• Title, Summary, Keyword: necrotic enteritis

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Studies on the necrotic enteritis of chicken in Korea (국내(國內) 닭의 괴사성 장염 발생에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Kyoung-yoon;Jung, Sung-dae;Yeh, Jae-gil;Seo, Il-bok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.593-599
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    • 1994
  • This study was carried out to investigate the necrotic enteritis of chicken in Korea. Epidemiological, pathological and microbiological examination were done on 12 naturally occurred cases of necrotic enteritis of chicken. And the susceptibility of isolated bacteria to antimicrobial agents was also examined. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The Clostridium perfringens infection, necrotic enteritis of chicken, occurred in the chickens mainly raised in floor pens. Necrotic enteritis of chicken was occurred coincidently with coccidiosis and Gumboro disease frequently. And several cases were recurred at 2-3 weeks after recovery. 2. Clinical signs of the infected chickens were depression, decreased appetite, reluctance to move, diarrhea, ruffled feathers and acute death within several hours. 3. The characteristic biochemical properties of isolates were 2-band hemolysis, no motility, positive reaction of reverse CAMP test and the formation of LV precipitate in egg yolk medium. 4. Gross lesions of the infected chickens were distention of intestine with gas, thickened mucosa and formation of thick pseudomembrane in intestine. Livers were friable with yellowish brown color and, in some case, showed demarcated necrotic foci. 5. Histopathological findings of the infected chickens were severe necrosis of the intestinal mucosa and attachment of numerous large bacilli to the mucosal surface of necrotic villi. In liver, necrosis of liver tissue and numerous large bacilli in the necrotic foci were also observed. 6. In susceptibility test to antimicrobial agents, 12 isolates of Clostridium perfringens were highly sensitive to ampicillin, baytril, cephalothin and penicillin.

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Necrotic enteritis in a captive mute swan (Cygnus olor) in the breeding season

  • Lee, Hae Rim;Koo, Bon-Sang;Jeon, Eun-Ok;Han, Moo-Sung;Min, Kyung-Cheol;Lee, Seung Baek;Bae, Yeonji;Kim, Jung-Ho;Mo, In-Pil
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.137-141
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    • 2014
  • A captive mute swan (Cygnus olor) in the brooding period was found dead without any specific signs. On necropsy, the entire digestive tract was severely necrotized with loosely adherent pseudomembranes, and Clostridium perfringens (CP) colonies isolated from the intestinal contents were identified as CP type A by polymerase chain reaction. Microscopically, the intestine and the liver were necrotized and intralesional bacterial clusters were observed. In this case, there were no other mortalities, so the condition of a single bird, in particular, stress from incubation effort, could act as the predisposing factor for necrotic enteritis. In this study, we report a unique case of necrotic enteritis associated with incubation in a captive mute swan.

Rapid identification and toxin type analysis of Clostridium perfringens isolated from healthy or diseased stocks with necrotic enteritis in chichen (닭의 괴사성 장염 및 건강 계군에서 분리한 Clostridium perfringens의 신속동정 및 독소형 분석)

  • Kim, Hong-jib;Kang, Mun-il;Chung, Un-ik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.137-146
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    • 1997
  • About Clostridium perfringens causing clinically necrotic enteritis or isolated from the intestinal contens of healthy chicken, We examined the usefulness of a rapid identification method by gas-liquid chromatography as well as the types of toxins. For this study, there were used 169 chickens including 116 broilers, 27 layers and 26 breeders which collected from 9 healty flock and 21 diseased flock showing necrotic enteritis. Among them, Cl perfringens was isolated from 30 chickens(17.8%) including 7 breeders(26.9%), 5 layers(18.5%) and 18 broilers(15.5%). Isolation of Cl perfringens was mainly from ceca (100%) and followed by small intestines(70.0%) and livers(16.7%), respectively. Average concentration of the pathogen in intestinal contents was $10^{3.8}CFU/g$ in cases occuring necrotic enteritis and on the contrary $10^{3.8}CFU/g$ in healthy cases. All isolates tested showed the same characterstics in biochemical tests compared to those in standard strain. Analysis of gas-liquid chromatography to volatile fatty acids produced by Cl perfringens in PYG broth showed the typical peaks of acetic and butyric acids compatible with the standard chromogram and was confirmed as a effective and reliable tool for rapid identification of the bacteria. Toxin types of 30 strains were mostly classified in A type(26 isolates) and the rest in C type(2 isolates) and unidentifed type(2 isolates). All the isolates were highly susceptible to amphicillin, amoxicillin and cephalothin.

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Necrotic Enteritis Caused by Clostridium perfringens in California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) (바다사자에서 Clostridium perfringens 감염에 의한 괴사성 장염증례 보고)

  • 신남식;권수완;이기환;김양범;최재훈;박주연;유한상;김대용;권오경
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.218-221
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    • 1999
  • A case of enetritis caused by Clostridium perfringens was observed in 4years old, male California sea lion(Zalophus californianus). Clinical signs were included in anorexia, depression, diarrhea and vomitting, and the animal died on 4 days after showing clinical signs. Grossly, bloody contents were presented in the intestine and the intestinal mucosa were congested and dark redcolored, and also there were serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Histopathologically coagulative necrosis destroyed two third of the villus. Clostridium perfringens were isolated from the intestinal contents. Based on the gross and histopathological findings, this case was diagnosed as necrotic enteritis caused by Clostridium perfringens infection.

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Pathological changes on naturally occuring necrotic enteritis in chicken (닭의 괴사성 장염에 대한 병리학적 연구)

  • Kim, Hong-jib;Kang, Mun-il;Chung, Un-ik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 1997
  • From January of 1991 to December of 1992, 42 chickens collected from 21 poultry farms and also diagnosed as necrotic enteritis(NE) was examined clinical signs, gross and histopathological findings. Main clinical signs were characterized by decreased appetite, mild to severe depression, reductance to move, ruffled feathers, greenish to yellow-browinish diarrhea sometimes including blood. As progressed, diseased chickens showed feces mixed with necrotic debris which detached from the intestinal mucosa and mostly resulted in the death. In chronic cases, there were dirty feathers around cloaca due to diarrhea and notably retarded growth. Principle gross lesions were usually confined to the jejunum and ileum, especially toward the lower part of Meckel's diverticulum. The part of small intestine was frequently distended with gas, and also showed mucosal congestion and hemorrhages with varying degrees. Sometimes, the intestinal mucosa was thickened, and also covered with fibronecrotic psuedomembrane. In addition, there were focal necrosis and severely multifocal ulcreation in the mucosa of small intestine. Major histopathological findings included villous necrosis and erosion of the small intestine covering with lots of bacterial colonies, inflammatory cell infiltration in the lamina propria, and dilatation and hyperplasia of crypts. Luminal exudate contained bacterial colonies, fibrin, erythrocytes, and desquamated epithelium. Thirteen(61.9%) out of 21 NE-occurring farms were complicated with intestinal coccidiosis.

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Effect of infectious bursal disease virus infection on pathogenesis of necrotic enteritis in chicken (Infectious bursal disease virus 감염이 닭 괴사성 장염의 병원성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hong-jib;Kang, Mun-il;Chung, Un-ik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.997-1005
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    • 1996
  • For understanding the role of infectious bursal disease virus(IBDV) to the pathogenesis of necrotic enteritis due to Clostridium perfringens(CP), all 15 day-old chickens used were divided as the following groups; A and E group with the feeding of feed contaminated with CP, B group with oral adminstration of IBDV($50{\mu}l/head$, $10^{3.4}EID_{50}$ of $P_4$ strain) and simultaneously feeding of feed contaminated with CP, C group treated with IBDV alone, F group with the feeding of feed contaminated with CP at 3 weeks after oral inoculation of IBDV, D and G group with the feeding of normal feed as controls. In mortality, B group(30%) was not a difference compared to A group(20%)(p>0.05), but in the pathological lesions the former was more severe degree than the latter. The mortality of F group(70%) was a significant difference to those of A, B or E group (20%)(p<0.01). Also, showed much F group more marked lesions than A, B or E group. In the chickens occurred the death during the study, mean concentration of CP was reached at $10^8{\sim}10^9CFU/g$ in the intestinal contents. B group showed higher mortality and more severe pathological changes than A and E group. Consequently, the results in the study were confirmed that the IBDV could be a role as a enhancing factor in pathogenesis of necrotic enteritis due to CP under the field condition.

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Genomic Regions associated with Necrotic Enteritis Resistance in Fayoumi and White Leghorn Chickens

  • Kim, Eui-Soo;Lillehoj, Hyun S.;Sohn, Sea Hwan;Hong, Yeong Ho
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2015
  • In this study, we used two breeds of chicken to identify genomic regions corresponding to necrotic enteritis (NE) resistance. We scanned the genomes of a resistant and susceptible line of Fayoumi and White Leghorn chickens (20 birds/line) using a chicken 60 K Illumina SNP panel. A total of 235 loci with divergently fixed alleles were identified across the genome in both breeds; particularly, several clusters of multiple loci with fixed alleles were found in five narrow regions. Moreover, consensus 15-SNP haplotypes that were shared by the resistant lines of both breeds were identified on chromosomes 3, 7 and 9. Genes responsible for NE resistance were identified in chicken lines selected for resistance and susceptibility. Annotation of the regions spanning clustered divergently fixed regions revealed a set of interesting candidate genes such as phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 5, p101 (PIK3R5) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 1 (ITPR1), which participate in immune response. Consensus haplotypes were found in regions containing possibly relevant genes, such as myostatin and myosin, which play important roles in muscle development. Thus, genome scans of divergent selection in multiple chicken lines and breeds can be used to identify genomic regions associated with NE resistance.

Detection for Toxin Types of Clostridium perfringens Isolates from an Animals (일부 동물에서 분리한 Clostridium perfringens 독소형의 검색)

  • 정희곤
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.22-25
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    • 1998
  • Outbreak patterns were observed in 250 chickens of necrotic enteriris(0.3%) among 81,000, 90 enterotoxemic pigs(9.5%) among 950, and 9 enterotoxemic cattle(13.8%) among 65 in a farms of Gyeonggi, Chungnam, Kwangwon, and Chonnam area from 1993 to 1996. Clostridium perfringens was isolated from 36 strains(14.4%) among 250 chickens of necrotic enteritis, 21 strains(23.3%) among 90 enterotoxemic pigs, and 3 strains(33.3%) among 9 enterotoxemic cattle. Toxin types by the neutralization test were categorized as A-type in 36 strains(100.0%) among 36 chickens of necrotic enteritis, and as A-type in 17 strains(81.0%), as B-type in 2 strains(9.5%) and as C-type in 2 strains(9. 5%) among 21 enterotoxemic pigs, and also 3 strains(100.0%) among 3 enterotoxemic cattle.

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Survey on enteric diseases in chicken (닭의 장염발생 조사)

  • Kim, Hong-jib;Kang, Mun-il;Chung, Un-ik
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.1007-1012
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of the survey was to understand the field situation on the occurrence of enteric diseases in poultry farms in Korea. During the period from January of 1991 to December, 1992, 279(35.8%) out of 779 farms surveyed experienced the cases of enteritis in their chickens. The farms with diarrheal problems consisted of 157(45.1%) of 348 broiler flock, 28(32.6%) of 86 breeder flock, and 94(27.2%) of 345 layer flock. The main diseases causing enteritis were frequently appeared as infectious bursal disease(27.3%), colibacillosis(22.6%), and coccidiosis(8.6%). Necrotic enteritis(NE) in chicken occurred in 21 farms(2.7%) among 779 farms examined. The outbreaks of NE were divided 4.7% in breeders, 4.0% in broilers, and 0.9% in layers, respectively. NE occurred mainly in the age(71.4%) of 20~30 days and the mortality was varying from 1.4% to 10.0% for broilers, 3.0% for layers and 0.8% for breeders. Seasonal prevalence of NE showed the highest as 52.4% in summer and followed by 33.3% in autumn, 9.5% in spring and 4.5% in winter.

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