• Title, Summary, Keyword: nuclear magnetic resonance

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Design and Implementation of Portable NMR Probe Magnet

  • Junxia, Gao;Yiming, Zhang;Jiashen, Tian
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.14-22
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    • 2017
  • The NMR's probe consists of the static magnetic field generator (magnetic source) and the RF coil. It is very strict for the homogeneity of the static magnetic field intensity of the magnetic source, so the cost of the magnetic source is more expensive in the entire nuclear magnetic resonance instrument. The magnetic source generally consists of electromagnet, permanent magnet and superconducting magnet. The permanent magnet basically needs not to spend on operation and maintenance and its cost of manufacture is much cheaper than the superconducting magnet. Therefore, the permanent magnet may be the only choice for the static magnetic field device if we want to use the magnetic resonance instrument as an analyzer for production by reducing price. A new probe magnet was developed on the basis of the permanent magnet ring in this paper to provide a technological way for reducing the manufacturing cost, weight and volume of the existing nuclear magnetic resonance instrument (including MRI) probe.

Constructing Overhauser Dynamic Nuclear Polarization-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance System Using Benchtop Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrometer

  • Saun, Seung-Bo;Kim, JiWon;Han, Oc Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2018
  • The Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) technique using Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) procedures is one of the promising techniques that enable overcoming low sensitivity problems in NMR spectroscopy. We constructed an ODNP-NMR system using a commercial benchtop EPR spectrometer. The $^1H$ NMR peak area of water in aqueous solutions of 4-hydroxy-TEMPO was enhanced more than 95 times in the ODNP-NMR experiments. Our signal enhancement results were about 55% of the previously reported result. This could be due to non-uniform microwave power over a sample and unwanted sample heating by microwave. However, this portable ODNP-NMR spectrometer will be eventually useful for site-specific detection with nano-scale spatial resolutions and molecular dynamics studies with significantly improved signal sensitivity.

Thermodynamic and Physical Properties of (NH4)2MnCl4·2H2O by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Relaxation Times

  • Kim, Yoo Young
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.40-45
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    • 2019
  • The phase transition temperatures and thermodynamic properties of $(NH_4)_2MnCl_4{\cdot}2H_2O$ grown by the slow evaporation method were studied using differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. A structural phase transition occurred at temperature $T_{C1}$ (=264 K), whereas the changes at $T_{C2}$ (=460 K) and $T_{C3}$ (=475 K) seemed to be chemical changes caused by thermal decomposition. In addition, the chemical shift and the spin-lattice relaxation time $T_{1{\rho}}$ were investigated using $^1H$ magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR), in order to understand the role of $NH_4{^+}$ and $H_2O$. The rise in $T_{1{\rho}}$ with temperature was related to variations in the symmetry of the surrounding $H_2O$ and $NH_4{^+}$.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of a Layered Organic-Inorganic Hybrid System (C8H17NH3)2SnCl6

  • Lee, Kyu Won;Lee, Cheol Eui
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2004
  • Three successive phase transitions in bis-n-octhylammonium hexachlorostannate, $(n-C_8H_{17}NH_3)_2SnCl_6$, were studied by means of the ^1H nuclear magnetic resonance linewidth and spin-lattice relaxation measurements. Unlike the compounds with longer hydrocarbon chains, the order-disorder and conformational nature were found to coexist in the phase transitions.

Solid State Dynamic Nuclear Polarization of 1H Nuclear Spins at 0.3 T and 4.2 K

  • Shim, Jeong Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.114-118
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    • 2017
  • Here, I report solid state Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (DNP) of $^1H$ nuclear spins at 0.3 T and 4.2 K. The DNP polarizer was developed based on a commercial X-band Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) modified for DNP, in combination with a NMR console and a liquid-Helium cryostat. By detuning magnetic field, DNP spectrum was measured to find the optimal condition. At +3 mT detuned from on-resonance field, $^1H$ NMR signal of 60:40 glycerol/water frozen solution doped with 20 mM perdeuterated-Tempone was amplified 43 times. The $^1H$ spin polarization obtained at 4.2 K is over 3100 times higher than that at 300 K. The width of the DNP spectrum, which is five times broader than ESR spectrum, is inconsistent with solid effect or thermal mixing, and presumably suggests a different DNP mechanism.

Minireview on Nuclear Spin Polarization in Optically-Pumped Diamond Nitrogen Vacancy Centers

  • Jeong, Keunhong
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.114-120
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    • 2016
  • Nitrogen vacancy-centered diamond has recently emerged as a promising material for various applications due to its special optical and magnetic properties. In particular, its applications as a fluorescent biomarker with small toxicity, magnetic field and electric field sensors have been a topic of great interest. Recent review (R. Schirhagl et al 2014) introduced those applications using single NV-center in nanodiamond. In this minireview, I introduce the rapidly emerging DNP (Dynamic Nuclear Polarization) field using optically-pumped NV center in diamonds. Additionally, the possibility of exploiting the optically-pumped NV center for polarization transfer source, which will produce a profound impact on room temperature DNP, will be discussed.

$^{11}B$ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study of Calcium-hexaborides

  • Mean, B.J.;Lee, K.H.;Kang, K.H.;Lee, Moo-Hee;Lee, J.S.;Cho, B.K.
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.80-88
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    • 2003
  • We have performed $^{11}$ B nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements to microscopically investigate an electronic structure of the ferromagnetic state in three different compositions of calcium-hexaboride single crystals. Although the crystal structure of Ca $B_{6}$ is cubic and three NMR lines may be expected for the nuclear spin 3/2 of $_{11}$ B, a larger number of NMR resonance peaks have been observed. The frequency and intensity of those peaks distinctively changes depending on the angle between crystalline axis and magnetic field. Analyzing this behavior, we find that the electric field gradient(EFG) tensor at the boron has its principal axis perpendicular to the six cubic faces with a quadrupole resonance frequency $v_{Q}$ 600 kHz. Even though the magnetization data highlight the ferromagnetic hysteresis, $^{11}$ B NMR linewidth data show no clear microscopic evidence of the ferromagnetic state in three different compositions of Ca $B_{6}$ single crystals.s.

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Use of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Analysis of Fennel Essential Oil

  • AbouZid, Sameh
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.30-34
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    • 2016
  • A simple and rapid method based on proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was developed for determination of trans-anethole content in fennel essential oil. Spectra of pure trans-anethole, of the pure essential oil of fennel, and of the pure oil of fennel with thymol internal standard were recorded. The signal of $H-1^/$ was used for quantification of trans-anethole. This proton signal is well separated in the proton magnetic resonance spectrum of the compound. No reference compound is needed and cheap internal standard was used. The results obtained from spectroscopic analysis were compared with those obtained by gas chromatography. Additionally, the developed method was used for determination of the type of vegetable oil used as a carrier in commercial products, which cannot be quantified as such by gas chromatography. This study demonstrates the application of proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy as a quality control method for estimation of essential oil components.

133Cs Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Relaxation Study of the Phase Transition of Cs2MnCl4·2H2O Single Crystals

  • Heo, Cheol;Lim, Ae-Ran
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetic Resonance Society
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.76-87
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    • 2010
  • The structural phase transition of $Cs_2MnCl_4{\cdot}2H_2O$ single crystals was investigated by determining the $^{133}Cs$ spin-lattice relaxation time $T_1$. The number of resonance lines in the $^{133}Cs$ spectrum changes from seven to one near 375 K, which means that above 375 K the Cs sites are symmetric. Further, the $T_1$ of the $^{133}Cs$ nucleus undergoes a significant change near 375 K, which coincides with the change in the splitting of the $^{133}Cs$ resonance lines. The change in $T_1$ near $T_C$ is related to the loss of $H_2O$, and means that the forms of the octahedra of water molecules surrounding $Cs^+$ are disrupted.