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Comparison of Intramuscular Lipid Oxidation in Porcine Muscle (근섬유간 지질의 산패에 관한 비교연구)

  • Yang, Ryung;Lee, Hyeong-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 1991
  • Intramuscular lipid of longissimus dorsi muscle(white muscle), soleus muscle(red muscle) and cardiac muscle were autooxidized at $37^{\circ}C$ for 20 days, and the rancidity development and the effect of various factors on rancidity development were compared. Although the myoglobin content of red muscle was about 5 times as high as that of white muscle, the degree of autooxidation occurred in intramuscular lipid did not differ between red muscle and white muscle, when they had the same lipid content. Accordingly, it was suggested that the susceptibility of muscle tissues to lipid oxidation depends mainly on the lipid content of muscle tissue, regardless of muscle types. Lipid oxidation was not a major quality deterioration for dried-pork product, when it contained adequate amount of sodium nitrite and was air-tight vacuum-packed.

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Study on Hand Greater Yang Skin from the Viewpoint of Human Anatomy

  • Park, Kyoung-Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.121-125
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study was carried out to analyse Hand Greater Yang Skin in human. Methods: Hand Greater Yang meridian was labeled with latex in the body surface of the cadaver. And subsequently body among superficial fascia and muscular layer were dissected in order to observe internal structures. Results : A depth of Skin encompasses a common integument and a immediately below superficial fascia, this study established Skin boundary with adjacent structures such as relative muscle, tendon as compass. The Skin area of the Hand Greater Yang in human are as follows: The skin close to 0.1chon ulnad of $5^{th}$ nail angle, ulnad base of $5^{th}$ phalanx, ulnad head of $5^{th}$ metacapus(relevant muscle: abductor digiti minimi muscle), ulnad of hamate, tip of ulnar styloid process(extensor carpi ulnaris tendon), radiad of ulnar styloid process, 2cm below midpoint between Sohae and Yanggok(extensor carpi ulnaris), between medial epicondyle of humerus and olecranon of ulnar(ulnar nerve), The skin close to deltoid muscle, trapezius muscle, platysma muscle, inner muscles such as teres major muscle, infraspinatus muscle, supraspinatus muscle, levator scapulae muscle, splenius cervicis muscle, splenius capitis muscle, sternocleidomastoid muscle, digastric muscle, stylohyoid muscle, zygomaticus major muscle, auricularis anterior muscle. Conclusions: The Skin area of the Hand Greater Yang from the anatomical viewpoint seems to be the skin area outside the superficial fascia or muscles involved in the pathway of Hand Greater Yang meridian, collateral meridian, meridian muscle, with the condition that we consider adjacent skins.

The study of muscular system about Large Intestine Channel of Hand Yangmyung Muscle. (수양명대장경근(手陽明大腸經筋)에 대(對)한 근육학적(筋肉學的) 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Tae-Young;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 2008
  • We have conclusions after the study of muscular system about large intestine channel of hand yangmyung muscle. 1. Judging from many studies of interrelation between Meridian muscle and muscle. it is considered that Meridian muscle theory has some similarities with modern anatomical muscular system. 2. There is a wide defference betwean myofacial pain syndrome and meridian muscle theory in that the former explains each muscle individually, while the latter classifies muscles systematically in the view of organism. 3. It is considered that large intestine channel of hand yangmyung muscle contains extensor digitorum muscle, extensor muscle of index finger, brachioradialis muscle, triceps brachii muscle, Rhomboid major muscle, trapezius muscle, sternocleidomastoid muscle and muscle levator labii. 4. The symptoms of large intestine channel of hand yangmyung muscle is similar to referred pain of modern Myofacial pain syndrome, and the medical treatment of "I-Tong-Wi-Su" is similar to that of Myofacial pain syndrome.

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Comparison of Intramuscular Fat Composition of Red Muscle and White Muscle (Red Muscle과 White Muscle의 근섬유간 지방질의 조성 비교)

  • Yang, Ryung;Kim, Kee-Tae;Shin, Wan-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.505-510
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    • 1989
  • Red muscle and white muscle were separated from bovine, porcine and poultry skeletal muscles, respectively. Intramuscular lipids were extracted and fractionated to neutral-, glyco- and phospho-lipid by silica gel chromagraphy and then fatty acid composition were analyzed with gas chromatography. The results obtained were as follows; Total lipid content of red muscle was higher than that of white muscle in case of beef and chicken. In pork, however, total lipid content of white muscle was higher than red muscle The content ratio of neutral lipid to phospholipid revealed a number of distinctions between red and white muscle among animals. There were noteworthy differences in respect of polyunsaturated fatty acid. The intramuscular fat of pork had the higher content of highly polyunsaturated fatty acid such as arachidonic acid in contrast to beef.

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EMG Analysis of Swallow Motion in Rings (링 Swallow 동작의 E.M.G 분석)

  • Park, Kwang-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2004
  • The objective of the study is to analyze the myoelectrical activity involved in performing the Swallow movement, a D-level technique, in order to use it as the basic research data in helping train gymnasts in how to perform strength-related techniques. To this end, four national representative athletes who participated in the 2002 Busan Asian Games were selected. The results of the comparison analysis of the individual models are summarized as follows. 1) The results of the E.M.G analysis showed that during the Swallow movement, the myoelectrical activity was detected higher in pectorialis major muscle and bicep brachii muscle than in trapezius muscle and deltoid muscle. 2) The results of the E.M.G analysis showed that during the Swallow movement, the myoelectrical activity was measured high in triceps brachii muscle and palmaris longus muscle, while the myoelectrical activity was recorded low in latissimus dorsi muscle and rectus abdominis muscle. 3) In performing the Swallow in the rings, the mean average (%) was found high in the order of erector spinae, pectorialis major muscle, palmaris longus muscle, triceps brachii muscle, deltoid muscle, latissimus dorsi muscle, and trapezius muscle. All taken together, the athletes showed a difference in the distribution of the muscles during the performance of the Swallow. The muscle that showed a constant distribution among the athletes was pectoralis major muscle, which proves that for a stable performance, it is ideal to increase the myoelectrical activity in pectoralis major muscle.

The Effect of Pelvic Floor Muscle Contraction with Image Feedback on Abdominal Muscle Thickness (영상피드백을 적용한 골반저근 수축이 복부 근 두께에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;Kim, Nan-Soo;Jang, Jun-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.533-539
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    • 2012
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pelvic floor muscle contraction with image feedback on Abdominal muscle thickness. METHODS: Twenty three adults participated in this study. Abdominal muscle thickness was measured by ultrasound in three condition(rest, pelvic floor muscle contraction, pelvic floor muscle contraction with image feedback). Subjects was contraction pelvic floor muscle by general method. And ultrasound(convex probe, 3.5MHz) was used to image feedback for selective pelvic floor muscle contraction. One-way ANOVA was used to compare abdominal muscle thickness in three condition. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in external oblique(p=.514) and internal oblique muscle(p=.250) thickness by three condition. There was significant difference in transverse abdominis thickness by three condition (Transverse abdominis thickness was highest while Pelvic floor muscle contraction than pelvic floor muscle contraction with image feedback and rest.)(p=.000). CONCLUSION: This study shows that pelvic floor muscle contraction with image feedback increase the thickness of transverse abdominis lesser than general pelvic floor muscle contraction.

The study of muscular system about small intestine channel of hand taiyang muscle (수태양소장경근(手太陽小腸經筋)에 대한 근육학적(筋肉學的) 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Ji-Nam;Kim, Young-Il;Hong, Kwon-Eui;Yim, Yun-Kyoung;Lee, Hyun
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.67-81
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    • 2005
  • We have conclusions after the study of muscular system about small intestine channel of hand taiyang muscle. Judging from many studies of interrelation between Meridian muscle and muscle, it is considered that Meridian muscle theory has some similarities with modern anatomical muscular system. It is considered that Small intestine channel of hand taiyang muscle contains Flexor digitorum profundus muscle, Extensor digiti minimi muscle, Abductor digiti minimi muscle, Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle, Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle, Triceps brachii muscle, Infraspinatus muscle, Levator scapulae muscle, Sternocleidomastoid muscle, Masseter muscle, Temporalis muscle. The symptoms of small intestine channel of hand taiyang muscle is similar to referred pain of modern Myofascial Pain Syndrome, and the medical treatment of "I Tong Wi Su(以痛爲輸)" is also similar to that of Myofascial Pain Syndrome. Small intestine channel of hand taiyang muscle is one of the three yang channels of hand muscle, and it has unity in extension of upper limb and trunk in the movement. And it is thought that weakness of small intestine channel of hand taiyang muscle is related with muscular system causing Round Shoulder and Head Forward Position.

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Overview of muscle metabolism, muscle fiber characteristics, and meat quality

  • Choe, Jeehwan
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.50-57
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    • 2018
  • Meat comes from the skeletal muscles of farm animals, such as pigs, chickens, and cows. Skeletal muscles are composed of many muscle fibers. Muscle fibers are categorized into three types, fiber type I, IIA, and IIB, based on their contractile speed and metabolic properties. Different muscle fiber types have different biochemical, physiological, and biophysical characteristics. Especially, the characteristics of muscle fiber type I and IIB are opposite to each other. Muscle fiber type I has a relatively strong oxidative metabolic trait and a higher content of lipids. In contrast to fiber type I, muscle fiber type IIB has a strong glycolytic metabolic trait and a relatively lower content of lipids and a higher content of glycogen. Muscle fiber type IIA has intermediate properties between fiber type I and IIB. Thus, muscles with different fiber type compositions exhibit different ante- and post-mortem muscle characteristics. In particular, the different metabolic traits of muscles due to the different compositions of the fiber types strongly affect the biochemical and physiological processes during the conversion of muscle to meat and subsequently influence the quality of the meat. Therefore, understating muscle metabolism and muscle fiber characteristics is very important when discussing the traits of meat quality. This review is an overview on basic muscle metabolism, muscle fiber characteristics, and their influence on meat quality and finally provides a comprehensive understanding about the fundamental traits of muscles and meat quality.

Comparison of Biochemical Characteristics of Myofibrillar Proteins from Red Muscle and White Muscle (Red muscle과 White muscle의 근원섬유단백질의 특성의 비교)

  • Yang, Ryung;Shin, Wan-Chul;Oh, Doo-Whan;Jhin, Hong-Seung;Kim, Kee-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 1986
  • To investigate on the biochemical characteristics of muscle fiber, myofibrils and actomyosins were prepared front red muscle and white muscle, and their ATPase activities and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic patterns were compared. Also biochemical characteristics of bovine muscle were compared with those of chicken muscle for the detection of species characteristics. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic analysis indicated that red muscle contained nlore 30K component of myofibril than white muscle. Differences in KCI concen-tration dependency of actomyosin ATPase activities and ATPase activity-pH cone were observed, when bovine muscle were compared with chicken muscle.

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The effects of wearing single strap hemisling of hemiplegic patient on lower extremity muscle activity (편마비 환자의 팔걸이 착용이 하지 근활성에 미치는 효과)

  • Chae, Jung-Byung;Jeon, Hye-Ri
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.47-54
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate muscle activity of affected lower extremity by unaffected lower extremity exercise and tried to examine muscle activity of affected lower extremity of hemiplegic patients were caused by stroke according to wearing single strap hemisling or non-wearing. Methods : We measured muscle activity of affected lower extremity when wearing single strap hemisling to affected lower extremity or non-wearing according to unaffected lower extremity used MP 150 Eletromyogram. Results : 1) Muscle activity of gluteus medius muscle was the highest D1 before wearing single strap hemisling. 2) Muscle activity of hamstring muscle was the highest D3 after wearing single strap hemisling. 3) Muscle activity of quadriceps muscle was the highest D5 after wearing single strap hemisling. 4) Muscle activity of tibialis anterior muscle was the highest D1 after wearing single strap hemisling. 5) Muscle activity of soleus muscle was the highest D2 before wearing single strap hemisling. Conclusion : Wearing single strap hemisling of hemiplegic patients had effect on muscle activity of gluteus medius but didn't effect gluteus medius, hamstring, quadriceps, tibialis anterior muscle and soleus muscle.

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