• Title/Summary/Keyword: organic pollutants

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Calculation Method for the Concentration of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Collected by Passive Air Samplers (수동대기채취기를 이용한 잔류성유기오염물질의 농도산정)

  • Choi, Sung-Deuk
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.217-227
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    • 2013
  • Passive air samplers (PAS) have been developed since the early 2000s and widely used for the atmospheric monitoring of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). PAS are useful especially for the investigation of source-receptor relationship of POPs because they provide higher spatial resolution data. In Korea, however, only a few research groups have conducted POPs monitoring using PAS. One of the reasons for the limited application of PAS might be due to a complicated calculation method for air concentration. In this study, therefore, we introduced the principle of polyurethane foam (PUF)-PAS, which has been most widely used in the world, and provided an example of the calculation of air concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). As all data tables and equations for this calculation were provided, this method can be used for the conversion of the amount of POPs (ng) in a PUF disk to air concentration ($ng/m^3$).

Assessment of Micro Organic Pollutants Removal Using Advanced Water Treatment Process and Nanofiltration Process (고도처리공정과 나노여과공정에서의 미량유해물질 제거 평가)

  • Kang, Joon-Seok;Choi, Yang-Hun;Kwon, Soon-Buhm;Yu, Young-Beom
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.579-587
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    • 2014
  • Various kinds of micro organic pollutants have frequently been detected from a water system. Therefore, it is considered to be very important part in the drinking water treatment system. And the research about removal process and processing efficiency have been being conducted briskly. In this study, the removal efficiency was evaluated using advanced water treatment process and nanofiltration process. The removal efficiency of nanofiltration process was very different according to physical and chemical characteristics of materials. The molecular weight of cutoff was the most influential factor in the removal efficiency. And when pKa value was higher than pH of raw water or Log Kow value was below 2, the removal efficiency of material was decreased. In case of oxidation reaction, the bigger the molecular weight of material was and the more hydrophobic a material was, the less oxidation reaction occurred. And the removal efficiency was decreased. Most unoxidized materials were removed by absorption. And the more actively oxidation reaction occurred by $H_2O_2$, the more absorption reaction increased.

Simultaneous Removal of Organic Pollutants, N, P, and Antibiotics from Liquid Fertilizer using a Microbubble and Catalyst Coupling System (마이크로버블/촉매 융합 시스템을 이용한 액비 내 유기오염물질, N, P 및 항생제 동시 제거)

  • Lee, Dong Gwan;Sim, Young Ho;Paek, Yee;Kwon, Jin Kyung;Jang, Jae Kyung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.983-991
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the use of a hydroxyl-radicals-generated microbubble/catalyst (MB/Cat) system for removing organic pollutants, nitrogen, and phosphorous from liquid fertilizer produced by livestock wastewater treatment. Use of the MB/Cat system aims to improve the quality of liquid fertilizer by removing pollutants originally found in the wastewater. In addition, a reduction effect has been reported for antibiotics classified as representative non-biodegradable matter. Samples of liquid fertilizer produced by an aerobic biological reactor for swine wastewater treatment were first analyzed for initial concentrations of pollutants and antibiotics. When the MB/Cat system was applied to the liquid fertilizer, TCOD, TOC, $BOD_5$, and $NH_3-N$, and $PO_4-P$ removal efficiencies were found to be approximately 52%, 51%, 30%, 21%, and 66%, respectively. Additionally, Amoxicillin hydrate was removed by 10%, and Chlortetracycline HCl and Florfenicol were not present at detectable levels These findings confirm that the MB/Cat system can be used with livestock wastewater treatment to improve liquid fertilizer quality and to process wastewater that is safe for agricultural re-use.

Interaction Between Persistent Organic Pollutants and C-reactive Protein in Estimating Insulin Resistance Among Non-diabetic Adults

  • Kim, Ki-Su;Hong, Nam-Soo;Jacobs, David R. Jr.;Lee, Duk-Hee
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.62-69
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Chronic inflammation is now thought to play a key pathogenetic role in the associations of obesity with insulin resistance and diabetes. Based on our recent findings on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) including the lack of an association between obesity and either insulin resistance or diabetes prevalence among subjects with very low concentrations of POPs, we hypothesized that POP concentrations may be associated with inflammation and modify the associations between inflammation and insulin resistance in non-diabetic subjects. Methods: Cross-sectional associations among serum POPs, C-reactive protein (CRP), and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were investigated in 748 non-diabetic participants aged ${\geq}20$ years. Nineteen types of POPs in 5 subclasses were selected because the POPs were detectable in ${\geq}60%$ of the participants. Results: Among the five subclasses of POPs, only organochlorine (OC) pesticides showed positive associations with CRP concentrations, while polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) showed inverse associations with CRP concentrations. There were statistically significant interactions between CRP and OC pesticides and between CRP and PCBs, in estimating HOMA-IR (P for interaction <0.01 and <0.01, respectively). CRP was not associated with HOMA-IR among subjects with low concentrations of OC pesticides or PCBs, while CRP was strongly associated with HOMA-IR among subjects with high concentrations of these POPs. Conclusions: In the current study, OC pesticides were associated with increased levels of CRP, a marker of inflammation, and both OC pesticides and PCBs may also modify the associations between CRP and insulin resistance.

Health Risk of Organic Pollutants in the Suspended Particulates in a Traffic Area of Seoul (서울시 일부 교통지역의 대기 부유분진 중 유기오염물질에 대한 발암 위해성 평가)

  • Shin, Dong-Chun;Chung, Yong;Kim, Jong-Man;Park, Seong-Eun;Lim, Yong-Wook
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.326-336
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    • 1994
  • Due to rapid industrialization and economic development since 1970's, Seoul has become known as one of the most heavily polluted cities in the world. This is especially because of its air pollution. This study was conducted to characterize the cancer risk from organic pollutants in the suspended particulates of Seoul. Extractable organic matter (EOM) and PAHs in Shinchon, a major traffic area, were measured monthly in two periods of Aug. $1987{\sim}sep.$ 1988, and Sep. $1990{\sim}Aug.$ 1991. While the differences both of EOM and benzo(a)pyrene concentrations between these two periods were not significant (P>0.05), the differences between heating and non-heating seasons were significant (p<0.01). The estimated mean concentrations of EOM and benzo(a)pyrene in fine particles in non-heating season were $3.98{\mu}g/m^3\;and\;0.51ng/m^3$ respectively, and in heating season were $6.75{\mu}g/m^3\;and\;2.96ng/m^3$ respectively, in these two periods combined. The calculated risk from EOM was compared with that from benzo(a)pyrene and also these values were compared with the level of acceptable risk.

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Quantitative Assessment of Micropollutants in the Southern Coastal Waters of Korea (남해 연안 해역에 있어서 미량유기오염물질의 정량적 평가)

  • Han, Sang-Kuk;Park, Ji-Young;Lee, Jong-Sam
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2005
  • In this study, we try to Quantitatively assess the micropollutants in Gwangyang bay, Gamag bay and Yeoa bay, using simultaneous analytical method fir 310 chemicals. In the results, several dozen organic pollutants were detected in sampling sites, and the major chemicals detected were CH type chemicals, such as aliphatic and polycyclic compounds, and CHN(O) type chemicals, such as aromatic ammines and nitro compounds. The concentration of organic pollutants was higher in summer than in winter. However, there was no association of species of organic pollutants with season. The total concentration of pesticides at each sampling site was measured within the range of $ND{\sim}9.11{\mu}g/L$. Insecticides and fungicides of pesticide type were detected in Gwangyang bay and Gamag bay, while six kinds of endocrine disrupter were detected in southern coastal waters. From the results of this study, we should estimated that the insecticides, the fungicides, and a few of the endocrine disrupters are major pollutant factors in southern coastal waters.

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Control of Airborne Organic Pollutants Using Plug-Flow Reactor Coated With Carbon Material-Titania Mixtures Under Visible-Light Irradiation

  • Jo, Wan-Kuen;Kang, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Mo-Keun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.1263-1271
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    • 2013
  • Graphene oxide (GO)-titania composites have emerged as an attractive heterogeneous photocatalyst that can enhance the photocatalytic activity of $TiO_2$ nanoparticles owing to their potential interaction of electronic and adsorption natures. Accordingly, $TiO_2$-GO mixtures were synthesized in this study using a simple chemical mixing process, and their heterogeneous photocatalytic activities were investigated to determine the degradation of airborne organic pollutants (benzene, ethyl benzene, and o-xylene (BEX)) under different operational conditions. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy results demonstrated the presence of GO for the $TiO_2$-GO composites. The average efficiencies of the $TiO_2$-GO mixtures for the decomposition of each component of BEX determined during the 3-h photocatalytic processes were 26%, 92%, and 96%, respectively, whereas the average efficiencies of the unmodified $TiO_2$ powder were 3%, 8%, and 10%, respectively. Furthermore, the degradation efficiency of the unmodified $TiO_2$ powder for all target compounds decreased during the 3-h photocatalytic processes, suggesting a potential deactivation even during such a short time period. Two operational conditions (air flow entering into the air-cleaning devices and the indoor pollution levels) were found to be important factors for the photocatalytic decomposition of BEX molecules. Taken together, these results show that a $TiO_2$-GO mixture can be applied effectively for the purification of airborne organic pollutants when the operating conditions are optimized.

Association of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) with Age and Body Mass Index in Korean Adults (한국 성인의 혈청 잔류성 유기오염물질 농도와 연령 및 체질량지수와의 관련성)

  • Moon, Ho Jung;Lim, Jung-Eun;Jee, Sun Ha
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.442-453
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are known to be the detrimental chemicals in the body, even at low levels, and are stored in adipose tissue. Recently, POPs have been reported to be associated with chronic diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disease, and aging and obesity are reported as common factors in chronic disease. However, there have been only a few studies on the associations of POPs with age and body mass index (BMI) in Korea. Therefore, we analyzed the associations of serum POPs levels with age and BMI in Korea. Methods: This cross-sectional study includes 444 subjects (253 men and 191 women) from the Korean Cancer Prevention Study-II (2004-2011). Serum levels of 33 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and 19 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were measured by a gas chromatographer (Agilent 6890) coupled to high resolution mass spectrometer (JEOL JMS-800D). Results: Concentrations of PCB 153 (men: 12.26 ng/g lipid, women: 10.50 ng/g lipid) and p,p'-DDE (men: 94.66 ng/g lipid, women: 96.66 ng/g lipid) were the highest among serum PCBs and OCPs, respectively. PCBs and OCPs were significantly positively correlated with age in both sexes. After adjustment for age, non-dioxin like PCBs were significantly negatively correlated with body mass in women. However, cis-heptachlor epoxide was significantly positively correlated with body mass index in both sexes. When analyzed by sex, stronger associations were shown between POPs and age in men and POPs and BMI in women. Conclusion: These results may provide baseline data for the study of POPs and for the health management field in Korea.