• Title, Summary, Keyword: mucilage

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Effect of Molokhia (Corchorus olitorius) and Its Mucilage on Cholesterol Metabolism in High Cholesterol Fed Rats (몰로키아가 고 콜레스테롤 식이를 투여한 흰쥐에서의 콜레스테롤 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Chang-Hwa;Choi, In-Wook;Kim, Sung-Ran;Seog, Ho-Moon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.379-385
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    • 2003
  • Effects of molokhia (Corchorus olitorius) and its mucilage on in vitro bile acid adsorption capacity and lipid composition using cholesterol-fed SD rats were investigated. Mucilage showed stronger affinity toward bile acid than hot water extract of molokhia powder. As the extracting temperature increased from 50 to $80^{\circ}C$, bile acid binding capacity of mucilage also increased from 41 to 83%. When molokhia powder or its mucilage added into cholesterol diet at 5 or 10% levels (as fiber source) was compared with cellulose-added group, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels of plasma showed no significant differences, whereas, HDL-cholesterol level of cellulose group significantly increased. Accumulation of cholesterol and triglyceride in liver were significantly inhibited in molokhia and mucilage groups. Molokhia and mucilage lowered the liver weights significantly. As the concentration of molokhia or mucilage increased, cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the liver was lowered. Cholesterol and triglyceride excreted through feces were significant increased in molokhia- or mucilage-fed group, with excretion of cholesterol by molokhia-fed group being mere distinct.

Physicochemical Properties of Mucilage from Domestic Molokhia (Corchorus olitorius) (몰로키아(Corchorus olitorius) 잎에서 추출한 mucilage의 이화학적 특성)

  • Jung, Chang-Hwa;Choi, In-Wook;Kim, Heung-Man;Seog, Ho-Moon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.757-761
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    • 2002
  • Proximate composition, phenolic compounds, and amino acid composition of molokhia (Corchorus olitorius) and molecular weight distribution of its mucilage were determined. Concentrations of dietary fibers and protein were 37.4 and 24.4% of the total dry weight, respectively. Mucilage was obtained by extracting dry molokhia leaves with hot water, followed by the addition of 55% ethanol. Although about 50% of the mucilage was lost during the extration, it was still rich in polyphenol compounds. In mucilage, proteins were composed of glutamic acid, glycine, alanin, and aspartic acid, and molecular weight of most polysaccarides ranged from $40,000{\sim}500,000$ daltons based on gel filtration chromatography.

The Effects of Natto Mucilage on Serum Nitrogen Compounds in Rats (낫도(Natto) 점질물이 흰쥐의 혈청 질소화합물에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Song-Chon;Kim, Man-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.320-326
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    • 2002
  • Natto, one of Japanese traditional food is made from steamed whole soybeans fermented with Bacillus natto. In this study, the effects of Natto mucilage- feeding on griwth, organ weight and serum nitrogen compounds of rats were investigated. Male rats in Sprague-Dawley strain were fed on basal diets supplemented with aqueous Natto mucilage of several percentages for 10 weeks. Natto mucilage had no significant effects on the body and organ weights. The levels of GOT, GPT, LDH. and total bilirubin in serum of rats fed Natto mucilage diets were significantly lower than those in the control group ' The levels of total protein and albumin were higher than those in the control group. The level of calcium in serum indicates a growing tendency. but creatinine, uric acid, and BUN had declining. And the most component of free am1no acids in Natto mucilage were glutamin acid.

Isolation of a Pestalotiopsis Species Degrading Mucilage from Fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten

  • Huh, Yoon-Hee;Ko, Young-Hwan
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.221-226
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    • 2007
  • The high molecular-weight mucilage extracted and purified from cactus fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica var. Saboten was degraded by the cell-free culture filtrate of a fungus isolated from soil. TLC analysis of the polymeric mucilage after incubation with the fungal culture filtrate confirmed its degradation. When the degradation products were tested for their qualitative reactions with ninhydrin and phenol-sulfuric acid, only phenol-sulfuric acid gave positive development, and ninhydrin did not show any observable color reaction. This coloring reaction suggested the presence of a carbohydrate without an amino group within the mucilage. Analyses by HPLC and liquid gel permeation chromatography on sephadex G-100 also provided additional information on degradation of the mucilage by the fungal culture filtrate. The sequences of ITS-5.8S rDNA from the fungal isolate that was cultivated for the preparation of mucilage-degrading enzyme showed 99% similarity to those of Pestalotiopsis aquatica.

Functional Properties of Mucilage and Pigment Extracted from Opuntia ficus-indica (선인장 열매로부터 추출된 점질물 및 색소의 기능성)

  • Lee, Sam-Pin;Whang, Key;Ha, Young-Duck
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.821-826
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    • 1998
  • Functional properties of mucilage and pigment extracted from Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten were determined at various temperatures, pHs and alcohol concentrations. The crude mucilage extracted from pickly pear showed pH 4.2, 0.14% total acidity and 8.1% total soluble solid content(w/w, wet basis). Polysaccharide was purified from mucilage extract by isopropanol precipitation. Intrinsic viscosity of polysaccharide was 18.1dl/g and decreased with increasing KCl concentration. Relative viscosity and color stability of mucilage extract were determined with capillary viscometer and spectrophotometer at 534nm, respectively. In additions of 1~20%(v/v) ethanol, the red pigment of mucilage extract was very stable, but relative viscosity, increased gradually. For heating above 7$0^{\circ}C$, the stability of red pigment decreased drastically, but rheological property of mucilage was not changed. During storage, the red pigment was extremely unstable at above pH 8.3. At both pH 3.0 and pH 4.2, the red pigment was the most stable at 4$^{\circ}C$ for 18 days. In the case of storage at 37$^{\circ}C$, pigment of mucilage extract at pH 3.0 was destroyed more quickly than that at pH 4.2. Natural mucilage extract(pH 4.2) showed the good stability of red pigment at 3$0^{\circ}C$ for 10 days.

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Flocculating Activity of the Mucilage Extracted from Aloe vera Linne (알로에 배라 점질물의 무기물 응집활성)

  • 이신영;민병주;강태수
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.540-546
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    • 1998
  • For the purpose of screening the functionality in aloe, the mucilage from Aloe vera Linne was prepared by extraction of mucilaginous parenchyma with ethanol followed homogenation, filtration and centrifigation. Flocculability of this mucilage from Aloe vera L. was investigated and the identification fro flocculating active materials were carried out. The mucilage exhibited an excellent flocculability for 1% bentonite and 5,000 ppm kaolin suspensions. The good correlations between mucilage volume(concentration) and flocculability for 1% bentonite suspension were obtained. The flocculated volume or flocculation rate was affected depending upon the degrees of processing such as a heat treatment and purification. A major component showing the flocculaing activity was considered as a highly polymerized polysaccharide having flocculating activity was about 1,000,000 daltons.

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Ageing behavior of Hanji sheet by mucilage (점액질에 따른 한지 sheet의 열화 거동)

  • Lee, Min-Hyung;Kim, Kang-Jae;Eom, Tae-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.271-277
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    • 2011
  • Hanji(Korean traditional paper) is made from bark of paper mulberry(Broussonetia kazinoki). For a long time, Hanji has been used in various fields, such as paintings, printing paper, as specialty paper. The utilization of Hanji will become more and more diverse. One of the characteristic properties of Hanji is a long life time comparing to western paper. The mucilage which must be used in Hanji manufacturing should effect the conservation properties of Hanji. The effectiveness of the mucilage in aging of Hanji was evaluated in this paper. Strength properties of thermal aged Hanji made with synthetic mucilage decreased more slowly than those of Hanji made with natural mucilage. As prolonged aging time, all Hanji made mucilage increased oxidation index. But, Hanji made with PAM was most stable in oxidation of cellulose.

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Characterization of Mucilage Produced from the Solid-state Fermentation of Soybean Grit by Bacillus firmus

  • Jang, Eun-Kyung;Seo, Ji-Hyun;Park, Seung-Chun;Yoo, Byoung-Seung;Lee, Sam-Pin
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.722-727
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    • 2007
  • Mucilage containing ${\gamma}-polyglutamic$ acid (PGA) was efficiently generated by the solid-state fermentation (SSF) of soybean grit by Bacillus firmus NA-1. B. firmus NA-1 was shown to be a glutamate-dependent strain for PGA production. The SSF of soybean grit was optimized in order to produce mucilage with a fortification of 5% glutamate, resulting in higher levels of mucilage production (6.14%) and a higher consistency index ($1.1\;Pa\;sec^n$). The sticky mucilage was comprised of 38% PGA, 7% levan, and some biopolymers. With regard to the viscoelastic properties of the mucilage solution, the viscous modulus (G") obtained from soybean grit fortified with 5% glutamate was approximately 64 times higher titan that of the mucilage solution obtained without glutamate. Although the addition of glutamate in the SSF of soybean grit influenced the rate of PGA production, the molecular weight of PGA remained unaltered, and was detected in a range between 1,400-1,440 kDa.

The Effects of Natto Mucilage on the Components of Serum Lipid in Rats (낫도(Natto) 점질물이 흰쥐의 혈청 지질성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Song-Chon;Lee, Sung-Hoon;Wi, Sung-Jang
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 2002
  • Natto is a Japanese traditional food made from whole soybeans by the fermentation of Bacillus natto. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Natto mucilage on lipid metabolism in rats. The levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride in serum of rats fed Natto mucilage diets were lower than those in control rats, but serum HDL-cholesterol and phospholipid were higher than those in control rats. The results indicate that Natto mucilage may have more beneficial roles in lipid metablism because it decreased serum cholesterol and increased bilirubin excretion.

몰로키아(Corchorus olitorius) 잎에서 추출한 mucilage의 이화학적 및 기능적 특성

  • Seok, Ho-Mun;Jeong, Chang-Hwa
    • Bulletin of Food Technology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.45-58
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구에서는 국내산 몰로키아 잎에서 추출한 mucilage의 이화학적 특성, 동물실험을 통한 콜레스테롤 대사에 미치는 영향가 임상실험에서의 비만 및 체지방대사에 미치는 영향을 검토하였다. 몰로키아 잎은 식이섬유의 함량이 37.4%, 단백질의 함량은 24.4%를 차지하고 있으며, 칼슘의 함량이 2,000mg% 이상으로 대단히 높았다. 몰로키아 앞에서 추출된 mucilage의 경우 단백질의 총당에 대한 비율이 $50^{\circ}C$에서 57.6%를 차지하였으며, 구성다당류의 분자량은 약 500,000 dalton의 크기를 나타내었고 40,000 dalton 이하의 것도 일부 존재하는 것으로 나타났다. 동물실험에서는 혈장의 총 콜레스테롤 함량은 대조구인 셀룰로오스 첨가군과 유의적인 차이가 나타나지 않았지만, 간에서의 지방 농도는 몰로키아 분말과 mucilage 첨가군이 유의적으로 감소되었고 변으로의 콜레스테롤 배설량도 몰로키아 분말 첨가군과 mucilage 첨가군 순으로 높았다. 몰로키아의 섭취가 다이어트와 변비개선에 미치는 효과를 검토한 결과, 체중의 감소는 아주 낮은 유의성을 보였고, 혈액 내 생화학적 수치에서 초기치와 8주 후의 값에는 유의한 차이를 보이지 않았지만, 체지방율의 경우에는 현저히 줄어들었다. 또한 몰로키아의 섭취로 배변이 2배 이상 증가하였으며, 배변시의 통증도 상당히 완화시키는 것으로 나타났다.

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