• Title, Summary, Keyword: municipal solid waste

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A Study on Using Incineration Heat of Municipal Solid Wastes - Case Study of Taegu metropolitan city - (생활(生活)쓰레기 소각열(燒却熱) 이용실태(利用實態)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 대구광역시(大邱廣域市)를 중심(中心)으로 -)

  • Hong, Won-Hwa;Yi, Gang-Kook;Lee, Ji-Hee
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2001
  • This study aims to make a fundamental data for a policy-making decision in treatment and disposal of municipal solid wastes and presents a research data on the discharge properties of municipal solid wastes and making a unit of them in the Taegu metropolitan city. The results can be summarized as follows; survey the discharge properties of municipal solid wastes, calorific values and to present a research-data in supplying incineration-heat of wastes with the area of Sung-seo in Taegu. So, using fundamental data for planning and running wastes-incineration plants as well as trying to make better Urban Environmental Infra-structure. The results are obtained from the study. 1) The proportion of combustible wastes in Taegu increased from 89.6% to 94.47% during 1993~2000. However, the proportion of incombustibles decreased from 10.4% to 5.53% during 1993~2000. 2) The value of representative properties is about 1500~2000kcal/kg. So we can expect that it should be made use of energy-resources positively. 3) The heat from Sung-seo wastes-incineration plants is used to produce electronic-energy for wastes-incineration plants in summer season. The heat from Sung-sea wastes-incineration plants is in charge of 27% which of supplying the area of Sung-seo with district heating energy in winter season.

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폐기물 연소 보일러의 튜브 손상 메카니즘

  • Baek, Se-Hyeon
    • 열병합발전
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2009
  • 최근 국내에 MSW(Municipal Solid Waste), RDF(Refuse-Derived Fuel) 또는 석탄과 폐기물을 혼합 연소하는 Waste-To-Energy 보일러 대한 관심이 증대되고 있는바, EPRI(Electric Power Research Institute)의 연구자료를 인용하여 상기 보일러에 대한 튜브 손상 메카니즘에 대하여 설명하고자 한다.

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A study on the physico-chemical characteristics of municipal solid wastes generated in the sunchon city (순천시의 생활폐기물 발생량 예측 및 재활용시설의 용량산정에 관한 연구)

  • Hu, Kwan;Moon, Ok-Ran;Wang, Seung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to provide basic information for a future countermeasure municipal and to establish several wastes policy after investigating solid wastes from Sunchon City. In addition, this research can be supported to manage of recycling plant and to reuse plant of each wastes. Results are as bellows after checking up and analysis type of waste in Sunchon city Unit solid waste generation rate from single family is $0.50kg/person{\cdot}day$, and total solid wastes are 41.9ton/day. Unit solid waste generation rate from apartments is $0.45kg/person{\cdot}day$, and solid wastes generation is 55.5ton/day. Unit solid waste generation rate from agricultural is $0.22kg/person{\cdot}day$ and total solid wastes are 13.5ton/day. That show total amount of municipal solid wastes from residential are 110.9ton/day. Unit solid waste generation rate from traditional markets is $1.85kg/person{\cdot}day$, and solid waste total volume is 5,400kg/day. Unit solid waste generation rate from small store is $2.03kg/person{\cdot}day$, and solid waste total are 25,101kg/day. Therefore, this show that total wastes are 30.50kg from downtown and commercial area. Solid waste quantity from Industrial area (Factory region) is 8.5ton and in case of school and hospitals are 7.2kg/day and 3.0kg/day. Solid waste amount from Institutional is 6.6kg/day. Food wastes were eliminated from municipal solid wastes as standard 63.4ton/day, and combustible wastes were 126.9ton/day. If it schedule about 5 years (by 2006) as durable year for food wastes treatment plant, it is expected 42.5ton/day for treatment capacity. We can judge that it is effective to be set 2 lines equipment ${\times}25ton/day$ as treatment ability under considering unexpected working condition such as any repair, trouble and an electrical load. If it schedule about 10 years (by 2011) as durable year for food wastes treatment plant, it is expected 150 ton/day for treatment capacity. We can conclude that it is effective to be set 2 lines equipment ${\times}80ton/day$ as treatment ability under considering working condition such as low loaded operating and the repair for incineration.

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VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS MEASUREMENT IN THE BOUNDARY OF WASTE TREATMENT FACILITIES

  • Yim, Bong-Been;Kim, Sun-Tae
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2007
  • Concentrations of the principal volatile organic compounds, such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m,p,o-xylene, styrene, and chlorobenzene were measured at the solid waste treatment plants classified into four categories; municipal waste incinerator, municipal waste landfill site, industrial waste incinerator and industrial waste landfill site. The average concentration of VOCs in industrial waste treatment facilities was 33.43 ppb and was significantly higher than that measured at municipal waste treatment facilities (4.71 ppb). The average toluene concentrations measured at incinerators (13.05 ppb) were a little higher than those measured at landfill sites (11.54 ppb). The contribution of the waste treatment facilities to the concentration of benzene (0.35 ppb) and o-xylene (0.15 ppb) in the industrial area was relatively small. However, toluene measured in the industrial waste treatment facilities was the most abundant VOCs with the average concentration of 21.37 ppb. As a result of analyses of fingerprint, in cases of IISH and ILUS, a variety of compounds other than major VOCs were detected in high level. On the Pearson correlation analysis, the correlation was generally positive and some pairs of these VOCs were very strongly correlated (correlation coefficient > 0.75).

The Settlement Characteristics of Unsanitary Solid Waste Landfilles (비위생 매립지반의 침하특성 연구)

  • Lim, Ju-Hyun;Jo, Suk-Ho;Kim, Hak-Moon;Jang, Kyung-Jun;Kim, Chan-Kuk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.1012-1023
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    • 2008
  • This paper estimates the long-term settlement of In-cheon unsanitary solid waste landfills. which is 20 years old. The unsanitary solid waste landfills was subjected to pre-loading system over a period of 1 year, and the settlement for 300 landfill monitors provided measured data. This landfill contain relatively small amount of organic component, therefore the initial stage of settlement was very small. The existing settlement models are examineed to compare with the observed behavior of this site and, also to estimate long-term settlement. The Hyperbolic, Bjarngard & Edgers, and Power Creep Law models showed good agreement well with the measured settlement of the In-cheon unsanitary solid waste landfills.

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Korea Recycling Situation and Policy for Municipal Solid Waste Ash

  • Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.650-654
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    • 2001
  • To utilize municipal solid waste incineration ash as useful resources in Korea, studies on the present state of production and management of incineration ash and its effects on environment were made. And, it was intended to analyze the management conditions of incineration ash in many foreign countries and reflect them in domestic incineration ash policy. Korean incineration ash policy is based on the control of waste production, considering the difficulties in securing landfills and the small size of national land, and will be changed into recycling- and incineration-centered one. Furthermore, studies on the stabilization and recycling of incineration ash should be continuously conducted to overcome the concerns about environmental pollution.

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Assessment on Stabilization of Open-dumping Landfill Gas - A Case Study of Salmi Landfill - (사용종료된 비위생매립지의 매립가스 안정화 평가 - 살미매립지 사례연구 -)

  • Hong, Sang-Pyo;Kim, Kwang-Yul
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.365-375
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    • 2005
  • For managing and utilizing a closed municipal solid waste landfill site in environmentally secure conditions, it is necessary to verify the stabilization level of landfill gas(LFG) and waste. For assessing LFG and waste stabilization of an open-dumping municipal solid waste landfill (Salmi Landfill) which is located at the vicinity of Chungju Reservoir which flows into Paldang Reservoir that has been used for Seoul Metropolitan water supplies, the history and the surrounding characteristics of the landfill site were surveyed. In this study, waste and LFG samples obtained from landfill site were physically and chemically analyzed, and then the analysis results were evaluated on the basis of 'The Criteria of Landfill Waste Stabilization(CLWS)' that were promulgated by Korean Ministry of Environment. Based on LFG composition of Salmi landfill, $CH_4$ was as high as 68%. In CLWS regulation, the stabilization criteria of $CH_4$ should be lower than 5%, and the criteria of C/N ratio should also be lower than 1/10. The result showed that C/N ratio of landfilled waste ranged 17.4~24.7. From this results, it was concluded that the LFG and C/N ratio stabilization level of this landfill based on the CLWS were still actively proceeding.

Study on Co-incineration of Municipal Solid Waste and Organic Sludges (도시쓰레기와 유기성 하수 슬러지 혼합소각에 관한 연구)

  • Jurng, Jong-Soo;Chin, Sung-Min
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2005
  • This study performs the pilot-plant experiments to evaluate the effect of the oxygen enrichment on the co-incineration of municipal solid waste and organic sludge from a wastewater treatment facility. The design capacity of the stoker-type incinerator pilot-plant is 150 kg/h. Combustion chamber temperatures were measured as well as the stack gas concentrations, i.e., NOx, CO, and the residual oxygen. The maximum ratio of organic sludge waste to the total waste input is 30%. Also the oxygen-enriched air with 23% of oxygen in supplied air is used for stable combustion. As the co-incineration ratio of the sludge increased up to 30% of the total waste input, the primary and the secondary combustion chamber temperature was decreased $to900^{\circ}C$ (primary combustion chamber), $750^{\circ}C$(secondary combustion chamber), respectively, approximately $200^{\circ}C$ below the incineration temperature of the domestic waste only (primary: $1,100^{\circ}C$, secondary: $950^{\circ}C$). However, if the supplied air was enriched to 22% oxygen content in air, the incinerator temperature was high enough to burn the waste mixture with 30% sludge, which has the heating value of 1,600 kcal/kg.

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Operational and Performance parameters of Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste (도시쓰레기 혐기성소화 운용 및 성능 지표)

  • Chung, Jae-Chun;Park, Chan-Hyuk;Son, Sung-Myung
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.86-95
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    • 2002
  • Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste(MSW) is recently getting attention due to energy generation and abatement of global warming. MSW has high solid content and low nitrogen content. Its major component is cellulose and hemicellulose. The conversion rate of organic portion of MSW to methane is approximately 50%, representing $0.2m^3/kg$ VS. Long hydraulic retention time is required for high solid content and inoculum should be mixed with the feed. When MSW is digested anaerobically, maximum limit of C/N ratio is 25 and the optimum concentration of $NH_3-N$ is 700mg/L. lime and sodium bicarbonate are used to adjust pH. Excess addition of sodium bicarbonate above 3,500mg/L will cause sodium toxicity. Thermophilic anaerobic digestion is effective in the control of pathogen although its operation and maintenance is difficult. To optimize the anaerobic digestion of MSW, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of microorganims involved in anaerobic digestion.

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A Study of Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emission and Reduction by Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management (D시 생활폐기물 관리 방법과 온실가스 배출량과 감축량 산정 연구)

  • Yun, Hyunmyeong;Chang, Yun;Jang, Yong-Chul
    • Journal of Korea Society of Waste Management
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.606-615
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    • 2018
  • Over the past two decades, the options for solid waste management have been changing from land disposal to recycling, waste-to-energy, and incineration due to growing attention for resource and energy recovery. In addition, the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission has become an issue of concern in the waste sector because such gases often released into the atmosphere during the waste management processes (e.g., biodegradation in landfills and combustion by incineration) can contribute to climate change. In this study, the emission and reduction rates of GHGs by the municipal solid waste (MSW) management options in D city have been studied for the years 1996-2016. The emissions and reduction rates were calculated according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines and the EU Prognos method, respectively. A dramatic decrease in the waste landfilled was observed between 1996 and 2004, after which its amount has been relatively constant. Waste recycling and incineration have been increased over the decades, leading to a peak in the GHG emissions from landfills of approximately $63,323tCO_2\;eq/yr$ in 2005, while the lowest value of $35,962tCO_2\;eq/yr$ was observed in 2016. In 2016, the estimated emission rate of GHGs from incineration was $59,199tCO_2\;eq/yr$. The reduction rate by material recycling was the highest ($-164,487tCO_2\;eq/yr$) in 2016, followed by the rates by heat recovery with incineration ($-59,242tCO_2\;eq/yr$) and landfill gas recovery ($-23,922tCO_2\;eq/yr$). Moreover, the cumulative GHG reduction rate between 1996 and 2016 was $-3.46MtCO_2\;eq$, implying a very positive impact on future $CO_2$ reduction achieved by waste recycling as well as heat recovery of incineration and landfill gas recovery. This study clearly demonstrates that improved MSW management systems are positive for GHGs reduction and energy savings. These results could help the waste management decision-makers supporting the MSW recycling and energy recovery policies as well as the climate change mitigation efforts at local government level.