• Title, Summary, Keyword: multicultural adolescents

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Difference in Immigrant Adolescents' Experience of Life in Korea - Focusing on comparison between adolescents with multicultural family backgrounds and those with immigrant backgrounds -

  • Lee, Hyoung-Ha
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2015
  • This study purposed to analyze difference in experience of life in Korea among adolescents whose immigrant backgrounds were different (Korean-born children of multicultural families and foreign-born immigrant children) using the data of the 2012 National Survey of Multicultural Families (adolescent children aged between 9 and 24). According to the results of analysis, first, multicultural adolescents with immigrant backgrounds experienced 'difficulty in using the Korean language (speaking, listening, reading, and writing),' 'school dropout,' and 'school violence' more frequently than Korean-born multicultural adolescents. Second, with regard to social discrimination (friends, teachers, relatives, neighbors, and unknown people), multicultural adolescents with immigrant backgrounds experienced 'discrimination by teachers,' 'discrimination by relatives,' 'discrimination by neighbors,' and 'discrimination by unknown people' more frequently than Korean-born multicultural adolescents. By analyzing these differences, this study suggested directions for differentiated support policies and specific strategies for adjustment to life in Korea by multicultural family adolescents with different backgrounds.

Comparison study on the oral health behaviors of multicultural family adolescents and native family adolescents in Korea (한국 다문화청소년과 일반청소년간의 구강건강행태 비교)

  • Bae, Jin-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the oral health behaviors of multicultural family adolescents and native family adolescents to use as the basis for the oral health care. Methods: The data included a subset of the Korean Youth Health Behavior Online Survey, self-administered, targeting 72,435 middle school and high school students in 2013. The questionnaire was composed of respondents characteristics, oral eating behavior, drinking, smoking, oral health behavior, oral symptoms. Results: 1. 35.7% of the multicultural adolescents were bad economic level and 26.5% of the multicultural adolescents perceived their oral health status to be poorer than native adolescents. 2. 51.1% of multicultural adolescents was 5 times more likely to intake milk and 15.5% of multicultural adolescents cookie intake was higher than native adolescent. 3. 29.9% of multicultural adolescents always brushed their teeth more in a week than native adolescents. 4. Bleeding gums and oral odor symptoms in multicultural adolescents were 24.6%, 28.0% higher than native adolescents. Conclusions: This finding suggests that the multicultural adolescent need health education including oral health food habit, oral health care, early dental visit for prevention, early treatment.

Differences in Perception towards Career Problems of Adolescents with Multicultural Backgrounds using Correspondence Analysis (대응분석을 통한 다문화 청소년의 진로문제에 대한 인식 차이 연구)

  • Kim, Sora
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.346-361
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to compare perceptions toward multicultural adolescents' career problems between multicultural adolescents and parents with multicultural backgrounds and youth and parents in non-multicultural families and to discuss their differences. For this purpose, the data from 825 respondents were analyzed using correspondent analysis. The results follow as: first, multicultural adolescents tended to agree very much with the difficulties of interpersonal relations, distance from appearance, and economic difficulties while non-multicultural adolescents tended to disagree with. Second, both multicultural and non-multicultural adolescents disagreed with the confusion about identity as Koreans, but parents of non-multicultural adolescents showed a negative perception. Third, in terms of education and institutions, multicultural adolescents recognized the strong need for expanding career education opportunities for multicultural students, supporting employment, strengthening access to career information, and professional help for careers compared to non-multicultural adolescents.

Comparison of Mental Health Factors Affecting Health Risk Behaviors between Multicultural and Monocultural Adolescents in Korea (다문화 청소년과 일반 청소년의 건강위험 행태에 영향을 미치는 정신건강 요인 비교)

  • Lee, Chaehyun;Lee, Insook
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the mental health factors related to health risk behaviors between multicultural and monocultural adolescents. Methods: The study subjects were selected from the 2018 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey Dataset. A total of 60,040 multicultural and monocultural adolescents were included in the analysis. A $x^2$ test and logistic regression were conducted, using SPSS 18.0, to compare the general characteristics, mental health, and health risk behaviors of the multicultural and monocultural adolescents. This process involved a complex sample design. Results: There was a significant difference in the rates of suicidal behaviors. Multicultural adolescents showed a significantly higher rate of suicidal ideation (8.6% vs. 8.5%, p=.004), suicidal plan (3.2% vs. 2.4%, p=.004), and suicidal attempt (5.0% vs 3.1%, p=.04) than monocultural adolescents. Perceived stress had a significant impact only on monocultural adolescents. Monocultural adolescents with high levels of perceived stress were at a greater risk of drinking (high stress=reference; low stress OR=0.91, p=.025) and smoking (high stress=reference; low stress OR=0.90, p=.029) than those with low stress. Multicultural adolescents who had made suicide attempts were at a higher risk of drinking (multicultural OR=7.879, p<.001; monocultural OR=2.481, p<.001) and smoking (multicultural OR=4.011, p=.015; monocultural OR=2.800, p<.001) than monocultural adolescents. Conclusion: To implement an effective smoking and drinking prevention program, it is necessary to consider how we can reduce the risk factors. Stress management is important for monocultural adolescents and a proactive suicide-screening program and a suicide prevention program should be included in the program for both multicultural and monocultural adolescents.

Analysis on Factors Affecting Depression of Multicultural Adolescents (다문화 청소년의 우울에 미치는 영향요인 분석)

  • Sohn, Shin-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine factors influencing depression of multicultural adolescents and to develop health education program of multicultural adolescents' depression. Methods: This study used data from the 6th MAPS( Multicultural Adolescents Panel Study). Data were analyzed with t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and multiple linear regression. Results: The significant predictors of depression of multicultural adolescents were social withdrawal, self-esteem, cultural adaptation stress and parental support. Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to develop programs to improve depression of multicultural adolescents.

The effect of self-esteem on school adjustment of adolescent from multicultural familes: The mediating effect of social withdrawal (다문화가정 청소년의 자아존중감이 학교적응에 미치는 영향: 사회적 위축의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Hak Jae;Lim, Joong Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.105-115
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The study by analyzing the effects of social withdrawal of adolescents from multicultural families on the relationship between self-esteem and school adjustment, this study aims to find theorical and practical measures to increase school adjustment of adolescent from multicultural familes. Methods: This study utilized the 6th year data of the MAPS conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute. The data used in the analysis were self-esteem, social withdrawal, and school adjustment scale of adolescents from multicultural families. Results: First, the self-esteem of adolescents from multicultural families has a significant positive(+) effect on school adjustment. Second, the self-esteem of adolescents from multicultural families has a significant negative(-) effect on social withdrawal. Third, the social withdrawal of adolescents from multicultural families has a significant negative(-) effect on school adjustment. Fourth, significant influence to have an effect on school adjustment as mediation to be social withdrawal of self-esteem of adolescents from multicultural families. Conclusions: This study is meaningful in that it examined the school adjustment of adolescents from multicultural families in various aspects, such as individual psychological and emotional factors such as self-esteem and environmental factors such as social withdrawal.

Comparison of Dietary Habits of Adolescents from Multicultural and General Korean Families: The 9th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (일반 가정과 다문화 가정 청소년의 식습관실태 비교: 제9차 청소년 건강행태 온라인 조사를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Young-Sil
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.58-67
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study aimed to compare dietary patterns (missed meals, eating instant foods, skipping fruits/vegetables) between general and multicultural adolescents in Korea. Methods: Data from the 9th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2013) were used, and analysis was done for the 66,951 youth using SPSS 18.0. Results: The rate of lunch absence accounted for 7.3% in general adolescents and 8.3% in multicultural family adolescents. However, the response of breakfast absence for a week was higher than the rate of the absence of lunch and dinner. For eating instant foods at least more than once a week, there was a significant difference for carbonated drinks, snacks, ramen and fast food in multicultural adolescents. More multicultural adolescents also noted "never ate fruits and vegetable within the recent week." Conclusion: For the healthy diet of adolescents, more careful observation and nursing education should be implemented. Furthermore, parents should also be included in the education altogether.

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The Effect of Bilingual Socialization of Mothers from Southeast Asia and Korean Fathers on Adolescents' Attitude toward Mothers' Native Culture and Mother-Adolescent Relationship Satisfaction (동남아출신 어머니와 한국인 아버지의 이중언어사회화가 어머니 출신국 문화에 대한 청소년기 자녀의 태도 및 관계만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Huh, Cheong-Ah;Chung, Grace H.
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.103-117
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    • 2015
  • Family environment plays a significant role in adolescent development. Multicultural adolescents in Korea are brought up in a distinctive family environment, where they get to experience two different cultures within their families. Thus, it is important to examine how internal characteristics of the family environment in multicultural families and interactions between family members influence adolescents. The aim of the current study was to examine structural relationships among Southeast Asian mothers' and Korean fathers' bilingual socialization, adolescents' attitude toward mothers' native culture, and mother-adolescent relationship satisfaction. Specifically, the following two questions were addressed in this study: 1) Does bilingual socialization of each parent affect adolescents' attitude toward mothers' native culture? 2) Does children's attitude toward mothers' native culture affect mother-adolescent relationship satisfaction? To answer these questions, the survey data from the '2012 Nationwide Survey of Multicultural Families' was analysed, using SEM. The sample consisted of 318 multicultural adolescents (aged 9-17) living with Korean fathers and immigrant mothers from Southeast Asia. The main findings were as follows. First, Korean fathers' bilingual socialization had a positive effect on immigrant mothers' bilingual socialization. The path from Korean fathers' bilingual socialization to adolescents' attitude toward mothers' native culture was significantly mediated by immigrant mothers' bilingual socialization. Second, adolescents' attitude toward mothers' native culture had a positive effect on mother-adolescent relationship satisfaction. Results suggest that Korean fathers' bilingual socialization is an important factor for bilingual socialization of multicultural adolescents. It is also worth noting that each parent's bilingual socialization helps multicultural adolescents to form a positive identity as a member of multicultural families.

An Analysis on the Moderating Effect of Teacher Support on the Effects of Acculturation Stress on School Adjustment of Multicultural Adolescents (다문화 청소년의 문화적응 스트레스가 학교적응에 미치는 영향에서 교사 지지의 조절효과 분석)

  • Park, Dong-Jin
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.175-184
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the moderating effects of teacher support on the effects of acculturation stress on school adjustment of multicultural adolescents. To this end, we used the 6th Year (2016) adolescents survey data of 1,329 multicultural adolescents from the Multicultural Adolescents Panel Survey(MAPS), which was constructed by the National Youth Policy Institute(NYPI). Using SPSS 22.0, frequency analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, and moderated multiple regression analysis were used as dependent variables for school adjustment of multicultural adolescents, as independent variables for school adjustment, and as moderating variables for teacher support. As a result, first, multicultural adolescents experienced acculturation stress, and school adjustment decreased as the acculturation stress increased. Second, teacher support was found to have a statistically significant moderating effect on the effects of acculturation stress on school adjustment of multicultural adolescents. Based on the results of this research, I discussed and suggested the supportive measures, the role of teachers, and follow-up research to reduce the acculturation stress of multicultural adolescents and increase the level of school adjustment.

A Comparative Study about Risk Factors Influencing Suicide Ideation between Korean and Multicultural Adolescents

  • Lee, Hanju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.240-250
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: In South Korea, suicide mortality has rapidly increased, so it has become a major public health concern. Multicultural adolescents are regarded as a high-risk group due to their situation. In this study, we compared the prevalence and risk factors of suicide ideation between Korean and multicultural adolescents. Methods: Data from the eleventh Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2015), collected by the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, were statistically analyzed using the descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression. The total participants were 63,376 in numbers. They were composed of 62,649 (98.9%) Korean and 727 (1.1%) multicultural adolescents. Results: I found that the prevalence of suicide ideation was significantly higher among the multicultural adolescents (15.8%) compared with those of Korean (11.3%). The risk factors of suicide ideation in the Korean group were co-residence without family, poor perceived health status, depressive mood, high stress level, poor perceived happiness level, and experience of violence. Conversely, the risk factors of the multicultural group were smoking, depressive mood, and experience of violence. Conclusion: These findings suggest that appropriate and practical prevention strategies should focus on psychological and environmental factors in order to prevent suicide ideation and reduce suicide behavior in Korean and multicultural adolescents.