• Title, Summary, Keyword: nanocrystalline

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Effect of Core Morphology on the Decomposition of CCI₄ over the Surface of Core/Shell Structured Fe₂O₃/MgO Composite Metal Oxides

  • 김해진;강진;박동곤;권호진;Kenneth J. Klabunde
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.831-840
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    • 1997
  • Core/shell structured composite metal oxides of Fe2O3/MgO were prepared by thermal decomposition of Fe(acac)3 adsorbed on the surface of MgO cores. The morphology of the composites conformed to that of the MgO used as the cores. Broad powder X-ray diffraction peaks shifted toward larger d, large BET surface area (∼350 m2/g), and the size of crystalline domains in nano range (4 nm), all corroborate to the nanocrystallinity of the Fe2O3/MgO composite which was prepared by using nanocrystalline MgO as the core. By use of microcrystalline MgO as the core, microcrystalline Fe2O3/MgO composite was prepared, and it had small BET surface area of less than 35 m2/g. AFM measurements on nanocrystalline Fe2O3/MgO showed a collection of spherical aggregates (∼80 nm dia) with a very rough surface. On the contrary, microcrystalline Fe2O3/MgO was a collection of plate-like flat crystallites with a smooth surface. The nitrogen adsorption-desorption behavior indicated that microcrystalline Fe2O3/MgO was nonporous, whereas nanocrystalline Fe2O3/MgO was mesoporous. Bimodal distribution of the pore size became unimodal as the layer of Fe2O3 was applied to nanocrystalline MgO. The macropores in a wide distribution which the nanocrystalline MgO had were absent in the nanocrystalline Fe2O3/MgO. The decomposition of CCl4 was largily enhanced by the overlayer of Fe2O3 on nanocrystalline MgO making the reaction between nanocrystalline Fe2O3/MgO and CCl4 be nearly stoichiometric. The reaction products were environmentally benign MgCl2 and CO2. Such an enhancement was not attainable with the microcrystalline samples. Even for the nanocrystalline MgO, the enhancement was not attained, if not with the Fe2O3 layer. Without the layer of Fe2O3, it was observed that the nanocrystalline domain of the MgO transformed into microcrystalline one as the decomposition of CCl4 proceeded on its surface. It appeared that the layer of Fe2O3 on the particles of nanocrystalline Fe2O3/MgO blocked the transformation of the nanocrystalline domain into microcrystalline one. Therefore, in order to attain stoichiometric reaction between CCl4 and Fe2O3/MgO core/shell structured composite metal oxide, the morphology of the core MgO has to be nanocrystalline, and also the nanocrystalline domains has to be sustained until the core was exhausted into MgCl2.

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Bulk Amorphous and/or Nanocrystalline Finemet Alloy Prepared by Super-high-pressure Consolidation

  • Lu, Wei;Yanb, Biao
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.788-789
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    • 2006
  • Microstructure and soft magnetic properties of bulk amorphous and/or nanocrystalline $Fe_{73.5}Cu_1Nb_3Si_{13.5}B_9$ alloys prepared by consolidation at 5.5GPa were investigated. The relative density of the bulk sample 1 (from amorphous powders) was 98.5% and the grain sizes were about 10.6nm. While the relative density and grain sizes of bulk sample 2 (from nanocrystalline powders) are 98% and 20.1nm, respectively. Particularly, the bulk samples exhibited a good combined magnetic property: for Sample1, $M_s=125emu/g$ and $H_c=1.5Oe;$ for Sample2, $M_s=129emu/g$ and $H_c=3.3Oe$. The success of synthesizing the nanocrystalline Fe-based bulk alloys will be encouraging for the future development of bulk nanocrystalline soft magnetic alloys.

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Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Diamond Film by Hot Filament CVD Method (Hot Filament CVD 방법을 이용한 Nanocrystalline Diamond 박막 합성)

  • 강민식;이욱성;백영준;채기웅;임대순
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 2001
  • Hot filament CVD 방법에서 가스압을 증가시키는 방법을 사용하여 nanocrystalline 다이아몬드 막을 합성하였다. 메탄-수소 혼합가스를 사용하고 메탄함량, 유량, 기판온도합성시간은 각각 4%, 100sccm, 110$0^{\circ}C$, 10시간으로 일정하게 유 였다. 합성 변수로서 가스압을 40 Torr에서 300 Torr 구간에서 변화시켰다. High-resolution SEM으로 막 표면의 형상을 관찰하고, TEM, XRD, micro-Raman spectroscopy를 사용하여 합성된 막의 구조 및 특성을 분석하였다. 합성된 다이아몬드 막은 압력이 높아짐에 따라 mocrocrystalline 다이아몬드 막에서 점진적으로 nanocrystalline 다이아몬드 막으로 변화해갔으며, 가스압에 다라 비다이아몬드 상의 량이 증가하였다. 증착속도는 microcrystalline 다이아몬드 막이 형성되는 구간에서는 압력에 따라 1.1~1.3 $\mu\textrm{m}$/h까지 증가하다가 nanocrystalline 다이아모느 막이 형성되는 구간에서는 압력에 따라 감소하였다. 감소하였다.

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Mechanical Behavior of Nanocrystalline Aluminum (I) : Experiments (나노결정 알루미늄의 기계적 거동 (I): 실험)

  • Khan Akhtar S.;Chen Xu;Takacs Laszlo;Suh Yeong Sung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.134-135
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    • 2005
  • The responses of nanocrystalline aluminum powder of different grain sizes, prepared by ball milling and consolidated into bulk specimens by hot pressing, were determined under quasi-static and dynamic compression. The experiments demonstrated that the reduction in grain size resulted in several-fold increase in hardness and strength; the responses of nanocrystalline aluminum was found to be strain-rate dependent.

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Nanocrystalline and Ultrafine Grained Materials by Mechanical Alloying

  • Wang, Erde;Hu, Lianxi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Powder Metallurgy Institute Conference
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    • pp.829-830
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    • 2006
  • Recent research at Harbin Institute of Technology on the synthesis of nanocrystalline and untrafine grained materials by mechanical alloying/milling is reviewed. Examples of the materials include aluminum alloy, copper alloy, magnesium-based hydrogen storage material, and $Nd_2Fe_{14}B/{\alpha}-Fe$ magnetic nanocomposite. Details of the processes of mechanical alloying and consolidation of the mechanically alloyed nanocrystalline powder materials are presented. The microstructure characteristics and properties of the synthesized materials are addressed.

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Analysis for Densification Behavior and Grain Growth of Nanocrystalline Ceramic Powder under High Temperature (나노 세라믹 분말의 고온 치밀화와 결정립 성장의 해석)

  • Kim, Hong-Gee;Kim, Ki-Tae
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.363-368
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    • 2000
  • Densification, grain growth, and phase transformation of nanocrystalline ceramic powder were investigated under pressureless sintering, sinter forging, and hot pressing. A constitutive model for densification of nanocrystalline ceramic powder was proposed and implemented into a finite element program (ABAQUS). A grain growth model was also proposed by including the effect of applied stress on grain growth when phase transformation occurs. Finite element results by using the proposed models well predicted densification behavior, deformation, and grain growth of nanocrystalline titania powder during pressureless sintering, sinter forging, and hot pressing.

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Stability analysis of porous multi-phase nanocrystalline nonlocal beams based on a general higher-order couple-stress beam model

  • Ebrahimi, Farzad;Barati, Mohammad Reza
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.65 no.4
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    • pp.465-476
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    • 2018
  • This article investigates buckling behavior of a multi-phase nanocrystalline nanobeam resting on Winkler-Pasternak foundation in the framework of nonlocal couple stress elasticity and a higher order refined beam model. In this model, the essential measures to describe the real material structure of nanocrystalline nanobeams and the size effects were incorporated. This non-classical nanobeam model contains couple stress effect to capture grains micro-rotations. Moreover, the nonlocal elasticity theory is employed to study the nonlocal and long-range interactions between the particles. The present model can degenerate into the classical model if the nonlocal parameter, and couple stress effects are omitted. Hamilton's principle is employed to derive the governing equations and the related boundary conditions which are solved applying an analytical approach. The buckling loads are compared with those of nonlocal couple stress-based beams. It is showed that buckling loads of a nanocrystalline nanobeam depend on the grain size, grain rotations, porosities, interface, elastic foundation, shear deformation, surface effect, nonlocality and boundary conditions.

Analysis for Densification Behavior and Grain Growth of Nanocrystalline Ceramic Powder under High Temperature (나노 세라믹 분말의 고온 치밀화와 결정립 성장의 해석)

  • 김홍기;김기태
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.2749-2761
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    • 2000
  • Densification, grain growth, and phase transformation of nanocrystalline ceramic powder were investigated under pressureless sintering, sinter forging, and hot pressing. A constitutive model for densification of nanocrystalline ceramic powder was proposed and implemented into a finite element program (ABAQUS). A grain growth model was also proposed by including the effect of applied stress on grain growth when phase transformation occurs. Finite element results by using the proposed models well predicted densification behavior, deformation, and grain growth of nanocrystalline titania powder during pressureless sintering, sinter forging, and hot pressing. Finite element results by using the proposed model also well predicted experimental data in the literature for densification behavior of nanocrystalline zirconia powder during pressureless sintering and sinter forging.