• Title, Summary, Keyword: oligonucleotide microarray

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Detection of Biodegradative Genes in Oil Contaminated Soil Microbial Community by Oligonucleotide Microarray (Oligonucleotide Microarray를 이용한 유류 오염 토양 미생물 군집내 난분해성 화합물 분해 유전자의 검출)

  • Lee Jong-Kwang;Kim Hee;Lee Doo-Myoung;Lee Seok-Jae;Kim Moo-Hoon
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2006
  • The analysis of functional population and its dynamics on the environment is essential for understanding bioremediation in environment. Here, we report a method for oligonucleotide microarray for the monitoring of aliphatic and aromatic degradative genes. This microarray contained 15 unique and group-specific probes which were based on 100 known genes involved pathways in biodegradation. Hybridization specificity tests with pure cultures, strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa KCTC 1636 indicated that the designed probes on the arrays appeared to be specific to their corresponding target genes. It was found that the presence of 8 genes encoding alkane, naphthalene, biphenyl, pyrene (PAH ring-hydroxylating) degradation pathway could be detected in oil contaminated soil sample. Therefore, the findings of this study strongly suggest that oligonucleotide microarray is an effective diagnostic tool for evaluating biodegradation capability in oil contaminated subsurface environment.

Development of oligonucleotide microarray system for differential diagnosis of enteric viruses in diarrheic fecal samples in pigs

  • Park, Nam-Yong;Kim, Yong-Hwan;Cho, Ho-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.489-496
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    • 2007
  • An oligonucleotide microarray system was developed for the simultaneous detection of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, transmissible gastroenteritis virus, porcine enteric calicivirus, porcine group A and C rotavirus. RNAs of the reference viruses and porcine diarrhea samples were extracted and amplified using one-step multiplex RT-PCR in the presence of cyanine 5-dCTP and hybridized on the microarray chip that spotted the virus-specific oligonucleotides. This system were approximately 10-to 100-fold higher in sensitivity than conventional RT-PCR, and the assay time was less than 3 hours. The relative sensitivity and specificity were 92% and 72.2%, respectively, based on 102 porcine diarrhea samples using RT-PCR as gold standard. These results suggested that the oligonucleotide microarray system in this study be probably more reliable and reproducible means for detecting porcine enteric viruses and that it could be of substantial use in routine diagnostic laboratories.

Oligonucleotide Chip Analysis of Cervi parvum cornu Herbal-acupuncture Solution (CPC-HAS) on SNU484 carcinomar cells (녹용약침액(鹿茸藥鍼液)의 위암세포주(胃癌細胞柱)에 대한 Oligonucleotide Chip 분석)

  • Ryu, Sung-Hyun;Lee, Kyung-Min;Lee, Bong-Hyo;Jung, Tae-Young;Seo, Jung-Chul;Lim, Seong-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.125-136
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: It has long been known about the osteogenic effect of CPC-HAS(cervi parvum cornu herbal-acupuncture solution) on bone tissues. However, it has not been determined the effect of CPC-HAS on cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the CPC-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes..in cancer cells such as SNU484 gastric cancer cell lines. Oligonucleotide microarray approache was employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods: CPC-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at $-70^{\circ}C$ until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of CPC-HAS (0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20 mg/ml) for 24 h. Cell toxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with 1.5 mg/ml of CPC-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarray assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide Genechip(Human genome U133 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). Results: It has no cytotoxic effects on SNU484 cell in all concentrations(0.l, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20 mg/ml). In oligonucleotide microarray assay, in SNU484 cells, the number of more than twofold up-regulated genes was 5 while, the number of more than twofold down-regulated genes was 10. Conclusions: This study showed the screening of CPC-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes using combined approaches of oligonucleotide microarray. The screened genes will be used for the better understanding of the therapeutic effects of CPC-HAS on cancer fields.

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Oligonucleotide Probe Selection using Evolutionary Computation in Large Target Genes (다수의 목표 유전자에서 진화연산을 이용한 Oligonucleotide Probe 선택)

  • Shin, Ki-Roo;Kim, Sun;Zhang, Byung-Tak
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.455-457
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    • 2003
  • DNA microarray는 분자생물학에서 널리 사용되고 있는 실험 도구로써 크게 cDNA와 oligonucleotide microarray로 나뉘어진다. DNA microarray는 일련의 DNA 서열로 이루어진 probe들의 집합으로 구성되며 알려지지 않은 서열과의 hybridization 과정을 통해 특정 서열을 인식할 수 있게 된다. O1igonucieotide microarray는 cDNA 방법과는 다르게 probe를 구성하는 서열을 제작자가 임의로 구성할 수 있기 때문에 목표 서열이 가지는 고유한 부분만을 probe 서열로 사용함으로써 비용절감과 실험의 정확도를 높일 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 그러나 현재 목표 유전자 서열에 대해 probe 집합을 생성하는 결정적인 방법은 존재하지 않으며, 따라서 넓은 해 공간에서 효과적으로 최적 해를 찾아 주는 진화 연산이 probe 선택을 위한 좋은 대안으로 사용될 수 있다[1.2]. 그러나 진화연산을 이용한 probe 선택방법에 있어서 인식하고자 하는 목표 서열의 개수가 많아질 경우, 해 공간의 크기가 커짐으로 인해 문제점이 발생할 수 있다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 다수의 목표 유전자 서열을 대상으로 한 probe 선택 방법에 일어서 보다 효율적인 진화연산 접근 방법을 소개한다. 제시된 방법은 인식하고자 하는 목표 서얼의 일부를 선택해 이를 probe 집합의 후보로 사용하며. 유전 연산자를 이용한 진화과정을 통해 최적에 가까운 probe 집합을 찾는다. 본 논문은 GenBank로부터 유전자 서열을 대상으로 제안된 방법을 실험하였으며, 축소된 목표 서열만을 이용해 probe 집합을 선택하더라도 적합한 probe 집합을 찾을 수 있었다.

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Array-based Nano-amplification Technique Was Applied in Detection of Hepatitis E Virus

  • Liu, Hui-Hui;Cao, Xuan;Yang, Yong;Liu, Ming-Gui;Wang, Ye-Fu
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 2006
  • A rapid method for the detection of Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) was developed by utilizing nano-gold labeled oligonucleotide probes, silver stain enhancement and the microarray technique. The 5'-end -$NH_2$ modified oligonucleotide probes were immobilized on the surface of the chip base as the capture probe. The detection probe was made of the 3'-end -SH modified oligonucleotide probe and nano-gold colloid. The optimal concentrations of these two probes were determined. To test the detection sensitivity and specificity of this technique, a conservative fragment of the virus RNA was amplified by the RT-PCR/PCR one step amplification. The cDNA was hybridized with the capture probes and the detection probes on microarray. The detection signal was amplified by silver stain enhancement and could be identified by naked eyes. 100 fM of amplicon could be detected out on the microarray. As the results, preparation of nano-gold was improved and faster. Development time also was shortened to 2 min. Thus, considering high efficiency, low cost, good specificity and high sensitivity, this technique is alternative for the detection of HEV.

Effect of Carthami Tinctorii Fructus Herbal-acupuncture Solution(CTF-HAS) on Gene Expression in SNU484 carcinomar cells (Oligonucleotide chip을 이용한 홍화자약침액(紅花子藥鍼液)이 위암세포주(胃癌細胞柱)의 유전자(遺傳子) 발현(發顯)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Lee, Kyung-Min;Lim, Seong-Chul;Jung, Tae-Young;Seo, Jung-Chul;Han, Sang-Won
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.31-40
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : It has long been known about the osteogenic effect of CTF-HAS on bone tissues. However, it has not been determined the effect of CTF-HAS on cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the CTF-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes in cancer cells such as SNU484 gastric cancer cell lines. Oligonucleotide microarray approach were employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods : CTF-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at $-70^{\circ}C$ until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of CTF-HAS(0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml) for 24 h. Cytotoxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with 1.5mg/ml of CTF-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarry assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide genechip (Human genome U133 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). Results : It has no cytotoxic effects on HepG2 cells in all concentration (0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10,20mg/ml). More than twofold up-regulated genes were 5 genes. The number of more than twofold down-regulated genes was 10. Discussion : This study showed the screening of CTF-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes using combined approaches of oligonucleotide microarray. The screened genes will be used for the better understanding in therapeutic effect of CTF-HAS on cancer field.

An Oligonucleotide Microarray Bait for Isolation of Target Gene Fragments

  • Shi, Rong;Ma, Wen-li;Liu, Cui-Hua;Song, Yan-Bin;Mao, Xiang-Ming;Zheng, Wen-Ling
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.148-152
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    • 2004
  • A new molecular-baiting method was studied by retrieving targeted gene fragments from an oligonucleotide microarray bait after hybridization. To make the microarray bait, 70-mer oligonucleotides that were designed to specifically represent the SSA1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were printed on the slide. Samples of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mRNA were extracted and labeled by the RD-PCR (Restriction Display PCR) method using the Cy5-labelled universal primer, then applied for hybridization. The sample fragments that hybridized to the microarray were stripped, and the eluted cDNAs were retrieved and cloned into the pMD 18-T vector for transformation, plasmid preparation, and sequencing. BLAST searching of the GenBank database identified the retrieved fragments as being identical to the SSA1 gene (from 2057-2541bp). A new method is being established that can retrieve the sample fragments using an oligo-microarray-bait.

DNA and Proteomic Expression of Cervi parvum cornu Herbal-acupuncture Solution (CPC-HAS) in HepG2 carcinomar cells (녹용약침액(鹿茸藥鍼液)의 간암세포주(肝癌細胞柱)에 대한 DNA 및 단백질 발현(發顯))

  • Ryu, Sung-Hyun;Lee, Kyung-Min;Lee, Bong-Hyo;Lim, Seong-Chul;Jung, Tae-Young;Seo, Jung-Chul
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2006
  • Objective : It has long been known about the osteogenic effect of CPC-HAS on bone tissues. However, it has not been determined the effect of CPC-HAS on cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the CPC-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes in cancer cells such as HepG2 hepatoma cells. Oligonucleotide microarray and proteomics approaches were employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods : CPC-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at $-70^{\circ}C$ until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of CPC-HAS (0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml) for 24 h. Cell toxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with 1.5mg/ml of CPC-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarray assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide Genechip(Human genome Ul33 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). For proteomic analysis, total protein was analyzed by 2D gel electrophoresis and Q-TOF mass spectrometer. Results : It has no cytotoxic effects on both HepG2 cell in all concentrations(0.l, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml). In oligonucleotide microarray assay, the number of more than twofold differentially regulated known genes was 23 with 5 up-regulated and 18 down-regulated genes in HepG2 cells. In proteomic analysis, three spots were identified by 2D-gel electrophoresis and Q-TOF analysis. Two down-regulated proteins were aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 and enolase 1, and up-regulated protein was fatty acid binding protein 1 by 1.5mg/ml of CPC-HAS. Discussion : This study showed the screening of CPC-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes using combined approaches of oligonucleotide microarray and proteomic analysis. The screened genes will be used for the better understanding of the therapeutic effects of CPC-HAS on cancer fields.

Effect of Ginseng Radix Rubra Herbal-acupuncture Solution(GRR-HAS) on Gene Expression in SNU484 carcinomar cells (홍삼약침액(紅蔘藥鍼液)의 위암세포주(胃癌細胞柱) 유전자(遺傳子) 발현(發顯)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Won, Eun-Ju;Lee, Kyung-Min;Lee, Bong-Hyo;Lim, Seong-Chul;Jung, Tae-Young;Seo, Jung-Chul
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.39-47
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    • 2006
  • Objective : It has long been known about the anticancer effect of GRR-HAS, however, it has not been systemically determined the differentially regulated genes by GRR-HAS in cancer cells. The purpose of this study is to screen the GRR-HAS mediated differentially expressed genes in cancer cells such as SNU484 gastric cancer cell lines. Oligonucleotide microarray approache was employed to screen the differential expression genes. Methods : GRR-HAS was prepared by boiling and stored at $-70^{\circ}C$ until use. Cells were treated with various concentrations of GRR-HAS(0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml) for 24 h. Cell toxicity was tested by MTT assay. To screen the differentially expressed genes in cancer cells, cells were treated with 1.5mg/ml of GRR-HAS. For oligonucleotide microarray assay, total RNA was used for gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide Genechip (Human genome Ul33 Plus 2.0., Affimatrix Co.). Results : It has no cytotoxic effects on both HepG2 and SNU484 cells in all concentrations(0.1, 0.5, 1.5, 10, 20mg/ml). In oligonucleotide microarray assay, in SNU484 cells, the number of more than twofold up-regulated genes was 346. The number of more than twofold down-regulated genes was 9. Discussion : This study showed the comprehensive gene expression analysis using oligonucleotide microarray for the screening of GRR-HAS mediated differentially regulated genes. These results will provide a better application of GRR-HAS in cancer field and drug target development.