• Title, Summary, Keyword: nitrite scavenging activity

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Analysis of Biological Activities of Medicinal Mushrooms (약용버섯의 생리활성 분석)

  • Hur, Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.265-269
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    • 2008
  • This study was carried out to observe the antioxidative activity, fibrinolytic activity, nitrite savenging ability and adenosine content of three medicinal mushrooms. Among water and ethanol extract of each mushroom, water extract of Inonotus obliquus (Czech) showed the highest antioxidative activity $(57.1{\mu}g/ml)$, nitrite scavenging ability (52.04%), fibrinolytic activity (86.8%) and adenosin content $(94.3{\mu}g/g)$, whereas nitrite scavenging ability of ethanol extract of Phellinus linteus showed higher than that of water extract. Apart from the above statements, water was effective than ethanol as extracting solvent in general. These results suggest that Inonotus obliquus (Czech) showed higher activities such as antioxidative activity, nitrite scavenging ability, fibrinolytic activity and adenosin content and water was effective as solvent except for nitrite scavenging ability.

Immune Cells Activity, Nitrite Scanvenging and ABTS Radical Scavenging Activities of Codonopsis lanceolata Ethanol Extracts from Districts in Korea

  • Boo, Hee-Ock;Park, Jeong-Hun;Kim, Hong-Gi;Kim, Hag-Hyun;Kwon, Soo-Jeong;Seo, Dong-Yeon;Lee, Moon-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.289-296
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    • 2016
  • This study was executed to evaluate the immune activity, nitrite scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity against extracts of various concentration of ethanol solvent from Codonopsis lanceolata cultured at 6 local regions. The immune responses from both human T and B cell line was significantly enhanced in the cell growth compared to control while the cell growth was influenced at a certain period of culture. The results revealed that the cell growth of both human T and B cell was altered in a time dependent manner. The nitrite scavenging activity of ethanol extracts from various solvent concentration of C. lanceolata were affected by pH. At a pH of 1.2, the nitrite scavenging effect of all of the extracts tested observed higher than that of the other two pH ranges. There was no distinct detection of nitrite scavenging effects of the pH range 6.0. The ABTS radical scavenging activity was progressively increased in a dose-dependent manner, and the activity was the highest in 100% ethanol extract. The result from this investigation suggests that the extract of Codonopsis lanceolata could be an addition to basic medicine for immune modulation and natural food additives.

Evaluation of Antioxidant and Nitrite Scavenging Activity of Seaweed Extracts (해조류 추출물의 항산화 및 nitrite 소거활성 평가)

  • Ahn, Seon-Mi;Hong, Yong-Ki;Kwon, Gi-Seok;Sohn, Ho-Yong
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.576-583
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    • 2011
  • In the course of study for the development of functional food ingredients from seaweeds having useful biological activities, the in-vitro antioxidant and nitrite scavenging activities of the methanol extracts prepared from 35 different seaweeds (17 phaeophyta, 11 rhodophyta and 7 chlorophyta) were determined. At $500\;{\mu}g/ml$ concentration of the methanol extracts, Ecklonia cava, Ecklonia stolonifera, Eisenia bicyclis (Kjellman) Setchell, Ishige foliacea, I. okamurai, Sargassum confusum, S. fulvellum, S. yamade and Zostera marina showed 60% more DPPH and ABTS scavenging activity. The exceptions were found in I. okamurai and Z. marina, which showed 45% and 53% ABTS scavenging activity, respectively. The correlation coefficient between DPPH and ABTS scavenging activities was 0.855, suggesting that the 9 different seaweeds extracts could scavenge anion and cation radicals concurrently. In reducing power, only E.cava, E.stolonifera and E.bicyclis showed above 0.88 ($Abs_{700}$). In a while, in nitrite scavenging activity at $100\;{\mu}g/ml$ concentration of the methanol extracts, 19 different seaweeds extracts including I. foliacea, I. okamurai, S. confusum, S. fulvellum, and S. yamade showed 60% more activity. Calculation of $IC_{50}s$ of DPPH, ABTS and nitrite scavenging activities of 9 different seaweeds extracts further showed that I. foliacea and S. yamade, besides E.cava, E.stolonifera and E.bicyclis, have strong antioxidant and nitrite scavenging activity. These results suggest that the selected 9 different seaweeds could be developed as functional food ingredients and I. foliacea and S. yamade have potential as novel natural sources of antioxidant and nitrite scavenger.

The Screening of Nitrite Scavenging Effect of Marine, Algae and Active Principles of Ecklonia Stolonifera

  • CHOI Jae Sue;LEE Ji Hyeon;JUNG Jee Hyung
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.909-915
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    • 1997
  • The nitrite scavenging effect of methanol extracts of marine algae were evaluated to discover new natural nitrite scavengers. Among the tested seaweeds, Ecklonia stolonifera, an edible brown algae, showed the strongest scavenging effect. The MeOH extract was then sequentially partitioned into $CH_2Cl_2,\;CH_2Cl_2$ insoluble interface, EtOAc, n-BuOH, and $H_2O$ layers. The EtOAc and n-BuOH fraction demonstrated high levels of nitrite-scavenging activity while the $CH_2Cl_2,\;CH_2Cl_2$ insoluble interface, and $H_2O$ fractions were inactive. A column chromatography of the EtOAc fraction through silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 yielded phloroglucinol and a new compound tentatively named phlorotannin A. The nitrite scavenging activity of phloroglucinol $(IC_{50}=3.9{\mu}g/ml)$ was more potent than that of L-ascorbic acid $(IC_{50}=65.0{\mu}g/ml)$. However, phlorotannin A $(IC_{50}=193.2{\mu}g/ml)$ showed only low levels of activity. From the above results, it is possible to suggest that both the MeOH extract and their fractions and isolated phloroglucinol and phlorotannin A obtained from E. stolonifera may be applicable as scavengers of nitrite, which is a precursor for the formation of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds.

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Antioxidant activity and nitrite scavenging ability of each fractions from Phyllostachys bambusoides ethanolic extract

  • Lim, Jin-A;Oh, In-Kyo;Kim, Hyung-Min;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Advances in Traditional Medicine
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of antioxidative activity and nitrite scavenging ability of each fractions from Phyllostachys bambusoides S. et Z. (P. bambusoides) trunk ethanolic extract using reverse-phase flash chromatography. Among the each fractions, fraction 3 $(H_2O\;:\;MeOH\;=\;1:1)$ showed high DPPH free radical scavenging activity (81.33%) at $80\;{\mu}g/mL$ concentrations and strongly inhibited autooxidation of pyrogallol by superoxide dismutase-like activity (45.8 %) at 0.46 mg/mL concentrations compared with different fractions. The fraction 3 was also increased to 76.62% cell viability against hydrogen peroxide-mediated cytotoxicity. Nitrite scavenging ability was the most remarkable under pH 1.2 condition among various pH regions examined and effectively exhibited to 65.6% by treatment of the fraction 3 with a concentration of 0.2 mg/ml. In general, nitrite scavenging ability decreased with higher pH condition. These results suggest that fraction 3 from P. bambusoides ethanolic extract can be used for bioacitve and functional materials.

Comparison of Antioxidant and Nitrite Scavenging Activities of Different Colored Kiwis Cultivated in Korea (국내산 키위의 색상별 항산화능 및 아질산염 소거능 비교)

  • Chung, Hai-Jung;Kim, Cheon-Jei;Choi, Yun-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.220-226
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    • 2015
  • This study was to conducted to investigate the antioxidative activity of 70% ethanol extracts of kiwi of three different colors (gold, green and red) by measuring DPPH, ABTS radical scavenging activity, tyrosinase inhibitory effect, metal chelating effect, reducing power, and nitrite scavenging activity. Total polyphenol contents were: gold kiwi, 3.09 mg GAE/g, green kiwi 2.71 mg GAE/g, and red kiwi 4.59 mg GAE/g, respectively. Red kiwi showed higher antioxdidant activity than gold and green kiwi. DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activity, and nitrite scavenging activity of red kiwi exhibited 94.83, 99.57, and 97.88%, respectively, at a concentration of 20 mg/mL, which were equal to those of ascorbic acid (positive control). Metal chelating effect of red kiwi was superior to that of ascorbic acid. Therefore, the availability of red kiwi will be increased in the field of functional material for food additives and value added products.

Nitrite Scavenging Activity of Bromophenol Congeners from Symphyocladia latiuscula

  • Park Hye Jin;Lee Hee Jung;Jung Hyun Ah;Choi Jae Sue
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.47-49
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    • 2001
  • Nitrite scavenging activity of a methanol extract of Symphyocladia latiuscula was studied. The methanol extract scavenged the nitrite in a dose-dependent manner. The MeOH extract was then sequentially partitioned with n-hexane, $CH_2Cl_2$, EtOAc, n-BuOH and $H_2O$. The scavenging activity of the fractions increased in order of $CH_2Cl_2$, n-hexane, EtOAc, n-BuOH, and $H_2O$. Especially, the activity of the $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction was comparable to that of L-ascorbic acid. Column chromatography of the most active $CH_2Cl_2$ fraction over silica gel yielded three active bromophenol congeners (1-3) which were identified as (2R)-2-(2,3,6-tribromo 4,5-dihydro­xybenzyl) cyclohexanone (1), 2,3,6-tribromo 4,5-dihydroxybenzyl methyl ether (2), and 2,3,6­tribromo 4,5-dihydroxybenzyl alcohol (3) respectively.

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Determination of Nitrite-scavenging Activity of Seaweed (해조류에 의한 아질산염 소거활성 분석-연구노트-)

  • Park, Yeung-Beom
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.8
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    • pp.1293-1296
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    • 2005
  • Nitrite plays an important role in the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamine. In order to effectively inhibit the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamine in food and biological systems, scavenging of residual nitrite is necessary. In screening test of nitrite-scavenging effect of seaweed, The methanol extract from Phaeophyta was more effective than those from Rhodophyta and Chlorophyta. Among the brown algae family, Laminariaceae, A. cribrosum (90.4$\%$) and E. cava (80.1$\%$), E. stolonifera (79.0$\%$) that belong to genus Ecklonia showed marked nitrite-scavenging effect at pH 1.2. Furthermore, these algae showed potent reducing power and radical scavenging activity. The nitrite-scavenging effect was correlated with level of reducing power.

Nitrite Scavenging and Superoxide Dismutase-like Activities of Herbs, Spices and Curries (향신료 및 Curry의 Nitrite 분해와 Superoxide Dismutase 유사활성)

  • Kim, Jin-Hyun;Park, Ki-Moon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.706-712
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    • 2000
  • The superoxide dismutase(SOD)-like activities for 26 kinds of herbs and spices and 10 kinds of instant curry products were determined by measuring their abilites to reduce nitroblue tetrazolium. All samples showed the SOD-like activities. Rosemary, cassia, tarragon, allspice, oregano, bay leaves, basil, marjoram, thyme and star anise had higher activities than $10^5\;unit/g$ and clove had highest activity of $232,143{\pm}19.989\;unit/g$. The SOD-like activities for 10 kinds of instant curry products were in the range of $400{\sim}700\;unit/g$ when measured after heat treatment at $100^{\circ}C$ for 10 min. The water extracts of spices, herbs and curries were obtained by heat treatments of $25^{\circ}C$ for 60 min or $100^{\circ}C$ for 10 min, and their nitrite scavenging activity was measured at different pH conditions(1.2, 4.2 or 6.0). The nitrite scavenging activities were higher at acidic pH. However, the effects were not different from two heat treatments. The water extracts from cassia, bay leaves, allspices, oregano, staranise, rosemary, clove and tarragan had high nitrite scavenging activity(>90%) when they were measured at pH 1.2, and those from clove was highest $(97.58{\pm}0.88%)$. The pure curry used as raw materials for instant curry products had the nitrite scavenging activity in the range of $50{\sim}60%$ at pH 1.2 and the activity was not changed during the aging period$(0{\sim}12weeks)$. The ten brands of instant curry products had the nitrite scavenging activities of $12{\sim}28%$ at pH 1.2

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Antimicrobial Effect, Antioxidant and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Activity of the Extract from Different Parts of Phytolacca americana L.

  • Boo, Hee-Ock;Park, Jeong-Hun;Woo, Sun-Hee;Park, Hyeon-Yong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.60 no.3
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    • pp.366-373
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to clarify the antimicrobial effect, antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibitory activities of the biological composition having the Phytolacca americana, and to enhance the natural materials utilization of foods and cosmetics. The antimicrobial activities of the different parts of P. americana were evaluated using the agar diffusion test. The antimicrobial activity of P. americana was relatively high in Malassezia furfur known as a skin fungi and Vibrio parahaemolyticus compared to Escherichia coli and Staphy-lococcus epidermidis. However, the antimicrobial activity in Vibrio parahaemolyticus did not show at all parts of P. americana. Both the DPPH radical scavenging activity and ABTS radical scavenging activity have been increased with the higher concentration of methanol extract. In particular, leaf extract of P. americana exhibited the highest activity both ABTS radical scavenging activity and DPPH radical scavenging activity. The nitrite scavenging activity was decreased when the pH was changed from pH 1.2 to pH 6.0. The highest nitrite scavenging activity was exhibited from the methanol extract of fruit, followed by root, stem, and leaf at pH 1.2. However, the nitrite scavenging activity at pH of 6.0 was not almost detected. All plant parts of P. americana showed tyrosinase inhibitory activity. The highest activity was found in the stem, and followed by root, leaf, and fruit in order. These tyrosinase inhibitory activity was progressively increased in a concentration-dependent manner. In this experiment on the methanol extracts of different organ from P. americana, we confirmed that the extract of P. americana showed potent tyrosinase inhibitory activity. Taken together, we conjectured that the P. americana had the potent biological activities, therefore this plant having various functional components could be a good material for development into source of natural food additives and cosmetics.