• Title, Summary, Keyword: oral squamous carcinoma

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DIAGNOSTIC PROBLEM OF SQUAMOUS PAPILLOMA AND ORAL MUCOSA MALIGNANCY (구강내 악성병소와 유두종의 감별진단시 문제점)

  • Ryu, Dong-Mok;Choi, Byung-Jun;Kim, Yeo-Gab;Lee, Baek-Soo;Oh, Jung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.60-64
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    • 2004
  • Squamous papilloma is a benign proliferation of stratified squamous epithelium, resulting in a papillary or verruciform mass. Verrucous carcinoma is a differentiated variant of squamous cell carcinoma and may present diagnostic difficulties as it may be erroneously diagnosed as squamous papilloma. Squamous papilloma is similar to other oral mucosa malignancy in microscopic view. So, it is difficult to distinguish between squamous cell papilloma and other oral mucosa malignancy. Here are three patients. they were diagnosed as squamous papilloma initially, but the lesion was recurred. In recurred lesion, verrucous carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma were found. So we report that recurred oral mucosa malignency(verrucous carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma) which was diagnosed as squamous papilloma.

Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an odontogenic cyst

  • Yu Jae-Jung;Hwang Eui-Hwan;Lee Sang-Rae;Choi Jeong-Hee
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.235-238
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    • 2003
  • Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an odontogenic cyst is uncommon. The diagnosis of carcinoma arising in a cyst requires that there must be an area of microscopic transition from the benign epithelial cyst lining to the invasive squamous cell carcinoma. We report a histopathologically proven case of squamous cell carcinoma arising in a residual mandibular cyst in a 54-year-old woman.

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THE DENTAL FACTORS IN ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (구강편평상피세포암에서의 치성요인)

  • Nam, Woong;Cha, In-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.519-525
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    • 2001
  • The oral cavity has frequent contacts with many carcinogenic compounds and its soft tissue is continuously stimulated by numerous dental factors. We have examined the detailed dental factors and its correlation with oral squamous cell carcinoma, and denture-wearing effects to analyze the effect of the dental factors on the genesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma. We have studied clinical contributing factors and the dental factors in the genesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma when the effects of smoking and drinking are controlled. The study cases are 100 patients(75 males and 25 females) who were diagnosed histo-pathologically as squamous cell carcinoma at the Yonsei Medical Center. The control group was 154 patients who have no systemic malignant tumors. The effects of 6 dental factors were analyzed in this study. They were divided into the smoking group, the non smoking group, the drinking group, and the non-smoking group. The effects of dental factors were analyzed in each group. In this study, we have drawn some conclusions on the relationship between the dental factors and oral squamous cell carcinoma using $x^2$-test. 1. The repaired teeth have statistical significance on the genesis of squamous cell carcinoma. This is probably due to the combining effects of past poor oral hygiene and continuous stimulation due to poor prosthesis. 2. There is statistical significance of the lost teeth in the smoking group, and the repaired teeth and the degree of alveolar bone resorption had statistical significance in the non-smoking group. 3. Smoking and drinking by-itself have no statistical significance in the genesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, in combination, they have statistical significance. In this study, dental factors had a synergistic effect with smoking and drinking. Together with avoidance of smoking and drinking, appropriate restoration and oral hygiene control are most important factors in the preventive aspects of the oral squamous cell carcinoma.

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Oral carcinoma cuniculatum, an unacquainted variant of oral squamous cell carcinoma: A systematic review

  • Farag, Amina Fouad;Abou-Alnour, Dalia Ali;Abu-Taleb, Noha Saleh
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.233-244
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Oral carcinoma cuniculatum is a rare well-differentiated variant of oral squamous cell carcinoma. The purpose was to systematically review its unique features to differentiate it from other variants as verrucous carcinoma, papillary squamous cell carcinoma and well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: A systematic review was performed using MEDLINE, Dentistry and Oral Sciences Source and PubMed databases and any existing articles related to the research subject missed in the search strategy to screen ones reporting cases occurring exclusively in the oral cavity in English literature. Variables analyzed included clinical, etiologic, imaging, histopatholgical features, treatment, follow-up and survival rates. Results: From 229 hits, 17 articles with 43 cases were included in the systematic review. Clinically it showed a female predilection with pain and/or ulceration of a relatively long duration and exudation being the most common symptoms. Histologically, it showed more endophytic features comprising well-differentiated squamous epithelium with absent or minimal cytological atypia and multiple keratin filled crypts or cuniculus. Inflammatory stromal reaction and discharging abscesses were reported in most of the cases. Bone destruction was predominant in most imaging features. Complete surgical resection with a safety margin was the treatment of choice in most of the cases with few recorded recurrence cases. Conclusion: Apprehensive knowledge of oral carcinoma cuniculatum unique features is essential to avoid its misdiagnosis and provide proper treatment especially for recurrent cases.

Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in oral squamous cell carcinoma

  • Kim, Seok-Kon;Park, Seung-Goo;Kim, Kyung-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The goal of this study was to determine the correlation of clinicopathological factors and the up-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical staining of VEGF and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of VEGF mRNA were performed in 20 specimens from 20 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and another 20 specimens from 20 patients with carcinoma in situ as a controlled group. Results: The results were as follows: 1) In immunohistochemical study of poorly differentiated and invasive oral squamous cell carcinoma, high-level staining of VEGF was observed. Significant correlation was observed between immunohistochemical VEGF expression and histologic differentiation, tumor size of specimens (Pearson correlation analysis, significance r>0.6, P<0.05). 2) In VEGF quantitative RT-PCR analysis, progressive cancer showed more VEGF expression than carcinoma in situ. Paired-samples analysis determined the difference of VEGF mRNA expression level between cancer tissue and carcinoma in situ tissue, between T1 and T2-4 (Student's t-test, P<0.05). Conclusion: These findings suggest that up-regulation of VEGF may play a role in the angiogenesis and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA OF THE MAXILLA ORIGINATED IN ODONTOGENIC CYST - A CASE REPORT - (상악골에 발생한 치성낭종에서 유래된 편평상피세포암)

  • Min, Kyong-In;Lee, Ju-Hyun;Seo, Kyung-Suk;Kim, Chul-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.543-546
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    • 2001
  • Primary intraosseous carcinoma(PIOC) is defined as a squamous cell carcinoma arising within the jaw, having no initial connection with the oral mucosa. The squamous cell carcinoma within the bone can be presumably developed from residues of the odontogenic epithelium, therefore, it is seen in the jaw only. Metastatic carcinoma from another primary site should be excluded in the diagnosis of Primary Intraosseous Carcinoma. This is a case of 62-year-old man, who initially diagnosed as odontogenic cyst on maxilla, but its pathologic examination was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma with odontogenic cyst. We treated this patient with partial maxillectomy, modified radical neck dissection(mRND), and postoperative radiation therapy.

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Possibility of the Use of Public Microarray Database for Identifying Significant Genes Associated with Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  • Kim, Ki-Yeol;Cha, In-Ho
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2012
  • There are lots of studies attempting to identify the expression changes in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Most studies include insufficient samples to apply statistical methods for detecting significant gene sets. This study combined two small microarray datasets from a public database and identified significant genes associated with the progress of oral squamous cell carcinoma. There were different expression scales between the two datasets, even though these datasets were generated under the same platforms - Affymetrix U133A gene chips. We discretized gene expressions of the two datasets by adjusting the differences between the datasets for detecting the more reliable information. From the combination of the two datasets, we detected 51 significant genes that were upregulated in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Most of them were published in previous studies as cancer-related genes. From these selected genes, significant genetic pathways associated with expression changes were identified. By combining several datasets from the public database, sufficient samples can be obtained for detecting reliable information. Most of the selected genes were known as cancer-related genes, including oral squamous cell carcinoma. Several unknown genes can be biologically evaluated in further studies.

Case Report of the Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a Patient with Oral Lichen Planus

  • Woo, Keoncheol;Oh, Duwon;Kwon, Jeong-Seung;Ahn, Hyung-Joon;Choi, Jong-hoon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.72-75
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    • 2016
  • Lichen planus is a chronic disease characterized by bilateral and multiple lesions on the skin or oral mucosa. Lichen planus is caused by immune mediated degeneration along the border between epithelium and connective tissue. The incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma in patients diagnosed with oral lichen planus (OLP) is reported to be between 0.4%-5.6% in different studies and the World Health Organization has categorized lichen planus as "a potentially malignant disorder". However, the correlation between OLP and oral cancer still remains controversial as some reported that the reason for increased incidence of squamous cell carcinoma in OLP patient is misdiagnosis of dysplastic lesion as OLP. This report aims to discuss the correlation between OLP and oral cancer through a case of middle aged woman diagnosed with OLP who was successfully treated but developed squamous cell carcinoma 8 years later.

Synchronous thyroid carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. A case report (동시발생한 갑상선 암종과 편평세포암종의 증례보고)

  • Lee, Jae-Seo
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.36 no.4
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    • pp.221-226
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    • 2006
  • Thyroid carcinoma occuring as a second primary associated with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is unusual. This report presents a synchronous thyroid carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma in the anterior palate region of a 41-year-old man. The clinical, radiologic, and histologic features are described. At 10-month follow-up after operation, no evidence of recurrence and metastasis was present.

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A CASE PRESENTATION OF VERRUCOUS CARCINOMA ORIGINATED FROM VERRRUCOUS LEKOPLAKIA (우췌성 백반증에서 기원한 우췌성 암종의 치험례)

  • Choi, Moon-Gi
    • Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.339-347
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    • 2006
  • Oral leukoplakia is the most common premalignant lesion and malignant transformation has been reported from verrucal lekoplakia. Homogenous, benign leukoplakia develops into a line of squamous cell carcinoma such as verrrucous carcinoma, papillary squamous cell carcinoma and invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Early diagnosis and intervention of premalignant leukoplakia is up-most important to prevent transformation into a oral squamous cell carcinoma. Any change in surface, size and color warrants repeated biopsy. If verrucous carcinoma is evidently derived from the previous leukoplakia, wide surgical excision and periodic follow up is needed. Surgically removed lesion of leukoplakia has the tendency to recur. Follow-up is very important to patient and clinician. Although many therapies have been reported to oral leukoplakia and verrucal carcinoma, accepted treatment principle is not exist so far. But surgical removal is recommended as the treatment of choice.