}$, was deduced as ${\beta}-(1\;{\rightarrow}\;6)$-D-glucan with ${\beta}-(1\;{\rightarrow}\;3)$-D-glucosidic side chains based on results of methylation and $^{13}C$ NMR spectroscopic analyses.

Isolation and Characterization of a Water-Soluble Polysaccharide from the Mycelia of Solid Cultured Phellinus linteus

  • Chung, Ha-Yull;Kim, Tae-Wook
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.783-787
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    • 2005
  • Fraction (PMEx-AH-${\beta}$) of water-soluble polysaccharide, showing stimulating activity against macrophages, was isolated from mycelia of solid cultured Phellinus linteus by hot-water extraction, ethanol precipitation, and chromatography. Chemical characteristics of PMEx-AH-${\beta}$ were as follows: carbohydrate content, 71%; monosaccharide composition, Man:Glu:Gal (9:64:27); molecular weight, $1-7{\times}10^4$; uronic acid content, 6.8%. Fundamental structure of PMEx-AH-${\beta}$ is deduced as ${\beta}$-($1{$\rightarrow}6$)-D-glucan with ${\beta}$-($1{\rightarow}3$)-D-glucosidic side chains based on methylation analysis.

Characteristics of Water-soluble Polysaccharide, Showing Inhibiting Activity on ${\alpha}-Glucosidase$, in Cordyceps militaris

  • Chung, Ha-Yull;Yoo, Mi-Kyong;Kawagishi, Hirokazu
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.667-671
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    • 2009
  • Extract of water-soluble polysaccharide (CFWx), showing inhibiting activity on ${\alpha}-glucosidase$, was prepared from the fruiting bodies of Cordyceps militaris by hot-water extraction, and ethanol precipitation. Chemical characteristics of CFWx were as follows: carbohydrate content 30% including 16% of uronic acid; 51% protein content; monosaccharide composition, Man:Glu:Gal (30:43:27); molecular weight $3-5{\times}10^4$. CFWx was further purified by ion-exchange, gel-permeation, and affinity chromatography and $CFWx-AH-{\alpha}$ fraction was isolated. Fundamental structure of $CFWx-AH-{\alpha}$ was deduced as ${\alpha}-(1{\to}4$)-D-glucan with ${\alpha}-(1{\to}3$)- and/or ${\alpha}-(1{\to}6$)-D-glycosidic side chains based on methylation analysis.