• 제목, 요약, 키워드: multiple cathode system

검색결과 10건 처리시간 0.037초

포도당, 젖산 및 에탄올의 동시 측정용 바이오센서의 개발 (Development of Biosensor for Simultaneous Determination of Glucose, Lactic Acid and Ethanol)

  • 김정호;이동희;김태진;노봉수
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.22-34
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    • 1998
  • 고정화효소와 산소전극 시스템을 이용한 효소센서를 제작하여 식품 중의 당, 유기산, 알코올 성분을 동시 측정 하였다. 효소가 기질과 반응하여 소비한 산소의 변화량이 전압차이로 나타나므로 시간당 전압 감소량이 최대인 값으로부터 각 성분의 농도를 측정하였으며, 이때 1분내에 최대기울기를 구할 수 있어 신속한 측정이 가능하였다. 효소의 고정화 지지체로는 nylon cloth를 사용하였고, asymmetrical coupling 방법에 의하여 기질 작용 순으로 위치하도록 효소를 고정화하였다. 한 개의 양극과 6개의 음극으로 제작된 multiple cathode system으로 포도당, 젖산, 에탄올 성분을 동시 측정할 수 있는 효소 센서를 제작하였다. 위의 센서 제작을 위하여 mutarotase과 glucose oxidase/lactate oxidase/alcohol oxidase와 catalase가 각기 사용되었다. 이들 효소센서의 최적조건은 $pH\;7.0,\;40^{\circ}C$의 0.1 M 인산완충용액이었으며 각 효소 센서의 방해물질을 알아 보기 위하여 여러 가지 당과 각종 유기산, 알콜류에 대한 효소 감응도를 살펴 본 결과 포도당 센서에서 유기산의 영향을 제외하고는 10% 내외였다. 따라서 포도당과 유기산을 동시 측정하기 위하여 포도당/젖산의 영향을 고려한 적절한 보정관계식을 도입하여 순수한 유리당과 유기산의 값을 측정할 수 있었다. 제작된 효소센서의 검증을 위하여 분광광도법. HPLC, GC를 이용한 결과, 분석방법간에 높은 상관관계를 보여 주었다. 아울러 각 효소센서의 안정성을 살펴본 결과 알코올 센서를 제외하고는 30일 이후에도 80%이상 효소감응도가 유지되었다.

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냉음극 형광램프의 병렬구동에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Parallel Drive of Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp (CCFL))

  • 김철진;박현철;박정오
    • 대한전기학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.149-151
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents an architecture for driving multiple parallel cold cathode fluorescent lamps (CCFLs) for back lighting applications. The key to the architecture is a proposed capacitive coupling approach for lamp ignition. This system is consist of a flyback converter, a single inverter to drive multiple lamps and conductive floating reflector. The topology is capable of driving a number of parallel lamps with independent accurate lamp, current regulation and improving cost effectiveness with significant reduction in size and weight, compared to typical high frequency ac ballast. Experimental demonstration results for ten of parallel CCFLs with simultaneous ignition.

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다기능 산소전극에 의한 산소투과특성 동시측정 (Simultaneous measurement of oxygen permeability by using of multi-functional oxygen electrode)

  • 이동희;정진휘;유형풍;김태진
    • 한국전기전자재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.532-535
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    • 2000
  • We have fabricated a sensor system for on-line monitoring the oxygen permeability and diffusivity of six different polymer films using the miniaturized 6 cathode(Ag)-single anode(Ag/AgCl) type hexagonal oxygen electrode. This system consists of multiple input front-end electronics, signal conditioning circuit using the embedded microcontroller 80C196KC, PC interface circuit and PC with the OS for microcontroller and the operating program for this system. The digital low-[ass filter was programmed and the simulated filter characteristics were enough to eliminate the noise from sensor signal. According to the experimental results, the linearity coefficients of the output voltage to oxygen partial pressure for each sensor electrode of six cathode type oxygen sensor are 0.998, 0.997, 0.998, 0.997, 0.997, 0.997 respectively, and the response times are all within 4 minutes.

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LCD 백라이트를 위한 새로운 CCFL 병렬구동 인버터 (A New Current Balancing Methods of CCFL for LCD TV Backlight)

  • 이성주;김호진;이해돈;목형수;최규하;양승욱
    • 전력전자학회논문지
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.371-377
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    • 2006
  • CCFL(CCFL: Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamps, 이하 CCFL로 표기)은 전극이 내부에 존재하는 형태로 그 특성이 일정하지 않아 병렬구동이 어려워 개별 구동을 하고 있다. 본 논문에서는 각 CCFL의 임피던스 차이에 의한 전류오 차를 감소시켜 병렬구동이 가능하도록 구동한다. 제안하는 시스템은 단지 하나의 주 변압기로 동작하며, 다수의 램프를 구동시키기 위해 밸런스 변압기를 적용하여 가격적인이나 용적이 줄어드는 효과를 가져온다. 본 방식의 타당성을 실험 및 시뮬레이션을 통하여 입증하였다.

다수의 CCFL 구동과 휘도 향상에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Multiple CCFL Operation and Brightness Improvement)

  • 박정오;김철진;박현철
    • 대한전기학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.126-128
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents an architecture for driving multiple paralleled cold cathode fluorescent lamps (CCFLs) for back lighting applications. Multi CCFL operation and increase of brightness, the key to the architecture is a proposed capacitive coupling approach for lamp ignition. This system is consist of a flyback converter, a single inverter to drive multiple lamps and conductive floating reflector. The topology is capable of driving a number of parallel lamps with independent accurate lamp, The capacitive coupling the leakage inductance and stray capacitance creation which it used, current regulation and improving cost effectiveness with significant reduction in size and weight, compared to typical high frequency ac ballast. Experimental demonstration results for ten of parallel CCFLs with simultaneous ignition.

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DLC (ta-C) 후막코팅을 위한 트라이볼로지 코팅 연구 (Tribology Coating Study of Thick DLC (ta-C) Film)

  • 장영준;강용진;김기택;김종국
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2016
  • In recent years, thick ta-C coating has attracted considerable interest owing to its existing and potential commercial importance in applications such as automobile accessories, drills, and gears. The thickness of the ta-C coating is an important parameter in these applications. However, the biggest problems are achieving efficient coating and uniformity over a large area with high-speed deposition. Feasibility is confirmed for the ta-C coating thickness of up to 9.0 µm (coating speed: 3.0 µm/h, fixed substrate) using a single FCVA cathode. The thickness was determined using multiple coating cycles that were controlled using substrate temperature and residual stresses. In the present research, we have designed a coating system using FCVA plasma and produced enhanced thick ta-C coating. The system uses a specialized magnetic field configuration with stabilized DC arc plasma discharge during deposition. To achieve quality that is acceptable for use in automobile accessories, the magnetic field, T-type filters, and 10 pieces of a multi-cathode are used to demonstrate the deposition of the thick ta-C coating. The results of coating performance indicate that uniformity is ±7.6 , deposited area is 400 mm, and the thickness of the ta-C coating is up to 5.0 µm (coating speed: 0.3 µm/h, revolution and rotation). The hardness of the coating ranges from 30 to 59 GPa, and the adhesion strength level (HF1) ranges from 20 to 60 N, depending on the ta-C coating.

용량성 결합을 고려한 CCFL 병렬 구동 (Parallel Operation of CCFLs Considering on Capacitive Coupling)

  • 박정오;김철진;박현철
    • 대한전기학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1007-1009
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents an architecture for driving multiple paralleled cold cathode fluorescent lamps (CCFLs) for back lighting applications. The key to the architecture is a proposed capacitive coupling approach for lamp ignition. This system is consist of a flyback converter, a single inverter to drive multiple lamps and conductive floating reflector. The topology is capable of driving a number of parallel lamps with independent accurate lamp, current regulation and improving cost effectiveness with significant reduction in size and weight, compared to typical high frequency ac ballast. Experimental demonstration results for ten of parallel CCFLs with simultaneous ignition. This like the EEFL it will be able to use the CCFL is the thing. Also, it investigates the effect where the leakage current goes mad to the Lamp.

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반응표면과 크리깅메타모델을 이용한 CRT 형상최적설계 (Shape Optimization of a CRT based on Response Surface and Kriging Metamodels)

  • 이태희;이창진;이광기
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.381-386
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    • 2003
  • Gradually engineering designers are determined based on computer simulations. Modeling of the computer simulation however is too expensive and time consuming in a complicate system. Thus, designers often use approximation models called metamodels, which represent approximately the relations between design and response variables. There arc general metamodels such as response surface model and kriging metamodel. Response surface model is easy to obtain and provides explicit function. but it is not suitable for highly nonlinear and large scaled problems. For complicate case, we may use kriging model that employs an interpolation scheme developed in the fields of spatial statistics and geostatistics. This class of into interpolating model has flexibility to model response data with multiple local extreme. In this study. metamodeling techniques are adopted to carry out the shape optimization of a funnel of Cathode Ray Tube. which finds the shape minimizing the local maximum principal stress Optimum designs using two metamodels are compared and proper metamodel is recommended based on this research.

TOPSIS 를 적용한 CRT 후면유리의 다중목적 형상최적설계 (TOPSIS-Based Multi-Objective Shape Optimization for a CRT Funnel)

  • 이광기;한정우;한승호
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.729-736
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    • 2011
  • TOPSIS(Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution)는 상충되는 다수의 속성이 존재하는 상황에서 의사결정이 요구되는 다속성 의사결정법(Multi Attribute Decision Making) 중 하나이다. 이는 선택된 대체안이 최선의 이상적 대체안으로부터 가장 가까운 거리에 위치해야 하고, 동시에 부정적으로 이상적인 대체안으로부터는 가장 멀리 위치해야 한다는 논리에 입각한 의사결정 기법이다. TOPSIS 는 최소화와 최대화가 공존하는 다목적함수 형상 최적설계에 적용이 가능하다. 본 연구에서는 TOPSIS 와 베지어 곡선(Rational Bezier Curve)을 적용하여 CRT(Cathode Ray Tubes) 후면유리의 다중목적 형상최적설계를 수행하였다. 무게와 1 차 주응력의 두 가지 다중목적 함수를 최적화하기 위하여, 다중목적 함수의 성능지표를 TOPSIS 의 상대적 근접도로 정의하고 이를 반응표면모델로 구성하여 다중목적 형상최적설계가 가능한 방법론을 제안하였다. 이를 통해 하나의 최적해가 아닌 최적해의 군이 선정되어, 무게와 주응력 최적해의 모순관계를 확인하면서 다양한 설계요구 스펙을 만족시켜줄 수 있는 방안을 설계자가 스스로 선택하도록 하였다.

Radiation measurement and imaging using 3D position sensitive pixelated CZT detector

  • Kim, Younghak;Lee, Taewoong;Lee, Wonho
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.1417-1427
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    • 2019
  • In this study, we evaluated the performance of a commercial pixelated cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) detector for spectroscopy and identified its feasibility as a Compton camera for radiation monitoring in a nuclear power plant. The detection system consisted of a $20mm{\times}20mm{\times}5mm$ CZT crystal with $8{\times}8$ pixelated anodes and a common cathode, in addition to an application specific integrated circuit. The performance of the various radioisotopes $^{57}Co$, $^{133}Ba$, $^{22}Na$, and $^{137}Cs$ was evaluated. In general, the amplitude of the induced signal in a CZT crystal depends on the interaction position and material non-uniformity. To minimize this dependency, a drift time correction was applied. The depth of each interaction was calculated by the drift time and the positional dependency of the signal amplitude was corrected based on the depth information. After the correction, the Compton regions of each spectrum were reduced, and energy resolutions of 122 keV, 356 keV, 511 keV, and 662 keV peaks were improved from 13.59%, 9.56%, 6.08%, and 5%-4.61%, 2.94%, 2.08%, and 2.2%, respectively. For the Compton imaging, simulations and experiments using one $^{137}Cs$ source with various angular positions and two $^{137}Cs$ sources were performed. Individual and multiple sources of $^{133}Ba$, $^{22}Na$, and $^{137}Cs$ were also measured. The images were successfully reconstructed by weighted list-mode maximum likelihood expectation maximization method. The angular resolutions and intrinsic efficiency of the $^{137}Cs$ experiments were approximately $7^{\circ}-9^{\circ}$ and $5{\times}10^{-4}-7{\times}10^{-4}$, respectively. The distortions of the source distribution were proportional to the offset angle.