• Title, Summary, Keyword: municipal solid waste

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Chemical Analysis of Woody Resource Seperated from Municipal Soild Waste (도시 고체 폐기물에서 분리한 목질계 자원의 화학적 분석)

  • Shin, Soo-Jeong;Park, Jong-Moon;Choi, Tea-Ho;Kim, Byung-Ro;Cho, Dae-Haeng;Kim, Yong-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2011
  • In woody waste separated from municipal solid waste, medium density fiberboard was major contributors with particleboard, paper, plywood and log, with different composition based on collected period. In chemical compositional analysis of woody waste, it was similar to softwood based on carbohydrate composition analysis. Based on the carbohydrate composition, saccharified solution from MWW could be good resource for biorefinery.

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Characteristics of the Bottom Ash in Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Ash (생활 폐기물 소각재 중 바닥재의 特性)

  • 안지환;한기천;김형석
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.48-57
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    • 2001
  • The main consistent materials and main elements of the bottom ash in municipal solid waste incineration ash according to particle size were investigated and the environmental hazards were considered by investigating the content of dioxin and heavy metals in bottom ash and the concentration of heavy metals in its leachate. The main materials of bottom ash are glasses, ceramics, scraps of iron. As the particle size increases, their percentage weight also increases and their percentage weight was over 70% in 4 mesh~25 mm particle size fraction. The main elements of bottom ash are CaO, $SiO_2$, $Fe_2$$O_3$,$ A1_2$$O_3$and the content of CaO decreases and the content of $SiO_2$increases as particle size increases. The heavy metals accumulate in small particle size fraction. The concentration of heavy metals in each leachate by domestic leaching test is almost similar. As the aging period is prolonged, pH of bottom ash lowers gradually and the leached concentration of Cu and Pb diminishes.

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Compression Characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste Codisposed with Fly Ash (플라이애쉬(F/A)가 혼합된 도시 쓰레기(MSW)의 압축 특성)

  • Park, Hyun-Il;Lee, Seung-Rae
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2003
  • If MSW(Municipal Solid Waste) landfill is used as a foundation ground of construction site, the change of loading condition may cause a large amount of compression in MSW landfill. Therefore, the reinforcement for the loose compression nature of MSW landfill would be very important design factor to geotechnical engineers in considering the end-use of the landfill. In this study, a possible technique for stabilizing MSW landfill with use of codisposal of municipal solid waste and Fly Ash is discussed. In order to estimate the stabilization of compression characteristic of codisposed landfill, large compression test and lysimeter test were performed. According to the test results, as the proportion of Fly Ash increases, the compression might be reduced, but the permeability might be also reduced. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account the both characteristics changes in real application.

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Biological Evaluation for Characteristics of Leachate Toxicity from Municipal Solid Waste Landfill (생물학적 방법에 의한 도시생활폐기물 매립지의 침출수 독성특성 평가)

  • 황인영;류경무
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.11 no.1_2
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 1996
  • Leachate from municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill, effluent from leachate treatment plant, and ground water sample from a monitoring well near landfill site were tested for an acute toxicity. Microtox toxicity test was used for testing the acute toxicity of leachate and other samples. EC$_{50}$ values which a concentration of pollutant for reducing 50% light output from luminescent bacteria, Photobacterium phosphoreum were determined to assess the toxicity of pollutants as well as the relative toxicity. In addition, characteristics of leachate were studied and compared to those of phenol and pentachlorophenol (PCP) which are typical aquatic toxic pollutants. For leachate, EC$_{50}$ for 30 min incubation was 10.8%, while for phenol and PCP, 46 ppm and 1.2 ppm, respectively. the relative toxicity of treated leachate by in situ aeration with activated sludge was reduced to more than 75% of toxicity of the untreated leachate. Microtox toxicity test was failed to figure out EC$_{50}$ values for groundwater from a monitoring well since the relative toxicity of the unconcentrated sample was too low to estimate EC$_{50}$. Addition of activated carbon to leachate was reduced the relative toxicity. The reduction Pattern of the relative toxicity of leachate by mechanical aeration was similar to that of PCP, but different from that of phenol. These findings suggest that the toxicity of leachate may come from PCP-like toxic compounds rather than phenol-like one. In conclusion, the process of aeration with activated sludge might be very important to reduce the environmental toxicity of leachate. And Microtox test could be a reasonable bioassay for screening and monitoring the environmental toxicity of leachate from municipal solid waste landfill as well as for determining the reduction efficiency of the leachate toxicity by various treatment processes in leachate treatment plant.

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Relative Risk Ratio of Residents Living Near the Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Site at Some Province in South Korea

  • Lee Jin-Heon;Choi Jin-Ha
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.240-248
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    • 2006
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the symptoms, diseases and deaths of residents living near the municipal solid waste landfill site, and to compare the relative risk ratio of their adverse health effects with control group. In self-evaluation, the scores were especially severe lowest in residents of v2 and v3 villages(which were located about 500 m toward under the landfill site) such as 32.2 and 16.7 for village-environment, 24.8 and 16.0 for management of landfill site, and 23.5 and 16.5 for confidence of environmental policy, respectively. On symptoms, relative risk ratios were also highest as 3.53 and 3.55 for breathing difficulty, and 3.36 and 3.00 for respiratory symptom in v2 and v3 villages, respectively. On morbidity, they were slightly high as much as 1.39 and 1.24 in v5 and v2 villages, respectively. On mortality, relative risk ratios were $1.15{\sim}2.46$ in experimental villages. They were especially high as much as 2.46 in v3 village where located near under the landfill site, and also 2.14 in v5 village where located at area affected with the landfill site, but near the sea. The rate of cancer causing death was average 35.2% of total deaths. It was very highest as much as 61.1 % in v2 village, where was closely located near under the landfill site. Cancers causing death in this village were lung cancer(3 cases), larynx cancer(2 cases), stomach cancer(2 cases), pancreatic cancer(1 case), thryoid cancer(1 case), leukemia(1 case) and other(1 case). Our data, although based on limited number of cases and geographical coverage, suggest that residents living near landfill site have the increasing relative risks of various symptoms and mortality causing cancer. No causal mechanisms are available to explain these findings. But the possibility of a causal association between the increased adverse health effects and the municipal solid waste landfill site cannot be fully excluded.

The Characteristics of Mercury Emission from Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Incinerator Stack (폐기물 소각시설 배가스에서의 수은 배출특성)

  • Lee Han-Kook
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.378-387
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried to investigate the emission characteristics of mercury from domestic and industrial MSW (municipal solid waste) incinerator stacks. The mercury concentration levels of flue gas from 32 MSW incinerators stacks selected were above the criteria level ($5{\mu}g/S\;m^3$). MSWI facilities exceeding the criteria levels in Korea are due to the poor units comparison of combustion chamber(CC)-cyclone(CY)-stack. So, the mercury from MSW incinerators stack were suspected to contaminate the natural system unless the MSW incinerators were properly controlled. Mean-while, the relationship between mercury concentration and temperature of flue gas in MSW incinerator stacks were examined at two temperature ranges (Group A : $29.85{\sim}327.63^{\circ}C$, Group B : $446.9{\sim}848.15^{\circ}C$). The mercury concentration in flue gas with high temperature range was higher than that of flue gas with low temperature rage. This mean that the temperature of flue gas plays an important role in mercury control in MSW incinerator. The emission characteristics oi mercury was also evaluated by using the correlation matrix between the mercury and NOx, $PM_{10}$, moisture (MO.) at both low temperature and high temperature flue gas ranges. The mercury concentration was mainly affected by NOx, $PM_{10}$. moisture (MO.) at low temperature range, while the mercury concentration at high temperature flue gas was mainly affected by NOx, moisture (MO.). From these results, it was suggested that the temperature of cooling system and the air pollution control device should be properly regulated in order to control mercury of flue gas in MSWI incinerator.

Performance Degradation of Cement Composite Containing Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator Ash by Unburned Fabric (미연소 섬유분에 의한 도시 쓰레기 소각재 혼입 시멘트 복합재료의 성능감소)

  • Kim, Hyeong-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.3-11
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    • 2015
  • The negative effects of unburned fabric in municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) ash on the performances of cement composite were investigated. The chemical and physical characteristics of MSWI ash powder containing high volume of unburned fabric were analyzed. The workability and compressive strength of mortar-type cement composites with the ash powder were evaluated. The workability of the cement composites was decreased mainly by unburned fabric in the ash, while the compressive strength was decreased by MSWI ash itself. From the experimental results, the critical limits for both MSWI ash and their powder containing unburned fabric in the cement composites should be limited from standpoint of the workability of the composite.

The Feasibility of Co-Incineration for Municipal Solid Waste and Sewage Sludge through the Change of Heat Loading and Atmospheric Pollutants Loading (하수슬러지와 생활폐기물 혼합소각시 열부하 변화 및 대기오염물질 부하 변화를 통한 혼합소각 가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Jae-Beom;Kim, Woo-Gu;Yeon, Kyeong-Ho;Shin, Jung-Hun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.34 no.9
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    • pp.583-589
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    • 2012
  • The various promotion countermeasures such as solidification, carbonization, and the creation of cement materials have been considered to existing treatment methods such as incineration and the creation of composts, since direct landfill was prohibited for encouraging the recycling based on the sludge treatment on land. The Main objective of this study is to investigate the feasibility of co-incineration for MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) and SS (Sewage Sludge) through the change of heat and atmospheric pollutants. In this study, LHV (Low Heating Value) is 100~300 kcal/kg because the MC (Moisture Content) of de-hydrated sewage sludge is approximately 80%. From the results, we knew the feasibility of co-incineration for MSW (80%) and SS (20%). As the co-incineration rate of SS up to 20% became higher, the loading of heat and atmospheric pollutants was not influenced.