• Title, Summary, Keyword: organic acid

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Inhibitory Effects of Organic Acids against Pectinolytic Yeasts Isolated from Decayed Citrus (연부현상이 발생한 감귤로부터 분리한 효모에 대한 유기산의 생육 저해 효과)

  • Park, Eun-Jin;Kim, Soyeon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2015
  • Organic acids are known as natural sanitizers. We examined the sanitizing effects of five organic acids (acetic acid, propionic acid, citric acid, malic acid, and lactic acid) and their persistence on three pectinolytic yeast strains isolated from decayed citrus, and the persistence of their sanitizing effects was determined during storage at $4^{\circ}C$ and $16^{\circ}C$. The 7~8 log CFU/mL of the mixed three yeast mixture was exposed to various concentrations of each organic acid for 1 min. The yeast mixtures decreased under detection limit(1 log CFU/mL) in 1% of acetic acid, followed by in 3% of propionic acid with the reduction of 5 log CFU/mL. The citric acid, malic acid, and lactic acid decreased the number of yeasts under detection limit at 7.5%. When treated with deionized water and 1~5% of organic acids were treated on the surfaces of citrus contaminated by yeasts, total numbers of the yeasts decreased under detection limit(3 log CFU) at 5% of acetic acid and 4 log CFU/piece at 5% propionic acid compared with deionized water. When treated with acetic acid and propionic acid on the stem ends of the contaminated citrus, total numbers of the yeasts significantly decreased 0.5 log CFU/piece at 3% of both organic acids. During storage at $4^{\circ}C$ and $16^{\circ}C$ for 20 days, total number of yeasts significantly decreased at 2% acetic acid compared with deionized water. This study suggested that organic acids could be used to sanitize microbial contaminants from citrus for storage and transportation.

Evaluation of Laver Growth Rate using Pyroligneous Acid (목초액유기산을 사용한 김의 성장률 평가)

  • Kim, U-Hang;Jo, Seong-Taek
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.105-108
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    • 2004
  • Organic acid is made with carbonized organic acid that is produced from charcoal burning process. It is evaluated whether carbonized organic acid is able to removed Enteromorpha in the laboratory and Porphra aquaculture farm test. The optimum condition for Enteromorpha removal are revealed ten times dilution and ten second immersion. The mortality rate of Enteromorpha is $95\%$ and diatom-detaching rate is $100\%$ by the organic acid treatment. On the other hand, the mortality rate of Porphra is lower than $5%\$. It was measured that nitrogen was 0.175 mg/l and phosphorus was 0.0158 mg/l. Therefore, Concentration of nutrients were lower than being necessary to Porphra growth. Growth rate of Porphra was $12\%$ increased by organic acid treatment with carbonized organic acid added nutrient.

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Antimicrobial Effect of Organic Acid and Distribution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus from the Incheon Adjacent Sea (연안 해역에서 분리한 Vibrio parahaemolyticus에 대한 유기산의 증식억제 효과)

  • Jang, Jae-Seon;Kim, Yong-Hee;Yoon, Byoung-Jun
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.209-213
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the distribution of V. parahaemolyticus in Incheon adjacent sea, and anti-microbial effect on growth of V. parahaemolyticus in organic acid. The detected strains were compared for geography, months and sample types. V. parahaemolyticus was detected form 28.5 percent of 287 samples collected from Incheon area, and 34.7 percent of 91 samples collected in the months of July through September, and 24.7 percent of 279 shellfish samples respectively. The minimun inhibitory concentration(MIC) of organic acid in V. parahaemolyticus were 1,250ppm at propionic acid, citric acid and acetic acid, 2,500ppm at vanillic acid, respectively. MICs of combined treatment of acetic acid and vanillic acid, citric acid and vanillic acid, propionic acid and vanillic acid were 1,250 ppm. MICs of combined treatment of citric acid and acetic acid, propionic acid and acetic acid, propionic acid and citric acid was 12.5ppm. The antimicrobial effect of organic acid in V. parahaemolyticus was confirmed from the result of this experiment.

Composition of Fatty Acid and Organic Acid in Acanthopanax (오가피(五加皮)의 지방산(脂肪酸) 및 유기산(有機酸) 조성(組成))

  • Shin, Eung-Tae;Kim, Chang-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.403-405
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    • 1985
  • The composition of fatty acids and organic acids in the fruits, stems, and roots of Acanthopanax were studied. The major fatty acids in the fruits, stems and roots were oleic, linoleic and palmitic acids and these composed about 86-98% of total fatty acids. However, there are great differences in content of the major fatty acids between varieties and each parts. Citric, malefic, succinic, malonic, fumaric and malic acids were identified in the fruits. Malic acid was the predaminant organic acid. There are great differences in individual content of the organic acids between varieties and each parts. Malonic and malefic acids were not detected in the stems and roots, respectively. Citric acid was most abundant organic acid parts. Total organic acid content in roots was very low compared to that of fruits and stems.

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Biological Improvement of Reclaimed Tidal Land Soil(IV) Changes of Saline Soil by addition of Organic Acids (해안간척지 토양의 생물학적 토성개선에 관한 연구 (제4보) 유기산첨가에 따르는 토양성분의 제 변화에 대하여)

  • 홍순우
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 1969
  • In the previous paper(part III), a certian relationships between the changes of chlorinity and organic acid released from organic material were seemed to be concened to each other in saline soil suspension. Such a possibility had been a cause to take this experiments and this experiment was carried out under the treatment of organic acid crystal, oxalic acid and succinic acid, to the soil suspension(soil: water=20g:40cc) directly. The amount of organic acid treated to the suspension were related to the contents of organic material, as amount of organic acid per gram of organic material(391.76mg). The saline soil suspension were grouped and treated with the acids in order of 78.35mg(Group 1), 391.76mg(Group 2) 979.4mg(Group 3), and 1958.8mg(Group 4), respectively. Treated suspension had been incubated at room temperature and extract from suspension was used for analysis. Followings are summary of this report. 1) Changes of pH in soil suspension appeared a little increase after the treatment of organic acid until 168 hours. 2) Total acidity of soil suspension showed a variation, however, the values of total acidity appeared not to be increased or decreased during the period of experiment. 3) Sugar contents of soil suspension was increased until 168 hours after treatment. These results are similar tendency to the previous paper. 4) Addition of organic acid to soil suspension was confirmed not to be effective method for desalination from saline soil. Chlorinity of group 3 and 4 which were treated with high concentration of organic acid showed a decrease comparing to control group.

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Effects of the Gamma Irradiation on Composition of Free Amino Acid, Fatty Acid and Organic Acid of Soybean-Based Fermentation Food (감마선 조사가 장류제품의 유리 아미노산, 지방산 및 유기산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김동호;김정옥;차보숙;이자영;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.777-781
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    • 2001
  • The effects of gamma-irradiation on the nutritional components of some Korean soybean-based fermentation foods were studied. Doenjang (soybean paste), kochujang (red pepper paste) and chungkukjang were prepared, irradiated at 0, 5, 10 and 20 kGy, and their compositions of free amino acid, free fatty acid and organic acid were determined. Compositions of free amino acid and free fatty acid in gamma irradiated sample were stable compared to non-irradiated control. Content of citric acid and succinic acid increased, while that of malic acid decreased in the gamma irradiated chungkookjang, but there were no significant changes in organic acid composition in organic and kochujang.

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Effects of Organic Acids on Korean Naeng Myon Broth (유기산의 첨가가 냉면육수에 미치는 영향)

  • 오혁수;안승근
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.4
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    • pp.413-436
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    • 1998
  • In order to guarantee the safety of Korean Naeng Myon Broth in summer, pH and micrological quality of iced noodle gravy which is cooked and sold in public restaurant were investigated. And the variations of pH, taste and microorganism were studied with organic acid treatment during storage period. The micrological status of iced noodle gravy showed that average number of total aerobic bacteria was 2.7${\times}$105CFU/$m\ell$ and fecal coliform was 8.3${\times}$103CFU/$m\ell$ respectly. Food poison microorganisms not detected and average of pH was 4.8. pH changed slightly during storage period and deceased with increasement of organic acid added. Sour taste of organic acid increased acetic acid, citric acid, lactic acid order and there was no organic acid having with more sour taste than iced noodle gravy which is cooked and sold in public restaurant. Salmonella was destroyed when treated with 1% of acetic acid and lactic acid and Escherichia coli became extinct at treatment with 0.8% acetic acid and 1% lactic acid. in case of same concentration, inhibition effects to Escherichia coli multiplication show citric acid, lactic acid, acetic acid order. In conclusion, treatment with more than 0.8% acetic acid and above 1.0% lactic acid or more than 1.0% citric acid in case of production and consumption a day can prevent from Escherichia coli pollution in Korean Naeng Myon Broth.

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The Effect of Salt Concentrations on the Production of Volatile Organic Acids by Zygosaccharomyces rouxii, a Soy Sauce Yeast (간장에서 분리한 Zygosaccharomyces rouxii의 휘발성 유기산 생성에 미치는 식염농도의 영향)

  • 권동진;하덕모
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.120-125
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    • 1994
  • By using a synthetic medium simulated on the amino acid composition of soybeam, the effect of salt concentrations on the production of volatile organic acid by the strains of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii So-3101, a soy sauce yeast, was studied at the concentrations of 12.5, 18.0, 22.0 and 28.5% NaCl. The growth, consumption of glucose, and production of alcohol, total acid and volatile organic acid, showed the highest values at a concentration of 12.5% NaCl, and those values were decreased with an increase in the salt concentration. The ratio of volatile organic acid to total organic acid was remained at approximately the same level within the range of salt concentrations between 12.5~22.0%, whereas the ratio was decreased at a salt concentration of 28.5%. After incubation for 16 days, 8 volatile organic acids, i.e. acetic, propionic, n-butyric, isobutyric, isovaleric, isocaproic, n-caproic, and heptanoic acids, were detected by gas chromatography. Among the volatile organic acids, acetic acid was produced in the appreciable amiunt and its ratio to the other volatile acids was increased with an increase in the salt concentration.A small amount of isocaproic, propionic, isobutyric and isovaleric acids were produced, and n-caproic, n-butyric and heptanoic acids were detected only at the lower salt concentration.

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Determination of Organic Acids in Tobacco Leaves by HPLC (HPLC를 이용한 잎담배 중 유기산 함량 분석)

  • Min, Hye-Jeong;Jang, Seok-Su;Kim, Ick-Joong;Shin, Jun-Won;Kim, Yong-Ha;Min, Young-Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to improve the analytical methods for determination of organic acids in tobacco leaf by HPLC. The samples for HPLC analysis were pre-treated by means of SPE. The calibration curve for each acid was linear and $R^2$ values ranged from 0.9990 to 1.0000. The limit of detection were obtained from the calibration curves and their values were between 1.39 to $4.87{\mu}g/mL$. Recovery rates of organic acids were between 88.6 % to 98.5 %. The concentrations of organic acids among the various tobacco leaves were compared to the concentration of organic acids, were in the order oriental, burley, flue-cured tobacco. In the case of flue-cured and oriental tobacco leaves, the order of concentration of organic acids was malic acid, oxalic acid, citric acid. But in the case of burley tobacco leaves, the order of concentration of organic acids was citric acid, oxalic acid, malic acid.

Analysis of Organic Impurities in Terephthalic Acid Manufacturing Process (테레프탈산 제조공정 중의 유기불순물 분석)

  • Kim, Dong Bum;Cha, Woonou;Kwak, Kyu Dae
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.1204-1208
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    • 1996
  • The organic impurities are formed in the p-xylene oxidation process to terephthalic acid(TPA) and they are present in the filtrate(mother liquor) solution or the TPA particles. The organic impurities present in the p-xylene oxidation are formed through side reactions or incomplete reaction. In this study, the main organic impurities, such as benzoic acid, p-toluic acid, p-tolualdehyde, 4-carboxybenzaldehyde, phthalic acid, isophthalic acid, trimellitic acid, and 4-hydroxymethyl benzoic acid were identified simultaneously by gas chromatograghy. The above impurities were reacted with bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide in the mixture of internal standard solution and pyridine solution by trimethylsilylation, where the internal standard solution was made by 99% bis (trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide and 1% trimethylchlorosilane. The main organic impurities above mentioned can be analyzed quantitatively within 50 min.

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