• Title, Summary, Keyword: natural antimicrobial

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Evaluation of Natural Oils in Antimicrobial Activity and Rodent Repellent Effectiveness (천연오일의 항균 및 설치류 기피제 활성 평가)

  • Park, Sung Jin;Yu, Mi Hee;Lee, Eun Ji;Jang, Soon Ho;Lee, In Seon;Kim, Bae Hwan;Lee, Sam Pin
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.637-642
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to evaluate the rodent repellency and antimicrobial activity of natural oils. Thirteen natural essential oils were evaluated for repellent efficacy against rodent feed intake suppression activity. Salvia sclarea (sage), Cinnamomum zeylanicum (cinnamon) Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass), and Syzygium aromaticum (clove) showed the best repellent efficacy among tested natural oils. Antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative (four strains) and Gram-positive (four strains) bacteria were evaluated using four natural oils, which showed high efficacy on the rodent repellent test. Syzygium aromaticum showed antimicrobial activity against all tested bacteria and Cymbopogon citratus, Cinnamonum zeylanicum, and Salvia sclarea showed antimicrobial activity against some tested bacteria.

Screening of Antimicrobial Activity of the Dandelion (Taraxacum platycarpum) Extract (민들레(Taraxacum platycarpum) 추출물의 항균성검색)

  • 김건희;전희정;한영실
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.114-118
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    • 1998
  • In ordo. to develop the natural food preservative agent, freeze dried dandelion (Taraxcum platycarpum) was extracted with several solvents, and antimicrobial activity was investigated. The methanol extract obtained from the dandelion exhibited antimicrobial properties against five strains such as Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. The methanol extract at the concentration of 2000 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml completely inhibited the growth of B. subtilis, E. coli, L. monocytogenes and V. parahaemolyticus. Antimicrobial activity of the ethylacetate fraction from the methanol extract of dandelion was the strongest fraction compare to those the other solvent fractions such as n-hexane, chloroform, n-butanol and water. The ethylacetate fraction showed the inhibitory effect at the concentration of 0.5 mg/disc on the growth of the food spoilage microorganisms.

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Antimicrobial activity of extracts from medicinal herbs against Escherichia coli (Escherichia coli에 대한 한약재추출물의 항균활성)

  • Cho, Jae-yong;Choi, Il;Hwang, Eui-kyung
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.625-631
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    • 2003
  • The extracts from 40 different traditional medicinal herbs were used to investigate the antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli. Among them, the extracts from Paeonia suffruticosa (PS), Siegesbeckia orientalis (SO), Schizandra chinensis (SC), Caesalpinia sappan (CS) and Rhus javanica (RJ) exhibited high antimicrobial activities against E. coli, Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of the RJ extract against E. coli were 0.8 mg/ml. After heating treatment of these extracts, the antimicrobial activities against E. coli were significantly reduced in case of the CS extract. After alkaline or acid treatment of these extracts, the antimicrobial activities against E. coli were significantly increased in the PS extract but reduced in both SO and RJ extract. Since extracts from RJ and CS exhibited the highest antimicrobial activities, bacterial growth-inhibiting activities against E. coli by these two extracts were further examined. Optical density at 620 nm after 24 hours incubation of E. coli in the presence of 100, 300 or 500 ppm of RJ extract ranged from 0.1 to 0.2 compared to 0.35~0.65 in the absence of RJ extract, indicating that growth of E. coli was significantly inhibited within 24 hours by the addition of at least 100 ppm of RJ extract. Optical density at 620 nm after 24 hours incubation of E. coli in the presence of 300 or 500 ppm of CS extract ranged from 0.01 to 0.25 compared to 0.5~0.55 in the absence of CS extract, indicating that growth of E. coli was also significantly inhibited within 24 hours by the addition of at least 300 ppm of CS extract. In conclusion, these findings suggest that extracts from RJ and CS may play important roles for antimicrobial activities against E. coli causing various animal diseases.

Antimicrobial activities of oral bacteria by lichen extracts (지의류 추출물의 구강세균에 대한 항균효과)

  • Kim, Eun-Mi;Cho, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : By investigating antimicrobial activity of natural extracts, identifying its usefulness as antibiotic material to oral bacteria. Methods : Antimicrobial activity tests of 25 natural extracts were implemented on 6 type strains alleged to cause dental caries and 10 clinical strains isolated and identified from dental caries. Results : Among medicinal plants, Coptis japonica, Scutellaria baicalensis, Dictamnus dasycarpus showed antimicrobial activity. Among lichens, 3 methanol extracts and 6 acetone extracts showed antimicrobial activity. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration(MIC) test of Usnea aurantiacoatra KoLRI 004184, an acetone extract of lichen with the highest antimicrobial activity, on 6 type strains involved in dental caries and 10 strains isolated from dental caries resulted as follows; Actinomyces oris 1041 $12{\mu}g/ml$, for Corynebacterium durum 3151 $13{\mu}g/ml$, for Rothia dentocariosa KCTC $3204^T$ $14{\mu}g/ml$, for R. dentocariosa 911 $15{\mu}g/ml$, for R. dentocariosa 1822 $12{\mu}g/ml$, for Lacto-bacillus casei KACC $12413^T$ $12{\mu}g/ml$, for L. acidophilus KACC $12419^T$ $16{\mu}g/ml$, for L. rhamnosus 2421 $15{\mu}g/ml$, for Streptococcus mutans KCTC $3065^T$ $15{\mu}g/ml$, for S. mutans 121 $13{\mu}g/ml$, for Streptococcus oralis 2221 $18{\mu}g/ml$, for S. salivarius KCTC 5512 $14{\mu}g/ml$, for S. salivarius 122 $12{\mu}g/ml$, for S. sanguinis KCTC $3284^T$ $14{\mu}g/ml$, for S. sanguinis 912 $14{\mu}g/ml$, for Neisseria sp. KEM232 $12{\mu}g/ml$. Conclusions : Even a small amount of extract from lichen Usnea aurantiacoatra KoLRI 004184 showed very high level of antimicrobial activation against all 16 bacterial strains involved in dental caries.

Chinoketides A and B, Two New Antimicrobial Polyketides from the Endophytes of Distylium chinense with the "Black-Box" Co-culture Method

  • Lv, Meng-Meng;Tan, Ming-Hui;Lu, Li-Wen;Zhang, Rong-Hua;Guo, Zhi-Yong;Liu, Cheng-Xiong;Yang, Jin;Zou, Kun;Proksch, Peter
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 2018
  • Two new polyketides, chinoketides A and B (1 - 2) with a known compound xylarphthalide A (3), were isolated from the solid medium of the endophytes from the leaves of the relic plant Distylium chinense with the "black-box" co-culture method, and the structures of two new compounds were elucidated by NMR, MS and CD spectra. And the absolute configurations of chinoketides A (1) and B (2) were determined as 2R,3R,8S and 5R,6S by calculating their ECD spectra to compare with the experimental CD spectra. Finally, the antimicrobial activities were evaluated to Erwinia carotovora sub sp. Carotovora (Jones) Bersey et al, and the results showed that compounds 1 - 3 displayed the antimicrobial activities with MIC value at 20.5, 30.4 and $10.2{\mu}g/mL$.

Development of Postharvest Technologies to Preserve High Quality of Greenhouse Horticultural Commodities and their Processed Products -Development of Natural Antimicrobial Agents for preserving Greenhouse Fresh Produce(II) (남부지역 시설원예산물의 저장성 향상 및 가공품 개발에 관한 연구-시설원예산물의 선도유지를 위한 항균소재의 개발을 중심으로(II)-)

  • 조성환;정순경;김영록
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2000
  • To develop natural antimicrobial agents for keeping qualities of postharvested greenhouse produce the antimiocrobial actions of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc. extract , which showed remarkable antimicrobial effects against microorganism causing the postharvest decay of greenhouse produce, were investigate. In the inhibitory experiment of enzymes related to energy production metabolism hexokinase activities decreased to 73% and 68% by treating with Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et.Zucc. extract and Eugenia caryophyllata Thumnberg extract in comparison with control, respectively. Direct visualization of microbial cells by using both transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope showed that microbial cell membrane was destroyed by treating with the dilute extract solution. this change of celluloar membrane permeability could be identified in the experiment that 0-nitrophenyl-${\beta}$-D-galactopyrano-side(ONPG), the artificial substrate of ${\beta}$-galactosidase, was hydrolyzed in the presence of the extract, indicating that the membrane was perturbed. The separation and identification of the most antimicrobialo substances isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb et. Zucc. extract and Eugenia caryophyllata Thunberg extract were carried out by using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry 9GC/MSD), which were identified as eugenol. As a result, the functionality of Polygonum cuspidatum Sieb. et Zucc. extract and Eugenia caryophyllata Thunberg extract as antimicrobial agents for keeping qualities of postharvested greenhouse produce may be recommended.

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Antimicrobial Activities of the Extracts of Vegetable Kimchi Stuff (식물성 김치재료추출물의 항미생물활성)

  • Kim, Seon-Jae;Park, Keun-Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.216-220
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    • 1995
  • In order to investigate the possible use of vegetable kimchi stuff as natural preservatives for kimchi, the methanol extracts of 15 kinds of vegetable kimchi stuff were solvent-fractionated and fractions were tested for antimicrobial activities against Leuconostoc mesenteroids, Pediococcus cerevisiae, Lactobacillus plantarum and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The neutral fractions of the extracts of garlic and leek showed strong antimicrobial activities. The extract of leek showed particularly strong antimicrobial activities against Ped. cerevisiae and L. plantarum that were known to be main microorganism of fermentation and acidification of kimchi. The results suggest the possible use of the leek extract as natural preservatives for kimchi.

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Antimicrobial activity of veratrum alkaloids

  • Han, Yong-Bong;Woo, Won-Sick
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.137-140
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    • 1973
  • Antimicrogbial activity of Veratrum alkaloids against Pityrosporum ovale. Trichopyton mentagrophytes, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were investgated. Of the alkaloids tested, only jervaeratrum alkaloids exhibited antimicrobial activity. The most basic structural requirement for activity of jerveratrum alkaloids is mainly due to the introduction of an oxygen in ring C regardless of the difference in structural types. Glucoside is more active than alkamine, suggesting the assistance in the trasport processes.

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Antimicrobial activity and tumor cell growth inhibition of an Actinomycete isolated from Korean soil (토양에서 분리한 방선균의 항균력 및 암세포주 성장 억제능)

  • Han, Jin-HO;Kim, Seung-Cheol;Chang, Young-Soo;Ryeom, Kon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.389-396
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    • 1993
  • An Actinomycetes strain JB isolated from Mt. Hanla had a strong antimicrobial activity against gram positive bacteria and tumor cell growth inhibition. Especially, it couldn't degrade starch and casein as organic compounds. It was resist on lincomycin and rifampicin. The spore mass of strain JB which was arethrospore was white. DAP of the cell wall was L, L-DAP. Antimicrobial material was heat stable, dissolved in ethyl acetate, and not dissolved in butanol. In the pressnce of 0.1% phenol and 4% sodium chloride, strain JB could grow, but it didn't growth at below $10^{\circ}C$. Strain JB didn't use dextran, sodium acetate and sodium citrate as sole carbon source and L-cystein and L-thereonine as nitrogen source. The filtered broth of strain JB had the antimicrobial activity against gram positive bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 65389) and the growth inhibition of tumor cell line.

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