• Title, Summary, Keyword: organic pollutants

Search Result 722, Processing Time 0.054 seconds

Similarity of Gene Expression Profiles in Primary Brain Tumors with the Toxic Mechanism by Environmental Contaminants

  • Kim, Yu-Ri;Kim, Ki-Nam;Park, Yoon-Hee;Ryu, Yeon-Mi;Sohn, Sung-Hwa;Seo, Sang-Hui;Lee, Seung-Ho;Kim, Hye-Won;Lee, Kweon-Haeng;Kim, Meyoung-Kon
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
    • /
    • v.1 no.3
    • /
    • pp.209-215
    • /
    • 2005
  • Recently, a large number of clinical experiments have shown that exposure of organic pollutants lead to various cancers through the abnormal cell growth. Environmental pollutants, such as 2, 3, 7, 8-Tetrachloro dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), are carcinogen and are known to cause the cognitive disability and motor dysfunction in the developing of brain. The effects of these pollutants on neurodevelopmental disorder is well established, but the underlying mechanism(s) and similarity of gene expression profiles in human brain tumors with organic pollutants still remain unclear. In this study, we first examined the gene expression profiles in glioblastomas compared with meningioma that are kinds of primary human brain tumor by using human cDNA microarray. The results of cDNA microarray analysis revealed that 26 genes were upregulated (Z-ratio>2.0) and 14 genes were downregulated (Z-ratio<-2.0) in glioblastoma compared with meningioma. From the altered gene patterns, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling related genes, such as MAP2K3, MAP3K11 and jun activated domain binding protein, and transcription factors, such as UTF2 and TF12, were upregulated in glioblastoma. Also, we tried to investigate the relation between important genes up- and down-regulated in giloblastoma and various organic pollutants. Therefore, the identification of changes in the patterns of gene expression may provide a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in human primary brain tumors and of the relation between gene expression profiles and organic pollutants in brain tissue.

Wastewater Treatment Process Study for Used Diaper Recycling (사용 후 기저귀 재활용을 위한 폐수처리방안 연구)

  • Kim, Kyung Shin;Lee, Ho Sun
    • Journal of Korea Technical Association of The Pulp and Paper Industry
    • /
    • v.47 no.2
    • /
    • pp.24-33
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study aims to suggest wastewater treatment options for diaper recycling by identifying characteristic analysis of wastewater from diaper recycling process and efficiency evaluation of wastewater treatment units. The wastewater characteristic analysis showed that the concentration of organic pollutants and ionic materials were very high comparing to seawater. Through the investigation of similar wastewater treatment, six treatment units were identified to reduce pollutants. It is found UF(ultra-filtration), DAF(dissolved air flotation), fenton oxidation, electro-coagulation and chemical-coagulation are effective in reducing organic pollutants while membrane system and ion exchanger are effective in reducing ionic materials. Even though the target of water quality should be secured in terms of managing organic pollutants level, the application of treatment unit for reducing ionic material needs lots of considerations. This result suggests that reuse of pulping wastewater after controlling organic pollutants is better than direct discharge of pulping wastewater. To select the appropriate wastewater treatment unit, an economic analysis about operation condition, wastewater flow, cost, efficiency should be considered.

Evaluation of Pretreatment Processes for Dissolved Organic Carbon Removal in a Desalination Process (해수담수화에서 용존유기물을 제거하기 위한 전처리 공정의 평가)

  • Kim, Woo-Hang;Mitsumasa, Okada
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
    • /
    • v.20 no.5
    • /
    • pp.447-451
    • /
    • 2004
  • The various pretreatment processes were evaluated to remove organic pollutants of weathered oil contaminated seawater(WOCS) for reverse osmosis desalination process, Biodegradation, coagulation, ultrafiltration, advanced oxidation processes and granular activated carbon filtration were used to evaluate the potential of organic pollutants removal in WOCS. Dissolved Organic Carbon(DOC) was almost not removed by biodegradation in WOCS. DOC was removed by 25% and 10% with the addition of $FeCl_3$ and PAC in WOCS, respectively. The removal efficiency using ultrafiltration(WOCS 500) was about 20% of DOC and 40% of $E_{260}$, respectively. In AOP application of WOCS, the removal of organic materials was improved up to 60% by the combination of $UV/O_3$ compared to UV process. However, 98% of DOC in woes could be removed by granular activated carbon filtration. It is revealed that activated carbon filtration is the best process for the pretratment of DOC removal.

A Study on Low Concentrations of Organic Pollutants Removal using TiO2 (TiO2를 이용한 저농도 유기오염물질 제거에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Hoon;Kang, Seon-Hong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-89
    • /
    • 2013
  • Microbiological treatment, chlorination, and ozonation are usually used for water treatment. However, there is weakness that these methods can't decompose and eliminate recalcitrant organic pollutants perfectly. It is possible to eliminate recalcitrant organic pollutants when photocatalysis of $TiO_2$ is used. In this study, the removal efficiencies of organic pollutants by using photocatalyst of $TiO_2$ in the slightly polluted golf club water hazard and a river were investigated. The amount of $TiO_2$ was divided into three categories of 1 g/L, 2 g/L and 4 g/L in order to investigate the adequate amount of $TiO_2$ and the removal efficiency. UV light was used as a light source for the reaction of photocatalyst. As a conclusion in this study, the efficiency of turbidity removal was increased in proportion to the amount of $TiO_2$ until 4 hours. After then the turbidity was gradually decreased. Finally, the optimum concentration of $TiO_2$ was 4 g/L. The efficiency of COD removal was increased in proportion to the amount of $TiO_2$ regardless of time.

A Study on the Treatment of Nondegradable Pollutants by Ultrasonic Irradiation (초음파에 의한 난분해성물질 처리에 관한 연구)

  • 손종열;모세영;문경환
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.102-106
    • /
    • 1995
  • This study was performed to examine factors affecting the decompostion of nondegradable polluants(trichloroethylene(TCE), phenol) using ultrasonic irradiation. The TCE and phenol, which are major hazard compounds causing environmental pollution, were not decomposable pollutants by conventional treatment. The results show that the oxidation and reduction reaction of ultrasound produced $H_2O_2$, $H^+$ and $OH^-$ radical, which decomposed pollutants of TCE and phenol in water. It was confirmed that the ultrasonic irradiation showed an excellent removal efficiency for the nondegradable pollutants than any other processes, utilized in the treatment of organic compounds in the industrial wastewater. Conclusively, these results suggest that ultrasonic irradiation may be highly useful for the treatment of wastewaters contaminated organic pollutants, which is difficult to treat economically by conventional process.

  • PDF

Characteristics and Status of Persistent Organic Pollutants and Heavy Metals in Ambient Air (대기 중 잔류성 유기오염물질과 중금속의 특성과 현황)

  • 김영성
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
    • /
    • v.19 no.2
    • /
    • pp.113-132
    • /
    • 2003
  • In May 2001, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) for phasing out and eliminating POPs was signed by 90 countries at the Diplomatic Meeting in Stockholm. In 1998, three years before the Convention, the protocols on POPs and heavy metals were adopted by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. Growing attention on POPs and heavy metals during the past 10 years is primarily due to their toxicity in minute quantities. POPs and some metal compounds are even more toxic because of their bioaccumulation potentials associated with a high lipid solubility. Furthermore, owing to their persistence and semi - volatility, they are widely distributed in the environment, traveling great distances on wind and water currents. Recent international cooperation to address POPs and heavy metals has focused on these issues. Long -range transport of those pollutants are particularly concerned since Korea is located downwind of prevailing westerlies from China. In this paper, a review is provided to assess the properties, sources, emissions, and atmospheric concentrations on POPs and heavy metals.

A Study on Distribution Property of Organic Pollutants in Southwest Coastal Waters (서남해 연안해역의 유기오염물질 분포특성에 관한 연구)

  • Han Sang-Kuk;Park Ji-Young;Lee Moon-Hee
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.597-603
    • /
    • 2005
  • In this study, we try to determine the distributive property in southwest coastal waters, such as K wang-yang bay, Ka-mak bay, Yeo-ja bay, Wan-do, Hea-nam, Young-gwang, and Mok-po, using simultaneous analytical method of 310 chemicals. The results were detected tens of the organic pollutants in sampling sites, and the major chemicals detected were CH type chemicals such as aliphatic, polycyclic compounds and were CHN(O) type chemicals such as aromatic amines, nitro compounds, In particular, pesticides were mainly detected in summer, phenols and phthalate esters were not seasonal effect. Also, a number of aromatic chemicals were detected in Kwang-yang bay, From the results of this study, we confirmed that it is mainly contaminated in summer and the pesticide chemicals are the major pollutants in southwest coastal waters.

Early-life exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals associates with childhood obesity

  • Yang, Chunxue;Lee, Hin Kiu;Kong, Alice Pik Shan;Lim, Lee Ling;Cai, Zongwei;Chung, Arthur C.K.
    • Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.182-195
    • /
    • 2018
  • Increasing prevalence of childhood obesity poses threats to the global health burden. Because this rising prevalence cannot be fully explained by traditional risk factors such as unhealthy diet and physical inactivity, early-life exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) is recognized as emerging novel risk factors for childhood obesity. EDCs can disrupt the hormone-mediated metabolic pathways, affect children's growth and mediate the development of childhood obesity. Many organic pollutants are recently classified to be EDCs. In this review, we summarized the epidemiological and laboratory evidence related to EDCs and childhood obesity, and discussed the possible mechanisms underpinning childhood obesity and early-life exposure to non-persistent organic pollutants (phthalates, bisphenol A, triclosan) and persistent organic pollutants (dichlorodip henyltrichloroethane, polychlorinated biphenyls, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances). Understanding the relationship between EDCs and childhood obesity helps to raise public awareness and formulate public health policy to protect the youth from exposure to the harmful effects of EDCs.

Temperature Effects on the Persulfate Oxidation of Low Volatile Organic Compounds in Fine Soils (과황산나트륨 산화에 의한 토양내 저휘발성 유기오염물 제거 시 온도의 영향 평가)

  • Jeong, Kwon;Kim, Do-Gun;Han, Dai-Sung;Ko, Seok-Oh
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.7-14
    • /
    • 2012
  • Batch tests were carried out to evaluate the thermal treatment of low volatile organic compounds in low-permeability soil. The chemical oxidation by sodium persulfate catalyzed by heat and Fe (II) was evaluated. Enhanced persulfate oxidation of n-decane (C-10), n-dodecane (C-12), n-tetradecane (C-14), n-hexadecane (C-16), and phenanthrene was observed with thermal catalyst, indicating increased sulfate radical production. Slight enhancement of the pollutants oxidation was observed when initial sodium persulfate concentration increased from 5 to 50 g/L. However, the removal efficiency greatly decreased as soil/water ratio increased. It indicates that mass transfer of the pollutants as well as the contact between the pollutants and sulfate radical were inhibited in the presence of solids. In addition, more pollutants can be adsorbed on soil particles and soil oxidant demand increased when soil/water ratio becomes higher. The oxidation of the pollutants was significantly improved when catalyzed by Fe(II). The sodium persulfate consumption increased at the same time because the residual Fe(II) acts as the sulfate radical scavenger.

Simultaneous Analysis of Semi-Volatile Organic Acid Priority Pollutants in Soil (토양 중의 비휘발성 산성 유기 Priority Pollutants 동시분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung Seok;Park, Gyo Beom;Lee, Seong Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.246-253
    • /
    • 1994
  • The simultaneous analysis of 11 semi-volatile organic acid compound which are listed as priority pollutants by EPA, were performed by GC/MS-SIM(selected ion monitoring). Two extraction procedures, sonication extraction and Soxhlet extraction, were studied as an extraction and concentration method for priority pollutants in soil. Accurecy and precision of the methods were measured by the calculation of mean recovery, mean relative standard deviation, and method detection limit. Finally, limitations and prospects were discussed.

  • PDF