• Title/Summary/Keyword: organic pollutants

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Photocatalytic Degradation of Fungicide Chlorothalonil by Mesoporous Titanium Oxo-Phosphate (Mesoporous Titanium Oxo-Phosphate에 의한 살균제 Chlorothalonil의 광분해)

  • Choi, Choong-Lyeal;Kim, Byung-Ha;Lee, Byung-Mook;Choi, Jyung;Rhee, In-Koo;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.284-289
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    • 2003
  • Titanium mesoporous materials have received increasing attention as a new photocatalyst in the field for photocatalytic degradation of organic compounds. The photocatalytic degradation of chlorothalonil by mesoporous titanium oxo-phoswhate (Ti-MCM) was investigated in aqueous suspension for comparison with $TiO_2$, (Degussa, P25) using as an effective photocatalyst of organic pollutants. Mesoporous form of titanium Phosphate has been prepared by reaction of sulfuric acid and titanium isopropoxide in the presence or n-hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide. The XRD patterns of Ti-MCM are hexagonal phases with d-spacings of 4.1 nm. Its adsorption isotherm for chlorothalonil reached at reaction equilibrium within 60 min under dark condition with 28% degradation efficiency. The degradation ratio of chlorothalonil after 9 hours under the UV radiation condition (254 nm) exhibited 100% by Ti-MCM and 88% by $TiO_2$. However, these degradation kinetics in static state showed a slow tendency compared to that of stirred state because of a low contact between titanium matrices and chlorothalonil. Also, degradation efficiency of chlorothalonil was increased with decreasing initial concentration and with increasing pH of solution. As results of this study, it was clear that mesoporous titanium oxo-phosphate with high surface area and crystallinity could be used to photo- catalytic degradation of various organic pollutants.

Atmospheric concentration and mutagenicity of organic pollutants of suspended particulate in Seoul (서울시 대기중 유기오염물질의 농도와 돌연변이원성에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Dong-Chun;Chung, Yong;Moon, Young-Hahn;Roh, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.43-56
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    • 1990
  • To evaluate the difference of concentration and mutagenicity of organic pollutants between residential and traffic area of Seoul, air samples were collected in Bulkwang (residential) and Shinchon (traffic) area. Samples were analyzed to measure the concentration of extractable organic matters (EOM) and their subfractions and mutagenicities were tested using Salmonella typhimurium TA 98. The concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were also measured by gas-chromatography and compared between two areas. The results were as follows ; 1. While the concentration of total suspended particulate (TSP) in residential area was below the environmental standard in annual average, the concentration in traffic area was above the standard and was up to its maximum $256{\mu}g/m^3$ in November. The difference of TSP concentrations in both areas of each month was statistically significant (P<0.05). 2. The concentration of fine particle in traffic area was significantly higher compare to that in residential area and showed statistically significant monthly difference in both areas (P<0.05). The proportion of concentration of fine particle to TSP was 55-68%. 3. Mean concentrations of EOM in residential and traffic areas were $4.3{\mu}g/m^3\;and\;5.3{\mu}g/m^3$ respectively. The proportion of amount of EOM from fine particle to EOM from TSP was 70-88%. 4. While the percentage of polar neutral organic compounds (POCN) of fine particle in Bulkwang's sample was higher compare to Shinchon's sample, the percentage of aliphatic compounds of fine particle in Shinchon's sample was higher compare to Bulkwang's sample. The percentages of PAH fraction were as low as 6-10% in both areas. 5. The mutagenic activity of nit concentration of organic matters extracted from fine particle was higher compare to that of coarse particle and was increased when metabolically activated with S9. Mutagenicities with metabolic activation calculated by unit air volume were significantly different between residential and traffic area, $17\;revertants/m^3$\;and\;22\;revertants/m^3$ respectively. 6. The concentrations of benzo(a)pyrene in fine particle of traffic and residential areas were $3.10ng/m^3\;and\;2.02ng/m^3$ respectively. Sixteen PAHs were higher in samples of traffic area compare to residential area and also concentrations of PAHs in fine particle were higher compare to coarse particle.

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Preliminary Study on Arsenic Speciation Changes Induced by Biodegradation of Organic Pollutants in the Soil Contaminated with Mixed Wastes (유기물분해에 따른 유류${\cdot}$중금속 복합오염토양내 비소화학종 변화의 기초연구)

  • 이상훈;천찬란;심지애
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.349-356
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    • 2003
  • As industrial activities are growing, pollutants found in the contaminated land are getting diverse. Some contaminated areas are subject to mixed wastes containing both organic and inorganic wastes such as hydrocarbon and heavy metals. This study concerns with the influence of the degradation of organic pollutants on the coexisting heavy metals, expecially for As. As mainly exists as two different oxidation state; As(III) and As(V) and the conversion between the two chemical forms may be induced by organic degradation in the soil contaminated by mixed wastes. We operated microcosm in an anaerobic chamber for 60 days, using sandy loam. The soils in the microcosm are artificially contaminated both by tetradecane and As, with different combination of As(III) and As(V); As(III):As(V) 1:1, As(III) only and As(V) only. Although not systematic, ratio of As(III)/As(Total) increase slightly at the later stage of experiment. Considering complicated geochemical reactions involving oxidation/reduction of organic materials, Mn/Fe oxides and As, the findings in the study seem to indicate the degradation of the organics is connected with the As speciation. That is to say, the As(V) can be reduced to As(III) either by direct or indirect influence induced by the organic degradation. Although Fe and Mn are good oxidising agent for the oxidation of As(III) to As(V), organic degradation may have suppressed reductive dissolution of the Fe and Mn oxides, causing the organic pollutants to retard the oxidation of As(III) to As(V) until the organic degradation ceases. The possible influence of organic degradation on the As speciation implies that the As in mixed wastes may be have elevated toxicity and mobility by partial conversion from As(V) to As(III).

Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Residues in Greenhouse Soil and Strawberry Organochlorine Pesticides (딸기 시설재배지 토양 및 농산물 중 잔류성유기오염물질(POPs)의 잔류량 - 유기염소계 농약)

  • Lim, Sung-Jin;Oh, Young-Tak;Jo, You-Sung;Ro, Jin-Ho;Choi, Geun-Hyoung;Yang, Ji-Yeon;Park, Byung-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2016
  • BACKGROUND: Residual organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) are chemical substances that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate through the food web, and pose a risk of causing adverse effect to human health and the environment. They were designated as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) by Stockholm Convention. Greenhouse strawberry is economic crop in agriculture, and its cultivation area and yield has been increased. Therefore, we tried to investigate the POPs residue in greenhouse soil and strawberry.METHODS AND RESULTS: Extraction and clean-up method for the quantitative analysis of OCPs was developed and validated by gas chromatography (GC) with electron capture detector (ECD). The clean-up method was established using the modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe(QuEChERS) method for OCPs in soil and strawberry. Limit of quantitation (LOQ) and recovery rates of OCPs in greenhouse soil and strawberry were 0.9-6.0 and 0.6-0.9 μg/kg, 74.4-115.6 and 75.6-88.4%, respectively. The precision was reliable sincerelative standard deviation (RSD) percentage (0.5-3.7 and 2.9-5.2%) was below 20, which was the normal percent value. The residue of OCPs in greenhouse soil was analyzed by the developed method, and dieldrin, β-endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate were detected at 1.6-23, 2.2-28.4 and 1.8-118.6 μg/kg, respectively. Those in strawberry were not detected in all samples.CONCLUSION: Dieldrin, β-endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate in a part of investigated greenhouse soil were detected. But those were not detected in investigated greenhouse strawberry. These results showed that the residue in greenhouse soil were lower level than bioaccumulation occurring.

Risk analysis of dioxin in human breast milk

  • Choi, Shin-Ai;Han, Jee-Yeun;Park, Jong-Sei
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.160.1-160
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    • 2003
  • Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have spread throughout the global environment to threaten human health and damage ecosystems. with evidence of POPs contamination in wildlife, human blood. and breast milk documented worldwide. Breast milk is an ideal medium for assessing exposures to POPs. POPs enter humans largely as contaminants of dietary animal products, where they sequester in adipose tissue, serum, and breast milk and equilibrate at similar levels on a fat weight basis. (omitted)

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Characteristics of Persistent Organochlorinate Pollutants at Gosan (고산에서 잔류성 유기염소계 오염물질의 농도 특성)

  • 김정아;김용표;김영성
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.291-292
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    • 2003
  • 잔류성 유기오염물질(POPs; Persistent Organic Pollutants)은 환경 내에서 분해가 느려 잔류성이 높고, 생체 지질에 축적되는 독성이 강한 특성이 있다. 따라서 스톡홀름 협약(2001년 5월 23일)에서 12종의 POPs 물질에 대해 국제적 사용금지 및 관리가 결정되었다. POPs는 대부분 반휘발성(semi-volatile) 이어서 대기 중 장거리 이동되어 배출지와 다른 곳에 침적되는 것이 보고되어있다. 이러한 물질들의 대기 중 잔류량과 기체상과 입자상의 분포 특성을 살펴서 환경 내 이동성을 파악하는 것은 인체위해성 수준을 알아내는데 중요한 자료이다. (중략)

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Concentration Variations of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Ambient Air of Gosan, Jeju in November 2001 (2001년 11월 제주도 고산에서의 대기 중 잔류성 유기오염물질 농도 변화)

  • 김영성;김진영;진현철;문길주;김연제;한진석;김영준;김상우;윤순창
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.83-84
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    • 2002
  • 우리 사회가 중국으로부터 오염물질 이동을 주목하기 시작한 것은 국지 오염 중심의 아황산가스, 먼지 등 1차 오염이 어느 정도 해결된 1990년대 초반 이후이다. 1992년 환경부 선도기술개발사업으로 산성비 감시 및 예측기술개발이 시작되고 1995년부터 국립환경연구원 주도로 배경농도 지역에서 미세입자 측정이 진행되면서 국내의 장거리 이동대기오염물질 연구는 점차 자리를 잡게 되었다. (중략)

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Characteristics and Status of Toxic Trace Substances in Ambient Air (대기 중 미량독성 유해물질의 특성과 현황)

  • 김영성;김영주;임은정
    • Proceedings of the Korea Air Pollution Research Association Conference
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    • pp.133-134
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    • 2002
  • 미량독성 유해물질은 크게 중금속 성분과 잔류성 유기오염물질 (POPs, persistent organic pollutants)로 나눌 수 있다. 아직은 우리 사회의 관심이 직접 주변에서 확인할 수 있는 국내 배출에 머물고 있으나 미량독성 유해물질로 분류되는 많은 물질들이 분해가 어렵고 대기 중 체류시간이 길어 장거리 이동의 가능성이 매우 크다. 실제 오염물질 배출이 거의 없는 북극의 북극곰, 물개, 물고기에서도 미량독성 유해물질 검출이 보고되고 있는데, 다른 지역에서 배출된 독성물질들이 침적과 휘발을 반복하며 이동하는 가운데 기온이 낮은 극지방에 축적됨으로써 나타난 현상이다. (중략)

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A comparative study on the degradation of methyl orange, methylene blue and congo red by atmospheric pressure jet

  • Park, Ji Hoon;Yusupov, Maksudbek;Lingamdinne, Lakshmi Prasanna;Koduru, Janardhan Reddy;Bogaerts, Annemie;Choi, Eun Ha;Attri, Pankaj
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.190.1-190.1
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    • 2016
  • One of the most serious problems faced by billions of people today is the availability of fresh water. According to statistics, 15% of the world's total output of dye products is discharged into the environment as dye wastewater, which seriously pollutes groundwater resources. For the treatment of chemically and biologically contaminated water the advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) shows the promising action. The main advantage with AOPs is the ability to degrade the organic pollutants to $CO_2$ and $H_2O$. For this degradation process the AOPs generation of powerful and non-selective radicals that may oxidize majority of the organic pollutants present in the water body. To generate the various reactive chemical species such as radicals (${\bullet}OH$, ${\bullet}H$, ${\bullet}O$, ${\bullet}HO_2$) and molecular species ($H_2O_2$, $H_2$, $O_2$) in large amount in water, we have used the atmospheric pressure plasma. Among the reactive and non-reactive species, the hydroxyl radical (${\bullet}OH$) plays important role due to its higher oxidation potential (E0: 2.8 V). Therefore, in this work we have checked the degradation of various dyes such as methyl orange, methylene blue and congo red using different type of atmospheric pressure plasma sources (Indirect jet and direct jet). To check the degradation we have used the UV-visible spectroscopy, HPLC and LC-MS spectroscopy. Further, to estimate role of ${\bullet}OH$ on the degradation of dyes we have studied the molecular dynamic simulation.

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Analysis of Pollutant Characteristics in Nakdong River using Confirmatory Factor Modeling (확인적 요인모형을 이용한 낙동강 유역의 오염특성 분석)

  • Kim, Mi-Ah;Kang, Taegu;Lee, Hyuk;Shin, Yuna;Kim, Kyunghyun
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.84-93
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    • 2012
  • The study was conducted to analyze the spatio-temporal changes in water quality of the major 36 sampling stations of Nakdong River, depending on each station, season using the 17 water quality variables from 2000 to 2010. The result was verified to interpret the characteristics of water quality variables in a more accurate manners. According to the Principal component analysis (PCA) and Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) results; the results of these analyses were identified 4 factors, Factor 1 (nutrients) included the concentrations of T-N, T-P, $NO_{3}-N$, $PO_{4}-P$, DTN, DTP for sampling station and season, Factor 2 (organic pollutants) included the concentrations of BOD, COD, Chl-a, Factor 3 (microbes) included the concentrations of F.Coli, T.Coli, and Factor 4 (others) included the concentrations of pH, DO. The results of a Cluster analysis indicated that Geumhogang 6 was the most contaminated site, while tributaries and most of the down stream sites of Nakdong River were mainly affected by each nutrients (Factor 1) and organic pollutants (Factor 2). The verification consequence of Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) from Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) result can be summarized as follows: we could find additional relations between variables besides the structure from EFA, which we obtained through the second-order final modeling adopted in CFA. Nutrients had the biggest impact on water pollution for each sampling station and season. In particular, It was analyzed that P-series pollutant should be controlled during spring and winter and N-series pollutant should be controlled during summer and fall.