• Title, Summary, Keyword: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

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Inhibition of Thymidylate Synthase by Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

  • Cho, Sung-Woo;Park, Soo-Young;Kim, Tae ue
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.34-37
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    • 1995
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been known as inhibitors of the folate-requiring enzymes. In the present work, we have expanded on these observations and have investigated the inhibitory effects of NSAIDs on Lactobacillus casei thymidylate synthase expressed in E. coli. NSAIDs including sulphasalizine, salicylic acid, indomethacin and mefenamic acid were found to be competitive inhibitors with respect to folate of Lactobacillus casei thymidylate synthase. In contrast, aspirin and the antipyretic-analgesic drugs acetaminophen and antipyrine were weak inhibitors of the enzyme. Structure-activity correlation suggests that an aromatic ring with a side chain containing a carboxylic acid is a requirement for competitive inhibition of the thymidylate synthase. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that the antifolate activity of NSAIDs, and hence cytostatic consequences, are important factors in producing anti-inflammatory activity and aspirin exerts its anti-inflammatory effects after its conversion into salicylic acid, which possesses greater antifolate activity than its parent compound.

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MOLECULAR TARGETS IN SIGNALING PATHWAYS MEDIATING ANTI-TUMOR EFFECTS OF NON-STEROIDAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS (NSAIDs)

  • Hwang, Daniel
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 2001
  • Many epidemiological studies have revealed that the use of aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can reduce the risk of colon cancer. Since the well-documented pharmacological action of aspirin and other NSAIDs is the inhibition of cyclooxygenase [COX, the rate-limiting enzyme in prostaglandin (PG) biosynthesis], it has been inferred that the beneficial effect of NSAIDs may be mediated through the inhibition of PG biosynthesis.(omitted)

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Inhibition of Human Leukocyte Cathepsin G by NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) (NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs)에 의한 사람 중성구 Cathepsin G의 활성도 억제)

  • Bae, Sung-Jun;Ghim, Sa-Youl;Kang, Koo-Il
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.51-54
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    • 1990
  • Human leukocyte cathepsin-Gs are active participant in the active phase of inflammations like rheumatoid arthritis, emphysema and glomerular injury. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used for treatment of these inflammatory diseases. Mechanism of action of NSAIDs for treatment of inflammatory diseases, especially like rheumatoid arthritis, are known as the inhibitors of prostaglandin synthesis. Inhibitions of the activities of human leukocyte cathepsin-Gs by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, however, were not same as the known pharmacological effects (inhibition of cyclooxygenase) of these drugs. Among them, especially, sulindac, salicylate, phenylbutazone, oxyphenbutazone, and salicyluric acid inhibited human leukocyte cathepsin-Gs effectively. $IC_{50}s$ of each drug were 4.3mM, 14.3mM, 6.5mM, 11mM and 15mM respectively. The drugs which have same chemical structure and same degree of inhibition effect on cyclooxygenase showed different degree or no effect on inhibition of cathepsin G. These inhibition effect might be, beside of inhibition of cyclooxygenase in the prostaglandin synthesis pathway, another benefitial antiinflammatory effect of NSAIDs by direct protection against tissue destruction in inflammatory diseases.

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Simultaneous Analysis of Several Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Urine by Gas Chromatograph/Negative Chemical Ionization-Mass Spectrometry (기체 크로마토그래프-질량분석법을 이용한 뇨중 비스테로이드성 소염진통제 (NSAIDs)의 동시 분석법)

  • Myung, Seung-Woon;Park, Joon-Ho;Kim, Myung-Soo;Cho, Hyun-Woo
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.571-576
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    • 1999
  • Screening method for NSAIDs (Hon-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) in urine was developed using GC/NCI-MS. Derivatized six fenamates with pentafluoropropionic anhydride showed high sensitivity in NCI-MS. The conditions of the derivatization reaction and chromatographic conditions were established for screening with a trace analysis. Limit of detection was in the range of 4-25 pg/mL. This method may be used to the equine doping analysis for NSAIDs and forensic analysis.

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Determination of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Human Urine Sample using HPLC/UV and Three Phase Hollow Fiber-Liquid Phase Microextraction (HF-LPME)

  • Cha, Yong Byoung;Myung, Seung-Woon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.11
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    • pp.3444-3450
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    • 2013
  • Three phase hollow fiber-liquid phase microextraction (HF-LPME), which is faster, simpler and uses a more environmentally friendly sample-preparation technique, was developed for the analysis of Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) in human urine. For the effective simultaneous extraction/concentration of NSAIDs by three phase HF-LPME, parameters (such as extraction organic solvent, pH of donor/acceptor phase, stirring speed, salting-out effect, sample temperature, and extraction time) which influence the extraction efficiency were optimized. NSAIDs were extracted and concentrated from 4 mL of aqueous solution at pH 3 (donor phase) into dihexyl ether immobilized in the wall pores of a porous hollow fiber, and then extracted into the acceptor phase at pH 13 located in the lumen of the hollow fiber. After the extraction, 5 ${\mu}L$ of the acceptor phase was directly injected into the HPLC/UV system. Simultaneous chromatographic separation of seven NSAIDs was achieved on an Eclipse XDB-C18 (4.6 mm i.d. ${\times}$ 150 mm length, 5 ${\mu}m$ particle size) column using isocratic elution with 0.1% formic acid and methanol (30:70) at a HPLC-UV/Vis system. Under optimized conditions (extraction solvent, dihexyl ether; $pH_{donor}$, 3; $pH_{acceptor}$, 13; stirring speed, 1500 rpm; NaCl salt, 10%; sample temperature, $60^{\circ}C$; and extraction time, 45 min), enrichment factors (EF) were between 59 and 260. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQ) in the spiked urine matrix were in the concentration range of 5-15 ng/mL and 15-45 ng/mL, respectively. The relative recovery and precision obtained were between 58 and 136% and below 15.7% RSD, respectively. The calibration curve was linear within the range of 0.015-0.96 ng/mL with the square of the correlation coefficient being more than 0.997. The established method can be used to analyse of NSAIDs of low concentration (ng/mL) in urine.

A Case of Urticarial Drug Eruption Assumed to be Caused by non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (비스테로이드성 소염진통제 (NSAIDs) 에 의한 것으로 추정되는 담마진성 약진 치험 1례)

  • Yu, Hyun-Jung;Hong, Seung-Ug
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.256-264
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    • 2007
  • Objective : This study describes a case of urticarial drug eruption assumed to be caused by non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) treated with oriental medicine and acupuncture. Methods : We studied the case of 20-years-old drug eruption patient. The patient complained of urticaria, angioedema, itching and burning sensation after taking NSAIDs. The indications for NSAIDs prescribed were common cold symptom and sore throat. For diagnosis, blood test and urinalysis were done. For treatment, acupuncture and herbal-medicine treatment were applied. Results : The patient of this report were examined for 13 days. The radiological finding was within normal limits. The WBC, neutrophil, lymphocyte and eosinophil level normalized during admission. After 3 days, itching and wheal reaction of whole body disappeared except facial symptom. The angioedema, itching and wheal reaction in the face was almost improved in the 4th day after discharge. Conclusions : We may expect that the oriental medical therapy improves the urticarial drug eruption caused by NSAIDs.

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All about pain pharmacology: what pain physicians should know

  • Kim, Kyung-Hoon;Seo, Hyo-Jung;Abdi, Salahadin;Huh, Billy
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.108-120
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    • 2020
  • From the perspective of the definition of pain, pain can be divided into emotional and sensory components, which originate from potential and actual tissue damage, respectively. The pharmacologic treatment of the emotional pain component includes antianxiety drugs, antidepressants, and antipsychotics. The anti-anxiety drugs have anti-anxious, sedative, and somnolent effects. The antipsychotics are effective in patients with positive symptoms of psychosis. On the other hand, the sensory pain component can be divided into nociceptive and neuropathic pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids are usually applied for somatic and visceral nociceptive pain, respectively; anticonvulsants and antidepressants are administered for the treatment of neuropathic pain with positive and negative symptoms, respectively. The NSAIDs, which inhibit the cyclo-oxygenase pathway, exhibit anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic effects; however, they have a therapeutic ceiling. The adverse reactions (ADRs) of the NSAIDs include gastrointestinal problems, generalized edema, and increased bleeding tendency. The opioids, which bind to the opioid receptors, present an analgesic effect only, without anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, or ceiling effects. The ADRs of the opioids start from itching and nausea/vomiting to cardiovascular and respiratory depression, as well as constipation. The anticonvulsants include carbamazepine, related to sodium channel blockade, and gabapentin and pregabalin, related to calcium blockade. The antidepressants show their analgesic actions mainly through inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin or norepinephrine. Most drugs, except NSAIDs, need an updose titration period. The principle of polypharmacy for analgesia in case of mixed components of pain is increasing therapeutic effects while reducing ADRs, based on the origin of the pain.

Mornitoring of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in livestock products (축산식품 중 비스테로이드성 항염증 약물의 잔류함량 모니터링)

  • Choi, Yoon-Hwa;Kim, Yoen-Joo;Shin, Bang-Woo;Lee, Jung-Hark
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.285-289
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to determine the content of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in meats available on the Korean markets. The analysis was carried out using following conditions; C18 column ($100{\times}2.1$ mm, 1.7 ${\mu}m$), mobile phase composed of DW (containing 0.1% formic acid): acetonitrile (containing 0.1% formic acid), binary pump at a flow rate of 0.3 ml/min and 5 ${\mu}l$ of injection volume, MS/MS detector with ESI positive mode. The calibration range of five NSAIDs showed linearity ($r^2{\geq}0.99$) at concentration range of 3.125~200 ${\mu}g$/kg. The recoveries in fortified muscle more than 78.7~100.3%. The detection limits for meloxicam, ketoprofen, flunixin, carprofen and tolfenamic acid were 3.5, 1.6, 1.7, 9.8 and 4.8 ${\mu}g$/kg, respectively. We also monitored NSAIDs residue in cattle muscle 51 samples. The test results, NSAIDs were all not founded.

Prasaplai: An essential Thai traditional formulation for primary dysmenorrhea treatment

  • Tangyuenyongwatana, Prasan;Gritsanapan, Wandee
    • CELLMED
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.10.1-10.8
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    • 2014
  • Affecting more than half of menstruating women, dysmenorrhea is a cramp which causes abdominal or lower back pain just before or during a menstruation. In western medicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are normally used to treat primary dysmenorrheal symptoms. Despite their rapidity in relieving pain, NSAIDs have many serious side effects on the liver, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract. Thai traditional medicines comprise many preparations for treating dysmenorrhea, especially Prasaplai preparation which has been listed in the Thai traditional common household drug list since 2006. The use of Prasaplai was originated about 100 years ago and is still being used in the present time to treat dysmenorrhea. This review focuses on the history of the preparation, active ingredients, and biological activities especially on cyclooxygenase inhibitor, artifacts occurred in the preparation, quantitative analysis, and clinical trial of Prasaplai formulation.

Anti-inflammatory Activity of Dandelion in Mice (급성염증유발 동물모델에서 포공영(蒲公英)의 염증억제 효과)

  • Hahm, Dae-Hyun;Sur, Bong-Jun;Han, Dong-Oh;Park, Jae-Hyun;Jung, Eun-Tack;Lee, Hye-Jung;Koh, Yoon-Jeoung;Choi, Hee-Don
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.810-814
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    • 2008
  • Most inflammatory disorders are usually treated using anti-inflammatory drugs including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (SAID). Prolonged uses of NSAIDs and SAIDs may frequently cause adverse side-effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, decreased appetite, kidney and liver failure, ulcers, and prolonged bleeding after an injury or surgery. Thus, it is necessarily required to develop a new anti-inflammatory drug with little side-effects. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) possesses the therapeutic abilities to eliminate body heat and toxins and to remove swelling and inflammation. In order to verify the anti-inflammatory activity of dandelion, TPA(12-O-tetra decanoylphorbol-acetate)-induced or croton oil-induced acute edema was developed in the mouse ears, and dandelion extract dissolved in acetone was applied to both sides of inflamed ears. It was found that dandelion could significantly reduce the ear swelling, compared to that of non-treated control. In the case of $20{\mu}{\ell}$ application of $100mg/m{\ell}$ dandelion solution (DA-100), its anti-inflammatory effect was comparable to that of indomethacin, a non - steroidal anti-anflammatory drug. Taken together, it could be concluded that topically applied dandelion extract exhibited its potentials as a new drug candidate with an effective anti-inflammatory activity.