• Title, Summary, Keyword: municipal solid waste

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The Assessment of Stabilization of Open-dumping Landfill Leachate - A Case Study of Noeun Landfill - (비위생매립지 침출수의 안정화 평가 - 노은매립지 사례연구 -)

  • Hong, Sang-Pyo
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.115-124
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    • 2004
  • To utilize a closed municipal solid waste landfill site in environmentally secure conditions, it is necessary to verify the stabilization level of landfill leachate. To assess leachate stabilization of an open-dumping municipal solid waste landfill (Noeun Landfill) which is located at the upper drainage basin of Namhan River which flows into Lake Paldang utilized for Seoul Metropolitan water supplies, the surrounding characteristics of the landfill site was surveyed. After then, leachate, groundwater and soil samples from this landfill were chemically analyzed, and the analysis results were evaluated by "The Criteria of Landfill Waste Stabilization(CLWS)", "Discharge Criteria of Landfill Leachate", "The Criteria of Domestic Use in Groundwater Quality", and "Soil Contamination Criteria" promulgated by Korean Ministry of Environment. The closed open-dumping landfill was equipped with the final soil cover, 3 groundwater monitoring wells and poor landfill gas extraction devices for the post-closure management of the landfill. BOD/CODcr ratios in leachate were less than or slightly higher than 1/10. This results seemed to imply that the leachate stabilization level of this landfill based on the CLWS was almost completed. Qualities of groundwater sampled from monitoring wells located at outside of landfill were adequate for "The Criteria of Domestic Use in Groundwater Quality". Finally, concentrations of soil contaminants that were likely to be influenced by this landfill site were adequate to "Soil Contamination Criteria".

The Development of the Waste Pneumatic Transportation System (진공식(眞空式) 쓰레기 파이프라인수송(輸送) System 개발(開發))

  • Park, Chung-Hyun;Kim, Bong-Geun;Kwon, Bong-kee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.115-132
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    • 1996
  • The present problems concerning the control of generation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing and disposal of the municipal waste are serious. And the transportation of the municipal waste is recently a important part of solid waste treatment and disposal. The waste pneumatic transportation system is expected to be an effective method for use in solving that problems. In this study, pneumatic transportation system was applied to 2,000-5,000 households of public/group housing for economic and technical analysis on the basis of data for working and operation. The proper equipment must be selected through economic and technical analysis for generation and properties of waste because the equipment in facilities of system is various. And the efficient operation method should be studied on the basis of information on the record of oeration. As the wet food waste clogs the pipeline, it is necessary to examine under the actual condition. The maximum unit waste generation rate based on the assumption that each household is comprised of 3.20 people is determined $2,340g/household{\cdot}day$, and it is included the 50% increase of seasonal and daily change.

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The Development of N2O Emission Factor at Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator (도시고형폐기물 소각시설의 N2O 배출계수 개발)

  • Ko, Jae Churl;Choi, Sang Hyun
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 2019
  • In this study, nitrous oxide ($N_2O$) emission concentration was measured 3 times continuously for 24 hours from August 27, 2018 to October 22, 2018 and non-dispersive infrared (NDIR) spectrometer was used to calculate $N_2O$ concentration of exhaust gas from municipal solid waste (MSW) incinerator. As a result of $N_2O$ emission characteristics, it is estimated that $N_2O$ emission concentration is due to the difference of furnace temperature, oxygen concentration rather than the chemical component of waste. The measured $N_2O$ emission concentration of MSW incinerator was obtained in the range of 53.6 ~ 59.5 ppm and the total average concentration was measured 55.6 ppm. Therefore, the amount of $N_2O$ emissions calculated from the $N_2O$ concentration was $98.05kg\;day^{-1}$ on average and the amount of $N_2O$ distribution in the range of $90.41{\sim}108.44kg\;day^{-1}$ was obtained. As a result, the $N_2O$ emission factor of the MSW incinerator was estimated to be $1,066.13g_{N_2O}\;ton_{waste^{-1}}$. The estimated $N_2O$ emission factor of the MSW incinerator was 20 times higher than calculated emission factor used in the Tier 2 method. Consequently, it is considered that the method of calculating the amount of $N_2O$ emission in the MSW incineration facilities using waste type and incineration amount needs to be supplemented to ensure accuracy.

Adsorption of Ammonia on Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Bottom Ash Under the Landfill Circumstance

  • Yao, Jun;Kong, Qingna;Zhu, Huayue;Zhang, Zhen;Long, Yuyang;Shen, Dongsheng
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.503-508
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    • 2015
  • The adsorption characteristics of ammonia on MSWI bottom ash were investigated. The effect of the variation of the landfill environmental parameters including pH, anions and organic matter on the adsorption process was discussed. Results showed that the adsorption could be well described by pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir model, with a maximum adsorption capacity of 156.2 mg/g. The optimum adsorption of ammonia was observed when the pH was 6.0. High level of ion and organic matter could restrict the adsorption to a low level. The above results suggested that MSWI bottom ash could affect the migration of ammonia in the landfill, which is related to the variation of the landfill circumstance.

Characteristics of Stabilization of Excavated Solid Wastes by Aerobic and Anaerobic Landfilling (호기 및 혐기매립에 의한 굴착폐기물의 안정화 특성 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Kyu;Oh, Dong Ik;Lee, Nam-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 2004
  • Anaerobic decomposition of municipal solid waste (MSW) had potential adverse impacts such as the production of methane and long-term post closure on human health and the environment. It was demonstrated that aerobic degradation of MSW resulted in the reduction of a methane yield and the enhancement of stabilization of MSW. Excavated solid wastes were both aerobically and anaerobically treated in order to evaluate the effects of air injection on the stabilization of landfill site. The municipal solid waste (MSW) samples were excavated from a 10-year old landfill (operation period: 1991. 11~1994. 11), Jeonju, Korea. Excavated municipal solid wastes are primarily composed of soils and vinyl/plastics. For the two aerobic simulated lysimeters, the levels of $O_2$ ranged 1.6~23.1% and the levels of $CO_2$ ranged 1.5~15.1%, which confirmed the aerobic decomposition. Aeration did prevent methane formation. For the anaerobic simulated lysimeter, the $CO_2$ rose as $O_2$ was consumed and low levels of CH4 were produced. The pH levels ranged from 7.7 to 8.9 for anaerobic lysimeter and from 7.3 to 8.5 for aerobic lysimeters. As expected, aerobic treatment proved to enhance the removal of biodegradable materials in the excavated solid wastes when monitoring the concentration of BOD, COD, $NH_4-N$, and $NO_3-N$ in the leachate.

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Characteristics of Hg, Pb, As, Se Emitted from Medium Size Waste Incinerators (중형폐기물 소각시설의 수은, 납, 비소, 셀렌 배출특성)

  • Lee Han-Kook
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.8-18
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    • 2006
  • The aim of this study is to evaluate the emission characteristics of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium from medium size municipal solid waste incinerators(MSWIs) in Korea. The concentrations of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium emitted from medium size MSWI stack were $2.67\;{\mu}g/Sm^3,\;0.38\;mg/Sm^3,\;1.33\;{\mu}g/Sm^3,\;0.28\;{\mu}g/Sm^3$, respectively. The concentration levels of mercury, lead, arsenic in flue gas from medium size MSW incinerator stacks selected were nearly detected under the Korea criteria level. Removal efficiencies of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium in waste heat boiler(WHE) and cooling tower(CT) were $90.36\%,\;69.76\%,\;43.04\%,\;40.64\%$, respectively. In general, the removal efficiencies of mercury and lead in WHE were higher than those of arsenic and selenium in WHE. Emission gas temperature reduction from waste heat boiler(WHB) and cooling tower(CT) can control mercury and lead of medium size MSWIs. To evaluate the relationship between mercury, lead, arsenic, selenium of fly ash and those of flue gas, it was carried out to correlation analysis of each metal concentration in the fly ash and in the flue gas from medium size MSWIs. From the correlation analysis, the coefficients of mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium were 0.61, -0.38, 0.87, 0.28, respectively. The results of correlation analysis revealed that it should be highly positive to the correlation coefficients of mercury and arsenic in the fly ash and those of the flue gas emitted from medium size MSWIs. As it were, the concentrations of mercury and arsenic of flue gas from medium size MSWIs are high unless mercury and arsenic in fly ash are properly controlled in dust collection step in medium size MSWIs. It was also concluded that mercury, lead, arsenic, and selenium from MSWIs stacks could be controlled by waste heat boiler(WHE) and dust collecting step in medium size MSWIs.

Analysis of Dioxins and Furans from Bottom Ash Produced in an Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator (도시 소각로 시설의 고형 쓰레기 연소 후 생성된 바닥재 시료에 대한 다이옥신과 퓨란류의 분석)

  • Chang, Yoon-Seok;Hong, JongKi;Kim, Jin-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.39 no.7
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    • pp.513-523
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    • 1995
  • Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are the most concerned toxic organic pollutants to human. Because of their extremely high toxicity and uncertain genotoxic potential, their determination in environmental and biological samples is of great interest. Municipal solid waste incinerator facilities have been reported as the major contributors of dioxins and furans to the environment, and their formation from combustion is a universal phenomenon, everywhere. In this study dioxins and furans were analyzed from the bottom ash produced during combustion in an municipal waste incinerator located in Seoul. The EPA method was modified for sample pretreatment: the soxhlet method was used for extraction and clean-up procedures were performed by using silica and basic alumina, excluding active-carbon. The extract was then analyzed by HRGC/HRMS. A general trend of increase in the amounts of 6∼7 chlorine-substituted dioxins and furans was observed. Total dioxins, furans and 2,3,7,8-TCDD were determined as 8.05 ng/g, 4.75 ng/g, and 6.93 pg/g, respectively.

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Effects of Landfill Leachate on the Treatment of Municipal Wastewater (매립지 침출수가 도시하수처리에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Ji-Hee;Kim, Yeong-Kwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.117-123
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    • 1996
  • A bench-scale continuous activated sludge system was operated in order to study the effects of solid waste landfill leachate on municipal wastewater treatment. The leachate sample was collected from Nanjido landfill. During the 7 weeks of operational period, the leachate content in the influent fed to the system was increased stepwise from 3% to 5% and 7%. The solids retention time was the major process control parameter, and it was 10 days. With the municipal wastewater alone, COD removal was 75%. The removal percents, however, decreased to 60% and 45% when the leachate content was 3% and 7%, respectively. For the wastewater spiked with the leachate, the sludge production was higher than for the municipal wastewater alone. Sludge settleability determined by SVI deteriorated with the increase of leachate content. The specific oxygen uptake rate, however, was measured higher as leachate content increased.

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Effect of Moisture on Stabilization of Municipal Solid Wastes in Anaerobic Landfill (혐기성 폐기물매립지에 있어서 수분이 매립폐기물의 안정화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Kim, Joung-Ho;Oh, Dong-Ik;Kim, Seok-Chan;Lee, Nam-Hoon;Kim, Nack-Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.124-130
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    • 2005
  • Landfilling is most widely used as the final disposal tool of solid wastes. Solid wastes landfilled are stabilized by microbial degradation which is affected by several factors such as moisture, oxygen, pH, alkalinity, sulphate, nutrient, inhibitor, hydrogen, and temperature. Especially moisture plays a major role in microbial degradation. In this study, the effects of moisture on the degradation of municipal solids waste (MSW) were investigated. Four lysimeters with four different levels of moisture content i.e., 20, 30, 40, and 50% were operated; lysimeters were packed with MSW, and anaerobically operated. Anaerobic lysimeters with higher moisture content produced more $CO_2$ and landfill gases (LFG). It means that the moisture has a positive effect on the microbial degradation.

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Study for a Secondary Air Affecting Fluid Flow in a Solid Waste Incinerator (쓰레기 소각로의 2차공기가 유동현상에 미치는 현상 연구)

  • Lee, Geum-Bae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.2924-2932
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    • 1996
  • As the environmental pollution can be greatly reduced and the waste heat can be also recovered through a combustion of municipal solid waste, the incineration begins to be highlighted recently in our country. But it is very difficult to be operated with constant combustion conditions for a long time as the domestic waste is composed of various components, contains a large percentage of water, and has a low heating value. Therefore, the cold flow test and partial hot flow test were conducted in the incinerator by use of injection angles of a secondary air affecting fluid flow as the first action to maintain the optimum combustion conditions. A model to a scale of 1:10 was designed and manufactured through the similarity of model and prototype flows. Velocities and temperatures were measured through the experiment. From the results, fluid flows of secondary air obtained from partial hot flow test correspond almost well with those of main flow obtained from cold flow test. Consequently, injection angles of secondary air are proved to affect main flow decisively.