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Effect of Nutrition Education and Aerobic Exercise Program on Weight Control Program of Middle Aged Abdominal Obese Women (영양교육과 운동프로그램이 중년복부비만여성의 체중조절에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon Eun-Raye
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of nutrition education and aerobic exercise program on weight control program of middle aged abdominal obese women. Data for the study were collected from February 14 to April 22, 2005. The study objects were 10 pre-obese women and 10 obese women. The results were as follows; Body weight, body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist circumference of pre-obese group and obese group were significantly decreased. Nutrition education and aerobic exercise program on body weight and waist circumference were more effective in obese group than in pre-obese group. Total Cholestreol and Creatinine of pre-obese group and Total Cholestreol, Creatinine, U/A and Glucose of obese group were significantly decreased. TG(Triglyceride), BUN(Blood Urea Nitrogen), U/A(Uric Acid), Glucose, SGOT(Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase) and SGPT(Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase) of prer-obese group and TG, BUN, SGOT and SGPT of obese group were no differences. Obesity management program on Total Cholestreol were more effective in obese group than in pre-obese group. Therefore, it is concluded that the nutrition education and aerobic exercise program on weight control program of middle aged abdominal obese women were more effective in obese group than in pre-obese group.

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Twelve-year Study on Body Mass Index Changes of Obese Adolescents (비만 청소년의 과거 12년간 Body Mass Index 변화 - 서울시내 일부 고등학생을 대상으로 -)

  • Kang, Yun-Ju;Suh, Il;Hong, Chang-Ho;Park, Jong-Ku
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.665-676
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study is to observe the longitudinal changes in BMI (Body Mass Index) of obese and non-obese 3rd. grade high school students in Seoul for 12 years and to see the trends of overt weight gain in obese adolescents. The results are as follows; 1. The average annual increasing rates of body mass Indices in male students were $1.14kg/m^2$ in obese group and $0.59kg/m^2$ in non-obese group. In female students, the average annual increasing rates of body mass indices were $0.93kg/m^2$ in obese group and $0.53kg/m^2$ in non-obese group. 2. The change rate of BMI for 12 years was significantly higher in obese group than non-obese group. 3. Puberty had less influence on the change rate of BMI in obese group compared to non-obese group. 4. In obese group, 71.8% of the variance in BMI at 17 can be predicted by BMI at 16 years in male students. In female students 44.4% can be predicted by BMI at age 16. 5. Among the 17-year-old obese students, 58.8% of the males and 56.2% of females were found not to have been obese at 7 years of age. 6. Among the 17-year-old obese students, those who were obese at 7 years of age were found to have higher BMI at later ages than those who were in the non-obese group. Obese adolescents were more likely to be obese in their childhood than non-obese group. There was no optimal age for the significant weight gain and the increasing rate of BMI was constantly higher in obese group than in non-obese group. Due to the fact that child obesity in early age contributes to obesity in adolescence, close observation is advised. On the other hand, a large proportion of obese adolescents can be preventable by early interventions, because about 50% of obese adolescents were not obese in early elementary school age.

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Comparison of Nutritional Intakes between Obese and Non-obese Elementary School Students in Jeonju

  • Kim, Mi-Jeong;Hea, Young-Ran;Jung, Su-Jin;Cha, Youn-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSCN Conference
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    • pp.1056.1-1056
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    • 2003
  • This study is done for finding out if dietary habit and dietary intake are different between obese and non-obese elementary school students in Jeonju Area. Two groups of each 50 non-obese and obese children of the 4th, 5th, and 6th year in elementary school were surveyed and the statistics of the result was gathered by SAS program. The results are summarized as follows: 1) Between obese and non-obese groups, there was no significantly different on height, but weight, BMI, lean body mass, body fat and fat percent rate were higher on the obese group than non obese group. 2) Examining the survey result of dietary habit, there were not any statistically different between obese and non-obese group. Most students eat three times a day and only 55% of them eat breakfast. For the question on which meal they overeat, supper is their answer. The number of having snacks is once a day. Most students eat out once a month. 3) Dietary intakes in all nutrients of obese children had higher than non-obese children. Of all the nutrients, especially, the amount of carbohydrate, protein and fat are far more intake compare with the standard of Korean RDA. 4) The % energy from carbohydrate: protein: lipid ratio in girls' obese group was 60.3 : 14.2 : 25.5, in boy' obese group was 60.1:15.2:24.7 respectively. These % energy ratio indicated that lipid intake of obese group was much higher than suggested % energy ratio in Korean RDA (65:15:20). 5) In terms of Correlation of energy intake and body composition, dietary intakes of energy, fat, cholesterol on obese male and female students are related to the their body composition. These results suggest that the number of overweight students can be increased due to the amount and kinds of food children have as well as the general causes of overweight such as genetic, environmental and psychological reason. Surveying about children's dietary habit and dietary intake limits this study methodically. Working with parents is necessary and compare dietary habit and dietary intake between the past and their presents are also needed in a future.

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Comparative Analysis on Meal and Food Preference between Non-obese and Obese Elementary School Children (비비만과 비만 초등학생의 식사상황 및 음식기호도 비교분석)

  • Yi, Bo-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.482-491
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to find out differences about meal conditions and food preference between non-obese and obese elementary school children. Ten children(non-obese 5 and obese 5) from each of the nationwide 192 schools were surveyed by self-developed questionnaire. Total of 1,767 questionnaires(815 from non-obese and 952 from obese children) were collected and data were analyzed using SPSS 12.0 program. The results of the comparative analysis were summarized as follows. There was not significantly different in height between non-obese $group(151.0{\pm}12.5cm)$ and obese $group(151.2{\pm}12.3cm)$. But BMI was significant difference between non-obese $group(18.0{\pm}2.2cm)$ and obese $group(27.3{\pm}3.2cm)$. Economical status was not significantly different between 2 groups. But educational level of parents and mother’ job were significant differences between 2 groups. Only 2/3 of the subjects reported to have breakfast at regular basas, regularity of having breakfast was not significantly different between 2 groups. Also regularity of having lunch during vacation was not significantly different between 2 groups. But Reasons of skipping breakfast and lunch were significantly different between 2 groups. Regularity of having dinner, reasons of skipping dinner, intake amount in dinner, and frequency of having snacks were significantly different between 2 groups. But the time required for lunch and dinner were under 20 minutes of 60-80% of the subjects, and were not significantly different between 2 groups. Non-obese group have liked fast foods, fruits & juices, sweets, and cakes & cookies than obese group. Obese group have liked meat & meat products and ramyeon, but they have not eaten those foods frequently because of anxiety about being more fatty. These findings suggested that nutrition education programs include different strategy according to obesity and obese prevention program is needed for non-obese school children.

Comparison of Food Habit and the Factors Associated with Obesity between Obese Children and Normal Children in Elementary School in Incheon (인천 일부 지역 초등학교의 정상 아동과 비만 아동 간의 식습관 및 비만 관련 요인 비교)

  • Hong, Sun-Hee;Kim, Young-A
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.143-156
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed in order to investigate the difference of general environment, life style, dietary behavior and food habit between the obese children and normal children. The number of subject was 98 obese children, 347 normal children. General characteristic was not significantly different, however father's BMI of obese children was significantly (p<0.05) higher than that of normal children. There was significant difference between obese children and normal children in mother's office-closing hour (p<0.05). Normal children spent more time to play outdoor than obese children in their free time. Normal children slept over 8 hours, but obese children slept below 8 hours. Most of obese children (70.4%) ate too many times and most of obese children (72.4%) recognized their overweight. Parents of obese children considered that their children need to control their weight and correct their eating habits such as overeating. Obese children could not bear hunger and kept eating a meal until they feel full. Obese children preferred fried or broiled food. Therefore nutritional education is necessary to improve the food habits of obese children and to reduce the obesity rate of children.

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Past and Present Obesity, Parameters of Body Fat and Blood Pressure in Korean Patients with Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus(NIDDM) (한국 인슐린 비의존형 당뇨병 환자의 체중 변화, 체지방, 혈압 및 C-peptide/혈당 비)

  • 박혜자;이인옥;김세현
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.1034-1043
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    • 2001
  • To determine the frequency of past and present obesity among patients with NIDDM and to identify the differences of body fat, blood pressure and C-peptide/glucose ratio according to obese diabetic patients (BMI$\geq$25 kg/$m^2$) and nonobese (BMI<25 kg/$m^2$). Also the final factor is to observe the anthrometric change patterns in the study. Method: The weight at 20 years-old, previous maximal body weight, and acute weight loss were queried. Current height, body weight, BMI, waist & hip circumferences, waist-hip ratio, skinfold thicknesses, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, and fasting C-peptide were measured in one hundred sixty-seven NIDDM patients. The differences of the parameters ccording to obese and nonobese, and three anthropometric change patterns were analyzed. Result: Results were as follows: 1. 66.5 % of the NIDDM patients had a history of past obesity as assessed by their maximum weight, while only 33.2% of them were currently obese (p's < 0.001). 2. The waist & hip circumferences, skinfold thicknesses, systolic, diastolic & mean arterial blood pressure in obese patients were greater than those of nonobese patients (all p's < 0.001). 3. The waist and the hip circumferences, and skinfold thicknesses (subscapula & triceps) were highest among the obese-obese group. WHR and abdominal skinfold thickness in the obese-obese and obese-nonobese groups were higher than those in the nonobese- nonobese group. Systolic & diastolic and mean arterial blood pressures in the obese-obese group were higher than those of obese-nonobese and nonobese-nonobese groups(all p's < 0.005). 4. The abdominal and subscapular skinfold thicknesses in female diabetic patients were greater than those of male patients (all p's <0.0001). Conclusion: Although most Korean NIDDM patients were previously obese, many of them were not obese during the course of the study. Greater central and upper body adiposicity and higher blood pressure was shown in obese diabetic patients. Also, greater central and upper body adiposicity was demonstrated in female diabetic patients.

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Diet-ralated Factors of Overweight Adolescent Girls (여중생의 비만과 관련된 식이요인에 관한 연구)

  • 이윤나;임경숙;이수경;모수미;최혜미
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.354-365
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to search the obese related dietary factors of young adolescent girls for developing nutrition education program. In the cross-sectional study of 371 young adolescent girls, 25$\%$ were moderately obese, 13.2$\%$ obese, and a total of 39.1 were over moderately obese. The characteristics of obese girls were as follows. First, obese girls consumed more energy than is needed for physical activity. Their average daily energy intakes were not significantly higher and the daily energy expenditures were significantly lower than those of normal girls. Second, obese girls showed higher intakes of protein and fat, and ate more animal foods than normal girls. Fourth, obese girls skipped meals more often, especially breakfast. They ate less rice. For both normal and obese girls, their common dietary problems were low intake of calcium and iron, and high intake of snack foods. The result of this study shows that nutrition education programs for obese adolescent girls should be designed for eating habits, food balance and moderation. future research is to develop the effective nutrition education program for the obese adolescent girls.

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Dietary patterns of obese high school girls: snack consumption and energy intake

  • Yoon, Jin-Sook;Lee, Nan-Jo
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.433-437
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    • 2010
  • In order to develop an obesity management program for teenagers, we compared obese and non-obese girls attending high schools in terms of their dietary practices related to snack consumption. Dietary records were collected for 7 days. No significant differences were found for the average daily energy intake between obese and non-obese girls. However, the highest energy intake was greater for obese girls while not much difference was found for the lowest amount of energy intake. Obese girls had significantly lower intakes in calcium (P < 0.01), vitamin A (P < 0.001) and folate (P < 0.01). Mean energy intake from snack ($594.1{\pm}312.1kcal$) was significantly higher for obese girls than for non-obese girls ($360.1{\pm}173.1kcal$) (P < 0.001). A significant, positive correlation was observed between energy intake from snack and total daily energy intake (r = 0.34 P < 0.01) only for obese girls. In case of dietary behaviors, obese adolescent girls consumed significantly greater number of items for snacks and fewer foods for regular meals compared to non-obese girls (P < 0.05). This study suggested that obesity management programs for adolescents should focus on providing strategies to reduce snack through enhancing balanced regular meals.

Comparison of the Effects of an Exercise Program in Non-obese and Obese Women (정상체중여성과 비만여성에게 시행한 운동 프로그램의 효과 비교)

  • Lee, Kun-Ja;Yi, Yeo-Jin;Kim, Cha-Nam
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.684-692
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of an exercise program on physical fitness, obesity indices, and blood lipids in cases of non-obese and obese women. Method: Data was collected from May, 2006 to November, 2006 in a public health center. All Subjects(37 women) participated in an exercise program that consisted of Latin dance, muscular strength training, and dumbbell exercises. Thirty-seven women were divided into two groups(16 non-obese women and 21 obese women) by %body fat. After 8 weeks, the effects of treatment were compared between pre-test and post-test in each group. Results: Physical fitness(abdominal muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, agility, balance) was significantly different between the pre-test and post-test in the non-obese and obese group. Obesity indices(body weight, BMI) was significantly different in obese women after the 8-week exercise program. There was no decrease of blood lipids in either group. Conclusion: These findings indicate that an exercise program could be an effective nursing intervention to increase physical fitness in non-obese and obese women and to decrease obesity indices(body weight, BMI) in obese women.

The Effects of Obese Program on the BMI, Body Composition, Physical Fitness, Knowledge, Eating Behaviors in Obese Elementary School (비만관리프로그램이 초등학교 비만아동의 비만도, 신체조성, 체력, 지식 및 식행동에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim Young-Hae;Park Nam-Hee;Lee Sun-Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.14-21
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the obese program on BMI, body composition, physical fitness, knowledge, eating behaviors among the elementary school obese children. Method: They ranged from the third to sixth grades with over 30% body fat ratio. The subjects consisted of 31 obese children who participated in the obese program and 34 obese who did not participate in the program. The contents of the programs for nine weeks from contained obese education, counseling and exercises once a week. The program lasted from Oct. 8 to Dec. 22, 2001. The Data were analyzed using SPSS program. Result: Flexibility was significantly higher for the program participants than the nonparticipants at the post-test. Agility was significantly higher for the program participants than the nonparticipants at the post-test. Knowledge were significantly higher for the program participants than the nonparticipants at the post-test. Conclusion: This study provides evidence that obese program is effective in changing the flexibility, agility, knowledge in obese elementary children over 9 weeks.

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