• Title, Summary, Keyword: nasal discharge

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Study on the Meaning of Nasal discharge(涕) in Five fluids (오액(五液) 중(中) '체(涕)'의 의미에 대한 고찰)

  • Jang, Heewon;Song, Jichung;Eom, Dongmyung
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The paper raises an objection to the word '涕' being used to refer to nasal discharge, and proposes a word for nasal discharge upon studying a set of medical books. Methods : The author finds and confirms the dictionary definition of '涕' and studies how they are used differently in medical books. Through this study, the author shows how the word '涕' is used incorrectly and makes deductions for its reason. The author takes a look at the old form of the word '涕', its etymological origin, takes a guess as to the real word that should have been used to refer to nasal discharge, and find examples of instances where this correct word for nasal discharge are more appropriate. Results & Conclusions : In medical books such as Huangdineijing Suwen, '涕' is used to mean nasal discharge, but the word's dictionary definition does not validate such usage. Yugunryeombu (劉君廉夫), in its commentary for Somun, used '?' and '鼻夷' for '涕', and '?' means nasal discharge and used as same as '涕' when its used to mean tear. This is a phenomenon that originated from '弟' and '夷' being used interchangeably which led to the incorrect usage of '?'. If someone were to refer to nasal discharge, he needs to use '?'. '鼻夷' is believed to be the same word as '弟鼻', which is the old form of '?', and it means both tear(pronounced 'Che') and nasal discharge(pronounced 'Je'). However, the pronunciation different between 'Che' and 'Je', and its definition as tear, is divided in later periods into '涕' following the shape of '弟'. Following the shape of '夷', the meaning of nasal discharge remains in '?' while retaining the pronunciation of 'yi'. Therefore, the word '涕' used to mean nasal discharge is an incorrect form of '?', and should all be re-written to '?'.

A clinical study on the patients with Rhinitis (비염(鼻炎) 환자(患者)에 관(關)한 임상적(臨床的) 관찰(觀察))

  • Lee, Sung-Yeon;Park, Dong-Ill
    • Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.335-345
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    • 1995
  • The clinical study was done as apreliminary to treat Rhinitis with orinetal medicine. We analysed 73 patients with sneezing, nasal discharge and nasal obstruction, who had visited Kept. of Internal Medicine. Hospital of Oriental Medicine, Dongui University from Jan, 1, 1993 to Dec, 31, 1993. The result swere obtained as follows. 1. In the sex ratio, man was higher than woman as 2.31:1 and in age distribution, below 10s was the top as 30.14% 2. In duration of hestory, over one year was the top as 64.38% 3. The most complained symptoms were nasal discharge and nasal obstruction as 94.52% 4. In the frequency of treatments, the cooler season was more than the warmer season 5. In the treatments of Medi-acupunctrer, most of acupuncture therapy was oden less than 5 times and Seonotanggami was most rsed in presciptions. 6. In the case of applying to Seonotanggami, nasal discharge was the most relieved symptom.

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The Clinical Study of the Parallel Treatment with Laser Therapy and Combined Essential Oil Inhalation on turbid nasal discharge(鼻淵) (반도체 Laser 요법(療法)과 향기요법(香氣療法)을 병행(竝行)한 비연(鼻淵) 치료(治療)의 임상연구(臨床硏究))

  • Chang, Gyu-Tae;Kim, Jang-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Bong
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2004
  • Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the ability of Gagamhyunggaeyungyotang(jiajianjinggailianqiao-tang) and the enhancement of the parallel treatment with laser therapy and combined essential oil inhalation on children's turbid nasal discharge. Methods: This clinical study was carried out with the 35 cases(male 29, female 6) of children aged 4 to 14 years old who visited in the Department of Pediatrics, Dongguk University Bundang Oriental Hospital and were diagnosed as turbid nasal discharge through PNS(Paranasal Sinus) CT(Computer Tomography). To assess the impact of dosage of Gagamhyunggaeyungyo -tang(jiajianjinggailianqiao-tang), it was given in different doses. The effects of treatments are assessed with the condition of illness and PNS CT before and after the therapy. The enhancement of the parallel treatment with laser therapy and combined essential oil Inhalation was also observed same as well. Results: The Use of Gagamhyunggaeyungyo-tang(jiajianjinggailianqiao-tang) has remedied rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, sputum, sore throat, cough, postnasal discharge, headache, attention deficit and anorexia above 50%. The relationship between the dosage and the effectiveness was relative high with 28 children among 35 children. The effectiveness of the parallel treatment was above 50% higher than the herb medication only. Conclusion: The efficacy of Gagamhyunggaeyungyo-tang(Jiajianjinggailianqiao-tang) on children's turbid nasal discharge was raised when the laser therapy and the combined essential oil inhalation was paralleled.

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The study of literature review on acupuncture & moxibustion treatment for allergic rhnitis, nasal diacharge(鼻涕), stuffy nose(鼻塞), and rhinorrlea with turbid discharge(鼻淵) (비구, 비체(鼻涕), 비색(鼻塞), 비연(鼻淵)의 침구치료(鍼灸治療)에 관(關)한 문헌적(文獻的) 고찰(考察))

  • Kim, Young Wah;Lee, Byung Ryul
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.259-272
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    • 2000
  • About the acupuncture & moxibustion therapy of allergic rhnitis, nasal discharge(鼻涕), stuffy nose(鼻塞), and rhinorrlea with turbid discharge(鼻淵), the results are obtained as follows: 1. It appeared that the reasons for allergic rhnitis are the lung's contacting to Wind-Coid(風寒), Damhwa(痰火), and accumulated fever of stomach, the reasons for nasal discharge(鼻涕) is the Cold-Hot of a lung. the reasons for stuffy nose(鼻塞) is the harmonization of the Lung(肺氣), the reasons for the rhinorrlea with turbid discharge(鼻淵) are the heat of the Brain(腦熱), heat of the Gallbladder(膽熱), most probably. 2. When we do a acupuncture & moxibustion therapy for the allergic rhnitis, we used P'ungmun(風門), Shinjong(神庭), mostly. For the nasal diacharge(鼻涕) ; Yonghyang(迎香), P'ungmun(風門), Sangsong(上星) and Sugu(水溝) were the most useful acupuncture point. For the stuffy nose(鼻塞) ; Sangsong(上星), Yonghyang(迎香), Hapkok(合谷), and Sugu(水溝) were used most frequently. For the rhinorrlea with turbid discharge(鼻淵); Sangsong(上星), Hapkok(合谷), Yonghyang(迎香), and P'ungji(風池) were the best acupuncture point. 3. Concerning the frequencies of the acupuncture & moxibustion therapy for these four symptoms, Bladder Meridian(膀胱經) and Governor Vessel Meridian(督脈) were the most useful ones. As to the acupuncture point, Sangsong(上星), Yonghyang(迎香), Sugu(水溝) and Hapkok(合谷) were used most repeatedly.

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A clinical study of periodic limb movements child in sleep (수면시 상하지경련 환아 1례에 대한 증례보고)

  • Han, Jae-Kyung;Kim, Yun-Hee;Yoon, Ji-Yeon
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.143-151
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report periodic limb movements child in sleep. Methods : We report of 5-year-old male patient with periodic limb movements in sleep. The patient suffered from limb movements in sleep, fatigue in the daytime, nasal discharge, nasal obstruction and intermittent cough. We treated him with Kamibojungikki-tang(加味補中益氣湯) and acupuncture Results : After this treatments, the symptoms(limb movements in sleep, fatigue in the daytime, nasal discharge, nasal obstruction, intermittent cough,) are improved. Conclusion : We had good effects in oriental medical treatment on periodic limb movements in sleep. And the more study about this diseases is needed.

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Rhinotomy for Chronic Rhinitis by Nasal Foreign Body in a Dog (비강 내 이물에 의한 만성 비염 치료를 위해 비강절개술 적용 증례)

  • Kim, Ji-Hye;Park, Jin-Uk;Kim, Jong-Min;Park, Seong-Kyu;Son, Jin-Na;Chang, Dong-Woo;Na, Ki-Jeong;Choi, Seok-Hwa;Kim, Gon-Hyung
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.452-456
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    • 2011
  • 5 year-old female Siberian husky which was 27 kg had presented with a recurrent rhinitis with chronic discharge and cough. A nasal foreign material had been suggested by a finding of a bone density ($0.3{\times}0.3$ cm) in the left nasal cavity on X-ray and CT-scanning. Soft tissue opacity in frontal sinus and nasal cavity was increased and foreign material was located beside turbinate bone in the left nasal. We found that there was the increase in the number of eosinophil and mast cell by the nasal cytology test. These results mentioned above indicated that the rhinitis by nasal foreign body was suspicious. We decided that the transfrontal rhinotomy could be the proper procedure to approach the material in this case. After rhinotomy, the foreign body and severe sticky discharge were removed. Drain was placed through the hole and into the frontal sinus and nasal cavity which were flushed two times a day for 7 days. The clinical signs such as cough and nasal discharge were shown to be improved in the every visiting for the re-check. On the $40^{th}$ day after surgery, we could confirm that the most of soft tissue density in the frontal sinus and nasal cavity was decreased by CT-scanning. However, foreign body was not identified by histological examination. For the treatment of chronic rhinitis caused by foreign body, the surgical method such as rhinotomy can be applied, when it is difficult to remove it in the guide of the nasal endoscope.

Intranasal tumor in 27 dogs (개에서 비강내 종양 27 증례)

  • 권영삼;장광호;장인호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.383-386
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    • 2002
  • Intranasal tumors were diagnosed in 21 dogs for 5 years. Sneezing, nasal discharge, nasal bleeding were the most common clinical signs. Diagnosis was performed by blood test, histological examination, radiography, and computed tomography. Among the 27 nasal tumors, adenocarcinornas, squamous cell carcinomas, and chondrosarcomas were relatively common. Breeds with nasal tumor were shetland sheepdog, mongrel, and shiba. The dogs were treated by surgical resection, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, cryosurgery, and radiofrequency ablation. Each therapy alone was not effective, but the combination of two or more therapies had good effects on progression of tumor and made the survival time extended.

Diagnostic Imaging of Nasal Lymphoma in a Cat (고양이에서 비강 림프종의 영상 진단 증례)

  • Jung, Joo-Hyun;Seo, Kyoung-Won;Chang, Jin-Hwa;Bae, Il-Hong;Kim, Dae-Yong;Yoon, Hwa-Young;Yoon, Jung-Hee;Choi, Min-Cheol
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.361-365
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    • 2006
  • A spayed female, 5-year-old, weighing 2.7 kg, domestic short hair cat was referred to Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Seoul National University. The clinical signs of this patient were weight loss, sneezing, respiratory distress, nasal discharge, epistaxis, ocular discharge, left exophthalmos, and left facial edema and deformity. The laboratory tests represented mild leukocytosis. On the skull radiographs, soft tissue density filled nasal cavity with loss of turbinate detail was found. Destructive and lytic changes of the left nasal bone with soft tissue swelling were identified. On the thorax radiographs, there were a tracheobronchial lymph node swelling and a soft tissue round mass in the left caudal lung field. On computed tomographic scan images, asymmetrical destruction of turbinate and nasal septum and increased soft tissue opacity in the nasal cavity were identified. Destruction of the lateral maxillary bone, invasion to the left retrobulbar region, and craniodorsal deviation of the left eye were seen. Also, there was lysis of hard palate and cribriform plate. Invasion to the brain was found. The patient was diagnosed as nasal lymphoma by cytology and histopathology.

Diagnostic Imaging of Nasal Adenocarcinoma in Four Dogs (개에서 비강 샘암종의 영상 진단 증례)

  • Jung, Joo-Hyun;Chang, Jin-Hwa;Oh, Sung-Kyoung;Kim, Kyoung-Min;Lee, Sung-Ok;Lee, Jung-Min;Kim, Hak-Sang;Yoon, Jung-Hee;Choi, Min-Cheol
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 2006
  • Four dogs with similar respiratory signs were referred to Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Seoul National University. The clinical signs observed in these cases were anorexia, nasal discharge, sneezing, epistaxis, ocular discharge, and exophthalmoses. The routine laboratory tests revealed leukocytosis in two cases. On the skull radiographs, soft tissue density filled nasal cavity with loss of turbinate detail and increased density in frontal sinuses were found in all cases. Lysis of nasal bone was seen in two cases. Lysis of zygomatic arch was seen in one case. On computed tomography scan images, asymmetrical destruction of turbinate and nasal septum, and the superimposition of a soft tissue mass over the turbinate with peripheral contrast enhanced effect were identified in all cases. Destruction of ipsilateral orbital bone and invasion to retrobulbar region were visualized in all cases. In addition, all cases had lysis of cribriform plate. Lysis of nasal bone and destruction of hard palate were seen in two cases. Swelling of submandibular lymph node and salivary gland was seen in a case. Invasion to brain was identified in a case. All cases were diagnosed as nasal adenocarcinoma by cytology with fine needle aspiration and curettage.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Diagnosis: Nasal Adenosquamous Cell Carcinoma in a Dog (개 비강종양의 자기공명영상학적 평가 1예)

  • Choi Chi-Bong;Cho Ik-Hyun;Kim Hwi-Yool;Bae Chun-Sik
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.668-672
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    • 2005
  • Nasal tumors have been reported frequently in dogs and nasal discharge has been the primary presenting complaint in nasal tumor patients. A 10-year-old 7 kg male mixed breed dog was presented to the animal hospital for evaluation of severe bloody nasal discharge. After physical examination, blood examination and X-ray examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination was also conducted. Based on MRI nasal tumor which does not extend cranial vault was diagnosed. The nasal tumor was confirmed as adenosquamous cell carcinoma by histopathological examination after necropsy. The invasive characteristics of the neoplasm were documented by MRI. MRI was very valuable diagnostic tool for identifying extracranial and intracranial tumor invasion in a small animal.