• 제목/요약/키워드: organic pollutants

검색결과 264건 처리시간 0.127초

유기오염물의 분해에 의한 오염토양내 비소종 변화 영향

  • 천찬란;이상훈
    • 한국지하수토양환경학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.347-350
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    • 2002
  • Arsenic speciation changes between As(V) and As(III) are subject to changes in accordance with redox conditions in the environment. It is common to find contaminated sites associated with mixed wastes including both organic pollutants and heavy metals. We conducted microcosm experiment under hypothesis that the co-disposed organic pollutants would influence on the arsenic forms and concentrations, via degradation of the organic pollutants and the consequent impact on the redox conditions in soil. Artificially contaminated soil samples were run for 40 days with control samples without artificial contamination. We noticed arsenic in the contaminated soil showed different behaviour compared with the arsenic in the control soil. The findings indicate degradation of organic pollutants in the contaminated soil influenced on the arsenic speciation and concentrations. A further work is needed to understand the process quantitatively. However, we could confirm that degradation of organic pollutants can influence on the abiotic processes associated with geochemical reactions in contaminated soil. Degradation of organic pollutants can increase the mobility and toxicity of arsenic in soil and sediment by changing redox conditions in the geological media and subsequently from As(V) to As(III).

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국내 잔류성유기오염물질(Persistent Organic Pollutants) 배출목록 개발 - 부산물 PCBs, HCB, PAHs를 중심으로 - (Development of National Emission Inventories for Persistent Organic Pollutants (Unintentionally Formed PCBs, HCB and PAHs))

  • 조규탁;이동수;이지윤;김경미;이지은
    • 한국대기환경학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.221-222
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    • 2003
  • 잔류성유기오염물질(Persistent Organic Pollutants, 이하 POPs)은 환경에 노출되면 장기간 잔류하면서 인체 및 생태계에 악영향을 끼치며 또한 장거리 이동하는 특징으로 인하여 전지구적인 규제ㆍ관리의 필요성이 제기되고 있다. 이러한 필요에 부응하여 UNEP를 중심으로 국제적인 관리를 위한 논의가 이루어져 2001년 5월 스톡홀름협약(Stockholm convention for Persistent Organic Pollutants)이 당사국회의에서 채택되었고, 우리나라는 외교적 서명을 함으로써 협약가입의사를 분명히 하였다. (중략)

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중공사모듈에 의한 수용액으로부터 유기오염물의 제거 (Removal of Organic Pollutants from Aqueous Solution by Hollow Fiber Module)

  • 유홍진
    • 한국산학기술학회논문지
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.114-119
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구는 폐수로부터 몇 가지의 유기오염물(Phenol, 2-Chlorophenol, Nitrobenzene)을 비분산 용매추출법으로 동시 제거하는 실험이다. 몇 가지의 용매(MIBK, IPAc, Hexane)에 대하여 분배계수를 구하였고, 용매와 폐수사이의 향류와 병류 흐름에 의한 추출 실험을 하였다. 수용액상의 유량이 증가함에 따라 용매와의 접촉시간이 짧아져 제거율이 떨어지고, 용매의 유량이 증가함에 따라 제거율이 증가함을 알 수 있었다. 그리고 병류보다는 향류에서 유기오염물의 제거율이 증가하는 것을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 결과를 토대로 유기오염물만이 아닌 다른 중금속 오염물 둥도 처리할 수 있는 산업용 폐수처리장치의 개발을 위한 기초자료로 쓰일 수 있다.

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해양오염저질의 오염물질 정화를 위한 생물활성촉진제 투여 깊이 연구 (Analysis the depth effect of organic pollutants and heavy metals using biostimulant ball in contaminated coastal sediments)

  • Song, Young-chae;Woo, Jung-Hui;Subha, Bakthavachallam
    • 한국항해항만학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.177-178
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    • 2015
  • Sediments play a major role in determining pollution pattern in aquatic systems and reflecting the pollutant deposition. In the present study analysis the depth effect of organic pollutants and heavy metals using slow release biostimulant ball (BSB) in coastal sediment. BSB size fixed at 3cm, depth varied from 0cm to 10cm depth and 1 and 3 month interval period was carried out for the study. The organic pollutants of chemical oxygen demand, total solids and volatile solids were significantly changed at the surface sediment (0cm)in 1 month and 3 month interval time using BSB. In contrast, sediment depth increase upto 10cm the reduction percentage decrease like to control. Vertical distribution of heavy metals are not consistent from the surface layer toward the bottom layers. Heavy metals fractions were significantly changes, the exchangeable fraction was reduced and other organic and residual fractions were stabilized percentage are increased. This finding concluded BSB is effective for reduce organic pollutants, heavy metals stabilization from the contaminated sediment.

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중공사 나노여과 막분리를 이용한 친수성 용질과 미량 유기 오염물질의 배제 특성 (Rejection Properties of Hydrophilic Solutes and Micro Organic Pollutants with a Hollow Fiber NF Membrane)

  • 정용준;민경석
    • 한국물환경학회지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.205-210
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    • 2005
  • There has been a growing interest in NF membrane for drinking water treatment, because it can remove simultaneously both hardness and hazardous micro pollutants such as pesticides and THM precursors. In this work, a hollow fiber NF membrane known as a composite membrane was employed for the rejection properties of both hydrophilic solutes and micro organic pollutants, where the former was used to evaluate the molecular sieving effect of this membrane and the latter was employed for the investigation of solute-membrane interaction as hydrophobic materials. This membrane effectively rejected the hydrophilic solutes and the permeation of them was mainly controlled by the molecular sieving effects such as molecular weight and molecular width. In the case of all micro organic pollutants, the rejections were varied from 42.2% for Simazine to 91.6% for Malathion, and the parameters related to the steric hindrance could significantly play an important role in the rejection. In the batch type adsorption experiments, all micro organic pollutants were entrapped mildly on the membrane in spite of lower degree compared with that of aromatic compounds, and they were correlated with log K.

Sequestration of Organic Pollutants in the Environments: Implications on Bioavailability and Bioremediation

  • Nam, Kyoungphile
    • 한국지하수토양환경학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2000
  • For the last several decades, the fate of organic pollutants has been extensively studied in natural environments with emphasis on sorption and desorption phenomena. Although the mechanisms involved are not clear yet there is a consensus about the existence of hysteresis in the sorption and desorption of organic pollutants. Furthermore, it is found that hysteresis is the outcome of slow nonequilibrium sorption of organic pollutants, which results in the formation of desorption-resistant fractions of the pollutants. Desorption-resistant fractions may increase as a function of the residence time of the pollutants in the environments. Field monitoring data show a slow but continuous decline of chemicals applied to soil, followed by little or no subsequent disappearance. One plausible explanation for such resistance to biodegradation, desorption, or extraction can be attributed the gradual movement of organic pollutants to less accessible remote sites inside the matrix with time. This phenomenon has been termed sequestration or aging. The fact that some pollutants are sequestered in soil with time may have a great impact on bioremediation and risk assessment, Some portion of the resistant pollutants may still be present in the environments after bioremediation. It requires vigorous means to completely remove the aged portion that may not be further bioavailable. However, precaution should be taken since aging is not always evident. Aging seems to be soil and chemical specific.

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TiO2를 이용한 저농도 유기오염물질 제거에 관한 연구 (A Study on Low Concentrations of Organic Pollutants Removal using TiO2)

  • 이용훈;강선홍
    • 상하수도학회지
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.83-89
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    • 2013
  • Microbiological treatment, chlorination, and ozonation are usually used for water treatment. However, there is weakness that these methods can't decompose and eliminate recalcitrant organic pollutants perfectly. It is possible to eliminate recalcitrant organic pollutants when photocatalysis of $TiO_2$ is used. In this study, the removal efficiencies of organic pollutants by using photocatalyst of $TiO_2$ in the slightly polluted golf club water hazard and a river were investigated. The amount of $TiO_2$ was divided into three categories of 1 g/L, 2 g/L and 4 g/L in order to investigate the adequate amount of $TiO_2$ and the removal efficiency. UV light was used as a light source for the reaction of photocatalyst. As a conclusion in this study, the efficiency of turbidity removal was increased in proportion to the amount of $TiO_2$ until 4 hours. After then the turbidity was gradually decreased. Finally, the optimum concentration of $TiO_2$ was 4 g/L. The efficiency of COD removal was increased in proportion to the amount of $TiO_2$ regardless of time.

사용 후 기저귀 재활용을 위한 폐수처리방안 연구 (Wastewater Treatment Process Study for Used Diaper Recycling)

  • 김경신;이호선
    • 펄프종이기술
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.24-33
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    • 2015
  • This study aims to suggest wastewater treatment options for diaper recycling by identifying characteristic analysis of wastewater from diaper recycling process and efficiency evaluation of wastewater treatment units. The wastewater characteristic analysis showed that the concentration of organic pollutants and ionic materials were very high comparing to seawater. Through the investigation of similar wastewater treatment, six treatment units were identified to reduce pollutants. It is found UF(ultra-filtration), DAF(dissolved air flotation), fenton oxidation, electro-coagulation and chemical-coagulation are effective in reducing organic pollutants while membrane system and ion exchanger are effective in reducing ionic materials. Even though the target of water quality should be secured in terms of managing organic pollutants level, the application of treatment unit for reducing ionic material needs lots of considerations. This result suggests that reuse of pulping wastewater after controlling organic pollutants is better than direct discharge of pulping wastewater. To select the appropriate wastewater treatment unit, an economic analysis about operation condition, wastewater flow, cost, efficiency should be considered.

POPs의 순환에 미치는 유기물 및 black carbon의 역할 (The Role of Organic Matter and Black Carbon on the Cycling of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs))

  • 남재작;홍석영;김계훈
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.255-266
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    • 2006
  • Soil organic matter (OM) is well documented for its capacity to retain persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and thus is important in dictating the environmental partitioning of POPs between media such as air, water, and soil. Black carbon (BC) is a small component of OM and exhibitt a 10$\sim$100 times greater sorption capacity of POPs than humified OM. Furthermore, due to the inherent long environmental life time of BC, a result of its resistance to physical and biological degradation, POPs can continue to accumulate in BC over a long period of time. The unique properties of BC have been of particular interest over the last 30 years and have resulted in broad research being conducted into its effects of POP cycling in atmospheric, oceanographic and soil matrices. The results of such studies have proved valuable In providing new research initiatives into the role of BC in the cycling of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) as well as giving further insight into the long range atmospheric transport (LRAT) potential and subsequent risk assessment criteria for persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In this report, we introduce a novel study examining the relationships between BC and OM with respect to their POP sorption capacity and discuss the role of BC in influencing the environmental regulation of organic pollutants.

하수성분중 비규제대상 유기오염물질의 정성적 특성에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Qualitative Characteristics of Non-Regulated Organic Pollutants in Municipal Wastewater)

  • 신진환;정영도
    • 한국지반환경공학회 논문집
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구는 도시하수와 응집, 오존처리, UV와 같은 물리화학적 방법으로 처리된 하수 속에 함유되어 있는 비 규제 유기오염물의 GC/MS를 통한 정성적 분석결과를 나타내었다. 하수 속에 함유된 주요 유기오염물질로는 식품 또는 가정, 공업적 사용으로부터 배출된 물질이 주류를 이루었다. 하수처리장의 생물학적 공정으로부터 몇몇 유기오염물질들의 처리효율은 효과적이었지만 일부의 유기오염물질의 제거는 그리 효과적이지 못하였다. 그러므로 생물학적 방법으로 처리가 효과적이지 못한 물질들의 처리를 위한 고도처리방법의 적용과 가정에서의 이러한 물질이 함유된 제품의 사용에 좀 더 적극적인 조절이 필요 할 것이다. 본 연구에서 얻은 결과는 하천유역에서 이들 오염물질의 특성 및 생태계에 대한 오염물질의 배출 평가에 기여를 할 수 있을 것이다.

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