• Title, Summary, Keyword: organic acid

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Changes of Alcohol, Free Amino Acid, Non-Volatile Organic Acid and fatty Acid Composition during Brewing of Backilju (백일주 양조중 알코올, 유리아미노산, 비휘발성유기산 및 지방산조성의 변화)

  • 박석규;박필숙;김귀영;강우원;이영근
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 1994
  • Changes in taste components of Backilju, an traditional alcoholic beverage of Korea, were investigated. Ethanol(17%) was the most abundant, and then isoamylalcohol(23mg%) and methanol(8mg%) were also detected in a small amount in Backilju. Major non-volatile organic acids were lactic and malic acid, followed by citric, fumaric and succinic acid. Arginine, phenylalanine and glutamic acid were major free amino acids and essential amino acid content was 230∼560 mg%, which was 45∼48% of total free amino acids. The major fatty acid of total lipid was palmitic acid(37∼43%). It has been found that the Backilju contained more free amino acids and alcohols than other Korean Yokjus.

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Organic acidemias in Korea (한국의 유기산혈증)

  • Lee, Hong Jin
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Inherited Metabolic disease
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.52-73
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    • 2011
  • Since we have started organic acid analysis on Jul. 1997, we have been collecting data about organic acidemias in Korea. The data presented here is our 3 years experience in organic acid analysis. We have collected 712 samples from major university hospitals all over the Korea, large enough for relatively accurate incidence of organic acid disorders. We are using solvent extraction method with ethylacetate, MSTFA for derivatization and quantitation of 83 organic acids simultaneously. Out of 712 patients sample, 498 patients sample (70%) showed no evidence of organic acid abnormalities. Out of 214 remaining samples we have found very diverse disorders such as methylmalonic aciduria(6), propionic aciduria (10), biotinidase deficiency (6), maple syrup urine disease (3), isovaleric aciduria (4), tyrosinemia type II (4), tyrosinemia type IV (1), glutaric aciduria type I (1), glutaric aciduria type II (22), 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type I (3), 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type III (7), HMG-CoA lyase deficiency (1), hyperglyceroluria (2), cytosolic 3-ketothiolase deficiency (55), mitochondrial 3-ketothiolase deficiency (3), 3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduria (2), L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (2), fumaric aciduria (2), lactic aciduria with combined elevation of pyruvate (most likely PDHC deficiency) (28), lactic aciduria without combined elevation of pyruvate (most likely mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders) (35), SCAD deficiency (3), MCAD deficiency (1), 3-methylcrotonylglycineuria (1), orotic aciduria (most likely urea cycle disorders) (7) and 2-methylbranched chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (1). In conclusion, though the incidence of indivisual organic acidemia is low, the incidence of overall organic acidemia is relatively high in Korea. Most of the patients showed some signs of neurological dysfunction. In other words, organic acid analysis should be included in the diagnostic work up of all neurological dysfunctions.

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Evaluation of Performance and Economical Efficiency of the Advanced Wastewater Treatment System (고도(高度) 하수처리(下水處理) 시스템의 처리성능 및 경제성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong Ha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 1999
  • For a high-rate fermentation and recovery of organic acid, we have developed a new organic acid fermentation reactor with membrane filter, which is the most important part in the new advanced wastewater treatment system. The recovered organic acid is to be reused as an organic carbon source at denitrification process. Some experiments were conducted to compare the performance of acid fermentation at different SRTs, such as 5, 10, and 20 days. The total organic acid concentration produced during the runs was in the range of 2,100-2,900 (mgC/L). The conversion efficiency from substrate to organic acid reached to from 43% to 59%. The recovery rate of organic acid from substrate based on TOC was from 26% to 53%. Regardless of operational conditions, it has been able to maintain the membrane flux constantly, in the range of 0.4-0.46 ($m^3/m^2/day$). The transmembrane pressure drop was 0.2-0.3 (kg/cm) for 100 day's operation. The result of simulation is as follows. Organic removal efficiency of the new advanced treatment system is 95%. 73% of Nitrogen is removed. The removal efficiency of Phosphorus is 93%. By coqulation, soluble phosphorus is able to remove from the water treatment lines, which is impossible at conventional activated sludge system. The unit construction cost is 65000 (yen/m3) and it was 1.4 times than that of the standard activated sludge system. The unit operation cast is 7.7 ($yen/m^3/day$) and it was 1.3 times than that of the standard activated sludge system.

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Free Sugar and Organic Acid in the Fruit of Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge) Selected Clones as Honey Plant in Korea

  • Park, Youngki;Kim, Jae-Hee
    • Journal of Apiculture
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.297-301
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    • 2018
  • Hawthorn is widely distributed in Korea and has been used as herbal medicine for treating various cardiovascular disease, arteriosclerosis and hypertension in Korea. In order to select superior honey tree plant from Korea, the free sugar and organic acid in hawthorn fruits, including five Korean clones and four Chinese cultivars, were evaluated. We also compared these hawthorn fruits of five clones (selected from different area of Korea) with Chinese hawthorn cultivars. Glucose, galactose, fructose and sucrose were the major sugar components of hawthorn. In this study, we observed that sucrose, glucose and fructose content. The highest sucrose content of hawthorn fruit was 188.12g/100g in Daegeumseong cultivar. The sweetness index, which plays important role of taste, was also calculated from the content of sucrose, glucose and fructose. The contribution of each carbohydrate was calculated, based on the fact that fructose is 2.30 and sucrose 1.35 times sweeter than glucose. The highest sweetness of hawthorn fruit was 579.52 in Pocheon clone. Main organic acid detected in hawthorn fruit were citric acid, malic acid and shikimic acid. The highest citric acid and malic acid content in hawthorn fruit were 157.50g/100g (Pocheon 3) and 34.12g/100g (Daegeumseong), respectively. The results of this study would be helpful for using food and functional food products, due to the beneficial effects of free sugar and organic acid for human health such as antioxidants and anticarcinogenic properties.

Effect of Ozone Treatment on the Changes of Fatty Acids, Organic acids, and Sensory Properties in Ginseng Powder (오존처리가 인삼분말의 지방산과 유기산 함량 및 향미특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 곽이성;최강주;김나미
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 1996
  • As a preliminary experiment to investigate the effect of ozone sterelization on the ginseng powder, the changes of fatty acid composition and organic acid content and sensory properties in ginseng powder treated with ozone was investigated. Ginseng powder was treated with 0.5 ppm ozone for 24 hours and 48 hours, respectively. With increase in ozone treatment time, the content of crude lipid and increase. Contents of unsaturated fatty acid-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and oleic acid, etc.-decreased with ozone treatment time, whereas saturated fatty acid or same number-stearic acid-increased odor, bitter taste, roasted taste and sweet taste were thiner with ozone treatment times, but pungent taste was thicker with those treatment. These changes of ordors and tastes of ginseng powder with ozone treatment were predicted by oxydation of lipids, flavor components and saponins.

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Organic Acids and Fatty Acids of Honey Harvested in Kangwon Area (강원도산 잡화벌꿀의 유기산 및 지방산 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김복남;김택제;최홍식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.52-58
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    • 1991
  • Physico-chemical properties including the composition of organic acids and fatty acids in native bee-honey and foreign bee-honey harvested in Kangwon area were studied with the emphasis on the honey which was collected form wild flowers nd mixed flowers sources for honey nectars. the major organic acids were considered as acetic acid formic acid and valeric acid in volatile acids and gluconic acid maleic acid malic acid quinic acid and citric acid in non-volatile fraction in both of native bee-honey and foreigr bee-honey. Some naturally occuring fatty acids({{{{ { C}_14{ } }}}}-{{{{ {C }_{20 } }}}}) were observed with the principal fatty acids of myristic aicd linolenic acid and palmitic acid and palmitic acid in the various honey, The characteristics of moisture content pH viscosity free acidity lactone and total acidity were also analyzed and discussed.

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Production of Biodegradable Plastics, Poly (3-Hydroxybutyrate-Co-3-Hydroxyvalerate) from Organic Aicd Mixtures and Swine Waste (유기산 혼합물 및 돈사폐수를 이용한 Poly (3-Hydroxybutyrate-Co-3-Hydroxyvalerate)의 생산)

  • 박창호
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.615-620
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    • 1998
  • The readily fermentable carbon sources in swine were acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid at the average concentrations of 7.2 g/L, 2.2 g/L and 2.7 g/L, respectively. The swine waste also contained excess nitrogen and other mineral sources. In shake flask experiments, the optimal range of cell growth for Azotobacter vinelandii UWD were 1.0∼3.5 g/L of acetic acid, 0.7∼2.0 g/L of propionic acid and 0.5∼2.0 g/L of butyric acid. A mixture of these three acids simulating two times diluted swine waste supported the best cell growth but the amount of carbon sources was limited. In shake flask and fermentor experiments, an addition of 30 g/L of glucose increased the final cell dry weight 8 times while the final poly (3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) concentration increased 86 times compared with using acid mixture only. A. vinelandii UWD preferred organic acids in the sequence of acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, and valeric acid.

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Quality Characteristics of Tteokgalbi with Black Rice Bran and Organic Acid to Substitute Synthetic Caramel Colorant

  • Kim, Tae-Kyung;Hong, Seung-Hee;Ku, Su-Kyung;Kim, Young-Boong;Jeon, Ki-Hong;Choi, Hee-Don;Park, Jong-Dae;Park, Kwoan-Sik;Choi, Yun-Sang
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.552-560
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to evaluate the quality characteristics of Tteokgalbi with 1% (w/w) black rice bran only (T1), or with black rice bran and one of the following four types of organic acid: ascorbic acid (T2), citric acid (T3), tartaric acid (T4), or maleic acid (T5) as a substitute for caramel colorant. Tteokgalbi with only black rice bran showed the highest (p<0.05) values of moisture content and water holding capacity (WHC), while there were no significant differences in protein content, fat content, ash content, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) values in treatments and controls (p>0.05). All the treated samples with any one of the four organic acids showed lower pH than controls (p<0.05). The lightness and redness of Tteokgalbi treated with any one of the four organic acids and black rice bran were higher than those of T1. The volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values of T4 and T5 were higher than those of the other treatments (p<0.05). With regards to sensory characteristics, T1 and T2 showed overall acceptability similar to that of the controls (p>0.05). The results reported in this study show that Tteokgalbi with black rice bran and any one of the four organic acids listed above not only improved quality characteristics in cooking loss, WHC, lipid oxidation but also could successfully replace the synthetic caramel colorant. Overall, the most satisfactory results were obtained by adding black rice bran and ascorbic acid.

Effects of Organic Acids on Availability of Phosphate and Growth of Corn in Phosphate and Salts Accumulated Soil

  • Kim, Myung-Sook;Park, Seong-Jin;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Yun, Sun-Gang;Ko, Byong-Gu;Yang, Jae E.
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.265-270
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    • 2016
  • Accumulated Phosphate can be released by ligand exchange reaction of organic acids. The objective of this study was to evaluate effects of the organic acids on the availability of phosphate and the growth of crop in phosphate and salts accumulated soil. Soil samples were collected from farmer's plastic film house. Available phosphate and electrical conductivity of soil were $3,005mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $16.63mg\;kg^{-1}$ which were 6 and 8 times higher than the optimum range of soil for crop growth, respectively. Corns were cultivated in pots for 2 months. Treatments were no treatment (control), phosphate fertilizer (P), citric acid (CA) 1, 5, 10 mM, and oxalic acid (OA) 1, 5, 10 mM. Water soluble phosphorus, available phosphate, corn growth and uptake were determined after cultivation. Results showed that organic acids increased water soluble phosphorus and available phosphate. For the level of 10 mM, the order of effectiveness of organic acids for water soluble P was citric acid (44%) > oxalic acid (32%). Height and dry weight of corns were increased significantly by the treatment of citric acid 1 and 5 mM. Also, corn absorbed more phosphorus, nitrogen, potassium, calcium and magnesium in the treatment of citric acid 1 mM than these of other treatments. Even though phosphate availability of soil was enhanced by addition of citric acid 10 mM, the growth of corns decreased because high concentration of citric acid caused salt damage by increasement of electrical conductivity. Thus, the citric acid of 1 mM has the potential to improve the availability of phosphate and the healthy growth of corns.

Composition of Free Sugars Organic Acids and Free Amino Acids in Loquat Flesh (비파의 유리당, 유기산 및 유리아미노산의 조성)

  • 조영숙;박석규;이홍열
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.89-93
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    • 1991
  • For the investigation of major taste components in loquat(Eiobotrya japonica) flesh its conte-nts and compositions of free sugars organic aicds and free amino acids were analyzed Major free sugars of the fully ripened loquat were fructose glucose and sucrose and their contents were 3,71, 3.42 and 0.46%(w/w) respectively. The content of total sugar 13.7% was 2 times higher than that of the unripe fruit. The content of total organic acid was about 0.2% (w/w) and major organic acids were malic acid -89mg% formic acid -32mg% and oxalic acid -26%mg% Thirteen kinds of free amino acids from the fully ripened loquat were confirmed. Major free amino acids were aspartic acid valine glutamic acid serine alanine and histidine and their contents were in the range of 18-30mg%.

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