• Title, Summary, Keyword: mulberry leaf

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Effect of Mulberry Leaf(Morus alba Linne) Powder Addition on Quality of Yukwa (유과 제조 시 뽕잎 분말 첨가가 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Jae-Sil
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.643-650
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    • 2015
  • The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf (Morus alba Linne) powder. The moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, crude ash, dietary fiber, and rutin contents of used mulberry leaf powder were 6.65%, 19.50%, 3.26%, 18.24, 38.91 and 0.54%, respectively. The tested concentrations of mulberry leaf powder were 0, 3, 5, and 7%. The Yukwa were stored at $45^{\circ}C$ for 40 days. Yukwa dough prepared with mulberry leaf powder had a lower pH compared to the control group. As more mulberry leaf powder was added, the spread ratio, moisture content, and volume increased. As more mulberry leaf powder was added, L-value decreased while a and b values increased with increasing mulberry leaf powder content. The hardness of Yukwa made with 7% mulberry leaf powder was the highest among the samples. In the sensory tests, Yukwa with 5% mulberry leaf powder received the highest scores. The acid value and peroxide values were lower in Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf powder than control. Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf powder strongly inhibited oxidation of lipids. The thiobarbituric values were lower in Yukwa prepared with 5% mulberry leaf powder than in Yukwa prepared with 3% and 7% mulberry leaf powders and control Yukwa. These results suggest that mulberry leaf powder can be applied to Yukwa to achieve high quality and functionality.

Preparation of Mulberry Leaf Extract by Adding Mugwort and Pine Needle and Effects on Lipid Composition in Rats Fed High Cholesterol Diets

  • Park, Jeong-Hwa;Chae, Joo-Yeoung;Rhee, Soon-Jae
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.216-222
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effects of feeding mulberry leaf extracts on lipid composition in rats fed high cholesterol diets. An initial 30-person sensory evaluation of preparations containing various concentrations of mulberry leaf extract showed that a preparation containing 9% mulberry leaf extracts was the most highly preferred. In addition, subsidiary materials of pine needle extracts and mugwort extracts were added to weaken the unpleasant smell of mulberry leaf extract A preparation containing 9% mulberry leaf extract with 3% mugwort extract and 7% pine needle extract was given highest preference scores by the 30-person panel. When comparing the functional ingredients contents of the various preparations of mulberry leaf extracts, such as GABA, DNJ and flavonoids, no significant differences were found as a result of adding subsidiary materials (pine needle and mugwort extracts). Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing l00$\pm$10g were randomly assigned to one normal diet group, and to four high cholesterol diet groups containing 1% cholesterol, to elucidate the functionality of the mulberry leaf extract The four high cholesterol diet groups were classified into: a mulberry leaf extract diet group free of subsidiary materials (EB group); a mulberry extract diet group with pine needle extracts (EP group); a mulberry leaf extract diet group with mugwort extracts (EM group); and a control group (HC group). The mulberry leaf extracts were provided as drinking water; the diet and water were fed ad libitum. Hepatic cholesterol and triglyceride levels were higher, by 279% to 475%, in the high cholesterol groups compared to the normal diet groups, but were significantly lower in the three groups supplied with mulberry leaf extracts, compared with the high cholesterol control. There were no changes in functionality of the mulberry leaf extract preparations due to the addition of subsidiary materials. In conclusion, preparations of mulberry leaf extracts were shown to improve lipid metabolism in rats fed a high cholesterol diet, by reducing hepatic and plasma triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Also human palatability of the mulberry leaf preparation was improved by adding subsidiary materials such as pine needle and mugwort extracts.

Quality Characteristics of Dumpling Shell made with Mulberry Leaf (Morus alba Linne) Powder (뽕잎 분말을 첨가한 만두피의 품질 특성)

  • Park, In-Duck
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the quality characteristics of dumpling shells prepared with 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8% mulberry leaf powder. According to the amylograph data, the composite of mulberry leaf powder-wheat flour samples reduced the gelatinization temperatures, viscosities at $95^{\circ}C$, and maximum viscosity with increasing mulberry leaf powder content. The lightness (L) and redness (a) values decreased with increasing mulberry leaf powder content, whereas the yellowness (b) value increased. In addition, the weight, volume, and turbidity increased after cooking. In terms of the textural characteristics, addition of mulberry leaf powder increased the hardness, springiness, cohesiveness, chewiness, and adhesiveness. The DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the dumpling shells increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing levels of mulberry leaf powder. The taste, chewiness and texture of the dumpling shells prepared with added 4% mulberry leaf powder were preferred. The sensory evaluation showed that the overall preference of the dumpling shell with the addition of 4% mulberry leaf powder was more effective than the control.

Quality Characteristics of Sauce for Meat prepared with Mulberry Leaf Powder and Mulberry Fruit Powder (뽕잎과 오디분말을 이용한 육류용 소스 제조 및 품질평가)

  • Kim, Ae-Jung;Lee, Jung-Ae;Kim, Min-Ju;Kang, Mi-Sook;Kim, Hyun-Bok;Lim, Jung-Dae
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.513-520
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    • 2016
  • Recently, the incidence of cardiovascular diseases including high blood pressure and heart disease has increased with increased meat consumption in Korea. This study was performed to determine the optimal mixing ratio among ratios of 0, 1:0, 0:1, 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2 of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder based on the anti-inflammatory effects. Then, the quality characteristics of the sauce for meat prepared with different mixing ratios (0, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, and 1:5) of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder were assessed. The inhibitory effects of ML2MF1 (2:1 ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder) on NO and TNF-${\alpha}$ production were superior to those of other mixing ratios. With respect to color values of the sauce for meat prepared with different mixing ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder, as the mulberry fruit powder mixing ratios was increased, redness was increased but lightness and yellowness were decreased. The sensory evaluation of ML1MF5S (1:5 ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder) sauce for meat showed the highest score with respect to color, smell, taste, harmony with meat and the overall preference. In conclusion, as the mulberry leaf powder mixing ratio was increased, the anti-inflammatory activities were increased. But sensory evaluation scores were increased as the mulberry fruit powder mixing ratio was increased. Therefore, by performing further study, the method to increase mulberry leaf powder in the mixing ratio for improving the sensory evaluation should be provided.

Quality Characteristics of fish Meat Paste Containing Mulberry Leaf Powder (뽕잎 분말 함유 어묵의 품질 특성)

  • Shin Young-Ja;Park Geum-Soon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.738-745
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted in order to promote the utilization of fish meat paste added mulberry leaf powder(EPM) as food. The tested concentrations of mulberry leaf powder were 0, 0.1, 3, 0.5 and Ito The weight of the fish meat paste with FPM was heavier than the control(p<0.001). Oil absorption was the highest in the one with $0.3\%$ mulberry leaf powder, The It a and b values of the fish meat paste were decreased as increasing the concentration of mulberry leaf powder in Hunter color value(p<0.001). Good flexibility was shown not only in the control but also in the one with FPM in folding test. In texturometer test, the hardness was increasing, but the cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess, and brittleness were decreasing in according to increasing the concentration of mulberry leaf powder. In sensory evaluation, color and oily taste were getting higher as increasing the concentration of mulberry leaf powder. The fish meat paste added with $0.5\%$ mulberry leaf powder showed the highest acceptance scores in flavor, texture and overall quality. The result suggest that mulberry leaf powder can be applied to fish meat paste for both quality and functionality.

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The Effects of Rice Candy with Mulberry Leaf on Lowering of Blood Glucose (뽕잎을 첨가한 엿제품의 혈당강하 효과에 관한 연구)

  • 이영근;이윤신;김태영
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.235-240
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    • 2002
  • In this study, rice candy was produced with mulberry leaf and its effect on the lowering blood glucose level was assessed. The results were as follows: The recovery rate of mulberry leaf powder was 32.7%. The contents of crude protein, lipid, ash and crude fiber of mulberry leaf were 19.54%, 4.82%, 12.80%, and 11.27%, respectively. The sensory evaluation revealed that the rice candy added with 1% mulberry leaf powder showed slightly hi인or palatability score than that of 2%, but we decided that 2% addition of mulberry leaf powder would be preferred over 1% if considering both the physiological function and the sensory acceptability. The blood glucose level after ingesting the rice candy with mulberry leaf lowered by 31%, more than that of control.

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Quality Characteristics of Cookies containing Mulberry Leaf (Morus alba Linne) Powder (뽕잎 분말을 첨가한 쿠키의 품질특성)

  • Park, In-Duck
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.558-565
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the quality characteristics of cookies prepared with mulberry leaf powder (0, 1, 3, 5, and 7%) substituted for flour. The pH of the cookie dough decreased significantly in response to the addition of all levels of mulberry leaf powder. The spread factor of the cookies also increased significantly with increasing mulberry leaf powder content added to the cookies recipe. In addition, the Hunter's color L and a values decreased significantly with increasing mulberry leaf powder content, whereas the b value increased. According to hardness measurements, the substitution of 1~7% mulberry leaf powder resulted in increased hardness compared to the control. Moreover, the DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the cookies was increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing levels of mulberry leaf powder. The sensory evaluation revealed cookies containing 3% to have the highest scores.

Varietal Comparison of Composition Characteristics in Several Mulberry Leaves Produced in Korea (한국산 품종별 뽕나무 잎(桑葉)의 화학적 성분 특성)

  • 이성갑;천동현;선종연
    • Journal of the Korean Professional Engineers Association
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.68-73
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to investigate the possible use of Mulberry leaf as a functional supplement for Mulberry leaves. Chemical characteristics of mulberry leaf were investigated in eleven mulberry varieties, including Suwon, Chongil, Gumseol, Sugae, Yongchun, Hongol, Daeryk, Kaerang, Donae, Chungol and Kuksang20 varieties. The chemical compositions of minerals, amino acids, rutin as flavonol glucoside were analyzed by AOAC methods, HPLC method, amino acid analyzer, respectively. The results are as follows: In case of KukSang Mulberry leaf with spring harvest, the content of general components was crude protein 16.28%, carbohydrate 69.12%, crude fiber 9.15%, crude ash 8.44% and crude fat 2.57% respectively. It is noteworthy that ferrious content of KukSang mulberry leaves contains twice as great as that in other variety of mulberry leaves. The content of alanine was the highest among amino acids in all variety mulberry leaf. Spring leaf contain more utin content than fall leaf, among the variety, spring HongAll leaf rutin contain 260mg/100g as higher than that of fall ChungAll leaf 70mg/100g).

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Sensory Evaluations of the Muffins with Mulberry Leaf Powder and Their Chemical Characteristics (뽕잎머핀에 대한 관능평가 및 이화학적 특성)

  • Ahn Chang-Soon;Yuh Chung-Suk
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.576-581
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the sensory evaluation of the muffins with mulberry leaf powder as well as their chemical characteristics. The muffins were prepared by adding 0%, 1 %, 2% and 3% mulberry leaf powder to the recipe. As a result of the sensory evaluations, the color, flavor and texture of the muffins of 2% mulberry leaf powder were found to be much better than those of the other groups. In the chemical composition analysis, increasing the mulberry leaf powder led to a significant increase in the content of crude protein, moisture and crude ash, while crude fat was significantly decreased. As the ratio of mulberry leaf powder increased, Ca, Mg, Fe and Zn in the muffins increased proportionally (p<0.05). The lightness value, the redness value and the yellowness value decreased with the increase of mulberry leaves powder content. In a texture analyser test, hardness and cohesiveness decreased as the ratio of mulberry leaf powder increased. The adhesiveness of the muffins with 2% mulberry leaf powder was the strongest of all.

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A Study on the Quality Characteristics of Soybean Dasik by Addition of Mulberry Leaf (뽕잎 첨가량에 따른 콩 다식의 품질 특성)

  • Jung Eun-Jin;Woo Kyung-ja;Kim Ae-Jyung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.188-193
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    • 2005
  • As the modern medicine develops, the physique and average life span are increasing. In proportion to that, modern diseases of adult people such as cancer, obesity, arteriosclerosis, cardiac disorder become great social issues. In the meantime, as the development of a new diet brings a new attention, the study is designed to examine the availability of functional food by adding Korean traditional food, soybean Dasik, mulberry leaf. For this study, mulberry leaf was added 0, 5, 10, and $15\%$ respectively to soybean Dasik in proportion to the total weight of soybean power. These are compared with the soybean Dasik itself in relation to the nutritional composition, sensory evaluation, and mechanical characteristics. The results of the research were as follows. Nutritional composition showed that mulberry leaf soybean Dasik increased Na, Ca, K, crude fiber, and ash. As for the result of sensory evaluation of mulberry leaf soybean Dasik, the followings were turned out to be good : color - $10\%$, mulberry leaf smell - $5\%,\;10\%,\;15\%$, bitterness - $5\%,\;10\%$, softness and moistness - $0\%,\;5\%,\;10\%$, and sweetness and overall quality - all the added food group. As the test results of mechanical characteristics, mulberry leaf soybean Dasik showed statistically significant difference only in the hardness, especially high on $5\%,\;10\%,\;and\;15\%$. There were no significant differences in other characteristics. In color, mulberry leaf soybean Dasik showed that L, a and b values decreased as the percentage of addition of mulberry leaf went up. Therefore, the appropriate amount of addition for the production of mulberry leaf soybean Dasik was $5\~10\%$ mulberry leaf in proportion to the weight of soybean power.

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