• 제목, 요약, 키워드: municipal solid waste

검색결과 272건 처리시간 0.042초

생활(生活)쓰레기 소각열(燒却熱) 이용실태(利用實態)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 대구광역시(大邱廣域市)를 중심(中心)으로 - (A Study on Using Incineration Heat of Municipal Solid Wastes - Case Study of Taegu metropolitan city -)

  • 홍원화;이강국;이지희
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2001
  • This study aims to make a fundamental data for a policy-making decision in treatment and disposal of municipal solid wastes and presents a research data on the discharge properties of municipal solid wastes and making a unit of them in the Taegu metropolitan city. The results can be summarized as follows; survey the discharge properties of municipal solid wastes, calorific values and to present a research-data in supplying incineration-heat of wastes with the area of Sung-seo in Taegu. So, using fundamental data for planning and running wastes-incineration plants as well as trying to make better Urban Environmental Infra-structure. The results are obtained from the study. 1) The proportion of combustible wastes in Taegu increased from 89.6% to 94.47% during 1993~2000. However, the proportion of incombustibles decreased from 10.4% to 5.53% during 1993~2000. 2) The value of representative properties is about 1500~2000kcal/kg. So we can expect that it should be made use of energy-resources positively. 3) The heat from Sung-seo wastes-incineration plants is used to produce electronic-energy for wastes-incineration plants in summer season. The heat from Sung-sea wastes-incineration plants is in charge of 27% which of supplying the area of Sung-seo with district heating energy in winter season.

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폐기물 연소 보일러의 튜브 손상 메카니즘

  • 백세현
    • 열병합발전
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2009
  • 최근 국내에 MSW(Municipal Solid Waste), RDF(Refuse-Derived Fuel) 또는 석탄과 폐기물을 혼합 연소하는 Waste-To-Energy 보일러 대한 관심이 증대되고 있는바, EPRI(Electric Power Research Institute)의 연구자료를 인용하여 상기 보일러에 대한 튜브 손상 메카니즘에 대하여 설명하고자 한다.

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순천시의 생활폐기물 발생량 예측 및 재활용시설의 용량산정에 관한 연구 (A study on the physico-chemical characteristics of municipal solid wastes generated in the sunchon city)

  • 허관;문옥란;왕승호
    • 유기물자원화
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2001
  • 순천시 생활계폐기물의 배출특성을 제시하고 장래 폐기물대책을 수립하는 기본적인 자료로 정보를 제공하고자 폐기물별 자원화시설의 용량을 산정하고 재활용시설의 운영관리 및 제반폐기물정책 수립에 활용하도록 하기 위해서 조사분석하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 일반주택의 배출량원단위는 0.50kg/인${\cdot}$일로 배출량은 41.9톤/일, 공동주택의 배출량원단위는 0.45kg/인${\cdot}$일로 배출량은 55.5톤/일, 읍 면지역의 배출량원단위는 0.22kg/인${\cdot}$일로 배출량은 13.5톤/일로 나타나 주택지역의 생활계폐기물 배출량은 110.9톤/일이다. 재래시장의 배출량원단위는 1.85kg/상가 일로 배출량은 5,400kg/일이며, 소규모점포의 배출량원단위는 2.03kg/상가 일로 배출량은 25,101kg/일로 나타나 상가지역의 생활계폐기물 배출량은 30,501kg/일이다. 공장지역에서 배출되는 사업장생활계폐기물은 1일 평균 8.3톤, 학교와 병원 및 업무지역에서 배출되는 생활계폐기물의 1일 평균배출량은 각각 7.2kg과 3.0kg 및 6.6kg이다. 생활폐기물 중에서 음식물쓰레기는 평균 63.4톤/일 배출되었으며, 소각대상 가연성폐기물은 126.9톤/일 배출되었다. 음식물쓰레기처리시설의 내구년도를 약 5년(2006년도)으로 계획하면 처리대상량은 1일 42.4톤이 예상되며, 저부하 운전이나 고장보수로 인한 가동중지 등의 문제를 고려하여 처리능력을 25톤/일${\times}$2계열로 설치하는 것이 효율적일 것으로 판단된다. 소각처리시설의 내구년도를 약 10년(2011년도)으로 계획하면 처리대상량은 1일 150톤/일이 예상되며, 저부하 운전이나 고장보수로 인한 소각작업 중지 등의 문제를 고려하여 처리능력을 80톤/일${\times}$2계열로 설치하는 것이 효율적일 것으로 판단된다.

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VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS MEASUREMENT IN THE BOUNDARY OF WASTE TREATMENT FACILITIES

  • Yim, Bong-Been;Kim, Sun-Tae
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.46-54
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    • 2007
  • Concentrations of the principal volatile organic compounds, such as benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m,p,o-xylene, styrene, and chlorobenzene were measured at the solid waste treatment plants classified into four categories; municipal waste incinerator, municipal waste landfill site, industrial waste incinerator and industrial waste landfill site. The average concentration of VOCs in industrial waste treatment facilities was 33.43 ppb and was significantly higher than that measured at municipal waste treatment facilities (4.71 ppb). The average toluene concentrations measured at incinerators (13.05 ppb) were a little higher than those measured at landfill sites (11.54 ppb). The contribution of the waste treatment facilities to the concentration of benzene (0.35 ppb) and o-xylene (0.15 ppb) in the industrial area was relatively small. However, toluene measured in the industrial waste treatment facilities was the most abundant VOCs with the average concentration of 21.37 ppb. As a result of analyses of fingerprint, in cases of IISH and ILUS, a variety of compounds other than major VOCs were detected in high level. On the Pearson correlation analysis, the correlation was generally positive and some pairs of these VOCs were very strongly correlated (correlation coefficient > 0.75).

비위생 매립지반의 침하특성 연구 (The Settlement Characteristics of Unsanitary Solid Waste Landfilles)

  • 임주현;조석호;김학문;장경준;김찬국
    • 한국지반공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1012-1023
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    • 2008
  • This paper estimates the long-term settlement of In-cheon unsanitary solid waste landfills. which is 20 years old. The unsanitary solid waste landfills was subjected to pre-loading system over a period of 1 year, and the settlement for 300 landfill monitors provided measured data. This landfill contain relatively small amount of organic component, therefore the initial stage of settlement was very small. The existing settlement models are examineed to compare with the observed behavior of this site and, also to estimate long-term settlement. The Hyperbolic, Bjarngard & Edgers, and Power Creep Law models showed good agreement well with the measured settlement of the In-cheon unsanitary solid waste landfills.

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Korea Recycling Situation and Policy for Municipal Solid Waste Ash

  • Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • 대한전자공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.650-654
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    • 2001
  • To utilize municipal solid waste incineration ash as useful resources in Korea, studies on the present state of production and management of incineration ash and its effects on environment were made. And, it was intended to analyze the management conditions of incineration ash in many foreign countries and reflect them in domestic incineration ash policy. Korean incineration ash policy is based on the control of waste production, considering the difficulties in securing landfills and the small size of national land, and will be changed into recycling- and incineration-centered one. Furthermore, studies on the stabilization and recycling of incineration ash should be continuously conducted to overcome the concerns about environmental pollution.

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사용종료된 비위생매립지의 매립가스 안정화 평가 - 살미매립지 사례연구 - (Assessment on Stabilization of Open-dumping Landfill Gas - A Case Study of Salmi Landfill -)

  • 홍상표;김광렬
    • 환경영향평가
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.365-375
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    • 2005
  • For managing and utilizing a closed municipal solid waste landfill site in environmentally secure conditions, it is necessary to verify the stabilization level of landfill gas(LFG) and waste. For assessing LFG and waste stabilization of an open-dumping municipal solid waste landfill (Salmi Landfill) which is located at the vicinity of Chungju Reservoir which flows into Paldang Reservoir that has been used for Seoul Metropolitan water supplies, the history and the surrounding characteristics of the landfill site were surveyed. In this study, waste and LFG samples obtained from landfill site were physically and chemically analyzed, and then the analysis results were evaluated on the basis of 'The Criteria of Landfill Waste Stabilization(CLWS)' that were promulgated by Korean Ministry of Environment. Based on LFG composition of Salmi landfill, $CH_4$ was as high as 68%. In CLWS regulation, the stabilization criteria of $CH_4$ should be lower than 5%, and the criteria of C/N ratio should also be lower than 1/10. The result showed that C/N ratio of landfilled waste ranged 17.4~24.7. From this results, it was concluded that the LFG and C/N ratio stabilization level of this landfill based on the CLWS were still actively proceeding.

도시쓰레기와 유기성 하수 슬러지 혼합소각에 관한 연구 (Study on Co-incineration of Municipal Solid Waste and Organic Sludges)

  • 정종수;진성민
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2005
  • This study performs the pilot-plant experiments to evaluate the effect of the oxygen enrichment on the co-incineration of municipal solid waste and organic sludge from a wastewater treatment facility. The design capacity of the stoker-type incinerator pilot-plant is 150 kg/h. Combustion chamber temperatures were measured as well as the stack gas concentrations, i.e., NOx, CO, and the residual oxygen. The maximum ratio of organic sludge waste to the total waste input is 30%. Also the oxygen-enriched air with 23% of oxygen in supplied air is used for stable combustion. As the co-incineration ratio of the sludge increased up to 30% of the total waste input, the primary and the secondary combustion chamber temperature was decreased $to900^{\circ}C$ (primary combustion chamber), $750^{\circ}C$(secondary combustion chamber), respectively, approximately $200^{\circ}C$ below the incineration temperature of the domestic waste only (primary: $1,100^{\circ}C$, secondary: $950^{\circ}C$). However, if the supplied air was enriched to 22% oxygen content in air, the incinerator temperature was high enough to burn the waste mixture with 30% sludge, which has the heating value of 1,600 kcal/kg.

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도시쓰레기 혐기성소화 운용 및 성능 지표 (Operational and Performance parameters of Anaerobic Digestion of Municipal Solid Waste)

  • 정재춘;박찬혁;손성명
    • 유기물자원화
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.86-95
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    • 2002
  • 도시쓰레기의 혐기성 소화는 에너지원 및 온난화 가스 저감 문제 등에 의해 최근에 사회적 관심사가 되고 있다. 도시쓰레기는 고형분 함량이 높고 질소성분이 낮으며 셀루로스와 헤미셀루로스가 주성분으로 되어 있다. 도시쓰레기의 메탄 전화율은 대개 50%이며 $0.2m^2/kg$ VS에 해당한다. 고형물 농도가 높을수록 긴 수리학적 체류시간이 필요하며 주입물에 접종슬러지를 혼합하여야 한다. 도시쓰레기의 혐기성 소화 시 C/N비는 25가 상한이고 NH3-N의 적정농도는 700mg/L로 알려져 있다. pH조절을 위하여 흔히 석회와 탄산나트륨이 사용되고있는데 탄산나트륨을 3,500mg/L이상 첨가하면 나트륨 독성이 나타난다. 고온성 혐기 소화조는 운용과 관리가 어려우나 병원성 미생물 억제에 효과적인 것으로 알려져 있다. 도시쓰레기의 혐기성 소화공정의 최적화를 이룩하려면 소화공정에 관여하는 미생물의 작동기전에 대한 이해가 필요하다.

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D시 생활폐기물 관리 방법과 온실가스 배출량과 감축량 산정 연구 (A Study of Estimation of Greenhouse Gas Emission and Reduction by Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Management)

  • 윤현명;장윤;장용철
    • 한국폐기물자원순환학회지
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    • v.35 no.7
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    • pp.606-615
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    • 2018
  • Over the past two decades, the options for solid waste management have been changing from land disposal to recycling, waste-to-energy, and incineration due to growing attention for resource and energy recovery. In addition, the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission has become an issue of concern in the waste sector because such gases often released into the atmosphere during the waste management processes (e.g., biodegradation in landfills and combustion by incineration) can contribute to climate change. In this study, the emission and reduction rates of GHGs by the municipal solid waste (MSW) management options in D city have been studied for the years 1996-2016. The emissions and reduction rates were calculated according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines and the EU Prognos method, respectively. A dramatic decrease in the waste landfilled was observed between 1996 and 2004, after which its amount has been relatively constant. Waste recycling and incineration have been increased over the decades, leading to a peak in the GHG emissions from landfills of approximately $63,323tCO_2\;eq/yr$ in 2005, while the lowest value of $35,962tCO_2\;eq/yr$ was observed in 2016. In 2016, the estimated emission rate of GHGs from incineration was $59,199tCO_2\;eq/yr$. The reduction rate by material recycling was the highest ($-164,487tCO_2\;eq/yr$) in 2016, followed by the rates by heat recovery with incineration ($-59,242tCO_2\;eq/yr$) and landfill gas recovery ($-23,922tCO_2\;eq/yr$). Moreover, the cumulative GHG reduction rate between 1996 and 2016 was $-3.46MtCO_2\;eq$, implying a very positive impact on future $CO_2$ reduction achieved by waste recycling as well as heat recovery of incineration and landfill gas recovery. This study clearly demonstrates that improved MSW management systems are positive for GHGs reduction and energy savings. These results could help the waste management decision-makers supporting the MSW recycling and energy recovery policies as well as the climate change mitigation efforts at local government level.