• Title, Summary, Keyword: nanoscale adhesion

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An Experimental Study on the Effect of Surface Roughness on Nanoscale Adhesion (표면 거칠기가 나노 응착력에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Yang Seung Ho
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2005
  • Effect of Surface roughness on nanoscale adhesion was studied experimentally by using colloidal probe technique. Glass micro balls having the radius of $3.3\~17.4{\mu}m$ were glued at the end of AFM cantilevers to prepare colloidal probes. Adhesion force between the colloidal probe and Si-wafer was measured using pull-off force measuring method. Results showed that the measured adhesion forces are not the function of the radius of the glued balls because the ball surfaces are rough. It is also found that roughness parameters such as $R_a,\;R_q\;and\;R_{max}$ do not have important role on nanoscale adhesion. In order to find the effect of surface roughness on nanoscale adhesion, the bearing areas were extracted from the measured topography of glued balls. After normalizing the measured adhesion force with the bearing area, it was found that the normalized adhesion force kept constant as function of the radius of glued ball.

Adhesive and frictional behaviors of Mica between nanoscale and microscale (나노스케일과 마이크로스케일 사이에서 Mica 의 점착 및 마찰 거동)

  • Choi D.H.;Hwang W.B.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1151-1154
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    • 2005
  • The size effects for adhesive and frictional characteristics were studied. The specimen was Mica and the AFM tips were SiO2. The radii of SiO2 tip were 280, 380, 930, and 2230 nm on which tribological tests had never been performed. It was found that the adhesive forces and the frictional coefficients increased non-linearly with tip radius. Compared with previous studies at nanoscale and microscale, the results showed behaviors bridging each previous result. It could be said that these results were clues to explain the material behaviors between nanoscale and microscale both in adhesion and friction.

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Nanoscale Vibro-Contact Analysis of AFM Tip on Polymer Surface (폴리머 표면측정을 위한 AFM 팁의 나노스케일 접촉-진동 해석)

  • Lee, Soo-Il
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.135-140
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    • 2006
  • In tapping mode atomic force microscopy (TM-AFM), the vibro-contact response of a resonating tip is used to measure the nanoscale topology and other properties of a sample surface. However, the nonlinear tipsurface interactions can affect the tip response and destabilize the tapping mode control. Especially it is difficult to obtain a good scanned image of high adhesion surfaces such as polymers and biomolecules using conventional tapping mode control. In this study, theoretical and experimental investigations are made on the nonlinear dynamics and control of TM-AFM. Also we report the surface adhesion is an additional important parameter to determine the control stability of TM-AFM. In addition, we proved that it was adequate to use Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR) contact model to obtain a reasonable tapping response in AFM for the soft and high adhesion samples.

Effect of Improved Surface Wetability and Adhesion of Undulated Diamond-like Carbon Structure with r.f. PE-CVD

  • Jang, Young-Jun;Kim, Seock-Sam
    • KSTLE International Journal
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    • v.9 no.1_2
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 2008
  • This paper investigated the wetting and adhesion property of undulated DLC film with surface morphology controlled for a reduced real area of contact. The undulated DLC Films were prepared by 13.56 MHZ radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (r.f. PECVD) by using nanoscale Cu dots surface on a Si (100) substrate. FE-SEM, AFM analysis showed that the after repeated deposition and plasma induced damage with Ar ions, the surface was nanoscale undulated. This phenomenon changed the surface morphology of DLC surface. Raman spectra of film with changed morphology revealed that the plasma induced damage with Ar ions significantly suppressed the graphitization of DLC structure. Also, it was observed that while the untreated flat DLC surfaces had wetting angle starting ranged from $72^{\circ}$ and adhesion force of 333ni. Had wetting angle the undulated DLC surfaces, which resemble the surface morphology of a cylindrical shape, increased up to $104^{\circ}$ and adhesion force decreased down to 11 nN. The measurements agree with Hertz and JKR models. The surface undulation was affected mainly by several factors: the surface morphology affinity to cylindrical shape, reduction of the real area of contact and air pockets trapped in cylindrical asperities of the surface.

The Effects of AFM Microcantilever Characteristics on the Non-Contact Mode Measurements (AFM 마이크로캔틸레버 특성에 따른 비접촉모드의 영향 고찰)

  • Hong, S.H.;Lee, S.I.;Lee, J.M.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1391-1395
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    • 2006
  • In non-contact mode atomic force microscopy, the response of a resonating tip is used to measure the nanoscale topography and other properties of a sample surface. However, the tip-surface interactions can affect the tip response and destabilize the non-contact mode control. Especially it is difficult to obtain a good scanned image of high adhesion surfaces such as polymers using conventional hard NCHR tip and non-contact mode control. In this study, experimental investigation is made on the non-contact mode imaging and we report the microcantilever having low stiffness (OMCL) is useful to measure the properties of samples such as elasticity. In addition, we proved that it was adequate to use low stiffness microcantilever to obtain a good scanned image in AFM for the soft and high adhesion sample.

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Cell response to a newly developed Ti-10Ta-10Nb alloy and its sputtered nanoscale coating

  • Kim, Young-Min;Vang, Mong-Sook;Yang, Hong-So;Park, Sang-Won;Lim, Hyun-Pil
    • The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.56-61
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    • 2009
  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM. The success of titanium implants is due to osseointegration or the direct contact of the implant surface and bone without a fibrous connective tissue interface. PURPOSE. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the osteoblast precursor response to titanium-10 tantalum-10 niobium(Ti-Ta-Nb) alloy and its sputtered coating. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Ti-Ta-Nb coatings were sputtered onto the Ti-Ta-Nb disks. Ti6-Al-4V alloy disks were used as controls. An osteoblast precursor cell line, were used to evaluate the cell responses to the 3 groups. Cell attachment was measured using coulter counter and the cell morphology during attachment period was observed using fluorescent microscopy. Cell culture was performed at 4, 8, 12 and 16 days. RESULTS. The sputtered Ti-Ta-Nb coatings consisted of dense nanoscale grains in the range of 30 to 100 nm with alpha-Ti crystal structure. The Ti-Ta-Nb disks and its sputtered nanoscale coatings exhibited greater hydrophilicity and rougher surfaces compared to the Ti-6Al-4V disks. The sputtered nanoscale Ti-Ta-Nb coatings exhibited significantly greater cell attachment compared to Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-Ta-Nb disks. Nanoscale Ti-Ta-Nb coatings exhibited significantly greater ALP specific activity and total protein production compared to the other 2 groups CONCLUSIONS. It was concluded that nanoscale Ti-Ta-Nb coatings enhance cell adhesion. In addition, Ti-Ta-Nb alloy and its nanoscale coatings enhanced osteoblast differentiation, but did not support osteoblast precursor proliferation compared to Ti-6Al-4V. These results indicate that the new developed Ti-Ta-Nb alloy and its nanoscale Ti-Ta-Nb coatings may be useful as an implant material.

Vibro-Contact Analysis of AFM Tip on Polymer Surface (폴리머 표면측정을 위한 AFM 팁의 접촉-진동 해석)

  • Hong, Sang-Hyuk;Lee, Soo-Il
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.538-541
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    • 2005
  • In tapping mode atomic force microscopy(TM-AFM). the vibro-contact response of a resonating tip is used to measure the nanoscale topology and other properties of a sample surface. However, the nonlinear tip-surface interact ions can affect the tip response and destabilize the tapping mode control. Especially it is difficult to obtain a good scanned image of high adhesion surfaces such as polymers and biomoleculars using conventional tapping mode control. In this study, theoretical and experimental investigations are made on the nonlinear dynamics and control of TM-AFM. To analyze the complex dynamics and control of the tapping tip, the classical contact models are adopted due to the surface adhesion. Also we report the surface adhesion is an additional important parameter to determine the control stability of TM-AFM. In addition, we prove that it is more adequate to use Johnson-Kendall-Roberts (JKR) contact model to obtain a reasonable tapping response in AFM for the soft and high adhesion samples.

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Frog-inspired programmable nano-architectures for skin patches and medical applications

  • Kim, Da Wan;Baik, Sang Yul;Kim, Jungwoo;Kim, Ji Won;Pang, Changhyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.366-366
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    • 2016
  • Nanoscale observation of attachment systems of animals has revealed various exquisite multiscale architectures for essential functions such as gecko's locomotion, beetles' wing fixation, octopuses' sucking and crawling. In particular, the hierarchical 3-dimensional hexanonal nano-architectures in the tree frog's adhesion is known to have the capability of the enhancement of adhesion forces on the wet or rough surfaces due to the conformal contacts against rough surfaces and water-drainable micro channels. Here, we report that tree frog-inspired patches using unique artificial 3-dimensional hexagonal structures can be exploited to form reversibly enhanced adhesion against various highly curved and rough surfaces in dry and wet condition. To investigate the adhesion effect of micro-channels, we changed the arrangement of microstructure and spacing gaps between micro-channels. In addition, we introduced the 3-dimensional hexagonal hierarchical architectures to artificial patches to enhance to conformal contacts on the various rough surfaces such as skin and organs. Using the robust adhesion properties, we demonstrated the self-drainable and comfortable skin-attachable devices which can measure EKG (electrokardiogramme) for in-vitro diagnostics. As a result, bio-inspired programmable nano-architectures can be applied in versatile devices such as, medical patches, skin-attachable electronics etc., which would shed light on future smart, directional and reversible adhesion systems.

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Enhanced adhesion properties of conductive super-hydrophobic surfaces by using zirco-aluminate coupling agent

  • Park, Myung-Hyun;Ha, Ji-Hwan;Song, Hyeonjun;Bae, Joonwon;Park, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
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    • v.68
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    • pp.387-392
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    • 2018
  • Various technical approaches and concepts have been proposed to develop conductive super-hydrophobic (SH) surfaces. However, most of these approaches are not usable in practical applications because of insufficient adhesion and cost issues. Additionally, durability and uniformity issues are still in need of improvement. The goal of this research is to produce a large-area conductive SH surface with improved adhesion performance and uniformity. To this end, carbon nanotubes (CNT) with a high aspect ratio and elastomeric polymer were utilized as a conductive filler and matrix, respectively, to form a coating layer. Additionally, nanoscale silica particles were utilized for stable implementation of the conductive SH surface. To improve the adhesion properties between the SH coating layer and substrate, pretreatment of the substrate was conducted by utilizing both wet and dry etching processes to create specific organic functional groups on the substrate. Following pretreatment of the surface, a zirco-aluminate coupling agent was utilized to enhance adhesion properties between the substrate and the SH coating layer. Raman spectroscopy revealed that adhesion was greatly improved by the formation of a chemical bond between the substrate and the SH coating layer at an optimal coupling agent concentration. The developed conductive SH coating attained a high electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness, which is advantageous in self-cleaning EMI shielding applications.