• Title, Summary, Keyword: nutritional composition

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Nutritional Labeling Practices for Processed Foods According to Food Category (식품유형별 시판 가공식품의 영양표시 실태조사)

  • O, Se-In;Kim, Ok-Seon;Jang, Yeong-Ae
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.123-137
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the current nutritional labeling practices in the processed foods industry. Package labels provide consumers with reliable nutritional information, which has been considered a useful aid for food selection and a potent educational tool for nutrition in a daily life. To assess the nutritional composition labeling and nutritional claims on the food package labels in the Korean market, 2,691 processed foods were purchased from a wholesale market in August, 2004, under the food categories specified in the 2004 Food Code. Nutritional composition labels were found on 674 out of the 2,691 processed foods items. The study findings were as follows. Milk and dairy products showed the highest percentage(56.6%) of nutritional composition labeling among the food categories, while 86.2% of processed foods carried inappropriate types of nutrition labels. The title of nutritional composition labeling was ordered according to the nutritional composition presented on the top part of the box. The regulations method which it indicates was 77.8%. The expression unit of the nutritional composition labeling was per 100g(32.8%) or per OOg (29.4%). Of total processed foods, 83(3.1%) offered nutritional claims in their labels. These claims were divided into two ways: nutrient content claims and nutrient comparative claims. The most frequently used term in nutrient content claims was "contained"(67.2%). "More" or "Plus" were frequently used term in nutrient comparative claims(11.2%). Calcium was the most popular among nutrients claimed by processed foods(34.3%).

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Association between Nutrients Intake and Nutritional Status in Young Men

  • Kim, Bo-Young;Cho, Youn-Ok
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 2000
  • The association between nutrient intake and nutritional status was investigated with anthropometric measurements, body composition and blood biochemical indices in 56 healthy young men fed balanced diet for two years. Compared with Korean recommended dietary allowances (Korean RDA), all nutrient intakes were adequate. Height and body weight were significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) positively correlated to the intakes of energy, protein, sodium, potassium vitamin A and vitamin $B_1$. The lean weight was significantly (p < .001 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, protein, sodium, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin B$_1$. niacin and vitamin C. The skinfold thickness of triceps and suprailiac was significantly (p < .01 - p < .05) correlated to the intake of energy, sodium, potassium, but that of thigh was not correlated. The significant correlations neither between nutrient intake and blood biochemical indices nor between nutrient intake and blood pressure were shown. These results suggest that nutritional status as anthropometric indices and body composition is associated with nutrient intake in young healthy adults on balanced diet, however, the nutritional status as blood biochemical indices of active people is neither endangered nor improved in comparison with less active ones.

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Food Composition Database in Korea

  • Chun, Hye-Kyung;Park, Hong-Ju;Lee, Sung-Hyeon
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2004
  • The food composition database is used to evaluate the nutritional value of foods in Korea. It is used as a source for basic data in many fields, not only for the establishment of the National Food Supply Plan but also for nutritional research, to aid in the drafting of the National Food Policy, and in clinical and epidemiological research. The database is also used by institutional and commercial food services and by the food processing industry among others. In 1970, the Rural Development Administration(RDA) published the "Korean Food Composition Table" for the first time and it has since become the established authority on food composition for the entire nation. The latest published food composition table (the 6th edition, published by the National Rural Living Science Institute, KDA) covers 2,337 kinds of foods and consists of two volumes. The National Rural Living Science Institute, the Korea Food and Drug Administration, and the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute have continuously improved production of food composition data in Korea. As consumers have grown more interested in the quality and safety of foods and raw agricultural products, we can expect even further development of food composition data through improvements in quality and increases in quantity. We need to develop more comprehensive food composition data by diversifying the kinds of foods that are included, unifying analytical methods, and increasing the number of nutrients covered. Moreover, food composition data must be modified in other ways to make for a better food composition database for the convenience of users. of users.

A Study of Medicinal Herbs foy Functional Foods Applications -(I) Nutritional Composition and Scopoletin Analysis of Artemisia capillaris- (기능성 식품으로의 활용을 위한 한약자원에 관한 연구 -(I) 한국산 인진쑥의 영양성분 및 유효성분 중 Scopoletin 분석 -)

  • 박성혜;임흥렬;한종현
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.552-560
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    • 2003
  • In this study, Artemisia capillaris, which has been used in oriental medicine and folks remedy, was investigated to characterize the nutritional composition (protein, lipid, ash, fiber, amino acids, fatty acids, Na, K, P, Mg, Ca and Fe) and effective substance (scopoletin). Artemisia capillaris has often been cited in medical literature for its medicinal effects. The Korean Food and Drug Administration allowed Artemisia capillaris as a food stuff and indicated as In-Jin-Sook. From the view point of the subjects who eat In-Jin-Sook products, most of them ingested it for a certain pharmacological efficacy rather than as a beverage or a food. Therefore, we need to develop functional foods using In-Jin-Sook. Artemisia capillaris was superior in protein, crude fiber, amino acid and fatty acid compositions to wild greens according to Korean Nutritional Composition Table. Also scopoletin, blown for blood vessel relaxation and hypotensive effect, was detected at the level of 326.13 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g. These results demonstrated that Artemisia capillaris has both pharmaceutical effects and balanced nutritional contents. Artemisia capillaris has sufficient values to use as a food stuff for functional foods.

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A Study of Nutritional Intakes, Food Preference and Blood Composition in Female College Students with Premenstrual Syndrome (월경전증후군 여대생의 영양소 섭취량 및 식품선호도와 혈액성상 조사)

  • Kim, Ju-Youn;Ahn, Hong-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.565-572
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to investigate nutritional intakes and preference food and blood composition of female college students of premenstrual syndrome. Based on physical measurement test results, both groups showed no noticeable difference and both groups were within the normal range according to body composition analysis. In terms of nutrients consumption, results showed nutritional intakes more than EAR(estimated average requirements) included phosphorus>vitamin $B_6$>vitamin $B_1$, while nutritional intakes less than EAR were vitamin A>vitamin $B_6$>calcium>folic acid. A significant difference was observed for vitamin C intake(p<0.05). The overall mean values of basic blood(WBC, RBC, Hct, and Hb), sex hormone(Estrogen, Progesterone), aldosterone, cortisol, Cu, Zn, and Ca, Mg indices in female college students were within the normal range and there was no significant difference between the PMS group and the Normal group. In conclusion, vitamin C intake of the PMS group showed a level of 84.8% EAR. Therefore vitamin C supplement can be beneficial to relieve the PMS Syndrome.

Growth and Nutritional Composition of Eustigmatophyceae Monodus subterraneus and Nannochloropsis oceanica in Autotrophic and Mixotrophic Culture

  • Jo, Min Jin;Hur, Sung Bum
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 2015
  • Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) produced from marine organisms is widely used in nutraceuticals. Monodus subterraneus and Nannochloropsis oceanica, which are representative freshwater and marine Eustigmatophyceae, respectively, are known to have a high content of protein and lipid, particularly, EPA. In this study, to compare the growth and nutritional composition of M. subterraneus and N. oceanica, they were cultured in autotrophic and mixotrophic conditions with JM and f/2 medium, respectively, at $25^{\circ}C$. In addition, $80{\mu}mol\;photons\;m^{-2}s^{-1}$ with 24-hour and 12-hour light was provided, with the addition of 2% glucose to the medium for the mixotrophic culture. With regard to growth, M. subterraneus showed 10 times higher biomass in a mixotrophic culture than in an autotrophic one. However, no significant difference was observed for N. oceanica between the two culture methods. With respect to nutritional composition, M. subterraneus cultured autotrophically had a higher protein and lipid content, particularly EPA, than that cultured mixotrophically, but no significant difference was found in the two cultures of N. oceanica. Furthermore, M. subterraneus cultured autotrophically with continuous light showed higher nutritional composition, particularly EPA, than N. oceanica. In conclusion, the mass culture of freshwater M. subterraneus is much easier and more economical than marine N. oceanica. In addition, production of EPA will be economically improved if mixotrophic culturing of M. subterraneus is first conducted to maximize the biomass, and then secondary autotrophic culturing is performed.

Development of computer programs for Nutrition Counseling (영양상담을 위한 전산화 프로그램 개발연구)

  • 홍순명
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.275-289
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a computer system with data file and computerized programs for nutrition counseling. In this research, a 16 / XT personal computer (word : COBOL) compatible with IBM-PC/XT was used. Computer system developed for this study was as follows: Data files(food composition list, food exchange list, nutrition management comment, special diet therapy) were used for analysis the nutritional status and the ntrition education comment. (1) Programs for the nutritional status assessment 1) General information a) Name, age, sex, higher, weight, activity, disease and special diet b) Ideal body weight and Obesity assessment(Kaup index and Broca index) c) Rest and athletics status d) Biochemical data comparision with standard 2) Food Intakes 3) Nutrient Intakes a) Comparison of the amounts intaked with the recommended dietary allowances for present weight. b) Comparison of the energy composition rate intaked with the recommended dietary allowances for present weight. b) Comparison of the energy composition rate intaked with the recommended for present weight and ideal weight. c) Nutrient analysis by each meal and snack. 4) Food intakes from each food group and comparison with recommended 5) Special nutrient analysis. (2) Programs for the nutrition education based on nutritional status assessment. 1) Suggestion of number of food exchange group 2) Nutritional assessment and advise comments 3) Nutritional management comments 4) Special diet therapy In the study, the nutritioal status and nutrition education comments are based on individual data from nutrition counseling.

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Component Comparions of the Nutrient Composition of Lentinus Edodes based of Harvest Period (표고버섯의 채취 시기 및 부위별 영양성분 함량 비교)

  • 박홍주;이성현;백오현;조수묵;조용식
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2004
  • Many studies have showen that Letinus edodes have a reducing effects on blood pressure and lipid levels in animals with high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia. But the only cap has been on the market as goods and the stipe has been wasted. The price is very variable and is based on harvest time and the part of the plant currenty, there is not much information about the nutritional composition and bio-fuctional effects of Letinus edodes based on harvest time and part. Some farmers have been selling the powder seasoning by drying and pulverizing Letinus edodes including stipe to develop value added, late harvested Letinus edodes and its stipe these days. This study was conducted to investigate and compare the nutritional composition of Letinus edodes harvested at different times (early: E, late: L) and separated by part (cap: C, stipe: S). The 4 kinds of materials were named as early harvested cap (EC) and stipe (ES), and late harvested cap (LC) and stipe (LS) samples were obtained from Mungyeong City Agricultural Technology & Extension Center. The composition analysis of the nutrients in the 4 materials was conducted by using the AOAC method. The proximate components (moisture, protein, fat, fiber, ash, and carbohydrates), minerals and vitamin content were measured. Nutritional composition of Lentinus edodes did not show any significant difference between early and late harvested mushrooms. Nutritional compositions were different according to part. The results demonstrate that the late harvested stipe can also be used as a quality food material.

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Study of Crataegi Fructus for Medicinal Foods Applications -Nutrition Composition and Scheme for Foods- (Medicinal food로 활용하기 위한 산사(山査)에 관한 연구(1) -활용 형태에 따른 영양학적 특성 및 식품으로의 활용방안 모색-)

  • Chon Jeong-Woo;Park Sung-Jin;Han Jong-Hyun;Park Sung-Hye
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1220-1224
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    • 2005
  • Crataegi Fructus has often been cited in medical literature for its medicinal effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of Crataegi Fructus application as an edible medicinal (nutritional supplement) food resource. In this study, Crataegi Fructus, which has been used in oriental medicine and folks remedy, was investigated to characteristics of nutritional composition(protein, lipid, ash, fiber, free sugar and minerals). The approximate composition of low Crataegi Fructus was crude protein, 0.26%, crude lipid, 0.30% and crude ash, 0.66%. And total dietary fiber 5.60%(insoluble 4.66%, soluble 0.94%), contents of glucose and fructose were 5.02mg% and 6.21 mg%, Nutritional composition of fermented liquid was crude protein 0.24%, crude lipid, 0.03%, crude ash, 0.53% and total dietary fiber, 0.24%. And glucose, fructose contents were 14.77mg% and 7.30mg%. The other hand, nutrition contents in water extract of Crataegi Fructus were significantly lower than low Crataegi fructus and fermented liquid. The above results showed that Crataegi Fructus and fermented liquid have sufficient values to use as a food stuff for medicinal food and nutritional supplement.

Current Trends of Research and Developments of Infant Formula in Korea (국내산 조제분유의 최근 연구 개발 동향)

  • Jeon, Jeong-Wook;Lee, Keon-Won;Kim, Yong-Ki;Yun, Sung-Seob
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2008
  • Human milk contains the nutrients for the growth and the development of the newborn. It contains specific proteins, lipids, and other components designed to be easily digestible and which play important roles in infant nutrition. However, when the lactation is failure or milk secretion is not enough, bovine milk based dried formulations, which is called infant formula, have been widely used for infant feeding. In this study, we investigated protein composition and amino acids profile related to easy digestion; fatty acids composition and LCPUFA(DHA and ARA) related to brain and eye development; synbiotics which take advantage of both probiotics and prebiotics; and colostrum-originated functional micronutrient as major issues in the recent infant formula. Domestic infant formulas, which are based on the research of human and bovine milk rich in functional components for immunity, growth, anti-allergenicity, digestion and brain development, have been developed to be similar to human milk.

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