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Antimicrobial Activity of Some Medical Herbs and Spices against Streptococcus mutans (생약재 및 향신료의 Streptococcus mutans 증식 억제 효과)

  • 유영선;박기문;김영배
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.187-191
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    • 1993
  • In order to find out an anticariogenic substance, antibacterial activities of some medical herbs and spices against Streptococcus mutans were investigated. The essential oils of oregano, thyme, sage, fennel, nutmeg, rosemary, calamus and cassia cortex were shown antibacterial effect against S. mutans. The essential oil of oregano among other tested medical herbs and spices showed the most active antimicrobial activity. The essential oil of oregano inhibited the activity of glucosyltransferase from S. mutans. The minimal inhibition concentration of oregano essential oil was determined as 0.05nl/ml. The activity of glucosyltransferase from S. mutans was inhibited in the presence of oregano essential oil.

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Effects of Strength of Nutrient Solution on the Growth and Essential Oil Content of Marjouram(Origanum majoraana) and Oregano(Origanum vulgare) (마죠람과 오레가노의 생육 및 장유함량에 미치는 양액농도의 효과)

  • Kang, Ho-Min;Na, Cheol-Wook;Park, Kuen-Woo
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.235-239
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate a adequate strength of nuttient solution in production of marjoram and oregano by hydroponicsl Two herbs were grown for 40days with the strength of 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 dS${\cdot}m^{-1}$ in herb's nutrient solution developed by European Vegetable R & D Center, Belgium. the growth, vitamin C, and essential oil content of marjormam were higher in the treatment of 0.5 dS${\cdot}m^{-1}$ than the other treatments tested. But marjoram growtn with the sstrength of 20. and 3.0 dS${\cdot}m^{-1}$ had the highest mineral contents and essential oil content, respectively. Elevated strength of nutirent solution decreased chlorophyll content. In oregano, the growth was vest in the stength of 0.5, but withered in the strength of 3.0 The chlorophyll content was the lowest in the strength of 0.2dS${\cdot}m^{-1}$, while vitamin C contents had no statistical differences among treatments, Oregano grown with 1.0 dS${\cdot}m^{-1}$had the highest mineral and essential oil content, but the oil yield washighest in the treatment of 0.5 dS ${\cdot}m^{-1}$. In conclusion, the strength of 0.5 dS${\cdot}m^{-1}$ herb's nutrient solution was adequated in production of marjorma and oregano in hydroponicc system.

The Effect of Oregano and Cinnamon Essential Oils on Fermentation Quality and Aerobic Stability of Field Pea Silages

  • Soycan-Onenc, Sibel;Koc, Fisun;Coskuntuna, Levent;Ozduven, M. Levent;Gumus, Tuncay
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.9
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    • pp.1281-1287
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to determine the effect of field pea silages which were the organic acid (OA) alternative of oregano and cinnamon essential oils on fermentation quality and aerobic stability. Whole crop pea was harvested at full pod stage and wilted in the laboratory at the 48 h. The chopped pea was mixed and divided into equal portions allocated to five groups: CON (non-treated), distilled water, denoted as control group; OA group, a mixture of 60% formic acid, 20% sodium formate and 20% water applied at a rate of 5 g/kg fresh forage (Silofarm Liquid, Farmavet); origanum (ORE) group, Origanum onites essential oil at 400 mg/kg fresh forage; cinnamon (CIN) group, cinnamon essential oil at 400 mg/kg fresh forage; origanum+cinnamon (ORECIN) group, a mixture of ORE and CIN applied at an equal rate of 400 mg/kg fresh forage. Cinnamon decreased acetic acid (AA), ammonia nitrogen ($NH_3-N$) and weight loss (WL) at the end of 60 days silage. Crude protein (CP) and dry matter (DM) increased by cinnamon essential oil. Yeasts were not detected in any treatments, including the control, after 7 days of air exposure. The $CO_2$ amount decreased and the formation mold was inhibited in the aerobic period by the addition of cinnamon oil. Oregano did not show a similar effect, but when it was used with cinnamon, it showed synergic effect on AA and during aerobic period, it showed antagonistic effect on mold formation and DM losses. It was found in this study that cinnamon can be an alternative to organic acids.

Therapeutic effect of oregano essential oil on subclinical bovine mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli

  • Cho, Byung-Wook;Cha, Chun-Nam;Lee, Soo-Mi;Kim, Mee-Jeong;Park, Ju-Yeon;Yoo, Chang-Yeol;Son, Song-Ee;Kim, Suk;Lee, Hu-Jang
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.253-257
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    • 2015
  • Oregano (Origanum vulgare) is an aromatic herb belonging to the Lamiaceae family. This study evaluated the therapeutic effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) on clinical bovine mastitis caused by Staphylococcus (S.) aureus and/or Escherichia (E.) coli. Thirty-two quarters from 18 lactating cows with subclinical mastitis were selected from a dairy farm and were divided into 4 groups (8 quarters/group): negative control (CON), positive control (GEN) and two OEO-treated groups (OEO-1 and OEO-2). Each group was intramammarily treated with saline, 10 g/tube of gentamicin ointment, and single and double doses of 0.9 mL OEO ointment twice a day for three days, respectively. After the treatments, physical udder conditions were greatly improved in GEN and OEO groups. In CON group, somatic cell counts (SCCs), number of white blood cells (WBC) and bacteria were increased. However, in OEO groups, SCCs and number of WBC were significantly decreased and S. aureus and E. coli were not detected in milk as compared with those before the treatments as well as GEN group. These results suggest that OEO may be a useful alternative to antibiotics for the control of subclinical bovine mastitis caused by S. aureus and/or E. coli.

Antifungal Activity of Some Essential Oils and Their Major Constituents on 3 Plant Pathogenic Fungi (식물병원성 곰팡이에 대한 몇 가지 식물정유 및 주성분의 성장억제 효과)

  • Cho Hyun Ji;Shin Dongill
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1003-1008
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    • 2004
  • 11 plant essential oils are screened in vitro for their antifungal activities against Botrytis cinerea, Fusarium oxysporum and Rhizoctonia solani, which are causative agents of serious plant diseases. The radial growth of the test fungi were reduced in response to the oils. Among them, the essential oil from the bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum inhibited 3 tested fungi growth, strongly, followed by those of oregano and thyme. The major constituents of the three essential oils, cinnaldehyde, carvacrol and thymol were tested for their effects on the fungi. From the results obtained, cinnamaldehyde, the major constituents of C. zeylanicum bark esential oil, has potential to be developed as a biopesticide for controlling phytopathogenic fungi causing serious damages on the important crops cultivated in Korea.

Effects of $Ca^{2+}\;:\;K^+$ Ratio in Nutrient Solution on the Growth and Quality of Marjoram(Origanum majorana) and Oregano(Origanum vulgare) Grown in Hydroponic Culture (수경재배시 Ca 및 K 이온의 조성비율 차이가 마죠람과 오레가노의 생육 및 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kuen-Woo;Na, Cheol-Wook;Kang, Ho-Min
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.240-244
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate a proper $Ca^{2+}\;:\;K^+$ ratio in nutrient solution to produce marjoram and oregano by hydroponics. Two herbs were grown for 40 days with the $Ca^{2+}\;:\;K^+$ ratio of 3.5;13, 4.5:11(standard herb's nutrient solution), 5.5:9 and 6.5:7mM${\cdot}L^{-1}$ of herb's nutrient solution developed by European Vegetable R &D Center, Belgium. The ratio of 5.5:9, and 6.5:7 mM${\cdot}L^{-1}$ showed better results in growth of marjoram than other treatments. Vitamin C contents and amounts of esential oil were the highest in the ratio of 5.5:9 and 6.5:7, respectively. Inoregano, the growth and vitamin C contents were the highest in the ratio of 5.5:9 and 6.5:7 mM${\cdot}L^{-1}$, respectively. The content (%) and amount (mg/plant) of essential oil were the highest in the ratio of 6.5:7mM${\cdot}L^{-1}$. These results indicated that 5.5:9 and 6.5:7 mM${\cdot}L^{-1}$were proper $Ca^{2+}\;:\;K^+$ ratio of nutrient solution of marjoram and oregano, respectively, by hydropoinics.

Effect of Dietary Essential Oils on Growth, Feed Utilization and Meat Yields of White Leg Shrimp L. vannamei

  • Kim, J.D.;Nhut, T.M.;Hai, T.N.;Ra, C.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.1136-1141
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    • 2011
  • Effect of dietary essential oils on growth, feed utilization and meat yields of white leg shrimp L. vannamei was investigated. White shrimp fry weighing 0.62 g were kept in one of 12 tanks (75 head/500 L holding tank) in a closed recirculation system. Four experimental diets, a commercial diet (control), phytoncide oil (PO), oregano oil (OO) and fermented garlic liquid (GL) were fed for 16 weeks. The mean water quality values for the whole experimental period were $27.8{\pm}1^{\circ}C$, $7.6{\pm}0.3$, $15.5{\pm}0.3$ g/L and $6.1{\pm}0.3$ mg/L for water temperature, pH, salinity and dissolved oxygen, respectively. At the end of the trial, 10 shrimp per tank were randomly sampled and meat yields (%) were evaluated after peeling the shell and removing the head. After a 16 week feeding trial, final weight of shrimp ranged from 21.9 g to 23.6 g. Feed conversion was not significantly different among groups (p>0.05), which was the lowest (1.95) in the control and highest (2.30) in the PO. Specific growth rate was also not significantly different (p>0.05) and ranged from 3.18% to 3.25%. Average daily gain of 0.2 g was obtained in all treatments. Mortality varied from 35.1% for control to 44.9% for OO. Meat yields maintained constant at 52.1% for control to 53.0% for PO. The study suggested that natural essential oils could not exert any improvement in growth performance, mortality and meat yields of white leg shrimp.

Status of Selenium Contents and Effect of Selenium Treatment on Essential Oil Contents in Several Korean Herbs (한국의 몇 가지 허브의 셀레늄 함유량 및 셀레늄 처리가 정유 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Moon Jung;Lee, Gung Pyo;Park, Kuen Woo
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.384-388
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    • 2001
  • The selenium (Se) contents of 20 herbs, harvested in three areas in Korea, were analyzed. Many herbs had no Se. Angelica ($138.4{\mu}g \;Se{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ FW), caraway ($167.8{\mu}g \;Se{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ FW), chamomile ($116.6{\mu}g \;Se{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ FW), marjoram (158.7 and $132.6{\mu}g\;Se{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ FW), and oregano ($62.5{\mu}g\;Se{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ FW) accumulated Se as higher concentration compared with other plants. The Se content of herbs was dependent on the species, cultivars and areas. The status of Se uptake by herbs was investigated according to Se concentrations in hydroponics. During four weeks, before harvest of several herbs in greenhouse, sodium selenate ($Na_2SeO_4$) was added to the nutrient solution at concentrations of 2, 4, 6, and $8mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$. Field-mint accumulated Se too high, but external symptom of Se toxicity was not found. Essential oil content was generally proportionated to treated-Se concentration. The essential oil contents in basil and balm increased two to three times higher by sodium selenate treatment compared to non-treatment, but they did not show any linear relationship between essential oil contents and treated-Se concentration.

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Control of Kimchi Fermentation by the Addition of Natural Antimicrobial Agents Originated from Plants (식물유래 천연항균물질 첨가에 의한 김치의 발효조절)

  • Seo, Hyun-Sun;Kim, Seonhwa;Kim, Jinsol;Han, Jaejoon;Ryu, Jee-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.583-589
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    • 2013
  • We investigated the delay of kimchi fermentation by the addition of plant extracts. Fifteen plant extracts were screened for inhibitory activity aginst Lactobacillus plantarum by using an agar well diffusion assay, and determined the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal lethal concentration (MLC) were determined. The lowest MIC for grapefruit seed extract (GFSE; 0.0313 mg/mL) was determined, followed by Caesalpinia sappan L. extract (CSLE; 0.25 mg/mL), and oregano essential oil (OREO; 1.0 mg/mL). GFSE, CSLE, and OREO were individually added to kimchi, and incubated the samples at 10 for up to 20 days. Results showed that the addition of GFSE (0.3 and 0.5%), CSLE (0.1, 0.3, and 0.5%), or OREO (0.5 and 1.0%) led to a significant increase in the pH of kimchi, and also a significant reduction in the numbers of lactic acid bacteria. Taken together, the addition of natural antimicrobial agents can delay kimchi fermentation.