• Title, Summary, Keyword: onion wine

Search Result 18, Processing Time 0.046 seconds

Protective Effect of Onion Wine on Alcoholic Fatty Liver in Rats (흰쥐를 대상으로 한 양파주의 알코올성 지방간 개선 효과)

  • Kim, Juyeon;Seo, Yunjung;Park, Joong-Hyeop;Noh, Sang Kyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.45 no.4
    • /
    • pp.467-473
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was designed to investigate whether consumption of onion wine can reduce serum biomarkers of ethanol-induced fatty liver in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were initially trained for meal feeding to prevent reduction of food intake. After the training period, rats were weight-matched and assigned to the following three groups: 1) a control group fed a control liquid diet containing maltose-dextrin, 2) an ethanol group fed an ethanol liquid diet with 95% ethanol, and 3) an onion wine group fed the same ethanol liquid diet but containing onion wine extract at 1 mL/d/group. All three groups were fed daily for 6 weeks. At 0, 3, and 6 weeks, blood was collected via the orbital sinus following overnight food deprivation and terminally organs collected. Blood lipids and transaminase activities significantly increased in the ethanol-fed group but significantly reversed in the onion wine-fed group. The hepatic levels of fat and cholesterol at 6 weeks were significantly elevated by ethanol administration but significantly reduced by onion wine. These findings indicate that onion wine may ameliorate ethanol-induced fatty liver by lowering hepatic and blood lipid levels.

Monitoring of the Optimum Conditions for the Fermentation of Onion Wine (양파주의 최적 발효조건 모니터링)

  • Choi, In-Hag;Jo, Deokjo;Lee, Gee-Dong
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.257-264
    • /
    • 2013
  • Central composite design along with response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to improve the fermentation process in onion (Allium cepa) wine production. The effects of different fermentation parameters (time, temperature, and initial sugar content) were found to be significant with respect to the physicochemical and sensory properties of wine. The maximum score for the alcoholic content was obtained at $29.27^{\circ}C$ fermentation temperature, 103.43 h fermentation time, and $27.52^{\circ}Brix$ initial sugar content. The maximum score for overall palatability was obtained at $39.27^{\circ}C$ fermentation temperature, 57.28 h fermentation time, and $22.14^{\circ}Brix$ initial sugar content. The coefficients of determination ($R^2$) were 0.9620 and 0.9060 for alcoholic content and overall palatability, respectively. The ranges of the optimum fermentation conditions ($28{\sim}32^{\circ}C$, 80~90 hr, and $20{\sim}25^{\circ}Brix$) were obtained by superimposing the response surfaces with regard to the alcoholic content and overall palatability of onion wine.

Effect of Natural Ingredients and Red Wine for Manufacturing Meat Products on Radiation Sensitivity of Pathogens Inoculated into Ground Beef (식육제품 제조용 천연 부재료 및 적색 와인이 분쇄 우육에 접종된 병원성 미생물의 방사선 감수성에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Hye-Jeong;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Jung, Yeon-Kook;Jung, Samooel;Lee, Ju-Woon;Jo, Cheo-Run
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.819-825
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of various natural ingredients for manufacturing meat products on the $D_{10}$ value and relative radiation sensitivity (RRS) of foodborne pathogens inoculated into ground beef. The pathogens used for this study were Salmonella Typhimurium (KCTC 1925), Escherichia coli (KCTC 41682), Listeria monocytoges (KCTC 3569), and Staphylococcus aureus (KCTC 11764), and the natural ingredients added into ground beef were garlic, onion, black pepper, hot pepper, ginger, green onion, carrot, and red wine. The $D_{10}$ of E. coli was decreased significantly by 5% of garlic addition (RRS=1.460), and the addition of carrot (RRS=1.086) and red wine (RRS=2.864) also showed similar results. Most natural ingredients were effective in increasing radiation sensitivity of L. monocytogens, but only garlic, onion, hot pepper, carrot, and red wine were effective against S. aureus. In particular, the addition of red wine to ground beef showed the greatest increase of radiation sensitivity for 3 pathogens tested in the present study, except for S. Typhimurium. Results indicate that the use of certain natural ingredients for manufacturing processed meat products may have effects in the increase of radiation sensitivity of pathogens. This increased radiation sensitivity can reduce the target irradiation dose for obtaining the same level of safety, resulting in lowering the adverse quality changes caused by a high-dose irradiation process.

Fermented Production of Onion Vinegar and Its Biological Activities (알코올 발효과정 중 양파착즙액 휘발성 향기성분 변화)

  • Jeong, Eun-Jeong;Cha, Yong-Jun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.120-128
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study aimed to provide volatile flavor compounds of three onion products through thermal process and alcohol fermentation, to meet the quality standard of onion products. The identified components of onion extracts (OE) included 49 (18 sulfur-containing compounds, 5 alcohols, 8 acids, 3 ketones, 4 esters, 4 aromatic compounds, 2 aldehydes, 1 pyrazines and 4 miscellaneous compounds), and 55 (17 sulfur-containing compounds, 15 alcohols, 5 acids, 11 ketones, 3 aromatic compounds, 2 aldehydes and 1 pyrazine) in autoclave-sterilized onion extracts (SOE); and 69 (10 sulfur-containing compounds, 27 alcohols, 11 acids, 11 ketones, 6 esters, 1 aromatic compound and 3 pyrazines) in onion wine (OW), respectively. Among the major flavor classes, sulfur-containing compounds (36.8%), acids (31.3%) and aldehydes (13.6%) in OE were changed to alcohols (46.5%) and ketones (27.3%) in SOE whereas, alcohols (56.3%) and acids (26.6%) in OW. Moreover, 1,3-butanediol, 2,3-butanediol, and 3-hydroxy-2-butanone were highly detected in SOE whereas, acetic acid, 3-methylbutanol, 2-phenylethanol and 1,2,3-propanetriol in OW.

Changes in Taste Compounds during Onion Vinegar Fermentation (양파초 발효과정 중의 정미성분 변화)

  • Jeong, Eun-Jeong;Cha, Yong-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.45 no.2
    • /
    • pp.298-305
    • /
    • 2016
  • Prior research has attempted to develop a method for fermentation of onion vinegar to satisfy customer quality standard. Onion wine (OW) and onion vinegar (OV) were produced by alcoholic and acetic fermentation of onion extracts (OE) using Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Acetobacter pasteurianus, and their taste compounds (non-volatile organic acids, non-protein N compounds, and free sugars) were determined. Main components of non-volatile organic acids were malic acid (50.1%) and citric acid (26.9%) in OE, whereas malic acid (28.1%), acetic acid (20.8%), lactic acid (20.1%), citric acid (13.3%), and succinic acid (12.0%) were detected in OW. Total concentrations of non-volatile organic acids in OV were 4,612.0 mg/100 g, which was 3.9 and 2.3 times higher than those of OE and OW, respectively. Non-volatile organic acids except malonic acid and acetic acid were reduced during acetic fermentation. Non-protein N compounds increased 4.23-fold ($41,526.8{\mu}g/100g$) during alcohol fermentation, and urea content was the highest of non-protein N compounds at $33,816{\mu}g/100g$. The reduced values in OV might be used as a nutritious element of Acetobacter pasteurianus. Free sugars (glucose, fructose, and sucrose) were detected in OE, whereas only fructose was absent in OW and OV.

Antioxidative Effect of Seasoning on the Lipid Oxidation of BULGOGI Cooked Meat (우육지방질의 변화에 미치는 불고기 조미료의 항산화작용에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Duk-Kue;Lee, Yong-Ock
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.75-81
    • /
    • 1990
  • The study was observed that anti oxidation effect of each and mutual relation on BULGOGI seasoning in Fore shank and Ribs. Each antioxidation effect were appeared to higher in suger, pear juice, soya souce, clean wine, sesamed oil, green onion, toeasted sesamed powder, black pepper, garlic im seasoned immidiately. Soya souce was revealed to higher effect anti oxidation in storaged beef among 30 minuit after seasoned. In storaged sample among 9 hour after seasoned was showed to higher effect in soya souce & galic. Mutual relation of two seasoning in BULGOGI seasoning were revealed to higher effect in mixture of green onion & galic.

Screening of Agricultural and Food Processing Waste Materials as New Sources for Biodegradable Food Packaging Application

  • Wang, Long-Feng;Reddy, Jeevan Prasad;Rhim, Jong-Whan
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.7-15
    • /
    • 2014
  • Agar-based composite films were prepared with variety of food processing and agricultural processing waste materials in order to screen natural lingo-cellulosic resources for the value-added utilization of the under-utilized materials. The effect of these waste materials (10 wt% based on agar) on mechanical properties, moisture content (MC), water vapor permeability (WVP), water absorption behavior of biocomposite films were investigated. Biocomposite films prepared with various fibers resulted in significant increase or decrease in color and percent transmittance. The MC, WVP, and surface hydrophobicity of biocomposite films increased significantly by incorporation of fibers, while the water uptake ratio and solubility of the film decreased. SEM images of biocomposite film showed better adhesion between the fiber and agar polymer. Among the tested cellulosic waste materials, rice wine waste, onion and garlic fibers were promising for the value-added utilization as a reinforcing material for the preparation of biocomposite food packaging films.

  • PDF

A Study on Horticulture Foods in Kory$\v{o}$ Era (고려시대의 원예식품류에 관한 연구)

  • 강춘기
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.69-79
    • /
    • 1990
  • Koryo(918-1352) made a certain progress in her culture and agriculture except the latter part of the era when the development in social economy were retarded due to military dictatorship and Mongol invasion. Despite of these external conditions, cultivations and kinds of horticulture foods were expanded With the help Of many king's agriculture first policy and the advancement in cultivating method . Among the horticulture foods, fruits such as peach, plum, Japanese apricot, apricot, cherry, pear, persimmon, pomegranate, crab apple, Jujube, grape, Chinese quince, walnut, orange, yuzu, chestnut, ginkgo nut(silvernut), pine nut, nutmeg nut, and fiat were crowed, and vegetables such as Chinese cabbage, turnip, radish, garlic, welsh onion, gynmigit, scallion, taro, malva, cucumber, white gourd, bottle gourd, water melon, eggplant, Japanese ginger, ginger and litchi were cultivated, while semi, water shieled and bamboo sprouts were taken in natural. Fruits were taken in natural or through dry, and particularly grapes were used to make wine, Flowers of Japanese apricots, some fruit trees, and chrysanthemum were also made into wine. Certain fruits were used as medicine owing to its medicinal nature. Vegetables were used to make Kimchi or to boil soup, sometimes they were dried to be kept in storage to be used in rare season and also used as medicine Increase in kinds of horticulture foods does not have any direct relation with the reform of social economy, but the fact that so many kinds of horticulture foods were cultivated and used in Koryo era shows that they elevated people's life and dietary culture.

  • PDF

A study of dietetic on the constipation (변비(便秘)의 식료방법(食療方法)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Baek, Tae-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.181-191
    • /
    • 2005
  • Objectives : This research examined about dietary therapy on the constipation based on the literary findings, for clinical treatment and prevention of the constipation. Methods : This Research examined on histories, compositions, applications, and effects of the constipation on about 100 cases of dietary therapy of the constipation from recent Chinese literatures Results : 1. Various vegetables, animals and mineral materials including herbs, grains, vegetables, fruits, food and drink were used for the dietary therapy. 2. Methods of the preparation for use as therapeutics were decoction, pulvis, gruel, medicinal wine, cake, tea, paste and gelatin and etc. 3. Frequently used materials were sesame oil, honey, ear mushroom, shiitake mushroom, kelp, walnut seed, hemp seed, groundnut, glutinous rice, apricot stone, yellow bean peel, radish, potato, spinage, and spring onion. Conclusion : Though dietary therapy for the constipation is not based on clinical or experimental data, but through experience. It is mostly based on Yin-Yang and five elements, visceral manifestation, channels and their collateral channels and chinese herbal medicine theories. If we use them properly according to oriental medicine method, it will be effective on treating and preventing the constipation.

  • PDF