• Title/Summary/Keyword: organic pollutants

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In situ measurement-based partitioning behavior of perfluoroalkyl acids in the atmosphere

  • Kim, Seung-Kyu;Li, Donghao;Kannan, Kurunthachalam
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.281-289
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    • 2020
  • Environmental fate of ionizable organic pollutants such as perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are of increasing interest but has not been well understood because of uncertain values for parameters related with atmospheric interphase partitioning behavior. In the present study, not only the values for air-water partition coefficient (KAW) and dissociation constant (pKa) of PFAAs were induced by adjusting to in situ measurements of air-water distribution coefficient between vapor phase and rainwater but also gas-particle partition coefficients were also estimated using three-phase partitioning model of ionizable organic pollutants, in situ measurements of PFAAs in aerosol and air vapor phase, and obtained parameter values. The pKa values of PFAAs we obtained were close to the minimum values suggested in literature except for perfluorooctane sulfonic acids, and COSMOtherm-modeled KAW values were assessed to more appropriate among suggested values. When applying parameter values we obtained, it was predicted that air particle-associated fate and transport of PFAAs could be negligible and PFAAs could distribute ubiquitously along the transection from urban to rural region by pH-dependent phase transfer in air. Our study is expected to have some implications in prediction of the environmental redistribution of other ionizable organic compounds.

Potential Health Risks from Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in Marine Ecosystem

  • Lee, Youn Ju;Jang, Jae-Seok;Yang, Jae-Ho
    • Journal of Marine Bioscience and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.10-17
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    • 2016
  • A wide-spread contamination of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as dioxins, PCBs, PBDEs in the aquatic ecosystem has generated a great concern over the potential risk for these substances to impact marine biotas and food web. Since a major exposure route of these substances to the humans is through the consumption of food including fish and marine byproducts, the consumption of contaminated products has been a great public health concern. Exposure to POPs has been associated with a wide spectrum of adverse effects including reproductive, developmental, immunologic, carcinogenic, and neurotoxic effects. This review covers the background information of key POPs substances and the recent development of toxicity studies including the mode of action. Because neurotoxic effects of some POPs have been observed in humans at low concentrations, polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), a representative chemical of POPs, is focused to discuss the possible mode(s) of action for the neurotoxic effects. This review provides the updates of toxicity studies on POPs and paves ways to discuss a possible implication of contaminated marine biota over the human health among the marine biotechnology researchers.

A Study on Distribution Property of Organic Pollutants in Southwest Coastal Waters (서남해 연안해역의 유기오염물질 분포특성에 관한 연구)

  • Han Sang-Kuk;Park Ji-Young;Lee Moon-Hee
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.597-603
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    • 2005
  • In this study, we try to determine the distributive property in southwest coastal waters, such as K wang-yang bay, Ka-mak bay, Yeo-ja bay, Wan-do, Hea-nam, Young-gwang, and Mok-po, using simultaneous analytical method of 310 chemicals. The results were detected tens of the organic pollutants in sampling sites, and the major chemicals detected were CH type chemicals such as aliphatic, polycyclic compounds and were CHN(O) type chemicals such as aromatic amines, nitro compounds, In particular, pesticides were mainly detected in summer, phenols and phthalate esters were not seasonal effect. Also, a number of aromatic chemicals were detected in Kwang-yang bay, From the results of this study, we confirmed that it is mainly contaminated in summer and the pesticide chemicals are the major pollutants in southwest coastal waters.

Determination of Organic Pollutants in Dyeing Wastewater (염색폐수 중의 유기오염물질 분석)

  • Yook, Keun-Sung
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.332-342
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    • 1997
  • Fifteen volatile organic pollutants were spiked in blank water at the concentration of $20{\mu}g/L$ and analyzed with Purge and Trap and GC/MS. As a result, the overall mean recovery of 100% was obtained with a mean relative standard deviation of 3.6%. The method detection limits were in the range of $1.9{\sim}3.3{\mu}g/L$. In the wastewater analysis of Banwol dyeing comlex, 15 organic compounds were identified and three of these were quantified. Among the compounds identified, only trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene are regulated in wastewater by the Korea Ministry of Environment. But, the concentration of these two compounds were below the government allowance level.

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Property of Organic Pollutants in Southwest Coastal Sea (서남해 연안에서의 유기오염물질 특성 규명)

  • Lee Mun-Hee;Park Ji-Yeong;Han Sang-Kuk
    • Proceedings of KOSOMES biannual meeting
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    • pp.85-88
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    • 2004
  • In this study, properties of organic pollutans were examinated using simultaneous determination from Kwang-Yang Bay, Ka-Mac Bay, Ywan-Do, Hae-Nam, Young-Kwang, Mokpo in Southwest coastal sea. As result, score species of organic pollutants detected coastal sea during summer-winter season Many species of Phenols and Phthalates detected regardless of season in several point Especially, Pesticiides reprosented during summer between Kwang-Yang Bay, Ywan-Do, Hae-Nam. But in winter-season, many species of Aromatic compounds analyzed out in Kwang-Yang Bay. This results consider by pollution of organic pollutans from ship, flow hrbor, estuary, bay.

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The vertical environmental characteristics in the tidal flat sediments (갯벌의 수직적 환경 특성)

  • 김종구;유선재
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.125-129
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    • 2000
  • As one of the fundamental survey to evaluate purification capacity of pollutants at the tidal flat sediments, we studied vertical environmental characteristics in three tidal flat sediments, Chunjangdae, Eueunri and Gyewhado. These are dissmilar to external feature in each other. The results of this study may be summarized as followed; As the results of particle analysis, Eueunri tidal flat fediment located in Keum river estuary consists of 98.98% as silt & clay, Chunjangdae tidal flat sediment located in SeocheonGun consists of 97.99% as sand. And Gyewhado tidal flat sediment located in Saemankeum in Saemankeum area consists area consists of 32.81% as silt & clay and 67.19% as sand. The concentration of organic pollutants(I.L., COD, POC, PON) in Eueunri tidal flat sediment which highly content of silt & clay were 3~4 times higher than others. The concentration of organic pollutants at each layer were slightly increase goes with deepen layer. The linear correlation between I.L. and COD, POC, PON were obtained. Correlation coefficients were in range of 0.821~0.940. Also the correlation between pH and COD, POC, PON were high(>r=0.9). Filteration rate in Chunjangdae tidal flat sediment was 0.01584cm/s as mean value, but the other were almost nothing filtered off.

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Similarity of Gene Expression Profiles in Primary Brain Tumors with the Toxic Mechanism by Environmental Contaminants

  • Kim, Yu-Ri;Kim, Ki-Nam;Park, Yoon-Hee;Ryu, Yeon-Mi;Sohn, Sung-Hwa;Seo, Sang-Hui;Lee, Seung-Ho;Kim, Hye-Won;Lee, Kweon-Haeng;Kim, Meyoung-Kon
    • Molecular & Cellular Toxicology
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 2005
  • Recently, a large number of clinical experiments have shown that exposure of organic pollutants lead to various cancers through the abnormal cell growth. Environmental pollutants, such as 2, 3, 7, 8-Tetrachloro dibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), are carcinogen and are known to cause the cognitive disability and motor dysfunction in the developing of brain. The effects of these pollutants on neurodevelopmental disorder is well established, but the underlying mechanism(s) and similarity of gene expression profiles in human brain tumors with organic pollutants still remain unclear. In this study, we first examined the gene expression profiles in glioblastomas compared with meningioma that are kinds of primary human brain tumor by using human cDNA microarray. The results of cDNA microarray analysis revealed that 26 genes were upregulated (Z-ratio>2.0) and 14 genes were downregulated (Z-ratio<-2.0) in glioblastoma compared with meningioma. From the altered gene patterns, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling related genes, such as MAP2K3, MAP3K11 and jun activated domain binding protein, and transcription factors, such as UTF2 and TF12, were upregulated in glioblastoma. Also, we tried to investigate the relation between important genes up- and down-regulated in giloblastoma and various organic pollutants. Therefore, the identification of changes in the patterns of gene expression may provide a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in human primary brain tumors and of the relation between gene expression profiles and organic pollutants in brain tissue.

Remediation of Soil Contaminated with Persistent Organic Pollutants through Subcritical Water Degradation (아임계수 분해를 이용한 난분해성 물질로 오염된 토양의 정화 연구)

  • Choi, Jae-Heon;Lee, Hwan;Lee, Cheol-Hyo;Kim, Ju-Yup;Oh, Seok-Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.113-119
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    • 2015
  • This study examined remediation of soil contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and other persistent organic pollutants by using subcritical water. Our results showed that removal efficiency of PCBs from soil and treatment temperature were linearly proportional under subcritical conditions. The removal efficiency as increased as reacting period increased. PCBs contaminating fine particles in soil were less effectively removed than those in entire contaminated soil. Reaction of the zero-valent iron and PCBs under subcritical condition produced dechlorinated product, where most of the PCBs were oxidised while little remained as dechlorinated. Other organic pollutants, such as TPH, BTEX, TCE/PCE, and chlorpyrifos, were removed by more than 90% at $300^{\circ}C$. Considering removal efficiency and identification of by-products, we suggest that subcritical water treatment may be effectively applied to soils contaminated with various persistent organic pollutants.

Evaluation of Pretreatment Processes for Dissolved Organic Carbon Removal in a Desalination Process (해수담수화에서 용존유기물을 제거하기 위한 전처리 공정의 평가)

  • Kim, Woo-Hang;Mitsumasa, Okada
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.447-451
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    • 2004
  • The various pretreatment processes were evaluated to remove organic pollutants of weathered oil contaminated seawater(WOCS) for reverse osmosis desalination process, Biodegradation, coagulation, ultrafiltration, advanced oxidation processes and granular activated carbon filtration were used to evaluate the potential of organic pollutants removal in WOCS. Dissolved Organic Carbon(DOC) was almost not removed by biodegradation in WOCS. DOC was removed by 25% and 10% with the addition of $FeCl_3$ and PAC in WOCS, respectively. The removal efficiency using ultrafiltration(WOCS 500) was about 20% of DOC and 40% of $E_{260}$, respectively. In AOP application of WOCS, the removal of organic materials was improved up to 60% by the combination of $UV/O_3$ compared to UV process. However, 98% of DOC in woes could be removed by granular activated carbon filtration. It is revealed that activated carbon filtration is the best process for the pretratment of DOC removal.