• Title, Summary, Keyword: natural antimicrobial

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Antimicrobial Peptides Derived from the Marine Organism(s) and Its Mode of Action (해양 생물 유래의 항균 펩타이드 및 작용 기작)

  • Hwang, Bo-Mi;Lee, June-Young;Lee, Dong-Gun
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2010
  • Recently, marine organisms are emerging as a leading group for identifying and extracting novel bioactive substances. These substances are known to possess a potential regarding not only as a source of pharmaceutical products but also their beneficial effects on humans. Among the substances, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) specifically have attracted considerable interest for possible use in the development of new antibiotics. AMPs are characterized by relatively short cationic peptides containing the ability to adopt a structure in which cationic or hydrophobic amino acids are spatially scattered. Although a few reports address novel marine organisms-derived AMPs, their antimicrobial mechanism(s) are still remain unknown. In this review, we summarized the peptides previously investigated, such as Pleurocidin, Urechistachykinins, Piscidins and Arenicin-1. These peptides exhibited significant antimicrobial activities against human microbial pathogens without remarkable hemolytic effects against human erythrocytes, and their mode of actions are based on permeabilization of the plasma membrane of the pathogen. Therefore, the study of antimicrobial peptides derived from marine organisms may prove to be useful in the design of future therapeutic antimicrobial drugs.

Comparative study on the antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activity of commercially available toothpastes (수종의 상용 세치제들의 향균 및 향염효과 비교연구)

  • Rhyu, In-Chul
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.557-566
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    • 1996
  • It is known that some natural extracts from plants have a various range of antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activity. There are lots of clinical trials to develop toothpastes containing natural extracts for prevention of dental caries and gingival inflammation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activity of magnolol containing toothpastes and other commercial toothpastes. Eleven kinds oftoothpastes were used. They include magnolol, sanguinarine, Myrrha, Mori radicis cortex,Cimicifugae rhizoma, sodium fluoride, aminocaprolactic acid etc. Six strains of bacteria were used for this test, ego Porphylomonas gingivalis, Prevotellain-termedia, Actinobacillus actinomy cetemcomitans, Streptococcus mutans, Stretococcus sanguis, and Actinomyces species. Antimicrobial activity was determined by an agar dillution method and a broth microdillution method. Antiinflammatory activity was assessed by the inhibition of $PGE_2$ production from gingival fibroblast with the addition of rHIL-1 and centrifuged solution of toothpastes. Control group was only rHIL-1 additive sample. $PGE_2$ enzyme immunoassay systemfAmersham, In. Buckinghamshire, U.K). $PGE_2$ level was measured by ELISA reader with 450 nm, The results from the study revealed that toothpastes containing natural extracts generally had high antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activity. Especially magnolol containing toothpaste showed higher antimicrobial activity than other toothpastes, and sanguinarine containing toothpaste showed particularly high antimicrobial activity in A. actinomicetemcomitans and A. viscosus. In some degree all toothpastes inhibited $PGE_2$ production, but magnolol containing toothpaste was potent inhibitor of $PGE_2$. Sodium chloride containing toothpaste had also effective result. The results suggested that toothpastes containing natural extracts were promising in plaque control and prevention of dental caries and gingivitis.

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The Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil from Dracocephalum foetidum against Pathogenic Microorganisms

  • Lee, Saet-Byoul;Cha, Kwang-Hyun;Kim, Su-Nam;Altantsetseg, Shataryn;Shatar, Sanduin;Sarangerel, Oidovsambuu;Nho, Chu-Won
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.53-57
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    • 2007
  • A number of essential oils from Mongolian aromatic plants are claimed to have antimicrobial activities. The essential oil of Dracocephalum foetidum, a popular essential oil used in Mongolian traditional medicine, was examined for its antimicrobial activity. Eight human pathogenic microorganisms including B. subtilis, S. aureus, M. lutens, E. hirae, S. mutans, E. coli, C. albicans, and S. cerevisiae were examined. The essential oil of Dracocephalum foetidum exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against most of the pathogenic bacteria and yeast strains that were tested; by both the agar diffusion method and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assay ($MIC\;range\;was\;26-2592{\mu}g/ml$). Interestingly, Dracocephalum foetidum even showed antimicrobial activity against methicilin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. We also analyzed the chemical composition of the oil by GC-MS and identified several major components, including n-Mentha-1,8-dien-10-al, limonene, geranial, and neral.

A Study on the Pharmaceutical & Chemical Characteristics and Analysis of Natural Curcumin Extract (천연 강황 추출물의 약리, 화학적 특성 및 분석)

  • Sung, Ki-Chun
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.393-401
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    • 2011
  • Natural Curcumin belongs to Zingiber Officinale Roscoe was known to possess natural odor, natural taste, natural color, and other pharmaceutical & chemical characteristics. Natural Curcumin extract was made to use ethanol as a solvent was to show a yellow color having state of solid powder and an active component. Natural Curcumin extract tested pharmaceutical & chemical experiment to dilute in curcumin 1%-water solution. Curcumin extract tested antimicrobial experiment using microbe, and tested dye experiment using fiber. Some conclusions in the result of characteristics experiment was obtained as follow. The result of antimicrobial experiment showed that the growth of staphylococcus aureus (ATCC-001) and aspergillus niger (ATCC-002) as microbes decreased according to passage of time. This phenomenon could know that Curcumin compoment showed influence to antimicrobial effect. Also, the result of dye experiment showed that cotton and sick with fiber dyeing dyed in direction of dark yellow color. This phenomenon could know that Curcumin extract showed influence to dyeing effect in observation of optical electron microscope(OEM.) The result of instrument analysis ascertained inorganic components of K(53.300ppm), Na(1.150ppm), Ca(0.711ppm), Ti(0.351ppm), Li(0.256ppm), Cu(0.233ppm) etcs from Curcumin component with ICP/OES, and ascertained organic components of propanoic acid(1.859), benzene(10.814), phenol(14.194) etcs from Curcumin component with GC/MSD.

Antimicrobial Effect of Furaneol Against Human Pathogenic Bacteria and Fungi

  • Sung Woo-Sang;Jung Hyun-Jun;Lee In-Seon;Kim Hyun-Soo;Lee Dong-Gun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 2006
  • Furaneol, a key aroma compound found in strawberry, pineapple, and processed foodstuffs, has been known to possess various biological activities on animal models. In this study, the antimicrobial effects of furaneol against human pathogenic microorganisms were investigated. The results indicated that furaneol displayed a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi without hemolytic activity on human erythrocyte cells. To confirm the antifungal activity of furaneol, we examined the accumulation of intracellular trehalose as a stress response marker on toxic agents and its effect on dimorphic transition of Candida albicans. The results demonstrated that furaneol induced significant accumulation of intracellular trehalose and exerted its antifungal effect by disrupting serum-induced mycelial forms. These results suggest that furaneol could be a therapeutic agent having a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity on human pathogenic microorganisms.

Antimicrobial Activity of Extracted by Supercritical Fluid from Origanum vulgare, Cinnamomum cassia, Chamaecyparis obtusa and Scutellariae baicalensis (오레가노, 육계, 편백 및 황금의 초임계 유체 추출물의 항균 활성)

  • Kim, Woo-Jin;Cho, Jun-Young;Choi, Chang-Suk;Yoon, Gee-Sun;Lee, Won-Kyu;Ryu, Yeon-Woo
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2008
  • The variety of functional plants has an attention for new natural food preservation and natural antiseptic development. The extracts from functional plants with various methods (ethanol extraction, hot water extraction and supercritical fluid extraction) tested antimicrobial activity against 10 strains including the pathogenic and food poisoning bacteria, the yeast and fungi. The antimicrobial activities of supercritical fluid extracts were shown higher than ethanol extract and hot water extract when tested with disc-diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). Antimicrobial activity of supercritical fluid extract was two times higher than ethanol extract in Cinnaonomum cassia. In addition, the supercritical fluid extractions of Chamaecyparis obtuas and the C. cassia showed the higher yield than Origanum vulgare and Scutellariae baicalensis. The supercritical fluid extract of C. cassia showed an antimicrobial activity against all strains tested. The supercritical fluid extract of S. baicalensis showed strong antimicrobial activity on Listeria monocytogenes. Supercritical fluid extraction of O. vulgare and C. obtuas showed strong antimicrobial activity on Salmonella typhimuriium. In MIC test, C. obtuas was shown the best natural material for the preparation of natural antimicrobial agent by supercritical fluid extraction. In conclusion, these results suggest that supercritical fluid extraction technique was effective to obtain functional ingredient with higher antimicrobial activity in the development of new antimicrobial reagent from natural materials.

Antimicrobial Peptides as Natural Antibiotic Materials (새로운 천연 항생물질로서의 항균 펩타이드)

  • Cha, Yeon-Kyung;Kim, Young-Soo;Choi, Yoo-Seong
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2012
  • Antimicrobial peptides are widely used in various organisms as a defense system against infection. The peptides are lethal towards bacteria and fungi, however have minimal toxicity in mammalian and plant cells. In this aspect, it is considered that antimicrobial peptides are new alternative materials for defensing against microbial infection. Here, we describe overall characteristics of antimicrobial peptides based on the mechanism of action, classification of the peptides, report detection/screening methods and chemical/biological production. It is expected that understanding of innate immune system based on antimicrobial peptides tends to develop novel natural antimicrobial agents, which might be applied for defensing pathogenic microorganisms resistant to conventional antibiotics.

Antimicrobial Activity and Safety Test of Natural extract including Phellodendro namurense, Eucommia ulmides Oliv extracts (황벽나무, 두충나무 추출물 등을 포함한 천연 추출물의 항균력 및 안전성)

  • Noh, Daeyoung;Joe, Suehyeon;Yang, Hyunguk;Han, Donggyun;Kim, Jinhong;Kim, Donguk
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.762-766
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    • 2016
  • In this study, natural extract including Phellodendro namurense, Eucommia ulmides Oliv and Prunus padus were tested for antimicrobial activity and safety. Antimicrobial activity was measured by using opportunistic microbes such as Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans. As safety test, cell viability test, single dose oral toxicity test, single dose inhalation toxicity test, repeat dose inhalation toxicity test and eye irritation test were done. From antimicrobial test, natural extract showed execellent antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans, Escherichia coli. From 5 kinds of safety tests, toxicity was not observed. From experimental results, natural extract including Phellodendro namurense, Eucommia ulmides Oliv and Prunus padus showed superb safety and antimicrobial effect.

Synergistic Antimicrobial Effect of Lonicera japonica and Magnolia obovata Extracts and Potential as a Plant-Derived Natural Preservative

  • Lee, Ye Seul;Lee, Yun Ju;Park, Soo Nam
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.1814-1822
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    • 2018
  • Most people use cosmetics to protect their skin. Preservatives are often used to prevent their contamination upon use. There has been a great demand for natural preservatives due to recent reports on the side effects of parabens. Therefore, we evaluated the antimicrobial activities of Lonicera japonica and Magnolia obovata extracts and determined their potential as natural preservatives. We found that the 50% ethanol extract from L. japonica had antibacterial activity only against S. aureus and P. aeruginosa, while the ethyl acetate fraction showed antimicrobial activity against all six microbial strains tested. On the other hand, the 70% ethanol extract and the ethyl acetate fraction from M. obovata showed antimicrobial activity against all six strains. A synergistic effect against S. aureus, B. subtilis, and C. albicans was confirmed when two ethyl acetate fractions having antimicrobial activity against all six strains were used in combination. Synergistic activity against B. subtilis was also confirmed through kill-time analysis. High-performance liquid chromatography was performed to identify the components of each extract. Based on the minimum inhibitory concentration and the results of a disc diffusion assay, we confirmed that caffeic acid and luteolin influenced the antimicrobial activity of L. japonica and that the antimicrobial activity of M. obovata was influenced by the interaction of magnolol and honokiol with other components. Therefore, this study suggests that the combination of L. japonica and M. obovata extracts may be used as a plant-derived natural preservative.