• Title, Summary, Keyword: orbit

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ESTIMATION OF THE SGP4 DRAG TERM FROM TWO OSCULATING ORBIT STATES

  • Lee, Byoung-Sun;Park, Jae-Woo
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2003
  • A method for estimating the NORAD SGP4 atmospheric drag term from minimum osculating orbit states, i.e., two osculating orbits, is developed. The first osculating orbit state is converted into the NORAD TLE-type mean orbit state by iterative procedure. Then the converted TLE is propagated to the second orbit state using the SGP4 model with the incremental SGP4 drag term. The iterative orbit propagation procedure is finished when the difference of the two osculating semi-major axes between the propagated orbit and the given second orbit is minimized. In order to minimize the effect of the short-term variations of the osculating semi-major axis, the osculating argument of latitude of the second orbit is propagated to the same argument of latitude of the first orbit. The method is applied to the estimation of the NORAD-type TLE for the KOMPSAT-1 spacecraft. The SGP4 drag terms are estimated from both NORAD SGP4 orbit propagation and the numerical orbit propagation results. Variations of the estimated drag terms are analyzed for the KOMPSAT-1 satellite orbit determination results.

OPERATIONAL ORBIT DETERMINATION USING GPS NAVIGATION DATA

  • Hwang Yoola;Lee Byoung-Sun;Kim Jaehoon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • pp.376-379
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    • 2004
  • Operational orbit determination (OOD) depends on the capability of generating accurate prediction of spacecraft ephemeris in a short period. The predicted ephemeris is used in the operations such as instrument pointing and orbit maneuvers. In this study the orbit prediction problem consists of the estimating diverse arc length orbit using GPS navigation data, the predicted orbit for the next 48 hours, and the fitted 30-hour arc length orbits of double differenced GPS measurements for the predicted 48-hour period. For 24-hour orbit arc length, the predicted orbit difference from truth orbit was 205 meters due to the along-track error. The main error sources for the orbit prediction of the Low Earth Orbiter (LEO) satellite are solar pressure and atmosphere density.

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ESTIMATION OF A GENERAL ALONG-TRACK ACCELERATION IN THE KOMPSAT-1 ORBIT

  • Lee, Byoung-Sun;Lee, Jeong-Sook;Kim, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2002
  • General along-track acceleration was estimated in the KOMPSAT-1 orbit determination process. Several sets of the atmospheric drag and solar radiation pressure coefficients were also derived with the different spacecraft area. State vectors in the orbit determination with the different spacecraft area were compared in the time frame. The orbit prediction using the estimated coefficients was performed and compared with the orbit determination results. The orbit prediction with the different general acceleration values was also carried out for the comparison

APPLICABLE TRACKING DATA ARCS FOR NORAD TLE ORBIT DETERMINATION OF THE KOMPSAT-1 SATELLITE USING GPS NAVIGATION SOLUTIONS

  • Lee, Byoung-Sun
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 2005
  • NORAD Two Line Element (TLE) is very useful to simplify the ground station antenna pointing and mission operations. When a satellite operations facility has the capability to determine NORAD type TLE which is independent of NORAD, it is important to analyze the applicable tracking data arcs for obtaining the best possible orbit. The applicable tracking data arcs for NORAD independent TLE orbit determination of the KOMPSAT-1 using GPS navigation solutions was analyzed for the best possible orbit determination and propagation results. Data spans of the GPS navigation solutions from 1 day to 5 days were used for TLE orbit determination and the results were used as Initial orbit for SGP4 orbit propagation. The operational orbit determination results using KOMPSAT-1 Mission Analysis and Planning System(MAPS) were used as references for the comparisons. The best-matched orbit determination was obtained when 3 days of GPS navigation solutions were used. The resulting 4 days of orbit propagation results were within 2 km of the KOMPSAI-1 MAPS results.

Geostationary Orbit Surveillance Using the Unscented Kalman Filter and the Analytical Orbit Model

  • Roh, Kyoung-Min;Park, Eun-Seo;Choi, Byung-Kyu
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.193-201
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    • 2011
  • A strategy for geostationary orbit (or geostationary earth orbit [GEO]) surveillance based on optical angular observations is presented in this study. For the dynamic model, precise analytical orbit model developed by Lee et al. (1997) is used to improve computation performance and the unscented Kalman filer (UKF) is applied as a real-time filtering method. The UKF is known to perform well under highly nonlinear conditions such as surveillance in this study. The strategy that combines the analytical orbit propagation model and the UKF is tested for various conditions like different level of initial error and different level of measurement noise. The dependencies on observation interval and number of ground station are also tested. The test results shows that the GEO orbit determination based on the UKF and the analytical orbit model can be applied to GEO orbit tracking and surveillance effectively.

Orbit Determination System for the KOMPSAT-2 Using GPS Measurement Data

  • Lee, Byoung-Sun;Yoon, Jae-Cheol;Kim, Jae-Hoon
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2325-2330
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    • 2003
  • GPS based orbit determination system for the KOMPSAT-2 has been developed. Two types of orbit determination software such as operational orbit determination and precise orbit determination are designed and implemented. GPS navigation solutions from on-board the satellite are used for the operational orbit determination and raw measurements data such as C/A code pseudo-range and L1 carrier phase for the precise orbit determination. Operational concept, architectural design, software implementation, and performance test are described.

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Orbit Determination and Maneuver Planning for the KOMPSAT Spacecraft in Launch and Early Orbit Phase Operation

  • Lee, Byung-sun;Lee, Jeong-Sook;Won, Chang-Hee;Eun, Jong-Won;Lee, Ho-Jin
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.29-32
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    • 1999
  • Korea Multi-Purpose SATellite(KOMPSAT) is scheduled to be launched by TAURUS launch vehicle in November, 1999. Tracking, Telemetry and Command(TT&C) operation and the flight dynamics support should be performed for the successful Launch and Early Orbit Phase(LEOP) operation. After the first contact of the KOMPSAT spacecraft, initial orbit determination using ground based tracking data should be performed for the acquisition of the orbit. Although the KOMPSAT is planned to be directly inserted into the Sun- synchronous orbit of 685 km altitude, the orbit maneuvers are required fur the correction of the launch vehicle dispersion. Flight dynamics support such as orbit determination and maneuver planning will be performed by using KOMPSAT Mission Analysis and Planning Subsystem(MAPS) in KOMPSAT Mission Control Element(MCE). The KOMPSAT MAPS have been jointly developed by Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute(ETRI) and Hyundai Space & Aircraft Company(HYSA). The KOMPSAT MCE was installed in Korea Aerospace Research Institute(KARI) site for the KOMPSAT operation. In this paper, the orbit determination and maneuver planning are introduced and simulated for the KOMPSAT spacecraft in LEOP operation. Initial orbit determination using short arc tracking data and definitive orbit determination using multiple passes tracking data are performed. Orbit maneuvers for the altitude correction and inclination correction are planned for achieving the final mission orbit of the KOMPSAT.

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Development of Integrated Orbit and Attitude Software-in-the-loop Simulator for Satellite Formation Flying

  • Park, Han-Earl;Park, Sang-Young;Park, Chandeok;Kim, Sung-Woo
    • Journal of Astronomy and Space Sciences
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2013
  • An integrated orbit and attitude control algorithm for satellite formation flying was developed, and an integrated orbit and attitude software-in-the-loop (SIL) simulator was also developed to test and verify the integrated control algorithm. The integrated algorithm includes state-dependent Riccati equation (SDRE) control algorithm and PD feedback control algorithm as orbit and attitude controller respectively and configures the two algorithms with an integrating effect. The integrated SIL simulator largely comprises an orbit SIL simulator for orbit determination and control, and attitude SIL simulator for attitude determination and control. The two SIL simulators were designed considering the performance and characteristics of related hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulators and were combined into the integrated SIL simulator. To verify the developed integrated SIL simulator with the integrated control algorithm, an orbit simulation and integrated orbit and attitude simulation were performed for a formation reconfiguration scenario using the orbit SIL simulator and the integrated SIL simulator, respectively. Then, the two simulation results were compared and analyzed with each other. As a result, the user satellite in both simulations achieved successful formation reconfiguration, and the results of the integrated simulation were closer to those of actual satellite than the orbit simulation. The integrated orbit and attitude control algorithm verified in this study enables us to perform more realistic orbit control for satellite formation flying. In addition, the integrated orbit and attitude SIL simulator is able to provide the environment of easy test and verification not only for the existing diverse orbit or attitude control algorithms but also for integrated orbit and attitude control algorithms.

Orbit determination of moogunghwa satellite (무궁화위성의 궤도결정)

  • 박수홍;조겸래
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.692-697
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    • 1992
  • This study concerns about the orbit prediction and orbit determination of Korean future communication satellite, called "Moogunghwa", which will be motioned in the geo-stationary orbit. Perturbation effect on the satellite orbit due to nonspherical geopotential term, lunar and solar gravity, drag force of the atmosphere and solar radiation pressure was investigated. Cowell's method is used for orbit prediction. Orbit determination was performed by using EKF which is suitable for real-time orbit determination. The result shows that the characteristics of the satellite orbit has drift. So the periodic control time and control value in the view of the periodic of error can be provided. The orbit determination demonstrated the effectiveness since the convergence performance on the position and velocity error , and state error standard deviation is reasonable.easonable.

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A Study on Perturbation Effect and Orbit Determination of Communication Satellite (통신위성에 작용하는 섭동력의 영향평가와 궤도결정)

  • Park, Soo-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 1992
  • This study concerns about the orbit prediction and orbit determination of Korean future communication satellite, called 'Moogunghwa", which will be motioned in the geo-stationary orbit. Perturbation effect on the satellite orbit due to nonspherical gravitation of the earth, gravitation of the sun and moon, radiation of sun, drag of the atmosphere was investigated. Cowell's method is used for orbit prediction. Orbit determination was performed by using Extended Kalman Filter which is suitable for real-time orbit determination. The result shows that the chacteristics of the satellite orbit has east-west and south-north drift. So the periodic control time and control value in the view of the periodic of error can be provided. The orbit determination demonstrated the effectiveness since the convergence performance on the positon and velocity error, and state error standard deviation is reasonable.able.

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